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  1. Angeles en Cuatro Patas (Angels on Four Legs)

    Full-text: Available

    Contributor(s): Leslie Irvine

    We are a rehabilitation center and nonprofit dedicated to children and adolescents with special physical and mental needs.Angels on four legs began its activity over twenty-three years ago as an idea of ​​social work aimed at children with mild and chronic disabilities. This institution...

  2. The psychological and behavioural effects of an animal-assisted therapy programme in Korean older adults with dementia

    Full-text: Available

    Contributor(s): Leslie Irvine

    AIM: The purpose of this study was to investigate the psychological and behavioural effects of animal-assisted therapy on cognitive function, emotional state, problematic behaviours, and activities of daily living among older adults with dementia. METHODS: A nonequivalent control group pretest...

  3. A Proposal for a Comprehensive Human-Animal Approach of Evaluation for Animal-Assisted Interventions

    Full-text: Available

    Contributor(s): Leslie Irvine

    Background: An important field of human-animal interactions is animal-assisted interventions (AAIs), which refers to research on human-animal interactions in order to promote or facilitate health or education in humans. Very few studies among the rich literature on AAIs seem to include aspects of...

  4. Methodological and Terminological Issues in Animal-Assisted Interventions: An Umbrella Review of Systematic Reviews

    Full-text: Available

    Contributor(s): Leslie Irvine

    Recently, animal-assisted interventions (AAIs), which are defined as psychological, educational, and rehabilitation support activities, have become widespread in different contexts. For many years, they have been a subject of interest in the international scientific community and are at the...

  5. Effectiveness of the dog therapy for patients with dementia - a systematic review

    Full-text: Available

    Contributor(s): Leslie Irvine

    BACKGROUND: Dementia represents a mental and economic burden for both patients and their caregivers. Therefore, the aim of this study is to explore the effectiveness of animal assisted therapy (AAT) with special focus on canis therapy among people with dementia, specifically Alzheimer's disease....

  6. Companion Dog Foster Caregiver Program for Older Veterans at the VA Maryland Health Care System: A Feasibility Study

    Full-text: Available

    Contributor(s): Leslie Irvine

    Veterans experience mental health conditions at a disproportionate rate compared to their civilian counterparts, and approximately 60% of older veterans who receive their care through the United States Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) do not meet physical activity (PA) recommendations. We...

  7. Canine-assisted occupational therapy for children on the autism spectrum: Parents' perspectives

    Full-text: Available

    Contributor(s): Leslie Irvine

    INTRODUCTION: Canine-assisted therapy is thought to facilitate the engagement of children on the autism spectrum within therapy sessions. There is limited research, however, about how canine-assisted occupational therapy with children on the autism spectrum enhances their engagement in therapy...

  8. Animal-Assisted Therapy in the Residential Treatment of Dual Pathology

    Full-text: Available

    Contributor(s): Leslie Irvine

    Animal-assisted therapy (AAT) is a complementary intervention of therapy that has shown positive results in the treatment of various pathologies. This study assesses the viability of the implementation and the effectiveness of an AAT program in patients diagnosed with substance abuse disorder and...

  9. Animal-assisted therapy for dementia

    Full-text: Available

    Contributor(s): Leslie Irvine

    BACKGROUND: Dementia is a chronic condition which progressively affects memory and other cognitive functions, social behaviour, and ability to carry out daily activities. To date, no treatment is clearly effective in preventing progression of the disease, and most treatments are symptomatic,...

  10. Animal-Assisted Activity in Critically Ill Older Adults: A Randomized Pilot and Feasibility Trial

    Full-text: Available

    Contributor(s): Leslie Irvine

    BACKGROUND: Limited evidence suggests the efficacy of animal-assisted activities (AAA) in improving biobehavioral stress responses in older patients in intensive care units (ICUs). OBJECTIVES: To assess the feasibility of an AAA (dog) intervention for improving biobehavioral stress response,...

  11. Focus Hippotherapy

    Full-text: Available

    Organizations | Contributor(s): Leslie Irvine

    Focus Hippotherapy's mission is to offer therapy from licensed/certified physical and occupational therapists using the horse as a tool to develop strength, balance, posture, muscle tone moderation (relaxation or increased tone), motor planning, body awareness, task focus and confidence.

  12. Horses Healing the Wounded Warrior: A Qualitative Inquiry of Equine-Facilitated Psychotherapy in Treating Posttraumatic Stress Disorder for Female Veterans

    Full-text: Available

    Theses | Contributor(s): Leslie Irvine

    Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a major concern for military veterans in the United States and current research on women’s experiences in the military and the effects of their post-military PTSD are limited. Currently, there are a variety of evidence-based and alternative...

  13. Therapy Dogs of Long Island

    Full-text: Available

    Organizations | Contributor(s): Leslie Irvine

    Therapy Dogs of Long Island's mission is to use the special connection that exists between dogs and humans as a therapeutic modality. A treatment for both physical and mental conditions in those who would love the company of a dog. To alleviate some pain and suffering to both children and...

  14. Wirkungen tiergestützter Interventionen auf Menschen mit Demenz in ambulant betreuten Wohngemeinschaften

    Full-text: Available

    Theses | Contributor(s): Leslie Irvine

    Die vorliegende Dissertation untersucht die Auswirkungen von regelmäßig stattfindenden tiergestützten Interventionen auf Menschen mit Demenz, die in ambulant betreuten Wohngemeinschaften leben. Zudem werden die Auswirkungen der tiergestützten Interventionen auf die...

  15. Hope Thru Hooves

    Full-text: Available

    Organizations | Contributor(s): Leslie Irvine

    Utilizing the unique strength and power of the horse and it’s herd dynamics; our goal is to educate, mentor, empower and strengthen relationship/life skills in people of all ages. Individuals, families, groups and organizations can all benefit from our equine assisted activities. 

  16. Effects of an animal visitation intervention on the depression, loneliness, and quality of life of older people: A randomised controlled study

    Full-text: Available

    Theses | Contributor(s): Leslie Irvine

    Older people—especially those living in residential facilities—comprise a vulnerable and oftentimes frail, but large and growing subset of the global population. Various age-related and socio-political, -economic, and -environmental factors place the quality of life of older people...

  17. The effect of an animal-assisted visitation programme on children with intellectual disabilities : a randomised controlled study

    Full-text: Available

    Theses | Contributor(s): Leslie Irvine

    Intellectual disability is a developmental disorder which affects intellectual and adaptive functioning within a social, practical and conceptual domain. This is a lifelong disorder for which no cure exists. Intellectual disability is normally caused by trauma or genetic predispositions. In...

  18. Parents' and facilitators' perceptions of children with autism spectrum disorder in an equine-assisted learning programme

    Full-text: Available

    Theses | Contributor(s): Leslie Irvine

    Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) currently affects an estimated 1:68 children globally and is the second most common disability worldwide. ASD is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterised by abnormal social behaviour, delays in language, sensory processing difficulties and restricted and...

  19. Animal-assisted activities in a halfway facility: A case study

    Full-text: Available

    Theses | Contributor(s): Leslie Irvine

    The female correctional population has increased dramatically over the last decade and continues to grow annually. Females on parole, including those in halfway facilities, face a variety of socio-economic, -environmental, and –political issues that have the potential to severely inhibit...

  20. Animal-assisted therapy (AAT) : what is it?

    Full-text: Available

    Theses | Contributor(s): Leslie Irvine

    This study focuses on existing research into the field of animal-assisted therapy (AAT) and attempts to provide a clear answer as to what animal-assisted therapy (AAT) is. In addition, the limitations of current research, as well as future opportunities for research in this field and some...