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  1. An Exploratory Analysis of Virtual Delivery Alternatives for University-Based Animal Assisted Activities During COVID-19

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Aleisha Fernandes, Yu seon Chae, Cluny S. South

    Animal-assisted activities (AAAs) are being offered progressively in universities to support students’ well-being. However, with the recent health restrictions due to COVID-19, all classes and health services are being delivered remotely. Due to this, many postsecondary institutions have...

  2. Lesson Plan Helps Volunteers Improve Learning Among 4-H Youths in Animal Projects

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Timothy Ewers, Scott Nash, Alaena Ruth, Julia Piaskowski

    Continued development and delivery of animal science programs for 4-H youths is a critical need in all livestock production regions. The large number of 4-H youth programs, their rural locations, and the small number of 4-H Extension professionals make delivery of new curricula challenging. In...

  3. Post-release activity and habitat selection of rehabilitated black bears

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Patrick J. Myers, Julie K. Young

    Despite the long history of wildlife rehabilitation and the abundance of empirical knowledge of the behavior and resource selection of wildlife species, rarely does research bridge these disciplines. Such investigations could be of value to wildlife managers and rehabilitators by revealing the...

  4. Humanely Ending the Life of Animals: Research Priorities to Identify Alternatives to Carbon Dioxide

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Aline R. Steiner, Shannon Axiak Flammer, Ngaio J. Beausoleil, Charlotte Berg, Regula Bettschart-Wolfensberger, Rebeca García Pinillos, Huw D.R. Golledge, Michael Marahrens, Robert Meyer, Tobias Schnitzer, Michael J. Toscano, Patricia V. Turner, Daniel M. Weary, Thomas C. Gent

    The use of carbon dioxide (CO2) for stunning and killing animals is considered to compromise welfare due to air hunger, anxiety, fear, and pain. Despite decades of research, no alternatives have so far been found that provide a safe and reliable way to induce unconsciousness in groups of...

  5. Attitude toward Companion and Guard Dogs in Hawaii: Health and Welfare Implications

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Lynn Morrison, Julie Ann Luiz Adrian, Marina Kelley, Johana Hill, Zachariah Tman, Dana-lynn Ko'omoa-Lange

    The island of Hawaii exhibits extremes in dog welfare ranging from dogs as family members to dogs used as commodities, either as guard or hunting dogs, with many lacking appropriate care. This study offers a preliminary exploration of people’s attitudes toward companion and noncompanion...

  6. Potential Risk Factors for Aggression and Playfulness in Cats: Examination of a Pooling Fallacy Using Fe-BARQ as an Example

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Noema Gajdoš Kmecová, Barbara Petková, Jana Kottferová, Rachel Sarah Wannell, Daniel Simon Mills

    Using a popular method of behaviour evaluation which rates the intensity of behaviour in different contexts, we demonstrate how pooling item scores relating to a given construct can reveal different potential risk factors for the dependent variable depending on how the total score is...

  7. The State of Animal- Assisted Interventions in France: Is the IAHAIO Model Relevant?

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Alice Mignot, Gérard Leboucher, Véronique Servais, Karelle de Luca

    Animal- assisted interventions (AAI) became more generalized in health care settings and their development in Europe is increasing. In France, the practice has grown in the absence of official recognition and regulation. In this context, we aim to identify the main characteristics of the French...

  8. Short Communication: Open Access Ectoparasitic infestations of cats and dogs in Izzi Local Government Area of Ebonyi State, Nigeria: brief communication for 'One Health' approach to control of potential zoonoses

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): M.O. Elom, N.N. Obeji, A. Nworie, V. Usanga

    Background: Cats and dogs are important companion animals that paradoxically pose risks of zoonotic infections to their owners. This study determined the ectoparasitic infestations of cats and dogs in a semi-rural setting of Ebonyi State, so as to establish the prevalence of the ectoparasites...

  9. Novel Diagnostic Tools for Identifying Cognitive Impairment in Dogs: Behavior, Biomarkers, and Pathology

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Zuzana Vikartovska, Jana Farbakova, Tomas Smolek, Jozef Hanes, Norbert Zilka, Lubica Hornakova, Filip Humenik, Marcela Maloveska, Nikola Hudakova, Dasa Cizkova

    Canine cognitive dysfunction syndrome (CCDS) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder in senior dogs that is mainly associated with decreased ability to learn and respond to stimuli. It is commonly under-diagnosed because behavioral changes are often attributed to the natural process of...

  10. Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on the Welfare of Animals in Australia

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Jacqueline Baptista, Dominique Blache, Keren Cox-Witton, Nicola Craddock, Toni Dalziel, Nicolas de Graaff, Jill Fernandes, Ronda Green, Helen Jenkins, Sarah Kahn, Deborah Kelly, Mariko Lauber, Shane K. Maloney, Bridget Peachey, Ian Rodger, Jeremy Skuse, Alan J. Tilbrook, Frederick Rohan Walker, Kelly Wall, Sarah Zito

    We report on the various responses in Australia during 2020 tominimize negative impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on the welfare of animals. Most organizations and individuals with animals under their care had emergency preparedness plans in place for various scenarios; however, the restrictions...

  11. Evaluating Cognitive and Behavioral Outcomes in Conjunction with the Secure Base Effect for Dogs in Shelter and Foster Environments

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Lauren E. Thielke, Monique A. R. Udell

    Although it is widely accepted that dogs and humans form attachment relationships, characterizing attachment styles in dogs has only recently received attention in the literature. Previous research has shown that pet dogs display patterns of behavior in an attachment test that can be classified...

  12. Assessing Owl Collisions with US Civil and US Air Force Aircraft

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Kimberly E. Linnell

    Collisions between wildlife and aircraft (wildlife strikes) pose notable risks. Previous research has found that a variety of birds and mammals are involved in wildlife strikes, but no comprehensive evaluation of collisions between owl and aircraft (owl strikes) has been conducted. We queried...

  13. Perspectives From the Science-Policy Interface in Animal Health and Welfare

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Simon J. More

    The aim of this paper is to present scientific perspectives from the science-policy interface in animal health and welfare, with an emphasis on factors critical to scientific effectiveness. While there is broad acceptance of the value of scientific information to inform policy-making,...

  14. The Animal Welfare Act at Fifty: Problems and Possibilities in Animal Testing Regulation

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Courtney G. Lee

  15. The effect of videotapes of animals on cardiovascular responses to stress

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Deborah L. Wells

  16. Nutritional Intake Monitoring for Nursing Home Residents: A Comparison of Staff Documentation, Direct Observation, and Photography Methods

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Sandra F. Simmons, David Reuben

  17. Marine Biota and Psychological Well-Being: A Preliminary Examination of Dose–Response Effects in an Aquarium Setting

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Deborah Cracknell, Mathew P. White, Sabine Pahl, Wallace J. Nichols, Michael H. Depledge

    Exposure to natural environments can have calming and stress-reducing effects on humans. Moreover, previous studies suggest that these benefits may be greater in areas with higher species richness. Our study took advantage of a “natural experiment” to examine people’s...

  18. Reviewing the role of aquaria as restorative settings: how subaquatic diversity in public aquaria can influence preferences, and human health and well-being

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Deborah L. Cracknell, Sabine Pahl, Mathew P. White, Michael H. Depledge

  19. The effects of interacting with fish in aquariums on human health and well-being: A systematic review

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Heather Clements, Stephanie Valentin, Nicholas Jenkins, Jean Rankin, Julien S. Baker, Nancy Gee, Donna Snellgrove, Katherine Sloman

  20. Anxiety-Reducing Effect: Dog, Fish and Plant in Direct Comparison

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): David Buttelmann, Anne-Kristin Römpke