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  1. Veterans and Shelter Dogs: Examining the Impact of a Dog-Walking Intervention on Physiological and Post-Traumatic Stress Symptoms

    Contributor(s): Krause-Parello, Cheryl A., Friedmann, Erika, Blanchard, Kelly, Payton, Megan, Gee, Nancy R.

    When military veterans return from service many are in a state of reintegration from military to civilian life, a transition that can be difficult and stressful. Recent literature supports the use of human–animal interactions to reduce stress. To date there have been few studies that examine the...

  2. An Investigation of Pre-Service Teachers’ Attitudes Toward Animals and Empathy Toward Humans: Implications for Humane Education Development

    Contributor(s): Fung, Suk Chun, Zhou, Sili

    In the last 20 years, humane education (HE) has undergone a paradigm shift from a simple animal welfare education model to a teacher-led positive education approach that cultivates kindness, love, and empathy in children and youth. While teachers’ humane attitudes are considered a prerequisite...

  3. Designing Cattle: The Social Practice of Constructing Breeds

    Contributor(s): Eriksson, Camilla, Petitt, Andrea

    This paper explores how cattle breeds are constructed through social practice—which we conceptually develop as “designing” cattle. We show how breed varieties are designed, informed by the social, material and moral embeddedness of cattle breeding associations’ visions of the future and how they...

  4. Stability of Owners’ Perceptions of the Behavioral Style of Their Cats

    Contributor(s): Elvers, Greg C., Lawriw, Alexander N., Chambers, Taylor N.

    In humans, personality is relatively stable across the adult life- span and various situations. Can the same be said of the personality of cats? Primary caregivers of cats thought about their cats in four situations: 1) home alone with the cat, 2) an unknown plumber arrives, 3) during a...

  5. How Urban Identity, Affect, and Knowledge Predict Perceptions About Coyotes and Their Management

    Contributor(s): Drake, Michael D., Peterson, M. Nils, Griffith, Emily H., Olfenbuttel, Colleen, DePerno, Cristopher S., Moorman, Christopher E.

    Globally, the number of humans and wildlife species sharing urban spaces continues to grow. As these populations grow, so too does the frequency of human–wildlife interactions in urban areas. Carnivores in particular pose urban wildlife conservation challenges owing to the strong emotions they...

  6. A Scoping Review of the Health and Social Benefits of Dog Ownership for People Who Have Chronic Pain

    Contributor(s): Carr, Eloise C. J., Norris, Jill M., Hayden, K. Alix, Pater, Rianne, Wallace, Jean E.

    Chronic pain is a significant cause of morbidity and disability globally. One potential strategy for the self-management of chronic pain is interacting with companion animals; more specifically, dogs. While studies of dog ownership suggest social, psychological, and health benefits to humans, the...

  7. Children’s Welfare Knowledge of and Empathy with Farm Animals: A Qualitative Study

    Contributor(s): Burich, Lisbeth, Williams, Joanne M.

    Public concern for farm animal welfare is increasing in the UK, as is evidenced by recent legislation. Calls have been made to enhance awareness of food, farming, and farm animal welfare among school children, yet educators have very little research available to aid meaningful design of farm...

  8. The Beginning, the End, and All the Happiness in Between: Pet Owners’ Wellbeing from Pet Acquisition to Death

    Contributor(s): Brkljačić, Tihana, Sučić, Ines, Lučić, Lana, Tkalić, Renata Glavak, Lipovčan, Ljiljana Kaliterna

    The aim of this study was to provide deeper insight into the relationship between pet-related life events and the subjective wellbeing of pet owners, as well as to analyze definitions of happiness that included reference to pets. This research was conducted online as a part of the Croatian...

  9. “A Very Photogenic Cat”: Personhood, Social Status, and Online Cat Photo Sharing

    Contributor(s): Austin, Jessica, Irvine, Leslie

    This study explores how domestic cats and their connections to humans are represented in a modern photo-sharing context through content analysis of Reddit, a popular social media website. By examining the photos that cat owners share online, as well as the language that accompanies the photos, we...

  10. Lancaster Pet Cemetery Memorial Plaques 1951–2018: An Analysis of Inscriptions

    Contributor(s): Auster, Carol J., Auster-Gussman, Lauren J., Carlson, Emma C.

    Individuals in many cultures have a close relationship with their pets and think of them not only as companion animals but also as family. Research on the ways in which people memorialize their deceased pets has become increasingly important, and pet cemetery gravestone inscriptions have provided...

  11. Pet Attachment in the Context of Family Conflict

    Contributor(s): Applebaum, Jennifer W., Zsembik, Barbara A.

    Previous research shows that companion animals can have a positive effect on their owner’s health and may also serve as a buffer to stress. Despite this, few studies have investigated the role of the pet in adverse or tumultuous family circumstances. In this study, we explored whether reported...

  12. Occupational Health of Animal Shelter Employees by Live Release Rate, Shelter Type, and Euthanasia-Related Decision

    Contributor(s): Andrukonis, Allison, Protopopova, Alexandra

    Approximately a quarter of dogs and cats in animal shelters in the United States are euthanized. The stress associated with having to care for animals they subsequently euthanize puts animal shelter workers at a high risk for compassion fatigue, burnout, and even suicide. The aim of the present...

  13. Cruelty to Animals in Turkish Children: Connections with Aggression and Empathy

    Contributor(s): Akdemir, Seda, Gölge, Zeynep Belma

    This study explored the relationship between cruelty to animals, aggression, and empathy in primary school children. The relationship between pet ownership, love for animals in the family, and engaging in cruelty to animals was also investigated. The sample consisted of 1,248 students (633 girls,...

  14. Milkmaid Bears and Savage Mates: The Cultural Exploitation of Real and Fictive White Bears from the Elizabethan Period to the Present

    Contributor(s): Woolf, Judith

    The paper considers the cultural exploitation of bears, especially white ones, from the late sixteenth century to the present, both in drama and literary fiction and in the bear pits, theatres, circuses, zoos, and natural habitats in which real biological bears have found themselves mythologized...

  15. Surveying Attitudes toward Reptiles on Roads: Questionnaire Responses Do Not Directly Translate to Behavioral Action

    Contributor(s): Wolfe, Ashleigh K., Fleming, Patricia A., Bateman, Philip W.

    Roads pose significant threats to reptiles, and understanding the varying perceptual biases of motorists to different taxa may help determine management strategies for urban roads around important refuges such as wetlands. We surveyed Western Australian motorists online, asking them to rank their...

  16. The Responsible Dog Owner: The Construction of Responsibility

    Contributor(s): Westgarth, Carri, Christley, Robert M., Marvin, Garry, Perkins, Elizabeth

    Policy and campaigning messages related to dog ownership and welfare center on the concept of responsible ownership. However, the perspectives and experiences of pet owners and how they perceive and perform their responsibilities has not been studied in depth. This qualitative study used...

  17. The State of Research on Human–Animal Relations: Implications for Human Health

    Contributor(s): Wells, Deborah L.

    Since the late 1970s, scientific evidence has accumulated showing that pet ownership can have positive effects on people’s physical and mental wellbeing. This paper reviews the current state of affairs regarding the relationship between companion animals and human health, focusing on both the...

  18. Reptile Ownership in Balkan Countries: Demographics and Reliance on Veterinary Advice

    Contributor(s): Vučinić, Marijana, Hajzler, Ivana, Terzin, Jelena, Nenadović, Katarina, Janković, Ljiljana, Voslarova, Eva, Vučićević, Miloš

    The objective of the research was to determine the profile of reptile owners (n = 238) in terms of their socio-demographic characteristics and evaluations of veterinarians’ expertise. Reptile owners living in four non-EU Balkan countries (Bosnia and Herzegovina, Macedonia, Montenegro, and Serbia)...

  19. A Longitudinal Study of Decision Making in the Process of Acquiring a Dog

    Contributor(s): Vink, Lonneke M., Dijkstra, Arie, Epstude, Kai

    To prevent potential problems in the relationship between people and their dogs, it is important to engage in a thoughtful decision-making process with regard to acquiring a dog. To map the most important elements in the decision-making process, a social cognitive model was applied using seven...

  20. Does Anthropomorphism of Dogs Affect Pain Perception in Animal-Assisted Interventions? An Exploratory Study

    Contributor(s): Turner-Collins, Clare, Breitenbecher, Kimberly H.

    The purpose of this exploratory study was to determine the effects of anthropomorphism of a therapy dog on pain perception during an animal-assisted intervention. Participants were 32 college women who were randomly assigned to the anthropomorphism condition or the control condition. All...