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  1. A Case Study: Observations of Behaviors & Vocalizations in a Captive Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus) During Quarantine

    Full-text: Available

    Theses | Contributor(s): Alexandra Dilley

    Bozie, an Asian elephant (Elephas maximus), was relocated from the Baton Rouge Zoo to Smithsonian’s National Zoo. During a requisite 29-day quarantine period, I recorded Bozie’s stress-related behaviors and the vocalizations she produced when she was alone and with her keepers in...

  2. A case study: the effect of visitors on two captive pumas with respect to the time of the day

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Maia, C. M., Volpato, G. L., Santos, E. F.

    This study analyzed the effects of noise levels and number of visitors on the behaviors of a mother puma and her daughter in a zoo environment with respect to the time of day. The study monitored visitation (noise and number) over two 1-week periods (4 weeks between periods) and frequency of...

  3. A cautionary note regarding the use of nutritional L-tryptophan to alter aversion-related behaviour in mice

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Janczak, A. M., Bakken, M., Braastad, B. O.

    Nutritional L-tryptophan is reported to have positive effects on the behaviour of several farm animals. The present experiment describes some effects of nutritional L-tryptophan on the aversion-related behaviour of male mice selected for high litter size. The behavioural effects of L-tryptophan...

  4. A close keeper-nonhuman animal distance does not reduce undesirable behavior in contact yard goats and sheep

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Anderson, U. S., Maple, T. L., Bloomsmith, M. A.

    This study investigated the relation between zookeeper-nonhuman animal distance and the undesirable behaviour that goats and sheep exhibited toward visitors of Zoo Atlanta's (Georgia, USA) contact yard. It hypothesized that a close distance between keeper and animal would be associated with a...

  5. A combination of behavioral and physiological indicators for assessing pig welfare on the farm

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Candiani, D., Salamano, G., Mellia, E., Doglione, L., Bruno, R., Toussaint, M., Gruys, E.

    The purpose of this research was to identify pig welfare indicators that could help in recognizing stressful practices on farm. The study evaluated behavioral and physiological indicators (cortisol and negative acute phase proteins) in 2 groups of 20 female pigs 4 months old after a 48-hr...

  6. A comparative assessment of potential conditioned taste aversion agents for vertebrate management

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Gill, E. L., Whiterow, A., Cowan, D. P.

    The ability of two potentially safe compounds, cinnamamide (160 mg/kg) and thiabendazole (100 and 200 mg/kg) to generate a conditioned taste aversion (CTA) in laboratory Rattus norvegicus to a novel food was assessed and compared to that of 17 alpha ethinyl oestradiol (4 mg/kg). All compounds...

  7. A comparison of a manual and an automated behavioural analysis method for assessing post-operative pain in mice

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Miller, Amy L., Flecknell, Paul A., Leach, Matthew C., Roughan, John V.

    Current methods of identifying and analysing behavioural signs of pain in mice are highly time consuming and labour intensive. HomeCageScan (HCS) is an automated analysis system that may offer an alternative to manual scoring. Thirty-two male mice undergoing vasectomy were filmed before and at 1h...

  8. A comparison of behavioural methodologies utilised to quantify deviations in piglet behaviour associated with castration

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Park, R. M., Cramer, M. C., Wagner, B. K., Turner, P., Moraes, L. E., Viscardi, A. V., Coetzee, J. F., Pairis-Garcia, M. D.

  9. A comparison of dog bite injuries in younger and older children treated in a pediatric emergency department

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Bernardo, L. M., Gardner, M. J., Rosenfield, R. L., Cohen, B., Pitetti, R.

    Objective: Dog bites account for a significant number of traumatic injuries in the paediatric population that often require medical treatment. Although agent, host, and environmental characteristics of dog bites have been well documented, no attempt has been made to compare these characteristics...

  10. A comparison of dog-dog and dog-human play behaviour

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Rooney, N. J., Bradshaw, J. W. S., Robinson, I. H.

    In an observational study of dogs being walked by their owners (402), dogs which were walked together, and had opportunities to play with one another, played with their owners with the same frequency as dogs being walked alone. This finding was supported by a questionnaire survey of 2585 dog...

  11. A comparison of postural changes and maternal responsiveness during early lactation in Landrace and Minpig sows

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Cui, Shi-quan, Chen, Dong-hua, Li, Jian-hong, Li, Xiang, Yin, Guo-an, Bao, Jun

    Maternal behaviour is one of the instinct behaviours associated with offspring survival. Minpig is a local breed in the Northeast of China known for its strong maternal sense. In this study, sows of Minpig (n=30, parity 2–8) and Landrace (n=21, parity 2–8) were farrowed in individual pens with...

  12. A comparison of postural changes and maternal responsiveness during early lactation in Landrace and Minpig sows

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Cui, Shi-quan, Chen, Dong-hua, Li, Jian-hong, Li, Xiang, Yin, Guo-an, Bao, Jun

    Maternal behaviour is one of the instinct behaviours associated with offspring survival. Minpig is a local breed in the Northeast of China known for its strong maternal sense. In this study, sows of Minpig (n=30, parity 2–8) and Landrace (n=21, parity 2–8) were farrowed in individual pens with...

  13. A comparison of tethering and pen confinement of dogs

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Yeon, S. C., Golden, G., Sung, W., Erb, H. N., Reynolds, A. J., Houpt, K. A.

    This study compared the general activity and specific behaviours of 30 adult Alaskan sled dogs (19 males and 11 females) on 3.5-m tethers and in 5.9-m2 pens. The investigators used activity level and stereotypical behaviour as indicators of welfare. The dogs spent most of their time inactive,...

  14. A comparison of the calving behaviour of farmed adult and yearling red deer ( Cervus elaphus ) hinds

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Wass, J. A., Pollard, J. C., Littlejohn, R. P.

    Mortality of newborn red deer (Cervus elaphus) calves is a major concern on New Zealand farms, as perinatal losses average approximately 10% of calves born. Primiparous red deer (calving as yearlings) lose more calves than multiparous hinds (adults). We performed a study on yearling and adult red...

  15. A Comparison of Zoo Animal Behavior in the Presence of Familiar and Unfamiliar People

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Martin, Rosemary Anne, Melfi, Vicky

    As recorded in domestic nonhuman animals, regular interactions between animals in zoos and keepers and the resulting relationship formed (human–animal relationship [HAR]) are likely to influence the animals' behaviors with associated welfare consequences. HAR formation requires that zoo...

  16. A concept of welfare based on reward evaluating mechanisms in the brain: anticipatory behaviour as an indicator for the state of reward systems

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Spruijt, B. M., Bos, R. van den, Pijlman, F. T. A.

    In this review we attempt to link the efficiency by which animals behave (economy of animal behaviour) to a neuronal substrate and subjective states to arrive at a definition of animal welfare which broadens the scope of its study. Welfare is defined as the balance between positive (reward,...

  17. A counterbalanced version of Ainsworth's Strange Situation Procedure reveals secure-base effects in dog-human relationships

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Palmer, R., Custance, D.

    It has been proposed that the dog-human relationship constitutes an infantile-like attachment. However, previous empirical support based on Ainsworth's Strange Situation test has proved inconclusive due to order effects inherent in the original procedure. In particular, these order effects...

  18. A critical review o f animal-based welfare indicators for polar bears (Ursus maritimus) in zoos: Identification and evidence of validity

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Skovlund, C. R., Kirchner, M. K., Moos, L. W., Alsted, N., Manteca, X., Tallo-Parra, O., Stelvig, M., Forkman, B.

  19. A critical review of the evidence for the equivalence of canine and human compulsions

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Walsh, Belinda R.

  20. A cross-cultural comparison of reports by German Shepherd owners in Hungary and the United States of America

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Wan, M., Kubinyi, E., Miklosi, A., Champagne, F.

    Cross-cultural comparisons of dog behavior and dog-keeping practices are limited. The current study compared the questionnaire responses of German Shepherd owners in Hungary and the United States of America (USA). Owners provided information about their dog-keeping practices, as well as reports...