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  1. Residents’ Management of, and Attitudes Towards, the Dog Population on Two Mariana Islands

    Contributor(s): Schafer, Nicole P., Farnworth, Mark

    This study reports the level of care dogs received from their caretakers and the attitudes of caretakers and non-caretakers toward dogs on the islands of Guam and Saipan. Surveys were collected from residents of Guam and Saipan (274 and 275, respectively) and analyzed using chi-squared tests....

  2. Reproduction and monogamy in captive flock of greater flamingos (Phoenicopterus Roseus)

    Contributor(s): Sandri, Camillo, Sammarini, Carolina, Regaiolli, Barbara, Spiezio, Caterina, Piccirillo, Alessandra

    Due to the great number of greater flamingos in captivity and their long life span, studying their behavior and welfare might be useful to improve the husbandry and breeding of this species in zoos. This study aimed to investigate factors affecting the breeding activity of captive greater...

  3. Relocation and Hair Cortisol Concentrations in New Zealand White Rabbits

    Contributor(s): Peric, Tanja, Comin, Antonella, Corazzin, Mirco, Montillo, Marta, Canavese, Federico, Stebel, Marco, Prandi, Alberto

    To investigate how long relocation modified hair cortisol concentrations in New Zealand white rabbits, 19 rabbits were subjected to a change in their breeding facility at the beginning of the trial and then were kept under stable environmental conditions. Hair samples were collected at the time...

  4. Reliability of Fear Assessment in Growing Pigs Exposed to a Novel Object Test in Commercial Conditions

    Contributor(s): Dalmau, Antoni, Mainau, Eva, Velarde, Antonio

    The objective of this study was to assess the reliability and feasibility of a novel object test assessing fear in pigs in commercial conditions. A total of 18 commercial farms were visited, and 321 pens housing 4,220 growing pigs were assessed. Three balloons were used as a novel stimulus....

  5. The Relationship Between Coat Color and Aggressive Behaviors in the Domestic Cat

    Contributor(s): Stelow, Elizabeth A., Bain, Melissa J., Kass, Philip H.

    The authors explored a possible relationship between coat color and aggressive behaviors in the domestic cat. This study used an Internet-based survey to collect information on coat color, affiliative behaviors toward cats/humans, agonistic behaviors toward cats/humans, other “problem” behaviors,...

  6. Reasons People Surrender Unowned and Owned Cats to Australian Animal Shelters and Barriers to Assuming Ownership of Unowned Cats

    Contributor(s): Zito, Sarah, Morton, John, Vankan, Dianne, Paterson, Mandy, Bennett, Pauleen C., Rand, Jacquie, Phillips, Clive J. C.

    Most cats surrendered to nonhuman animal shelters are identified as unowned, and the surrender reason for these cats is usually simply recorded as “stray.” A cross-sectional study was conducted with people surrendering cats to 4 Australian animal shelters. Surrenderers of unowned cats commonly...

  7. Race and ethnicity are not primary determinants in utilizing veterinary services in underserved communities in the United States

    Contributor(s): Sparks, Jessica L. Decker, Camacho, Bridget, Tedeschi, Philip, Morris, Kevin N.

    A retrospective database analysis (2011–2015) evaluated associations between race and ethnicity and veterinary service utilization by sampling 83,260 companion animals whose guardians (owners) self-identified as White, Black, or Latino/a from 39 Humane Society of the United States Pets for Life...

  8. Rabbit relinquishment through online classified advertisements in the United Kingdom: when, why, and how many?

    Contributor(s): Neville, Vikki, Hinde, Keith, Line, Elaine, Todd, Rae, Saunders, Richard Anthony

    To identify implicit causes of companion rabbit relinquishment, this study investigated whether there was annual and seasonal variation in the number of advertisements and ages of rabbits posted as free or for sale on classified websites in the United Kingdom. The number of advertisements posted...

  9. Puppy Temperament Assessments Predict Breed and American Kennel Club Group but Not Adult Temperament

    Contributor(s): Robinson, Lauren M., Thompson, Rebekah Skiver, Ha, James C.

    Puppy assessments for companion dogs have shown mixed long-term reliability. Temperament is cited among the reasons for surrendering dogs to shelters. A puppy temperament test that reliably predicts adult behavior is one potential way to lower the number of dogs given to shelters. This study used...

  10. Preliminary study on current perceptions and usage of training equipment by horse enthusiasts in Canada

    Contributor(s): Merkies, Katrina, Nakonechny, Lindsay, DuBois, Cordelie, Derisoud, Emilie

    Training practices may impose restrictions on the equine behavioral repertoire through the use of training equipment. Presently, the prevalence of the use of training equipment in Canada is unknown. Through an online survey for horse enthusiasts (n = 654), this study evaluated the prevalence and...

  11. Preliminary investigation of social interactions and feeding behavior in captive group-housed Tasmanian devils (Sarcophilus Harrisii)

    Contributor(s): Skelton, Candice J. A., Stannard, Hayley J.

    As the number of Tasmanian devils (Sarcophilus harrisii) in captivity increases, an understanding of captive social dynamics and behavior is becoming increasingly important. In the wild, devils are solitary, although sometimes, they congregate to feed on a large carcass. However, it is common to...

  12. Potential Welfare Impacts of Chase and Capture of Small Cetaceans during Drive Hunts in Japan

    Contributor(s): Vail, Courtney S., Reiss, Diana, Brakes, Philippa, Butterworth, Andrew

    Drive hunts are a method to herd, capture and kill small cetaceans (whales and dolphins) in coastal waters of some countries including Japan and the Faroe Islands. In Japan, these methods are often associated with the acquisition of live dolphins for international marine parks and aquaria. During...

  13. A Postzoo Future: Why Welfare Fails Animals in Zoos

    Contributor(s): Pierce, Jessica, Bekoff, Marc

    Discussions on the welfare of nonhuman animals in zoos tend to focus on incremental improvements without addressing the underlying problem of captivity. But alterations to the conditions of zoo captivity are irrelevant for animals. Real zoo reform will involve working to completely change the...

  14. Positive Reinforcement Training for Blood Collection in Grizzly Bears (Ursus arctos horribilis) Results in Undetectable Elevations in Serum Cortisol Levels: A Preliminary Investigation

    Contributor(s): Joyce-Zuniga, Nicole M., Newberry, Ruth C., Robbins, Charles T., Ware, Jasmine V., Jansen, Heiko T., Nelson, O. Lynne

    Training nonhuman animals in captivity for participation in routine husbandry procedures is believed to produce a lower stress environment compared with undergoing a general anesthetic event for the same procedure. This hypothesis rests largely on anecdotal evidence that the captive subjects...

  15. Population survey and management strategies of free-roaming dogs (Canis familiaris) on Saipan, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands

    Contributor(s): Nimer, Adrianna, Meneses, Nashelly, Watson, Zachary D., Shuster, Stephen M., Benford, Russell

    The island of Saipan, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, is populated by free-roaming dogs who were introduced during World War II. The local nonhuman animal control agency manages this population; however, the demographic information and public perception of this population remain...

  16. Physiological and Behavioral Responses of Horses to Wither Scratching and Patting the Neck When Under Saddle

    Contributor(s): Thorbergson, Zoë W., Nielsen, Sharon G., Beaulieu, Rodney J., Doyle, Rebecca E.

    Riding is considered to be an arousing activity for horses. It has been suggested that wither scratching may be a more useful tool for relaxation compared with the common practice of neck patting. In the current study, 18 horses were exposed to 3 treatments, including control or no interaction,...

  17. Physiological and behavioral indices of short-term stress in wild vicuñas (Vicugna vicugna) in Jujuy Province, Argentina

    Contributor(s): Marcoppido, Gisela, Arzamendia, Yanina, Vilá, Bibiana

    The management of wild vicuñas can trigger a stress response that may compromise welfare. In Santa Catalina, Jujuy Province, Argentina, indices of short-term stress associated with capture, handling, and shearing were studied in 105 wild vicuñas (Vicugna vicugna). The study included 2 groups (n =...

  18. PET PODs: A Tool to Assist with Good Welfare Provisions during Emergent Conditions

    Contributor(s): Federico, Jennifer L., Banks, Ron E.

    The PETS Act amended the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act to ensure state and local emergency preparedness operational plans included provisions for individuals with household pets and service animals following a major disaster or emergency. While the national...

  19. Perceptions of Social Responsibility of Prominent Animal Welfare Groups

    Contributor(s): Widmar, Nicole J. Olynk, Morgan, Carissa J., Croney, Candace C.

    Nonhuman animal welfare is an increasingly important component of consumer expectations of corporate social responsibility (CSR). The extent to which prominent animal welfare or protection organizations may influence people’s perceptions of food industry CSR may be related to an organization’s...

  20. Perceptions of Equid Well Being Well-Being in South Dakota

    Contributor(s): McNeill, Lindsey R., Bott, Rebecca C., Mastellar, Sara L., Djira, Gemechis, Carroll, Heidi K.

    In South Dakota, the status of equid well being is relatively unknown. This study sought to (a) gain understanding about the current perceptions of nonhuman animal well being in South Dakota, with an emphasis on horses and other equids; (b) determine the level of care equids are reportedly...