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  1. Animal Ethical Views and Perception of Animal Pain in Veterinary Students

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Mahmoud Khaled Masa\'deh, Sheila E. Purdum (adviser)

    Veterinary students face several ethical challenges during their curriculum. We used the Animal Ethics Dilemma to study animal ethical views of Finnish veterinary students, and also asked them to score the level of pain perception in 13 different species. Based on the 218 respondents, the...

  2. Sheep Farmers' Perception of Welfare and Pain Associated with Routine Husbandry Practices in Chile

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Mahmoud Khaled Masa\'deh, Sheila E. Purdum (adviser)

    Considering the public concern about the welfare of farm animals during routine husbandry practices, this study aimed to determine how husbandry practices are carried out in Chilean farms, sheep farmers’ perceptions of animal welfare and pain, and factors that affect them, as well as the...

  3. Reducing the Consumer Attitude–Behaviour Gap in Animal Welfare: The Potential Role of 'Nudges'

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Mahmoud Khaled Masa\'deh, Sheila E. Purdum (adviser)

    Citizen concern for the welfare of farm animals is well documented. However, there is a notable gap between people saying they want improved farm animal welfare and how they actually behave as a consumer. This is known as the citizen–consumer attitude–behaviour gap. As improvements...

  4. The Natural Behavior Debate: Two Conceptions of Animal Welfare

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Mahmoud Khaled Masa\'deh, Sheila E. Purdum (adviser)

    The performance of natural behavior is commonly used as a criterion in the determination of animal welfare. This is still true, despite many authors having demonstrated that it is not a necessary component of welfare – some natural behaviors may decrease welfare, while some unnatural behaviors...

  5. Understanding Preferences for Humane and Cruel Treatment of Pest Rodents in Site C, Khayelitsha, South Africa

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Mahmoud Khaled Masa\'deh, Sheila E. Purdum (adviser)

    The cruel treatment of pest rodents is a neglected area of study. This paper uses a representative survey from Khayelitsha (Cape Town) to show that a minority of residents preferred rodent control to be humane but that most did not care how rats are killed and almost a fifth said they would be...

  6. Demographic Factors Associated with Prince Edward Island Horse Farm Owner Awareness of the Code of Practice for the Care and Handling of Equines

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Mahmoud Khaled Masa\'deh, Sheila E. Purdum (adviser)

    The objectives of this study were to determine the proportion of owners of horse farms in Prince Edward Island (PEI), Canada that were aware of the Code of Practice for the Care and Handling of Equines (CODE) and determine demographic factors associated with awareness. A questionnaire was...

  7. Small Flocks Show Higher Levels of Welfare in Mexican Semi-Intensive Sheep Farming Systems

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Mahmoud Khaled Masa\'deh, Sheila E. Purdum (adviser)

    In order to assess the level of sheep welfare in small traditional farms as compared with farms of increased size we evaluated several animal-based parameters and applied a modified Animal Needs Index (ANI) protocol in farms located in the North-East of the country. We selected ten sheep farms: 5...

  8. Relation between stockperson behavior toward cows in a holding area and milk yields

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Mahmoud Khaled Masa\'deh, Sheila E. Purdum (adviser)

  9. Naturalness and the Legitimacy of Thoroughbred Racing: A Photo-Elicitation Study with Industry and Animal Advocacy Informants

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Mahmoud Khaled Masa\'deh, Sheila E. Purdum (adviser)

  10. Veterinary Behavior: Assessment of Veterinarians' Training, Experience, and Comfort Level with Cases

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Mahmoud Khaled Masa\'deh, Sheila E. Purdum (adviser)

  11. Using Focus Groups to Explore Public Perceptions of Legal Rights for Animals

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Mahmoud Khaled Masa\'deh, Sheila E. Purdum (adviser)

    A robust debate regarding the ideal legal status of nonhuman animals has been taking place for some time among legal scholars, philosophers, animal scientists, social scientists, and humanists. Significantly less attention has been paid, however, to exploring how members of the public...

  12. Australian and New Zealand Veterinary Students’ Ranking of Issues in Aquatic Animal Welfare and Ethics

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Mahmoud Khaled Masa\'deh, Sheila E. Purdum (adviser)

    The welfare of aquatic animals is receiving increasing attention around the world, and this should be reflected in the veterinary curricular. Veterinary students in Australia and New Zealand ranked the importance of five pre-selected topics on aquatic animal welfare and ethical issues for newly...

  13. A review of neonatal mortality in outdoor organic production and possibilities to increase piglet survival

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Mahmoud Khaled Masa\'deh, Sheila E. Purdum (adviser)

    The current level of piglet mortality in production systems with outdoor farrowing is high and conflicts with the ethical principles of organic farming. Over the last decade, there has been a rise in scientific studies addressing the level of piglet mortality in outdoor pig production and the...

  14. Which types of rooting material give weaner pigs most pleasure?

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Mahmoud Khaled Masa\'deh, Sheila E. Purdum (adviser)

    Provision of rooting material as enrichment for pigs has been primarily oriented towards reducing negative affect (suffering). Information is also needed on the impact of different types of rooting materials in promoting positive affect (pleasure). We hypothesised that repeated addition of fresh...

  15. Tail postures and tail motion in pigs: A review

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Mahmoud Khaled Masa\'deh, Sheila E. Purdum (adviser)

    Animals’ tail posture and motion play an important role in communication, amongst others. In domestic pigs, the debate around tail docking and tail biting has made the tail an important research topic, and tail-related behaviour is increasingly proposed as a welfare indicator. While the focus is...

  16. One Health, One Medicine

    Book Sections | Contributor(s): Mahmoud Khaled Masa\'deh, Sheila E. Purdum (adviser)

    In recognition that the health of humans, animals, and the environment is linked, One Health seeks to increase communication and collaboration across the disciplines in order to promote, improve, and defend the health of all species on the planet. This strategy may seem simple, but...

  17. Examining Canadian Equine Industry Participants' Perceptions of Horses and Their Welfare

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Mahmoud Khaled Masa\'deh, Sheila E. Purdum (adviser)

    The diversity of the Canadian equine industry makes determining baseline attitudes and beliefs a challenge. Adult members of the Canadian equine industry (n = 901) participated in an online survey to report demographic information and views on the role of horses and their ability to experience...

  18. Bait flavor preference and immunogenicity of ONRAB baits in domestic dogs on the Navajo Nation, Arizona

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Mahmoud Khaled Masa\'deh, Sheila E. Purdum (adviser)

    Rabies is responsible for an estimated 59,000 human deaths worldwide, and domestic dogs are the primary reservoir and vector of the disease. Among some nations, widespread vaccination has led to elimination of rabies in domestic dogs, yet dogs are still susceptible to rabies infection from...

  19. Veterinary Public Health Activities and Management of the Livestock Sector during Earthquakes and Snowstorms in the Abruzzo Region—Italy, January 2017

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Mahmoud Khaled Masa\'deh, Sheila E. Purdum (adviser)

    In 2017 the Abruzzo region, located in central Italy, was struck by a sequence of four moderately powerful seismic events (5.0 magnitude on Richter scale), in addition to heavy snowfall that caused a state of emergency affecting the resident population and farm animals. A total of 282 stables...

  20. Emotion in dogs: Translational and transformative aspects

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Mahmoud Khaled Masa\'deh, Sheila E. Purdum (adviser)

    Kujala (2017) provides an excellent overview of most aspects of emotion in dogs; however, she does not cover a few fields of research that I think are also relevant to the topic. In this commentary, I discuss the current state of our knowledge regarding cognitive decline and behavioral...