We Don’t Train in Vain: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Human and Canine Caregiver Training
Contributor(s): Pfaller-Sadovsky, Nicole, Medina, Lucia, Dillenburger, Karola, Hurtado-Parrado, Camilo
The present review assessed the current knowledge regarding caregiver- training effectiveness for human and human-canine dyads. Most canine-related sources (66%; n = 19) were case studies reporting a decrease of learner undesired behavior when using oral instruction (21%; n = 6). Most...
Voracious Science & Vulnerable Animals: A Primate Scientist’s Ethical Journey. John P. Gluck. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 2016, 313 pp
Contributor(s): Hart, Lynette
2018Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science212200-2021088-870510.1080/10888705.2017.1400440text
Using radio frequency identification for behavioral monitoring in little blue penguins
Contributor(s): Kalafut, Kathryn L., Kinley, Rickey
A common goal of captive animal institutions is to create environments that allow for the most naturalistic behavior from their animals. Behavioral data is often used as a measure of how an animal is thriving in its current environment. Obtaining this data can be very difficult and...
Use of space and behavior of weaned piglets kept in enriched two-level housing system
Contributor(s): Fels, Michaela, Lüthje, Franziska, Faux-Nightingale, Alice, Kemper, Nicole
In this study, the possibility of introducing an elevated platform to a piglet pen was explored as a way of increasing available space and creating functional areas. On the platform, nine different manipulable materials were offered. In four batches, 40 weaned piglets were kept for five weeks in...
Use of Primates in Research: What Do We Know About Captive Strepsirrhine Primates?
Contributor(s): Lázaro, Gloria Fernández, Zehr, Sarah, García, Enrique Alonso
The increasing debate and restrictions on primate research have prompted many surveys about their status. However, there is a lack of information regarding strepsirrhine primates in the literature. This study provides an overview of research on strepsirrhines in captivity by analyzing scientific...
US Residents’ Perceptions of Dog Welfare Needs and Canine Welfare Information Sources
Contributor(s): Bir, Courtney, Croney, Candace C., Widmar, Nicole J. Olynk
The extent to which welfare needs of breeding dogs are met in commercial dog-breeding kennels is a potential point of controversy. This analysis sought to understand US residents’ perceptions and priorities related to dog welfare : by investigating (a) perceptions of breeding-dog welfare needs...
Unwanted Horse Population in Illinois: Perceptions of Horse Owners, Non-Horse Owners, and Equine Industry Stakeholders
Contributor(s): Myers, Kelsey, Mohammed, Fatima, Rickard, Justin W., Meyer, Donald E., Spaulding, Aslihan D.
This paper presents the results of an investigation to determine perceptions, awareness, and knowledge of the unwanted horse population in Illinois from the viewpoint of horse owners, non-horse owners, and equine industry stakeholders. A questionnaire included items that pertained to knowledge of...
Understanding Preferences for Humane and Cruel Treatment of Pest Rodents in Site C, Khayelitsha, South Africa
Contributor(s): Buckland, Adam, Nattrass, Nicoli
The cruel treatment of pest rodents is a neglected area of study. This paper uses a representative survey from Khayelitsha (Cape Town) to show that a minority of residents preferred rodent control to be humane but that most did not care how rats are killed and almost a fifth said they would be...
Turning Intentions into Animal Welfare Improvement in the Asian Livestock Sector
Contributor(s): Sinclair, Michelle, Morton, John, Phillips, Clive J. C.
Intentions form the basis of behavioral action to improve animal welfare; however an intention-behavior gap has been previously identified. Livestock stakeholders in China, Malaysia, Vietnam and Thailand (n = 1041) involved in slaughter and transport completed a survey in which they were asked...
Trying to Make Regulation Something More Than Just a Burden: A Review of Excellence Beyond Compliance: Enhancing Animal Welfare Through the Constructive Use of the Animal Welfare Act, edited by James F. Gesualdi
Contributor(s): Patterson-Kane, Emily
2016Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science19197-981088-870510.1080/10888705.2015.1075886text
Toward a Choice-Based Judgment Bias Task for Horses
Contributor(s): Hintze, Sara, Roth, Emma, Bachmann, Iris, Würbel, Hanno
Judgment bias tasks for nonhuman animals are promising tools to assess emotional valence as a measure of animal welfare. In view of establishing a valid judgment bias task for horses, the present study aimed to evaluate 2 versions (go/no-go and active choice) of an auditory judgment bias task for...
Three-year route census study on welfare status of free-roaming cats in old-town Onomichi, Japan
Contributor(s): Seo, Aira, Tanida, Hajime
The free-roaming cat population in Japan is increasing, and these cats are regarded as a tourism resource in some areas; however, their welfare status is unknown. Thus, this study assessed the welfare status of free-roaming cats in the old town of Onomichi City, Hiroshima, Japan. Route censuses...
Tailored Enrichment Strategies and Stereotypic Behavior in Captive Individually Housed Macaques (Macaca spp.)
Contributor(s): Cannon, Tessa H., Heistermann, Michael, Hankison, Shala J., Hockings, Kimberley J., McLennan, Matthew R.
The welfare of nonhuman animals in captivity is widely dependent on the natural psychological, physical, and behavioral needs of the animals and how adequately these needs are met. Inability to engage in natural behaviors can lead to chronic stress and expression of stereotypic behavior. The...
A Systematic Review of the Literature Addressing Veterinary Care for Underserved Communities
Contributor(s): LaVallee, Elizabeth, Mueller, Megan Kiely, McCobb, Emily
Currently, there is a care gap in veterinary medicine affecting low-income and underserved communities, resulting in decreased nonhuman-animal health and welfare. The use of low-price and community veterinary clinics in underserved populations is a strategy to improve companion-animal health...
A Survey of Rabbit Handling Methods Within the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland
Contributor(s): Oxley, James Andrew, Ellis, Clare Frances, McBride, E. Anne, McCormick, Wanda Denise
Rabbits are commonly kept in a variety of settings, including homes, laboratories, and veterinary clinics. Despite the popularity of keeping this prey species, little research has investigated current methods of handling. The aim of this study was to examine the experience of caregivers (owners...
A Survey of Dog Owners’ Attitudes toward Treats
Contributor(s): Morelli, G., Marchesini, G., Contiero, B., Fusi, E., Diez, M., Ricci, R.
Commercially available dog treats have become very popular and a common part of the pet’s diet, yet very little is known about peoples’ opinions and feeding habits; therefore, a survey was shared on a popular social network.Most of the self-selected interviewed owners (n = 1833, 83%) use treats...
Steel-Jawed Leghold Traps and Killing Neck Snares: Similar Injuries Command Change to Agreement on International Humane Trapping Standards
Contributor(s): Proulx, Gilbert, Rodtka, Dwight
According to the Agreement on International Humane Trapping Standards (AIHTS), which was signed by the European Community, Canada, and Russia in 1997, killing devices used for the capture of canids and other fur-bearing nonhuman animals should render an animal irreversibly unconscious within 300...
The Spillover Effect of a Flood on Pets and Their People: Implications for Rental Housing
Contributor(s): Graham, Taryn M., Rock, Melanie J.
When disasters strike, companion animals (pets) matter. Emergency planning for them is a key aspect of disaster preparedness, especially considering that people may delay evacuation out of concern for their pets. Temporary boarding options for pets are important; however, caregivers (owners) must...
Social Behavior of Adult Male New Zealand White Rabbits Housed in Groups or Pairs in the Laboratory
Contributor(s): Jr, Louis DiVincenti, Rehrig, Angelika
Rabbits are usually singly housed in laboratories, but a new emphasis on providing social housing for social species has prompted exploration of alternative housing for this species. However, a paucity of literature on the social behavior of rabbits in captivity has prevented scientific-based...
Small Flocks Show Higher Levels of Welfare in Mexican Semi-Intensive Sheep Farming Systems
Contributor(s): Mondragón-Ancelmo, Jaime, Hernández, Patricia García, Rubio, Rolando Rojo, Vara, Ignacio Arturo Domínguez, Gigena, Marcia del Campo, Napolitano, Fabio
In order to assess the level of sheep welfare in small traditional farms as compared with farms of increased size we evaluated several animal-based parameters and applied a modified Animal Needs Index (ANI) protocol in farms located in the North-East of the country. We selected ten sheep farms: 5...