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  1. Dog Days of Final Exams: Using Canine-Assisted Therapy to Reduce Stress and Improve Mood Among Community College Students

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    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Stephanie Quintana, Michelle Borckardt, Tanvi Aditya

    The following paper represents research conducted by members of the Collin College chapter of Psi Beta National Honor Society. Psi Beta is the national psychology honor society for two-year colleges whose mission is “promotion and recognition of excellence in scholarship, leadership,...

  2. Forgotten, But Not Lost—Alloparental Behavior and Pup–Adult Interactions in Companion Dogs

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    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Péter Pongrácz, Sára S. Sztruhala

    Socialization with humans is known to be a pivotal factor in the development of appropriate adult dog behavior, but the role and extent of dog–dog interactions in the first two months of life is rarely studied. Although various forms of alloparental behaviors are described in the case of...

  3. The Effectiveness of Dog Population Management: A Systematic Review

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    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Lauren M. Smith, Sabine Hartmann, Alexandru M. Munteanu, Paolo Dalla Villa, Rupert J. Quinnell, Lisa M. Collins

    The worldwide population of domestic dogs is estimated at approximately 700 million, with around 75% classified as “free-roaming”. Where free-roaming dogs exist in high densities, there are significant implications for public health, animal welfare, and wildlife. Approaches to...

  4. A Review of the Impact of Neuter Status on Expression of Inherited Conditions in Dogs

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    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Anita M. Oberbauer, Janelle M. Belanger, Thomas R. Famula

    Gonadectomy is an important reproductive management tool employed in many countries, and is highly prevalent in the US with an estimated 85% of dogs being neutered. Despite the societal benefits in pet population control, negative associations between neuter status, and health conditions have...

  5. Black Bears Recolonizing Historic Ranges: Indiana Human–Bear Interactions

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    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Bradford J. Westrich, Emily B. McCallen, Geriann Albers

    Over a century after extirpation from Indiana, USA, 2 American black bears (Ursus americanus) were confirmed in the state during the summers of 2015 and 2016. The first bear encountered a public and management agency unaccustomed to living with large carnivores, which resulted in...

  6. Resource, Collaborator, or Individual Cow? Applying Q Methodology to Investigate Austrian Farmers' Viewpoints on Motivational Aspects of Improving Animal Welfare

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    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Lorenz Maurer, Josef Schenkenfelder, Christoph Winckler

    One keystone to successful welfare improvement endeavors is a respected cooperation between farmer and advisor (e.g., veterinarian), which requires a thorough understanding of what motivates farmer behavior. In this respect, Q methodology offers a promising approach in investigating individual...

  7. Analysis of Genetic Diversity in the Czech Spotted Dog

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    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Karolína Machová, Anita Kranjˇceviˇcová, Luboš Vostrý, Emil Krupa

    Loss off genetic diversity negatively affects most of the modern dog breeds. However, no breed created strictly for laboratory purposes has been analyzed so far. In this paper, we sought to explore by pedigree analysis exactly such a breed—the Czech Spotted Dog (CSD). The pedigree...

  8. Improving Human-Wildlife Interactions by Resolving Human-Wildlife Conflicts

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    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Terry Messmer

  9. Introducing a Controlled Outdoor Environment Impacts Positively in Cat Welfare and Owner Concerns: The Use of a New Feline Welfare Assessment Tool

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    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Luciana Santos de Assis, Daniel Simon Mills

    There is much debate over the pros and cons of allowing cats to roam freely as opposed to keeping them confined indoors. We surveyed owners who implemented a commercial physical containment system to the outdoors to evaluate their characteristics and the apparent impact of this systemon cat...

  10. Salivary Vasopressin as a Potential Non–Invasive Biomarker of Anxiety in Dogs Diagnosed with Separation–Related Problems

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    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Federica Pirrone, Ludovica Pierantoni, Andrea Bossetti, Stefania Uccheddu, Mariangela Albertini

    Physiological biomarkers of canine anxiety have not been extensively investigated to date. To identify new biomarkers in dogs, we compared behaviorally normal dogs (Control group, N = 13) to dogs diagnosed with separation problems (Case group, N = 13) as they were introduced into a novel...

  11. One health national programme across species on zoonoses: a call to the developing world

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    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): G. V. Asokan, Vanitha Asokan, Prathap Tharyan

    Zoonoses constitute 868 (61%) of all known infectious diseases, 75% of the infections considered ‘emerging’ are zoonoses. Developed nations have national programmes, adjoining “One Health” concept to combat zoonoses, whereas inadequacies exist in developing nations. As a...

  12. Hibernation Patterns of the European Hedgehog, Erinaceus europaeus, at a Cornish Rescue Centre

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    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Kathryn E. South, Kelly Haynes, Angus C. Jackson

    The European hedgehog, Erinaceus europaeus, is frequently admitted to rescue centres in the UK. With many overwintering in captivity, there is cause to investigate hibernation patterns in order to inform and improve husbandry and monitoring protocols. Thirty-five hedgehogs were studied...

  13. Toward Sustainable Conservation and Management of Human-wildlife Interactions in the Mmadinare Region of Botswana: Villagers' Perceptions on Challenges and Prospects

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    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Oitshepile M. Modise, Rebecca Nthogo Lekoko, Olekae Tsompi Thakadu, Masego Ayo Mpotokwane

    Human–wildlife conflicts are increasing globally. The increase in conflicts has been attributed to growing human and wildlife populations and a per capita increase in the consumption of natural resources. In Botswana, conflicts between humans and elephants (Loxodonta africana) are...

  14. Spatial and Simultaneous Seroprevalence of Anti-Leptospira Antibodies in Owners and Their Domiciled Dogs in a Major City of Southern Brazil

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    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Aline do Nascimento Benitez, Thais Cabral Monica, Ana Carolina Miura, Micheline Sahyun Romanelli, Lucienne Garcia Pretto Giordano, Roberta Lemos Freire, Regina Mitsuka-Breganó, Camila Marinelli Martins, Alexander Welker Biondo, Isabela Machado Serrano, Thiago Henrique Carneiro Rios Lopes, Renato Barbosa Reis, Jancarlo Ferreira Gomes, Federico Costa, Elsio Wunder, Albert Icksang Ko, Italmar Teodorico Navarro

    Although leptospirosis has been considered a major concern in urban areas, no study to date has spatially and simultaneously compared both owner and dog serology in households of major cities. Accordingly, the aim of the present study was to assess the seroprevalence of Leptospira...

  15. A Review of Welfare Indicators of Indoor-Housed Dairy Cow as a Basis for Integrated Automatic Welfare Assessment Systems

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    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Lisette M.C. Leliveld, Giorgio Provolo

    For on-farm welfare assessment many automatic methods have been developed to detect indicators of reduced welfare. However, there is still a need to integrate data from single sources to obtain a complete picture of the welfare of an animal. This review offers a basis for developing integrated...

  16. Are Underweight Shelter Dogs More Likely to Display Food Aggression toward Humans?

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    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Katherine A. Miller, Emily D. Dolan, Victoria A. Cussen, Pamela J. Reid

    It is commonly believed that underweight or emaciated dogs are predisposed to food aggression toward humans. Each year, the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) receives hundreds of dogs from criminal cruelty cases. The dogs range from emaciated to overweight. We...

  17. Quantifying Attitudes and Knowledge Change About the Meat-Animal Industry via a Massive Open Online Course

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    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Chad Carr, Katie Abrams, Grady Roberts, Kylie Phillipps, Victoria Velinsky, Larry Eubanks, Jason Scheffler, Dwain Johnson

    Massive open online courses (MOOCs) offer a unique platform through which Extension can provide valuable education. We explored The Meat We Eat, a MOOC designed to create a more informed meat consumer and increase perceptions of transparency surrounding meat production. Compared to pretest...

  18. Corrigendum: Wildlife Ungulate Rescue and Emergency Services in the Pisa Area (Tuscany, Italy): Evaluation of a 9-Years Period (2010–2018)

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    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Maria Irene Pacini, Francesca Bonelli, Angela Briganti, Simonetta Citi, Stefania Perrucci, Roberto Amerigo Papini, Micaela Sgorbini

  19. A Review of Contemporary Contraceptives and Sterilization Techniques for Feral Horses

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    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Albert J. Kane

    This commentary provides a brief review of the history of contraceptive research eff orts for feral horses (Equus ferus caballus) as well as the contraceptives and sterilization techniques currently available for feral horses. Porcine zona pellucida (PZP) immunocontraceptives have received the...

  20. Using Genetics to Evaluate the Success of a Feral Cat (Felis catus) Control Program in North-Western Australia

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    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Saul Cowen, Lucy Clausen, Dave Algar, Sarah Comer

    The feral cat has been implicated in the decline and extinction of many species worldwide and a range of strategies have been devised for its control. A five-year control program using the aerial broadcast of toxic Eradicat® baits was undertaken at Fortescue Marsh in the Pilbara region...