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  1. Wild Meets Domestic in the Near Eastern Neolithic

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Russell, N.

    The categories of wild and domestic are one of the classic ways the nature/culture dichotomy manifests itself in human interactions with the environment. Some argue that this distinction is not helpful and a projection of modern thought, and certainly the boundaries are complicated. However, we...

  2. Influence of Increased Freedom of Movement on Welfare and Egg Laying Pattern of Hens Kept in Aviaries

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Nannoni, Eleonora, Buonaiuto, Giovanni, Martelli, Giovanna, Lizzi, Gabriele, Trevisani, Giacomo, Garavini, Gloria, Sardi, Luca

    This work investigates the effects of structural modifications on the welfare level and laying patterns of hens in a three-tier commercial aviary system. Four experimental groups were used: C (control, housed in a traditional aviary); LM (longitudinal movement, in which internal partitions were...

  3. Aggressive, Submissive, and Affiliative Behavior in Sanctuary Chimpanzees (Pan Troglodytes) During Social Integration

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Fultz, Amy, Yanagi, Akie, Breaux, Sarah, Beaupre, Leilani

    Chimp Haven is a sanctuary for chimpanzees being retired from biomedical research and from facilities that can no longer care for them. Chimpanzees often live in smaller groups in captive settings; however, Chimp Haven integrates them into larger, more species-typical groups. Social...

  4. Selection Factors Influencing Eventual Owner Satisfaction about Pet Dog Adoption

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Dinwoodie, Ian R., Zottola, Vivian, Kubitz, Karla, Dodman, Nicholas H.

    Personal likes, experience, and deep-rooted interests to satisfy emotional needs such as companionship, affection, empathy, and security are some of the underlying human motivations for acquiring a pet companion. In this study, we asked how long the owner took to decide whether to adopt a dog,...

  5. Estimating the optimal number of sampling days and patterns for recording calf behaviours in pre-weaning dairy calves

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Xiao, Jian Xin, Peng, Rong, Yang, Hui, Alugongo, Gibson Maswayi, Zhang, Si Yuan, Liu, Shuai, Chen, Tian Yu, Cao, Zhi Jun

  6. Neophobic behavioural responses of parasitised fish to a potential predator and baited hook

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Freire, Rafael, Rogers, Leia, Creece, Darcy, Shamsi, Shokoofeh

  7. Changes in the behaviour before normal calving to predict its onset in Mediterranean buffaloes heifers

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Lanzoni, L., Chincarini, M., Giammarco, M., Fusaro, I., Iannotta, M., Podaliri, M., Contri, A., Gloria, A., Vignola, G.

  8. Increasing mud levels in a feedlot influences beef cattle behaviours but not preference for feedlot or pasture environments

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Dickson, Emily J., Campbell, Dana L. M., Monk, Jessica E., Lea, Jim M., Colditz, Ian G., Lee, Caroline

  9. Features of reproduction in an isolated island population of the feral horses of the Lake Manych-Gudilo (Rostov Region, Russia)

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Spasskaya, N. N., Voronkova, V. N., Letarov, A. V., Ermilina, Yu A., Nikolaeva, E. A., Konorov, E. A., Stolpovsky, Yu A., Naidenko, S. V.

  10. Acute changes in oxytocin predict behavioral responses to foundation training in horses

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Niittynen, Taru, Riihonen, Veera, Moscovice, Liza R., Koski, Sonja E.

  11. Refined methodology for identification of bitterness aversion in mature rams through quantification of fluid intake and behavioral response to phenylthiocarbamide

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Southerland, Claire N., Taylor, J. Bret, Yelich, Joel V., Ellison, Melinda J.

  12. “Furry tales”: pet ownership’s influence on subjective well-being during Covid-19 times

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Damberg, Svenja, Frömbling, Lena

  13. The lived experience of human-pet relationships among adult survivors of childhood sexual abuse: An interpretative phenomenological analysis

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Hamilton, Leslie H. A., Van Vliet, K. Jessica, Lasiuk, Gerri, Varnhagen, Connie K.

  14. Welfare, well treatment and animal protection : concepts, definitions and practiceBien-entre, bientraitance et protection des animaux: concepts, definitions, applications

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Gilbert, C., Fabre-Deloye, A.

  15. Intraspecific Motor and Emotional Alignment in Dogs and Wolves: The Basic Building Blocks of Dog–Human Affective Connectedness

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Elisabetta Palagi, Giada Cordoni

    Involuntary synchronization occurs when individuals perform the same motor action patterns during a very short time lapse. This phenomenon serves an important adaptive value for animals permitting them to socially align with group fellows thus increasing integration and fitness benefits. Rapid...

  16. Effect of Handler Knowledge of the Detection Task on Canine Search Behavior and Performance

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Mallory T. DeChant, Cameron Ford, Nathaniel J. Hall

    Detection dogs are commonly trained and tested under conditions in which the handler or the evaluator knows the true presence or absence of a target odor. Previous research has demonstrated that when handlers are deceived and led to believe that a target odor is present, more false alerts...

  17. "Don't be so Modest, You're a Rat": Anthropomorphism, Social Class, and Renegotiation in Ratatouille and Bee Movie

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Reuben Dylan Fong

    One of the common fantasy stories involving anthropomorphized nonhuman animals in animated children's films is of humans and animals discovering they can communicate as equals. The human-animal relationship in the premise of these films exemplifies the idea of questioning and renegotiating...

  18. Editorial: Human-Animal Interaction (HAI) Research: A Decade of Progress

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Sandra McCune, Peggy McCardle, James A. Griffin, Layla Esposito, Karyl Hurley, Regina Bures, Katherine A. Kruger

  19. Welfare-Adjusted Life Years (WALY): A novel metric of animal welfare that combines the impacts of impaired welfare and abbreviated lifespan

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Kendy Tzu-Yun Teng, Brecht Devleesschauwer, Charline Maertens De Noordhout, Peter Bennett, Paul D. McGreevy, Po-Yu Chiu, Jenny-Ann L. M. L. Toribio, Navneet K. Dhand

    Currently, separate measures are used to estimate the impact of animal diseases on mortality and animal welfare. This article introduces a novel metric, the Welfare-Adjusted Life Year (WALY), to estimate disease impact by combining welfare compromise and premature death components. Adapting the...

  20. Zooarchaeology of the Modern Era: An Introduction

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Tourigny, E., Gordon, R.

    The last 500 years is characterized by immense socioeconomic and environmental transformations on a global scale. Animals were significantly affected by these processes but were also central to many of the transformations that shaped the modern world. While there has been a growing number...