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  1. Free Mate Choice Enhances Conservation Breeding in the Endangered Giant Panda

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Mahmoud Khaled Masa\'deh, Sheila E. Purdum (adviser)

    Conservation breeding programmes have become an increasingly important tool to save endangered species, yet despite the allocation of significant resources, efforts to create self-sustaining populations have met with limited success. The iconic giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) embodies the...

  2. A One Health Research Framework for Animal-Assisted Interventions

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Mahmoud Khaled Masa\'deh, Sheila E. Purdum (adviser)

    Background: The integration of animals into healthcare, referred to as animal-assisted intervention, is a rapidly growing research field and was previously related to One Health. However, the assessment of synergistic effects of animal-assisted interventions (AAI) has been poorly addressed to...

  3. Brexit and Animal Protection: Legal and Political Context and a Framework to Assess Impacts on Animal Welfare

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Mahmoud Khaled Masa\'deh, Sheila E. Purdum (adviser)

    The British people voted to leave the European Union (EU) in a 2016 referendum. The United Kingdom (UK) has been a member of the EU since the Maastricht Treaty was signed in 1993 and before that a member of the European Communities (EC) since 1973. EU animal health and welfare regulations and...

  4. Efforts to Ban the Routine Tail Docking of Pigs and to Give Pigs Enrichment Materials via EU Law: Where Do We Stand a Quarter of a Century on?

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Mahmoud Khaled Masa\'deh, Sheila E. Purdum (adviser)

    In its role as guardian of the Treaties, the European Commission must ensure that Member States enforce EU law within their territories. If adequate enforcement is found to be wanting, the Commission also has the power to take infringement procedures as a corrective measure. The case of...

  5. Saving lives by taking a one health approach : connecting human, animal, and environmental health

    Pamphlets | Contributor(s): Mahmoud Khaled Masa\'deh, Sheila E. Purdum (adviser)

    More than half of all infections that people can get can be spread by animals. Diseases like rabies, Salmonella, and West Nile virus infections are examples of zoonotic diseases (or zoonoses)—diseases that can be shared between animals and people. Every year, tens of thousands of...

  6. Lameness in Sheltered Cows and Its Association with Cow and Shelter Attributes

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Mahmoud Khaled Masa\'deh, Sheila E. Purdum (adviser)

    The sheltering of old, unproductive and abandoned cows in traditional cow shelters, known as gaushalas, has been practiced in India since ancient times. Cows are kept in these shelters until they die of natural causes. The welfare of the cows in these shelters was assessed through a...

  7. Aplicabilidad del protocolo Welfare Quality® para medir bienestar animal en crianzas de sistemas de producción de bovinos de leche nacionales

    Theses | Contributor(s): Mahmoud Khaled Masa\'deh, Sheila E. Purdum (adviser)

    En este trabajo se estudia la aplicabilidad en Chile, del protocolo diseñado por el proyecto Welfare Quality ® para evaluar el bienestar animal en crianzas de bovinos de leche. Para esto, se aplicaron en 13 lecherías del país, cuatro pruebas directas (Distancia de Fuga...

  8. Effect of Pets on Human Behavior and Stress in Disaster

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Mahmoud Khaled Masa\'deh, Sheila E. Purdum (adviser)

    Animal-related consequences were not anticipated in disaster preparedness planning in Japan at the time of its massive earthquakes in 2011. Evacuation failure was quite common due to pet ownership in this disaster. Public attention to the welfare of affected animals in this disaster triggered an...

  9. One Health Surveillance: A Matrix to Evaluate Multisectoral Collaboration

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Mahmoud Khaled Masa\'deh, Sheila E. Purdum (adviser)

    The international community and governmental organizations are actively calling for the implementation of One Health (OH) surveillance systems to target health hazards that involve humans, animals, and their environment. In our view, the main characteristic of a OH surveillance system is the...

  10. Ethics and code of conduct in zoo management

    Theses | Contributor(s): Mahmoud Khaled Masa\'deh, Sheila E. Purdum (adviser)

    There are around 1 million wild animals living in the 10,000-12,000 zoos worldwide. They include zoological parks, biological parks, safari parks, public aquariums, bird parks, reptile parks and insectariums. Zoo tourism is both domestic and international. The purpose of this research thesis...

  11. Using detection dogs and RSPF models to assess habitat suitability for bears in Greater Yellowstone

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Mahmoud Khaled Masa\'deh, Sheila E. Purdum (adviser)

    In the northern U.S. Rockies, including the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem (GYE), connectivity is a concern because large carnivores have difficulties dispersing successfully between protected areas. One area of high conservation value because of its importance for connecting the GYE to...

  12. Animals in Research and Education: Ethical Issues

    Reports | Contributor(s): Mahmoud Khaled Masa\'deh, Sheila E. Purdum (adviser)

    Scientific inquiry is inexorably tied to animal experimentation in the popular imagination and human history. Many, if not most, of the spectacular innovations in the medical understanding and treatment of today’s human maladies have been based on research using animals. However, the use...

  13. Let's rethink our society, which recycle CANS and discards living beings

    Soft Literature | Contributor(s): Mahmoud Khaled Masa\'deh, Sheila E. Purdum (adviser)

    “Let’s rethink our society, which recycleCANS and discards living beings”ErasmodeOliveira(Animal Defender)Adoption of stray animals is a big social medicament, a factor to increase quality of life, which solves the abandonment of animals, avoids accidents of...

  14. Zoo Animal Welfare: The Human Dimension

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Mahmoud Khaled Masa\'deh, Sheila E. Purdum (adviser)

    Standards and policies intended to safeguard nonhuman animal welfare, whether in zoos, farms, or laboratories, have tended to emphasize features of the physical environment. However, research has now made it clear that very different welfare outcomes are commonly seen in facilities using similar...

  15. Which Wild Aardvarks Are Most Suitable for Outdoor Enclosures in Zoological Gardens in the European Union?

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Mahmoud Khaled Masa\'deh, Sheila E. Purdum (adviser)

    The aardvark is popular in many zoological gardens in the European Union. These creatures are nocturnal, and aardvarks in the wild are known to walk distances of 4 km to 7 km per night. Despite what is known about their biology, most aardvarks are kept in zoological gardens in indoor enclosures...

  16. What Is the Future for Zoos and Aquariums?

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Mahmoud Khaled Masa\'deh, Sheila E. Purdum (adviser)

    Animal welfare concerns have plagued the professional zoo and aquarium field for decades. Societal differences remain concerning the well-being of animals, but it appears a shift is emerging. Scientific studies of animal welfare have dramatically increased, establishing that many previous...

  17. Using radio frequency identification for behavioral monitoring in little blue penguins

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Mahmoud Khaled Masa\'deh, Sheila E. Purdum (adviser)

    A common goal of captive animal institutions is to create environments that allow for the most naturalistic behavior from their animals. Behavioral data is often used as a measure of how an animal is thriving in its current environment. Obtaining this data can be very difficult and...

  18. Understanding Preferences for Humane and Cruel Treatment of Pest Rodents in Site C, Khayelitsha, South Africa

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Mahmoud Khaled Masa\'deh, Sheila E. Purdum (adviser)

    The cruel treatment of pest rodents is a neglected area of study. This paper uses a representative survey from Khayelitsha (Cape Town) to show that a minority of residents preferred rodent control to be humane but that most did not care how rats are killed and almost a fifth said they would be...

  19. Turning Intentions into Animal Welfare Improvement in the Asian Livestock Sector

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Mahmoud Khaled Masa\'deh, Sheila E. Purdum (adviser)

    Intentions form the basis of behavioral action to improve animal welfare; however an intention-behavior gap has been previously identified. Livestock stakeholders in China, Malaysia, Vietnam and Thailand (n = 1041) involved in slaughter and transport completed a survey in which they were asked...

  20. Toward a Choice-Based Judgment Bias Task for Horses

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Mahmoud Khaled Masa\'deh, Sheila E. Purdum (adviser)

    Judgment bias tasks for nonhuman animals are promising tools to assess emotional valence as a measure of animal welfare. In view of establishing a valid judgment bias task for horses, the present study aimed to evaluate 2 versions (go/no-go and active choice) of an auditory judgment bias task for...