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  1. Therapy Dogs Improve Student Affect but Not Memory

    Contributor(s): Trammell, Janet P.

    While students are increasingly struggling with anxiety and depression, the effects of therapy dogs on student stress has only recently been explored. This study was conducted to investigate whether therapy dogs can improve student affect and to determine if these benefits extend to cognition in...

  2. Dogs as an Adjunct to Therapy: Effects of Animal-Assisted Therapy on Rehabilitation Following Spinal Cord Injury

    Contributor(s): Thompkins, Andie M., Adkins, Sarah J., Leopard, Maggie, Spencer, Cameron, Bentley, David, Bolden, Lauren, Jagielski, Christina H., Richardson, Elizabeth, Goodman, Adam M., Schwebel, David C.

    Approximately 17,000 new cases of spinal cord injury (SCI) are reported annually in the United States. Rehabilitation from SCI involves substantial mental, emotional, and physical challenges. Using a randomized controlled trial design, we assessed the efficacy of animal-assisted therapy (AAT) as...

  3. Psychological Mechanisms Predicting Wellbeing in Pet Owners: Rogers’ Core Conditions versus Bowlby’s Attachment

    Contributor(s): Teo, Jillian Terese, Thomas, Susan J.

    While pet ownership may confer physical and psychological health benefits, existing research presents inconsistent findings, and the psychological mechanisms through which health benefits might be conferred are unknown. Exploring human–pet relationships from the perspectives of Bowlby’s...

  4. Dolphins in the Human Mind: What Characteristics Do German Students Attribute to Dolphins, Compared with Apes and Whales? An Exploratory Study

    Contributor(s): Stumpf, Eva

    Research on anthrozoology has greatly increased in recent decades, especially with regard to anthropomorphism and attitudes toward animals in general. Nevertheless, these studies have rarely distinguished between different nonhuman species. Previous studies have indicated human preferences for...

  5. Pet Loss: Understanding Disenfranchised Grief, Memorial Use, and Posttraumatic Growth

    Contributor(s): Spain, Breeanna, O’Dwyer, Lisel, Moston, Stephen

    The growing body of literature exploring pet loss suggests that many bereaved pet owners experience disenfranchised grief. Disenfranchised grief occurs when a loss is unacknowledged and the bereaved are unable to express their grief. When grief is considered illegitimate, the bereaved may...

  6. Perceptions and Attitudes of Urucum Settlement Residents about Local Wildlife

    Contributor(s): Souza, Pricila Fátima de, Porfirio, Grasiela, Herrera, Heitor Miraglia

    This study aimed to evaluate perceptions and attitudes of local people about wild fauna and was carried out in the Urucum settlement, in the Brazilian Pantanal. We sought to: (1) identify which species of wild animals were most frequently chosen by residents of the Urucum settlement based on...

  7. Living and Robotic Dogs as Elicitors of Social Communication Behavior and Regulated Emotional Responding in Individuals with Autism and Severe Language Delay: A Preliminary Comparative Study

    Contributor(s): Silva, Karine, Lima, Mariely, Santos-Magalhães, André, Fafiães, Carla, Sousa, Liliana de

    The inclusion of animals and robots in therapeutic interventions for Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) has become more common. This study provides a first comparison between the potential of living versus robotic dogs to elicit social communication behavior and regulated emotional responses in...

  8. Perceptions of Veterinarians in British Columbia of Cat Management Strategies to Reduce Cat Overpopulation and Impacts on Wildlife Populations

    Contributor(s): Sherwood, Lauren J., Wilson, Amy G., South, Cluny S., Roche, Steven M., Luszcz, Tanya M. J.

    Free-roaming cats present a multidisciplinary challenge for wildlife conservation and feline welfare. Veterinary professionals are critical stake-holders in the issue of free-roaming cats, making it imperative that their attitudes and perspectives are well understood. In this study, we conducted...

  9. Turning the Page for Spot: The Potential of Therapy Dogs to Support Reading Motivation Among Young Children

    Contributor(s): Rousseau, Camille Xinmei, Tardif-Williams, Christine Yvette

    This study investigated whether dogs might facilitate a context conducive to reading for children when they are faced with a challenging reading passage. A within-subjects design was used to assess children’s motivation to read in two conditions: with a therapy dog and without a therapy dog....

  10. Ethical Motivation and Vegetarian Dieting: The Underlying Role of Anti-speciesist Attitudes

    Contributor(s): Rosenfeld, Daniel L.

    The most common motivation people have for becoming vegetarian is ethical concern about using animals for food. One ideology called speciesism—which entails assigning different moral worth to different species of animals—is thought to play a central role in promoting ethical vegetarianism....

  11. The Interpersonal Context of Human/Nonhuman Animal Violence

    Contributor(s): Richard, Cassie, Reese, Laura A.

    This research explores the relationship between the nature of animal cruelty perpetrated by owners versus cruelty against animals of domestic partners, family members, and neighbors. All animal cruelty incidents in the City of Detroit for which there is a police report between 2007 and 2015 were...

  12. Introduction to the Themed Issue on Human–Animal Interaction and Healthy Human Aging

    Contributor(s): Resnick, Barbara, McCune, Sandra

    In 2016, the Gerontological Society of America (GSA) developed a research focus on the benefits and potential risks associated with pets among older adults. With the goal of developing a roadmap for human–animal interaction (HAI) research in older people residing in both the community and...

  13. In Praise of Dead Pets: An Investigation into the Content and Function of Human-Style Pet Eulogies

    Contributor(s): Rennard, Jane, Greening, Linda, Williams, Jane M.

    Few socially recognized death customs are available for bereaved pet owners, who may experience adverse mental health as a result of disenfranchisement and other complications surrounding pet loss. Additionally, pet owners can experience complex grief when the death is by euthanasia. When a human...

  14. Examining the Impact of Naturalistic and Unnaturalistic Environmental Enrichment on Visitor Perception of Naturalness, Animal Welfare, and Conservation

    Contributor(s): Razal, Catherine B., Miller, Lance J.

    Recent research shows that using different types of enrichment has little to no impact on how zoo visitors perceive the animals or the enclosure in general. The primary objective of the current research was to examine if viewing naturalistic-looking environmental enrichment (NEE) and...

  15. Human–Ape Interactions in a Zoo Setting: Gorillas and Orangutans Modify Their Behavior Depending upon Human Familiarity

    Contributor(s): Pedersen, Janni, Sorensen, Kathryn, Lupo, Brian, Marx, Laura

    Understanding how human presence influences animal behavior, specifically the behavior of nonhuman primates, has important implications for methodology in cognitive and behavioral studies, for our understanding of human–animal relationships and for animal welfare in captive settings. Conducted in...

  16. Factors Affecting Turkish Dog Owners’ Breed Choices, and Their Associations with Socio-demographic and Dog-Related Variables

    Contributor(s): Ozcan, Mustafa, Ekiz, Bulent, Ozturk, Nursen, Berk, Hanife Ozlem Sertel

    The aim of this study was to identify factors affecting dog owners’ breed choices at the time of acquisition and whether they were associated with socio-demographics and dog-related variables (size, temperament, function). Answers (n = 581) to a questionnaire formed the data for this study. In...

  17. Human-Directed Empathy and Attitudes Toward Animal Use: A Survey of Spanish Veterinary Students

    Contributor(s): Menor-Campos, David J., Knight, Sarah, Sánchez-Muñoz, Carolina, López-Rodríguez, Rocío

    Veterinary practitioners are thought of as guardians of animal health and wellbeing, and are considered important in the development of policies on animals. Measuring veterinary students’ attitudes toward animals and animal use is needed when assessing the effectiveness of education programs...

  18. Attitudes Toward Animals Among Spanish Primary School Children

    Contributor(s): Menor-Campos, David José, Hawkins, Roxanne, Williams, Joanne M.

    Adult attitudes toward animals have received extensive research attention. By contrast, despite the importance of child–animal interactions for children’s development and animal welfare, children’s attitudes toward animals have not been fully explored. The aim of this study was, therefore, to...

  19. Attitudes toward Animals of Students at Three European Veterinary Medicine Schools in Italy and Spain

    Contributor(s): Menor-Campos, David J., Diverio, Silvana, Sánchez-Muñoz, Carolina, López-Rodríguez, Rocío, Gazzano, Angelo, Palandri, Lorenzo, Mariti, Chiara

    The European Veterinary Code of Conduct recognizes the crucial role of veterinarians in improving animal welfare and maintaining its standards. However, several studies have claimed that veterinary students’ attitudes toward animals may worsen as they progress through their academic training....

  20. We Are Family: Viewing Pets as Family Members Improves Wellbeing

    Contributor(s): McConnell, Allen R., Lloyd, E. Paige, Humphrey, Brandon T.

    The current work investigated how viewing one’s pet as a family member improves wellbeing. We hypothesized that including pets in a key social ingroup (i.e., family) would increase ascriptions of socially supportive traits to these animals, enhancing their perceived ability to provide social...