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  1. Hybrid vigour in dogs?

    Contributor(s): Alan M. Beck

    Evidence from other species justifies the hypotheses that useful hybrid vigour occurs in dogs and that it can be exploited for improved health, welfare and fitness for purpose. Unfortunately, most of the relevant published canine studies do not provide estimates of actual hybrid vigour because of...

  2. Investigation of risk factors for mortality in aged guide dogs: a retrospective cohort study

    Contributor(s): Alan M. Beck

    The overall median lifespan of domestic dogs has been estimated to 9–12 years, but little is known about risk factors for mortality in aged and a priori healthy dogs.The objective of this retrospective cohort study was to determine which characteristics are associated with mortality in...

  3. Phenotypic determination of noise reactivity in 3 breeds of working dogs: a cautionary tale of age, breed, behavioral assessment, and genetics

    Contributor(s): Alan M. Beck

    Noise reactivity is a common problem for dogs and may progress to true phobia. Survey studies report that some type of noise reaction occurs in up to half of all pet dogs throughout their lifetimes, indicating that noise reactivity and/or phobia is a welfare issue. Familial aggregations of...

  4. Adapting the traditional guide dog model to enable vision-impaired adolescents to thrive

    Contributor(s): Alan M. Beck

    People with vision impairments face physical, psychological, and social challenges, potentially preventing them from thriving–defined as growing and flourishing especially in the face of adversity. Guide dogs relieve some of these challenges for vision-impaired adults. However, due to...

  5. An exploratory case study of the impact of psychiatric service dogs on problematic substance use among PTSD-diagnosed veterans

    Contributor(s): Alan M. Beck

    Background: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and co-occurring problematic substance use is a health concern among Canadian military veterans. There are complex pathways to their problematic use of substances, including high-risk use of licit and illicit substances both pre and post PTSD...

  6. Aspects of juvenile and adolescent environment predict aggression and fear in 12-month-old guide dogs

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Alan M. Beck

    Maturational changes in behavior, and the possible influence of the puppy-raising environment on behavioral development, were investigated in a total sample of 978 prospective guide dogs belonging to four different breeds/crosses. All dogs belonged to the same guide dog organization, and had...

  7. A household case evidences shorter shedding of SARS-CoV-2 in naturally infected cats compared to their human owners

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Alan M. Beck

    Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has been detected in domestic and wild cats. However, little is known about natural viral infections of domestic cats, although their importance for modelling disease spread, informing strategies for managing positive human-animal...

  8. The semiotic canine: scent processing dogs as research assistants in biomedical and environmental research

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Alan M. Beck

    The use of dogs in biomedical diagnosis, detection and alert as well as for the search and monitoring of species-at-risk is an emerging field of research. Standard practices are converging towards models that are not necessarily consistent with the well established field of (animal)...

  9. Considering service animals in tourism

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Alan M. Beck

  10. Early evaluation of fearfulness in future guide dogs for blind people

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Alan M. Beck

    Fear is the leading cause of guide dog failure. Detecting the nature and causes of these fears as early as possible is the first step in preventing their occurrence. The process of habituation is a fundamental part of fear prevention. In this study, 11 puppies, all five months of age, underwent...

  11. The impact of COVID on cat guardians: veterinary issues

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Alan M. Beck

    The onset of COVID has impacted the field of veterinary medicine and the lives of cat guardians in numerous ways, yet the subject remains largely unexplored. The purpose of this study was to better understand cat guardians' fears and concerns pertaining to veterinary care and obtainment of...

  12. The experience of teleworking with dogs and cats in the United States during COVID-19

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Alan M. Beck

    In Spring of 2020, the novel coronavirus (SAR-CoV-2) prompted an unprecedented number of individuals across the United States to begin working from home. Prior research has identified both positive and negative impacts of teleworking on employee well-being, and this study built on that research...

  13. Artistic freedom or animal cruelty? Contemporary visual art practice that involves live and deceased animals

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Alan M. Beck

    This paper examines a selection of 21st-century international examples of exhibited visual artworks involving live or deceased animals. It seeks to reveal the risks and benefits of unique encounters with animals through art and to consider the ethical implications of artwork deploying animals....

  14. Kantian ethics and the animal turn. on the contemporary defence of Kant's indirect duty view

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Alan M. Beck

    Criticism of Kant's position on our moral relationship with animals dates back to the work of Arthur Schopenhauer and Leonard Nelson, but historically Kantian scholars have shown limited interest in the human-animal relationship as such. This situation changed in the mid-1990s with the...

  15. Inbreeding and health problems prevalence in a colony of guide dogs: a cohort of 40 Labrador Retrievers

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Alan M. Beck

    The aims of this study were to analyze the inbreeding (F) in a colony of Labrador Retriever (LR) guide dogs using information from pedigrees and to verify its role in increasing the occurrence of various genetic diseases (hereditary eye diseases, heart problems, hip and elbow dysplasia). Pedigree...

  16. Les activités à orientation thérapeutique associant l'animal, pour une meilleure qualité de vie à l'hôpital

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Alan M. Beck

    Il est usuel de dire ou de publier que les Activités Associant l'Animal - AAA - à but thérapeutique à l'hôpital sont pionnières. Cette affirmation devient fausse. En effet, nous disposons aujourd'hui en France d'une histoire, de bases...

  17. Troeteldier gefasiliteerde post traumatiese terapie deur die opvoedkundige sielkundige

    Theses | Contributor(s): Alan M. Beck

    Hierdie studie handel oor die ontwerp van 'n post traumatiese terapie deur die opvoedkundige sielkundige waar troeteldiere as fasiliteerder ingespan kan word. Dit fokus op getraumatiseerdes wat na afloop van 'n trauma in 'n post traumatiese situasie verkeer, en nie klinies aan die...

  18. A Randomized Cross-Over Trial Comparing the Effect of Intramuscular Versus Intranasal Naloxone Reversal of Intravenous Fentanyl on Odor Detection in Working Dogs

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Alan M. Beck

    Fentanyl is a potent opioid used clinically as a pain medication and anesthetic but has recently seen a sharp rise as an illicit street drug. The potency of fentanyl means mucous membrane exposure to a small amount of the drug can expose first responders, including working canines, to...

  19. Canine Guardians

    Organizations | Contributor(s): Alan M. Beck

    Canine Guardians is a 501(c)3 nonprofit, fully volunteer, donation-based organization in the beautiful Napa Valley. We raise and train and provide service dogs to assist and enrich the daily lives of wounded American veterans and veterans with PTSD , children and adults with physical...

  20. The Elephant (Head) in the Room: A Critical Look at Trophy Hunting

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Alan M. Beck

    Trophy hunting has occupied a prominent position in recent scholarly literature and popular media. In the scientific conservation literature, researchers are generally supportive of or sympathetic to its usage as a source of monetary support for conservation. Although authors at times...