Socialization and stress in cats ( Felis silvestris catus ) housed singly and in groups in animal shelters
Contributor(s): Kessler, M. R., Turner, D. C.
This study investigated whether the socialization of the cat towards conspecifics and people influences adaptation to single- and group-housing conditions. Socialization towards conspecifics and people was determined in 169 rescued cats using 2 behavioural tests and a socialization questionnaire...
Welfare aspects of the commercial slaughter of whales
Contributor(s): Kestin, S. C.
A cross-sectional study of the prevalence of lameness in finishing pigs, gilts and pregnant sows and associations with limb lesions and floor types on commercial farms in England
Contributor(s): Kilbride, A. L., Gillman, C. E., Green, L. E.
The prevalence and risks for abnormal gait in finishing pigs (Sus scrofa), gilts and pregnant sows from a representative cross-section of indoor and outdoor herds in the United Kingdom were investigated. The prevalence of abnormal gait in finishing pigs, maiden gilts, pregnant gilts and pregnant...
A cross-sectional study of prevalence and risk factors for foot lesions and abnormal posture in lactating sows on commercial farms in England
Contributor(s): Kilbride, A. L., Gillman, C. E., Green, L. E.
A cross-sectional study of lactating sows in 71 commercial pig herds in England was carried out to estimate the prevalence of foot lesions and abnormal posture and investigate the associated risks. Observational data were collected on the standing posture, lesions on the hind left foot, and the...
Assessment of farmer recognition and reporting of lameness in adults in 35 lowland sheep flocks in England
Contributor(s): King, E. M., Green, L. E.
The aim of this study was to assess the accuracy of farmer recognition and reporting of lameness in their sheep flock when compared with the prevalence of lameness observed by a researcher. Thirty-five sheep farms were visited. Farmers were asked for estimates of the prevalence of lameness in...
Ethics and welfare of animals used in education: an overview
Contributor(s): King, L. A.
Ethical, regulatory and scientific issues arise from the use of animals in education, from secondary level schooling through to veterinary and medical training. A utilitarian cost-benefit analysis can be used to assess whether animals should be used in scientific education. The 'benefit' aspect...
Gas killing of rats: the effect of supplemental oxygen on aversion to carbon dioxide
Contributor(s): Kirkden, R. D., Niel, L., Stewart, S. A., Weary, D. M.
High concentrations of carbon dioxide (CO2), used for killing laboratory rodents, are known to be more strongly aversive to rats than sweet food items are attractive. This study investigated whether the maintenance of a high oxygen (O2) concentration, using a gas mixture of 70% CO2 and 30% O2,...
Quality of life: the heart of the matter
Contributor(s): Kirkwood, J. K.
It is believed widely, and with good reason, that some other members of the animal kingdom, like us, have feelings (associated with brain states induced by various sensory inputs and cognitive processes) which can be pleasant or unpleasant. Associated with the strengthening scientific foundations...
Animal consciousness, cognition and welfare
Contributor(s): Kirkwood, J. K., Hubrecht, R.
Science in the Service of Animal Welfare, UFAW Symposium, Edinburgh, UK, 2-4 April 2003
Contributor(s): Kirkwood, J. K., Roberts, E. A., Vickery, S.
This paper contains 34 topics covering the assessment, ethics, policy and care of domestic, zoo, laboratory and wild animals.
Quality of life: the heart of the matter. Proceedings of the UFAW/BVA Ethics Committee International Symposium, The Royal Society, London, UK, 13-14 September 2006
Contributor(s): Kirkwood, J. K., Roberts, E. A., Weddell, S., Hubrecht, R. C., Wickens, S. M.
Ethics of interventions for the welfare of free-living wild animals
Contributor(s): Kirkwood, J. K., Sainsbury, A. W.
The welfare of free-living wild animals: methods of assessment
Contributor(s): Kirkwood, J. K., Sainsbury, A. W., Bennett, P. M.
In an attempt to measure the degree of harm inflicted on wild animals, a number of factors are considered, including: the nature of the harm caused; its duration; number of animals affected; and their capacity for suffering. Ways of quantifying these were examined to provide a basis for...
Proceedings of the UFAW International Symposium, Darwinian selection, selective breeding and the welfare of animals, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK, 22-23 June 2009
Contributor(s): Kirkwood, J. K., Weddell, S., Hubrecht, R. C., Wickens, S. M.
The 150th anniversary of the publication of The Origin of Species is a good time to consider how selection can affect welfare - the quality of life. Darwin (1859) quoted Youatt's description of selective breeding: "...the magician's wand, by means of which he may summon into life whatever form...
Structural enrichment and enclosure use in an opportunistic carnivore: the red fox ( Vulpes vulpes )
Contributor(s): Kistler, C., Hegglin, D., Wurbel, H., Konig, B.
An increasing number of zoos keep their animals in natural-looking enclosures, but it is often unclear whether or not the species' behavioural and ecological needs are being adequately met. For species that suffer predation in the wild, structural enrichment in captivity can play a crucial role...
Individual and group behavioural reactions of small delphinids to remote biopsy sampling
Contributor(s): Kiszka, J. J., Simon-Bouhet, B., Charlier, F., Pusineri, C., Ridoux, V.
Biopsy sampling is an effective technique for collecting cetacean skin and blubber samples for various biological studies. However, determining the impact of this research practice is important, as it may vary between sites, species and equipment used. We examined the short-term behavioural...
Is lameness a welfare problem in dairy farms with automatic milking systems?
Contributor(s): Klaas, I. C., Rousing, T., Fossing, C., Hindhede, J., Sorensen, J. T.
Lameness, a disease often observed in loose-housed dairy cattle herds, affects animal welfare in general and reduces cow locomotion. As cow traffic may be affected by restricted locomotion, lameness may be a significant problem in herds with automatic milking systems (AMSs). Between January and...
Luminance and glare in indoor cattle-handling facilities
Contributor(s): Klinglmair, K., Stevens, K. B., Gregory, N. G.
This study examined the sources of glare and range in luminance levels in eleven UK cattle abattoirs, and the effect of reflected glare from a footbath on balking behaviour of cows in a milking parlour. At the abattoirs, the mean luminance levels decreased from 240,000 cd m-2 outdoors to 100 cd...
Effect of catching broilers by hand or machine on rates of injuries and dead-on-arrivals
Contributor(s): Knierim, U., Gocke, A.
Catching of broilers is the first stage in the transfer of birds to the slaughterhouse. The catching process entails a high risk not only of stress but also of injury and death to the birds. Associated injury and mortality rates have important implications not only for animal welfare but also for...
Voluntary animal welfare assessment of mass-produced farm animal housing equipment using a standardised procedure
Contributor(s): Knierim, U., Hesse, D., Borell, E. von, Herrmann, H. J., Muller, C., Rauch, H. W., Sachser, N., Zerbe, F.