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  1. A review of nutritional and motivational factors contributing to the performance of regurgitation and reingestion in captive lowland gorillas ( Gorilla gorilla gorilla )

    Contributor(s): Lukas, K. E.

    A review. Regurgitation and reingestion is a common phenomenon in captive lowland gorillas, but it has never been reported in wild populations. Although changes in diet have been shown to reduce the behavior, little is known about the underlying mechanisms that lead to its development and...

  2. A review of population control methods in captive-housed primates

    Contributor(s): Wallace, P. Y., Asa, C. S., Agnew, M., Cheyne, S. M.

  3. A review of the behavioral and neurochemical consequences of early weaning in rodents. (Special Issue: Early Weaning.)

    Contributor(s): Kikusui, T., Nakamura, K., Mori, Y.

    In mammals, mother-infant bonding is based on the dependence of the infant on the mother for sustenance, i.e., the infant suckles milk, but also involving a need for physical contact. Weaning is one of the most important events that occur in developing animals and the timing of natural weaning is...

  4. A review of the behavioural and physiological adaptations of hill and lowland breeds of sheep that favour lamb survival

    Contributor(s): Dwyer, C. M., Lawrence, A. B.

    Extensively managed animals, often living in harsh and unfavourable environments, need specific adaptations that promote survivability. This is particularly important at parturition and during the neonatal period, when ewe and lamb mortality is highest. To understand the survival adaptations of...

  5. A review of video-based pig behavior recognition

    Contributor(s): Yang, Qiumei, Xiao, Deqin

    Video surveillance technology has been applied in many farms and a large amount of video data has been generated. Extracting valuable information about the pig industry from video data is a challenging problem. Pig behavior recognition is one of the research hotspots. In order to facilitate...

  6. A scientist's perspective on the ethics of using animals in behavioral research

    Contributor(s): Morrison, Adrian R.

  7. A single dose of ketoprofen in the immediate postpartum period has the potential to improve dairy calf welfare in the first 48 h of life

    Contributor(s): Gladden, Nicola, Ellis, Kathryn, Martin, Jessica, Viora, Lorenzo, McKeegan, Dorothy

    The welfare impact of birth on newborn calves has rarely been studied. Dystocia in particular may have significant welfare costs for calves. While analgesia is sometimes provided to calves born to difficult parturition by veterinary surgeons in practice, it is not known if this is actually...

  8. A social contract for biotechnology: shared visions for risky technologies? (Special issue: Food safety, food quality and food ethics. Selected papers from the 3rd Congress of the European Society for Agricultural and Food Ethics)

    Contributor(s): Bruce, D. M.

    Future technological developments concerning food, agriculture, and the environment face the conflict of social legitimation from a skeptical public and media, in the wake of the crises of bovine spongiform encephalopathy, genetic modified (GM) food, and foot and mouth disease in the UK. Key...

  9. A social predator for a companion: animal behavior problems: an overview

    Contributor(s): Voith, Victoria L.

  10. A social predator for a companion: disruption of the human-companion animal bond: aggressive behavior in dogs

    Contributor(s): Houpt, Katherine A.

  11. A social predator for a companion: dog attack involving predation on humans

    Contributor(s): Borchelt, Peter L., Lockwood, Randall, Beck, Alan M., Voith, Victoria L.

  12. A social predator for a companion: human-bear interactions: profile and perspective

    Contributor(s): Tate, Jane

  13. A social predator for a companion: separation-elicited behavior problems in dogs

    Contributor(s): Borchelt, Peter L.

  14. A study of cortisol and beta-endorphin levels in stereotypic and normal Thoroughbreds

    Contributor(s): Pell, S. M., McGreevy, P. D.

    Plasma and salivary cortisol levels were measured in stereotypic (n=46) and normal horses (n=46). No significant differences were found between the 2 groups of horses. The correlation between plasma and salivary cortisol concentrations of individual horses (n=66) was also examined. A significant...

  15. A study of owner observed behavioural and lifestyle changes in cats with musculoskeletal disease before and after analgesic therapy

    Contributor(s): Bennett, D., Morton, C.

  16. A survey assessment of variables related to stereotypy in captive giraffe and okapi

    Contributor(s): Bashaw, M. J., Tarou, L. R., Maki, T. S., Maple, T. L.

    Stereotypic behaviour has been investigated in a wide variety of animals, but little published information is available on this problem in captive exotic ungulates. A survey was used to gather information on the prevalence of stereotypic behaviour in giraffe and okapi and to identify variables...

  17. A survey of dog ownership in suburban Australia - conditions and behaviour problems

    Contributor(s): Kobelt, A. J., Hemsworth, P. H., Barnett, J. L., Coleman, G. J.

    There has been an increasing emphasis in Australia on confining dogs to owner's properties (household backyards) as a solution to problems of dog aggression. Therefore, there is a need to determine the social and physical conditions that make up the dog's backyard environment and how these...

  18. A survey of owners' perceptions of fear of fireworks in a sample of dogs and cats in New Zealand

    Contributor(s): Dale, A. R., Walker, J. K., Farnworth, M. J., Morrissey, S. V., Waran, N. K.

  19. A systematic approach towards developing environmental enrichment for pigs

    Contributor(s): Weerd, H. A. van de, Docking, C. M., Day, J. E. L., Avery, P. J., Edwards, S. A.

    Environmental enrichment is often implemented without considering the requirements of the animals within their environment and without specifying desired functional behaviours. An approach towards the development of species-specific environmental enrichment for pigs is presented here, which...

  20. A systematic review and meta-analysis of the proportion of dogs surrendered for dog-related and owner-related reasons

    Contributor(s): Lambert, K., Coe, J., Niel, L., Dewey, C., Sargeant, J. M.