Healthy Animals, Healthy Humans
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Sarah Caldwell Hancock
Zoonotic disease research targets maladies that infect both animals and people.
Animal Ethical Views and Perception of Animal Pain in Veterinary Students
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Anna Valros, Laura Hänninen
Veterinary students face several ethical challenges during their curriculum. We used the Animal Ethics Dilemma to study animal ethical views of Finnish veterinary students, and also asked them to score the level of pain perception in 13 different species. Based on the 218 respondents, the...
At the Heart of the Home: An Animal Reading of Mikhail Bulgakov's The Heart of a Dog
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Fudge, Erica
The Other End of the Leash: An Experimental Test to Analyze How Owners Interact with Their Pet Dogs
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Giulia Cimarelli, Borbála Turcsán, Friederike Range, Zsófia Virányi
It has been suggested that the way in which owners interact with their dogs can largely vary and influence the dog-owner bond, but very few objective studies, so far, have addressed how the owner interacts with the dog. The goal of the present study was to record dog owners' interaction...
Track Surfaces Used for Ridden Workouts and Alternatives to Ridden Exercise for Thoroughbred Horses in Race Training
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Ashleigh V. Morrice-West, Peta L. Hitchens, Elizabeth A. Walmsley, R. Chris Whitton
Little is known about the types of surfaces used during training of Thoroughbred racehorses or methods of exercise used in addition to ridden track-work. Our aims were to (1) describe the types of surfaces used in the training of Thoroughbred racehorses and to (2) identify alternative...
More than Just Collateral Damage: Pet Shootings by Police
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Courtney G. Lee
The Department of Justice estimates that American police officers shoot 10,000 pet dogs in the line of duty each year. It is impossible to ascertain a reliable number, however, because most law enforcement agencies do not maintain accurate records of animal killings. The tally may be...
Who's a Good Handler? Important Skills and Personality Profiles of Wildlife Detection Dog Handlers
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): La Toya J. Jamieson, Greg S. Baxter, Peter J. Murray
Wildlife detection dog teams are employed internationally for environmental surveys, and their success often depends on the dog handler. Minimal research is available on the skills that dog handlers believe are important, and no research has been published on the personality profiles of...
Driver knowledge and attitudes on animal vehicle collisions in Northern Tanzania
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): John Kioko, Christian Kiffner, Payton Phillips, Claire Patterson-Abrolat, Wendy Collinson, Samuel Katers
Roads are a major cause of wildlife mortality by animal-vehicle-collisions (AVCs). We monitored the patterns and frequency of AVCs on two sections of a major highway in Northern Tanzania and compared these patterns to the knowledge and perceptions of drivers who frequently use the roads. While...
Sheep Farmers' Perception of Welfare and Pain Associated with Routine Husbandry Practices in Chile
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Cristian Larrondo, Hedie Bustamante, Carmen Gallo
Considering the public concern about the welfare of farm animals during routine husbandry practices, this study aimed to determine how husbandry practices are carried out in Chilean farms, sheep farmers’ perceptions of animal welfare and pain, and factors that affect them, as well as the...
Special Education in Juvenile Residential Facilities: Can Animals Help?
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Sally E. Thigpen, Stephanie K. Ellis, Rebecca G. Smith
Children with emotional/behavioral disorders (EBD) are arguably one of the highest at-risk groups for dropping out before graduating high school. They are the group of students with disabilities who are most likely to be educated in residential facilities. Residential facilities such as Green...
Reducing the Consumer Attitude–Behaviour Gap in Animal Welfare: The Potential Role of 'Nudges'
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Belinda Vigors
Citizen concern for the welfare of farm animals is well documented. However, there is a notable gap between people saying they want improved farm animal welfare and how they actually behave as a consumer. This is known as the citizen–consumer attitude–behaviour gap. As improvements...
Assessment of Small Ruminant Welfare in Ethiopia – An Abattoir-Based Study
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Bekele, Tizeta, Szonyi, Barbara, Feleke, Aklilu, Grace, Delia
This paper presents the results of a cross-sectional study assessing the welfare of sheep and goats in a large abattoir in central Ethiopia, using qualitative and quantitative approaches. A total of 384 nonhuman animals (192 sheep and 192 goats) underwent clinical examination and behavioral...
The Natural Behavior Debate: Two Conceptions of Animal Welfare
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Browning, Heather
The performance of natural behavior is commonly used as a criterion in the determination of animal welfare. This is still true, despite many authors having demonstrated that it is not a necessary component of welfare – some natural behaviors may decrease welfare, while some unnatural behaviors...
Understanding Preferences for Humane and Cruel Treatment of Pest Rodents in Site C, Khayelitsha, South Africa
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Buckland, Adam, Nattrass, Nicoli
The cruel treatment of pest rodents is a neglected area of study. This paper uses a representative survey from Khayelitsha (Cape Town) to show that a minority of residents preferred rodent control to be humane but that most did not care how rats are killed and almost a fifth said they would be...
Positive Reinforcement Conditioning as a Tool for Frequent Minimally Invasive Blood and Vaginal Swab Sampling in African Lions (Panthera Leo)
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Callealta, Isabel, Lueders, Imke, Luther-Binoir, Ilse, Ganswindt, Andre
Information regarding the physiology of African lions is scarce, mainly due to challenges associated with essential routine research procedures. The aim of this experiment was to test the possibility of training six captive lionesses by positive reinforcement conditioning (PRC) to voluntarily...
Influence of the Competition Context on Arousal in Agility Dogs
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Carpenter, Alison M., Guy, Jonathan H., Leach, Matthew C.
To determine whether participation in dog agility has an impact on canine arousal and welfare, this study aimed firstly to identify the effect of the competition context on arousal changes experienced by dogs, as distinct from purely physical participation in agility, and secondly to assess the...
PET PODs: A Tool to Assist with Good Welfare Provisions during Emergent Conditions
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Federico, Jennifer L., Banks, Ron E.
The PETS Act amended the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act to ensure state and local emergency preparedness operational plans included provisions for individuals with household pets and service animals following a major disaster or emergency. While the national...
The Ethics and Welfare Implications of Keeping Western European Hedgehogs (erinaceus Europaeus) in Captivity
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Jones, S. A., Chapman, Stella
Patient outcomes for hedgehog (Erinaceus europaeus) casualties are not limited to release versus euthanasia; some hedgehogs have conditions that do not preclude their ability to survive in captivity with human intervention. This research explored the welfare implications and ethical issues of...
Infrared Thermography as an Indicator of Heat Loss in Fur-Chewing Chinchillas (Chinchilla Lanigera)
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Łapiński, Stanisław, Orel, Joanna, Niedbała, Piotr, Kucharska, Weronika, Jakubowska, Magdalena, Lisowska-Lis, Agnieszka, Tombarkiewicz, Barbara, Lis, Marcin W.
Fur-chewing is a common problem in chinchilla (Chinchilla lanigera). It may affect the welfare of animals due to heat loss, thereby possibly impacting food and water intake to maintain body temperature. In this context, infrared thermography seems to be a suitable method of measuring heat...
Development and Validation of Broiler Welfare Assessment Methods for Research and On-farm Audits
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Meyer, Meaghan M., Johnson, Anna K., Bobeck, Elizabeth A.
Required auditing of on-farm broiler welfare in the United States has increased; however, a lack of validated tools exists for assessment of enrichment. National Chicken Council (NCC) guidelines were used on a subset of 300 Ross 308 broilers out of 1200 to validate and adapt welfare measures....