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  1. A Delphi study to determine expert consensus on the behavioural indicators of stress in horses undergoing veterinary care

    Contributor(s): Pearson, Gemma, Waran, Natalie, Reardon, Richard J. M., Keen, John, Dwyer, Cathy

  2. A dog is listening : the way some of our closest friends view us

    Contributor(s): Caras, Roger A.

  3. A dynamic approach to the study of environmental enrichment and animal welfare

    Contributor(s): Newberry, R. C., Estevez, I.

  4. A flooring comparison: the impact of rubber mats on the health, behavior, and welfare of group-housed sows at breeding

    Contributor(s): Elmore, M. R. P., Garner, J. P., Johnson, A. K., Richert, B. T., Pajor, E. A.

    Comfortable flooring may impact many aspects of an animal's welfare, including lying behavior, an animal's ability to change postures, and incidence of lameness and lesions. Therefore, we hypothesized that the addition of rubber mats to stalls of group pens would improve sow health, comfort and...

  5. A forced lateralisation test for dairy cows and its relation to their behaviour

    Contributor(s): Amira, A. Goma, Gareth, P. Pearce, Jashim, Uddin, Eloise, Rimon, Harriet, Davies, Clive, J. C. Phillips

    Dairy cows' emotional state can sometimes be inferred from their behaviour, for example previous studies have suggested that those passing a novel person to the right are more likely to be anxious than those passing to the left. We undertook two studies of cow behaviour as they passed a novel...

  6. A fresh look at the wolf-pack theory of companion-animal dog social behavior

    Contributor(s): Kerkhove, W. van

    A popular perspective on the social behavior of dogs in multiple-dog households sees the dogs' behavior as reflecting the sociobiological laws of the rigidly structured dominance hierarchy that has been described for wolf packs. This view suggests that aggression problems among dogs are natural...

  7. A general reaction pattern across situations in prepubertal gilts

    Contributor(s): Thodberg, K., Jensen, K. H., Herskin, M. S.

    56 prepubertal crossbred Landrace/Yorkshire gilts were subjected to a Food Competition Test, an Open Field Test, a Human Test and a Social Test. The undisturbed behaviour was video recorded in the home pen before the tests were performed. Factor analysis on open field data identified 5 factors,...

  8. A longitudinal study of antipredator behaviour in four successive generations of two populations of captive red junglefowl

    Contributor(s): Hakansson, J., Jensen, P.

    Conservation breeding and reintroduction into the wild can only be an effective management tool if behaviours essential for a life in the wild are maintained in captivity. The aim of this study was to investigate how a protected captive environment influences antipredator behaviour over...

  9. A Longitudinal Study of Decision Making in the Process of Acquiring a Dog

    Contributor(s): Vink, Lonneke M., Dijkstra, Arie, Epstude, Kai

    To prevent potential problems in the relationship between people and their dogs, it is important to engage in a thoughtful decision-making process with regard to acquiring a dog. To map the most important elements in the decision-making process, a social cognitive model was applied using seven...

  10. A longitudinal study of the effects of providing straw at different stages of life on tail-biting and other behaviour in commercially housed pigs

    Contributor(s): Statham, Poppy, Green, Laura, Mendl, Michael

    Tail-biting (TB) is a welfare concern. Recent studies indicate that early provision of straw may help prevent TB, however, many of these studies were carried out on small groups of pigs and may have limited applicability to commercial farms. The effect of providing straw at different stages of...

  11. A meta-analysis of the combined effect of housing and environmental enrichment characteristics on the behaviour and performance of pigs

    Contributor(s): Averos, X., Brossard, L., Dourmad, J. Y., Greef, K. H. de, Edge, H. L., Edwards, S. A., Meunier-Salaun, M. C.

    To quantify the combined effect of housing conditions and environmental enrichment on the behaviour and performance of pigs, a meta-analysis was performed using information from 45 experiments in 42 published manuscripts. Multiple regression models were applied to evaluate the effects of space...

  12. A meta-analysis on the effects of the housing environment on the behaviour, mortality, and performance of growing rabbits

    Contributor(s): Sommerville, R., Ruiz, R., Averos, X.

  13. A model of stockperson-animal interactions and their implications for livestock

    Contributor(s): Hemsworth, P. H., Coleman, G. J.

    This chapter presents a model of human-animal interactions in livestock production based on the factors involved in the relationship between stockperson and farm animal variables, including the influence of stockperson attitudes on his/her behaviour and of stockperson behaviour on animal...

  14. A modified combined C-BARQ and QoL for both the companion dog and its owner. An embryo to a companion dog welfare assessment?

    Contributor(s): Doane, Marie, Sarenbo, Sirkku

    The results of this pilot study demonstrate that it is possible to construct a reliable questionnaire from prior validated surveys. This questionnaire displays possible suitability for further development into a tool for a comprehensive dog welfare assessment. The welfare model used is assuming...

  15. A network perspective on animal welfare

    Contributor(s): Rowland, T., Pike, T. W., Burman, O. H. P.

  16. A new method to measure behavioural activity levels in dairy cows

    Contributor(s): Muller, R., Schrader, L.

    Changes in the behavioural activity of farm animals are widely used as an indicator for the assessment of animal welfare. In this study on dairy cattle we validated a new method for automatic 24 h recording of behavioural activity, the ActiwatchReg. activity monitoring system (AMS). The AMS is a...

  17. A note on aggression and cannibalism in laying hens following re-housing and re-grouping

    Contributor(s): Cloutier, S., Newberry, R. C.

    The effects of being moved and mixed with strangers on the incidence of aggression and cannibalism in caged White Leghorn hens with intact beaks were examined. It was predicted that mixing of strangers would increase rates of aggression and cannibalism. Hens were reared in 16 stable groups of...

  18. A note on behavioural laterality in neonatal lambs

    Contributor(s): Lane, A., Phillips, C.

    In some mammals behavioural laterality is influenced by the perinatal environment, through stress effects on brain lateralisation, and by gender through variation in testosterone secretion. Therefore, a study was conducted on 54 neonatal lambs to determine whether laterality existed at birth and...

  19. A note on chick adoption: a complementary strategy for rearing rheas

    Contributor(s): Labaque, M. C., Navarro, J. L., Martella, M. B.

    Adoption of greater rhea (Rhea americana) chicks by males and the comparative survival of adopted vs. male's own chicks in a semi-captive population was investigated. Groups of marked chicks (one to 11 individuals) hatched in incubators were released at intervals near males with their own broods....

  20. A note on enrichment for spontaneous tool use by chimpanzees ( Pan troglodytes )

    Contributor(s): Morimura, N.

    In the wild, decisions as to "when", "where", and "how" an animal acts are made based on the individual's own choice; in contrast, the behaviour of wild animals in captivity may be under human control. To improve the physical and psychological well-being of captive animals, we should ensure that...