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  1. Temperament in Captivity, Environmental Enrichment, Flight Ability, and Response to Humans in an Endangered Parrot Species

    Contributor(s): Ramos, G. A. P., Azevedo, C. S., Jardim, T. H. A., Sant'Anna, A. C.

    Temperament assessment is useful in reintroduction programs. Reactivity to humans and flight ability are also important behavioral aspects for captive parrots candidates to reintroduction. The study aimed: a) to evaluate if behavioral responses to environmental enrichment differ as a function of...

  2. Social Media Contexts Moderate Perceptions of Animals

    Contributor(s): Riddle, E., MacKay, J. R. D.

    The rapid rise of social media in the past decade represents a new space where animals are represented in human society, and this may influence human perceptions, for example driving desire for exotic pet keeping. In this study, 211 participants (49% female) between the ages of 18 to 44 were...

  3. The ophthalmic health and refractive state of working dogs in South Brazil

    Contributor(s): de Oliveira, J. K., Bortolini, M., Schaller, M., Schuchmann, R. K., Moore, B. A., Montiani-Ferreira, F.

    Background: Working dogs, such as police dogs and guide dogs, have important roles in the contemporary society by performing specific and demanding jobs. Ocular health and the maintenance of good visual acuity are imperative to strong work performance and thus human safety. Aim: The aim of this...

  4. Grief severity: A comparison between human and companion animal death

    Contributor(s): Lavorgna, B. F., Hutton, V. E.

    Grief severity was investigated and compared amongst 50 participants aged 18 to 65 years who had experienced the death of a human (n = 35) or the death of a companion animal (n = 15). Participants were recruited in Australia and completed an on-line self-report questionnaire package, measuring...

  5. Equine-assisted interventions for veterans with service-related health conditions: a systematic mapping review

    Contributor(s): Kinney, A. R., Eakman, A. M., Lassell, R., Wood, W.

    BACKGROUND: Evidence-based treatments for service-related health conditions such as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and traumatic brain injury (TBI) are not effective for all veterans. Equine-assisted interventions are emerging as an additional treatment modality, but little is...

  6. Dog Ownership and Training Reduces Post-Traumatic Stress Symptoms and Increases Self-Compassion Among Veterans: Results of a Longitudinal Control Study

    Contributor(s): Bergen-Cico, D., Smith, Y., Wolford, K., Gooley, C., Hannon, K., Woodruff, R., Spicer, M., Gump, B.

    Objectives: The aims of this study were to measure the potential impact of a therapeutic dog ownership and training program for Veterans with symptoms of post-traumatic stress. Design: The study used a quasi-experimental design with two cohorts of Veterans-a dog owner-trainer intervention and a...

  7. Zoo Animal Welfare: The Human Dimension

    Contributor(s): Cole, Justine, Fraser, David

    Standards and policies intended to safeguard nonhuman animal welfare, whether in zoos, farms, or laboratories, have tended to emphasize features of the physical environment. However, research has now made it clear that very different welfare outcomes are commonly seen in facilities using similar...

  8. Whither Zoos? An Inescapable Question

    Contributor(s): Shapiro, Kenneth

    As a founding coeditor of the Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science and a member of the International Advisory Committee of the Center for Zoo Animal Welfare and Ethics (CZAWE), I welcome this opportunity to publish for the third time (see earlier issues Volume 16, Number 4 [2013] and Volume...

  9. Which Wild Aardvarks Are Most Suitable for Outdoor Enclosures in Zoological Gardens in the European Union?

    Contributor(s): Patoka, Jiří, Vejtrubová, Markéta, Vrabec, Vladimír, Masopustová, Renata

    The aardvark is popular in many zoological gardens in the European Union. These creatures are nocturnal, and aardvarks in the wild are known to walk distances of 4 km to 7 km per night. Despite what is known about their biology, most aardvarks are kept in zoological gardens in indoor enclosures...

  10. Where Are Zoos Going—or Are They Gone?

    Contributor(s): Safina, Carl

    To some, zoos are prisons exploiting animals. In reality zoos range from bad to better. I make this distinction: A bad zoo makes animals work for it; a good zoo works for animals. Good zoos do effective conservation work and continually strive to improve exhibits, relevance to conservation, and...

  11. What Makes a Dog Adoptable? An Eye-Tracking Investigation

    Contributor(s): Isgate, Sara, Couchman, Justin J.

    Humans readily attribute personality and behavioral traits to dogs, and these attributions influence decisions about adoption. This study focused on how these attributions could be influenced by breed and pose by using pictures of four breeds (Doberman Pinscher, Golden Retriever, pit bull, and...

  12. What Is the Future for Zoos and Aquariums?

    Contributor(s): Kagan, Ron, Allard, Stephanie, Carter, Scott

    Animal welfare concerns have plagued the professional zoo and aquarium field for decades. Societal differences remain concerning the well-being of animals, but it appears a shift is emerging. Scientific studies of animal welfare have dramatically increased, establishing that many previous...

  13. The Welfare of Bears in Zoos: A Case Study of Poland

    Contributor(s): Maślak, Robert, Sergiel, Agnieszka, Bowles, David, Paśko, Łukasz

    The welfare of captive bears became a big issue of concern in Poland when a case of a bear being ill-treated became a high-profile case in the media. This case created a challenge to verify, study, and understand the main problems associated with bear keeping so that zoos could significantly...

  14. Welfare impacts of the illegal wildlife trade in a cohort of confiscated greater slow lorises, Nycticebus coucang

    Contributor(s): Fuller, Grace, Eggen, Wilhelmina Frederica, Wirdateti, Wirdateti, Nekaris, K. A. I.

    Illegal harvesting and trade are major forces behind population declines of wild slow lorises (genus Nycticebus). The impacts of the wildlife trade on individual slow lorises have not been as well described. In this article, we describe quantitatively the consequences of the wildlife trade for 77...

  15. Welfare Impacts of Spay/Neuter-Focused Outreach on Companion Animals in New York City Public Housing

    Contributor(s): Dolan, Emily D., Weiss, Emily, Slater, Margaret R.

    Spay/neuter (S/N) programs aim to reduce shelter intake and euthanasia. However, there is little published evidence of a causal effect between S/N programs and shelter intake or euthanasia. To uncover any ancillary effects of S/N, this study examined the impact of S/N door-to-door outreach on...

  16. We Don’t Train in Vain: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Human and Canine Caregiver Training

    Contributor(s): Pfaller-Sadovsky, Nicole, Medina, Lucia, Dillenburger, Karola, Hurtado-Parrado, Camilo

    The present review assessed the current knowledge regarding caregiver- training effectiveness for human and human-canine dyads. Most canine-related sources (66%; n = 19) were case studies reporting a decrease of learner undesired behavior when using oral instruction (21%; n = 6). Most...

  17. Voracious Science & Vulnerable Animals: A Primate Scientist’s Ethical Journey. John P. Gluck. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 2016, 313 pp

    Contributor(s): Hart, Lynette

    2018Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science212200-2021088-870510.1080/10888705.2017.1400440text

  18. Using radio frequency identification for behavioral monitoring in little blue penguins

    Contributor(s): Kalafut, Kathryn L., Kinley, Rickey

    A common goal of captive animal institutions is to create environments that allow for the most naturalistic behavior from their animals. Behavioral data is often used as a measure of how an animal is thriving in its current environment. Obtaining this data can be very difficult and...

  19. Use of space and behavior of weaned piglets kept in enriched two-level housing system

    Contributor(s): Fels, Michaela, Lüthje, Franziska, Faux-Nightingale, Alice, Kemper, Nicole

    In this study, the possibility of introducing an elevated platform to a piglet pen was explored as a way of increasing available space and creating functional areas. On the platform, nine different manipulable materials were offered. In four batches, 40 weaned piglets were kept for five weeks in...

  20. Use of Primates in Research: What Do We Know About Captive Strepsirrhine Primates?

    Contributor(s): Lázaro, Gloria Fernández, Zehr, Sarah, García, Enrique Alonso

    The increasing debate and restrictions on primate research have prompted many surveys about their status. However, there is a lack of information regarding strepsirrhine primates in the literature. This study provides an overview of research on strepsirrhines in captivity by analyzing scientific...