Clinical animal behaviour models of stereotypic behaviour and underlying cognition
Contributor(s): Daniel Mills
Bizarre repetitive behaviour may be quite common, with estimates in people and dogs of a prevalence of up to 8%. Whereas these are often considered important indicators of mental health problems in people, in companion animals, many owners view these behaviours as "quirky" or even...
Animal Shelter Programs and Policies
Contributor(s): Edwin J. Sayres
A discussion of policies and programs that, ideally, should be followed by humane societies in the operation of shelters and the limitations that are imposed by finances, local circumstances, and other factors is a substantial undertaking. I would like, first, to give you some background...
Our Challenge and Our Opportunity
Contributor(s): Coleman Burke
The other day you probably all read of the death of Gavin Maxwell, who produced that delightful "Ring of Bright Water." He said, "Stage one on the way to understanding human beings is an understanding and affection for animals." Fit this in with the statement from Proverbs....
Cardiorespiratory and Biomechanical Changes with Hippotherapy in Children with and without Cerebral Palsy
Contributor(s): B.R. Rigby, A.R. Gloekner, S. Papadakis, A.A. Bane, J.S. Forsse, A.E. Bird, T.R. Willard, D.L. Bullinger, R.R. Rogers, K.D. Biggerstaff, P.W. Grandjean
Hippotherapy utilizes the rhythmic movement of the horse to improve functional abilities and quality of life of individuals with neurological impairments. Little is known regarding the changes in body segment kinematics and cardiovascular responses of the rider due to the therapy. A change in the...
The Urban Coyote Problem in Los Angeles County
Contributor(s): Robert G. Howell
Extensive, urban development of hillside areas in Los Angeles County has created an undesirable human interface with coyotes (Canis latrans). Plentiful, readily available household garbage, pet foods, and water have spawned abnormal numbers of bold coyotes that have adopted residential properties...
Transformational Solutions of Self through Companion Animals
Contributor(s): Jill R. Mosteller
How consumers manage the dynamics between love and money can be intertwined in a myriad of ways. Based upon the growing presence of companion animals in U.S. households (now estimated at 62%) and related financial spend (over $50 billion in 2011) (APPA 2011), understanding consumers' identity...
Dairy Cow Ownership and Child Nutritional Status in Kenya
Contributor(s): Charles F. Nicholson, Lucy Mwangi, Steven J. Staal and Philip K. Thornton
This study examines the hypothesis that dairy cow ownership improves child nutritional status. Using household data from coastal and highland Kenya, three econometric model formulations are estimated. Positive impacts on chronic malnutrition are observed for coastal Kenya. No negative effects on...
Proceedings of the Second Eastern Wildlife Damage Control Conference (Complete volume)
Contributor(s): Peter T. Bromley (editor)
The papers and abstracts of the proceedings were reproduced from camera-ready materials provided by the authors. The quality of the published proceedings is a credit to the authors, who followed editorial directions very well and who painstakingly reviewed their papers. The proceedings contains...
Urban gray squirrel damage and population management: A case history
Contributor(s): J. Hadidian, D. Manski, V. Flyger, C. Cox, G. Hodge
Lafayette Park, a 3.0 hectare national park located across the street from the White House in Washington D.C., has had a gray squirrel (Sciurus carolinensis) density as high as 50 animals/hectare. In recent years this large population caused significant damage to mature trees and other...
Effects of grackle damage control techniques in citrus on nesting success of non-target species
Contributor(s): John H. Rappole, Wan R. Tipton, Arlo H. Kane, Rafael H. Flores
Several techniques were tested to reduce the damage caused by great-tailed grackles to citrus in the lower Rio Grande Valley of southern Texas: monofilament line, eyespot balloons, pyrotechnics, and grackle nest removal. Ten species were found nesting in the treated groves, but only the mourning...
Home ranges and habitat selection of white- tailed deer in a suburban nature area in eastern Nebraska
Contributor(s): Scott E Hygnstrom, Kurt C VerCauteren
We evaluated the movements of 59 radio-collared female white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) at the Gifford Point Wildlife Management Area (GP) and Fontenelle Forest Nature Area (FF) in eastern Nebraska from 1994 to 1997. Annual home ranges averaged 276 ha (CI = 166 ha). Forty-four of the...
Electric fencing reduces heron predation at northeastern trout hatcheries
Conference Proceedings | Contributor(s): Mark E. Tobin, James F. Glahn, Erica S. Rasmussen
Great blue herons (Ardea herodius) are the most common avian predator at commercial trout hatcheries in the northeastern United States. We evaluated a 2-strand electric fence for excluding this species from raceways at 2 commercial trout hatcheries in central Pennsylvania. Fences consisted of...
Overabundant deer: Better management through research
Conference Proceedings | Contributor(s): Dwayne R. Etter, Timothy R. Van Deelen, Daniel R. Ludwig, Karmen M. Hollis, James E. Chelsvig
Overabundance of white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) continues to challenge wildlife professionals nationwide, especially in urban settings. Moreover, wildlife managers often lack general site-specific information on deer movements, survival, and reproduction that are critical for...
Zinc phosphide rodenticide reduces cotton rat populations in Florida sugarcane
Conference Proceedings | Contributor(s): Nicholas R. Holler, David G. Decker
Rodents cause extensive damage to sugarcane (Saccharum spp. hybrids) in southern Florida (Samol 1972). Losses have been estimated as high as $235/ha (Lefebvre et al. 1978). Cotton rats (Sigmodon hispidus) and roof rats (Rattus rattus) are responsible for most of the damage (Holler et al. 1981)....
Impacts of house mouse activity on five types of insulation
Conference Proceedings | Contributor(s): Scott E. Hygnstrom
House mice (mus musculus) cause a variety of problems with livestock, feed, and structures. Researchers have yet to discover an insulative material that is not susceptible to house mouse damage. In this study, house mice caused significant (P < 0.01) increases in the thermal conductance of...
Badger movement ecology in Colorado agricultural areas after a fire
Conference Proceedings | Contributor(s): Craig Ramey, Jean Bourassa
While investigating the American badger (Taxidea taxus) in eastern Colorado’s wheatlands, we studied 3 badgers which were affected by a 2.1 km2 man-made fire and compared them to 2 adjacent badgers unaffected by the fire. All badgers were equipped with radio-telemetry collars and generally...
Evaluation of a new strategy for control of bovine tuberculosis in Michigan white-tailed deer: year 1 progress report
Conference Proceedings | Contributor(s): Stephen Schmitt, Daniel O\'Brien, Elaine Carlson, David Smith, Zachary Cooley
The State of Michigan is striving to eliminate bovine tuberculosis (Tb) infection among free-ranging white-tailed deer in the northeastern Lower Peninsula of the state. Aggressive reduction in the overall deer population abundance may help to further reduce TB prevalence, but this course of...
Evaluation of moderate and low-powered lasers for dispersing double-crested cormorants from their night roosts
Conference Proceedings | Contributor(s): James F. Glahn, Greg Ellis, Paul Fioranelli, Brian S. Dorr
The double-crested cormorant (Phalacrocorax auritus) is the primary avian predator on the southern catfish industry, estimated to cause $5 million in damage per year. To date, the most effective strategy for alleviating cormorant depredations in areas of intensive catfish production is...
The mechanical control of bushpig, Potamochoerus porcus, in Zimbabwe
Conference Proceedings | Contributor(s): Michael La Grange
Bushpig, Potamocheorus porcus, occurring naturally in the high rainfall areas of Zimbabwe, have become a major threat to maize producers in the country. Traditional means of control including hunting have been unsuccessful in keeping the numbers to a tolerable level owing to the secretive and...
Trapping: A continuous integral part of a rodent control programme
Conference Proceedings | Contributor(s): H.R. Shuyler, R.F. Sun Jr.
Trapping is usually considered a rodent control technique of minor importance. Due to the economic situation in the Dumaguete, Philippines program from which this report is drawn, regular trapping was a biological necessity. Four species of rodents and a shrew were of concern. A continuing daily...