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  1. Prioritizing zoonotic diseases for multisectoral, one health collaboration in the United States : workshop summary

    Full-text: Available

    Reports | Contributor(s): Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S.), United States. Department of the Interior., United States. Department of Agriculture

    The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), and the U.S. Department of the Interior (DOI) organized a One Health Zoonotic Disease Prioritization (OHZDP) workshop to further joint efforts to address zoonotic disease challenges in the...

  2. Resource, Collaborator, or Individual Cow? Applying Q Methodology to Investigate Austrian Farmers' Viewpoints on Motivational Aspects of Improving Animal Welfare

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Lorenz Maurer, Josef Schenkenfelder, Christoph Winckler

    One keystone to successful welfare improvement endeavors is a respected cooperation between farmer and advisor (e.g., veterinarian), which requires a thorough understanding of what motivates farmer behavior. In this respect, Q methodology offers a promising approach in investigating individual...

  3. Introducing a Controlled Outdoor Environment Impacts Positively in Cat Welfare and Owner Concerns: The Use of a New Feline Welfare Assessment Tool

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Luciana Santos de Assis, Daniel Simon Mills

    There is much debate over the pros and cons of allowing cats to roam freely as opposed to keeping them confined indoors. We surveyed owners who implemented a commercial physical containment system to the outdoors to evaluate their characteristics and the apparent impact of this systemon cat...

  4. One health national programme across species on zoonoses: a call to the developing world

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): G. V. Asokan, Vanitha Asokan, Prathap Tharyan

    Zoonoses constitute 868 (61%) of all known infectious diseases, 75% of the infections considered ‘emerging’ are zoonoses. Developed nations have national programmes, adjoining “One Health” concept to combat zoonoses, whereas inadequacies exist in developing nations. As a...

  5. Spatial and Simultaneous Seroprevalence of Anti-Leptospira Antibodies in Owners and Their Domiciled Dogs in a Major City of Southern Brazil

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Aline do Nascimento Benitez, Thais Cabral Monica, Ana Carolina Miura, Micheline Sahyun Romanelli, Lucienne Garcia Pretto Giordano, Roberta Lemos Freire, Regina Mitsuka-Breganó, Camila Marinelli Martins, Alexander Welker Biondo, Isabela Machado Serrano, Thiago Henrique Carneiro Rios Lopes, Renato Barbosa Reis, Jancarlo Ferreira Gomes, Federico Costa, Elsio Wunder, Albert Icksang Ko, Italmar Teodorico Navarro

    Although leptospirosis has been considered a major concern in urban areas, no study to date has spatially and simultaneously compared both owner and dog serology in households of major cities. Accordingly, the aim of the present study was to assess the seroprevalence of Leptospira...

  6. A Review of Welfare Indicators of Indoor-Housed Dairy Cow as a Basis for Integrated Automatic Welfare Assessment Systems

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Lisette M.C. Leliveld, Giorgio Provolo

    For on-farm welfare assessment many automatic methods have been developed to detect indicators of reduced welfare. However, there is still a need to integrate data from single sources to obtain a complete picture of the welfare of an animal. This review offers a basis for developing integrated...

  7. A Review of Contemporary Contraceptives and Sterilization Techniques for Feral Horses

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Albert J. Kane

    This commentary provides a brief review of the history of contraceptive research eff orts for feral horses (Equus ferus caballus) as well as the contraceptives and sterilization techniques currently available for feral horses. Porcine zona pellucida (PZP) immunocontraceptives have received the...

  8. Evaluation of the Impact of Behavioral Opportunities on Four Zoo-Housed Aardvarks (Orycteropus afer)

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Jennifer Hamilton, Grace Fuller, Stephanie Allard

    Evaluations of enrichment are critical to determine if an enrichment program is meeting stated goals. However, nocturnal species can present a challenge if their active periods do not align with caretakers’ schedules. To evaluate enrichment for four aardvarks housed with a natural light...

  9. Effects of Gender, Sterilization, and Environment on the Spatial Distribution of Free-Roaming Dogs: An Intervention Study in an Urban Setting

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Saulo Nascimento de Melo, Eduardo Sergio da Silva, David Soeiro Barbosa, Rafael Gonçalves Teixeira-Neto, Gustavo Augusto Lacorte, Marco Aurélio Pereira Horta, Diogo Tavares Cardoso, Guilherme Loureiro Werneck, Claudio José Struchiner, Vinícius Silva Belo

    Information concerning the factors affecting the circulation and distribution of free-roaming dogs is crucial in developing control actions and limiting the spread of zoonoses. The present study analyzes the influence of gender, sterilization, and environment on the spatial distribution of...

  10. "But It's Just a Fish": Understanding the Challenges of Applying the 3Rs in Laboratory Aquariums in the UK

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Reuben Message, Beth Greenhough

    Adopting a social science perspective and qualitative methodology on the problem of laboratory fish welfare, this paper examines some underlying social factors and drivers that influence thinking, priorities and implementation of fish welfare initiatives and the 3Rs (Replacement, Reduction and...

  11. Barriers to Sustainable Hunting-Based Conservation of Elephants in Zimbabwe

    Full-text: Available

    Theses | Contributor(s): Jessica Cusworth

    The international demand for ivory has devastated African elephant populations. In 2015, more elephants were poached for ivory than were born. Many countries have sought to decrease poaching pressures through ivory trade bans. However, Zimbabwe, home to the second largest African elephant...

  12. Human–Animal Interactions with Bos taurus Cattle and Their Impacts on On-Farm Safety: A Systematic Review

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Titterington, Frances Margaret, Knox, Rachel, Buijs, Stephanie, Lowe, Denise Elizabeth, Morrison, Steven James, Lively, Francis Owen, Shirali, Masoud

    Cattle production necessitates potentially dangerous human–animal interactions. Cattle are physically strong, large animals that can inflict injuries on humans accidentally or through aggressive behaviour. This study provides a systematic review of literature relating to farm management...

  13. Environmental Complexity: Additional Human Visual Contact Reduced Meat Chickens' Fear of Humans and Physical Items Altered Pecking Behavior

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Taylor, P. S., Hemsworth, P. H., Rault, J. L.

    Increased environmental complexity can improve animal welfare, depending on the resources provided and use by the animal. We provided chickens either with physical items that posed no biosecurity risk and were inexpensive (balls, chains, perches and rope) (P; n = 36) or additional visual human...

  14. Psycho-Behavioural Changes in Dogs Treated with Corticosteroids: A Clinical Behaviour Perspective

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Notari, Lorella, Kirton, Roxane, Mills, Daniel S.

    Arousal and distress are often important factors in problematic behaviours, and endogenous corticosteroids are important mediators in the associated stress responses. Exogenous corticosteroid treatments have been reported to change behaviour in human patients and laboratory animals, with...

  15. Dairy Cattle Euthanasia-Focus Groups Exploring the Perspectives of Brazilians Working in the Dairy Cattle Industry

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Merenda, V. R., de Oliveira, E. B., Fowler, H. N., Pairis-Garcia, M. D.

    The objective of this study was to explore perspectives and attitudes about euthanasia specific to the Brazilian dairy cattle industry. Twenty-five Brazilian citizens (13 veterinarians, 4 animal scientists, 3 professors, 3 researchers, 1 dairy owner, and 1 caretaker) participated in one of...

  16. Exploring how veterinary professionals perceive and use grief support resources to support companion animal caregivers in Ontario, Canada

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Matte, A. R., Khosa, D. K., Meehan, M. P.

    Objective: The aim of this study was to qualitatively explore veterinary professionals' use and perceptions of grief resources and services to support companion animal caregivers following companion animal euthanasia. Background: The loss of a companion animal can be a source of great sorrow...

  17. Decolonizing Animal Welfare Through a Social Justice Framework

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Jenkins, J. L., Jr., Rudd, M. L.

    2021 Front Vet Sci 8 787555 2297-1769 (Print)2297-1769 10.3389/fvets.2021.787555 eng Department of Research and Development, Companions and Animals for Reform and Equity (CARE), Baltimore, MD, United States. text

  18. Reliability of internet information on bite behavior of domestic dogs

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Ito, K., Shiga, Y., Tanaka, M., Matsuura, A., Irimajiri, M.

    Many dog owners who are dealing with behavioral problems in their dog look for solutions on the internet. However, the quality of the information available online has not yet been assessed. Therefore, in this study, we comprehensively collected information available online on behavior...

  19. Impact of Changes in Time Left Alone on Separation-Related Behaviour in UK Pet Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Harvey, Naomi D., Christley, Robert M., Giragosian, Kassandra, Mead, Rebecca, Murray, Jane K., Samet, Lauren, Upjohn, Melissa M., Casey, Rachel A.

    Separation-related behaviours (SRBs), including but not limited to vocalisation, pacing, destruction and toileting, occur in the absence of human company. As well as being problematic for the dogs’ owners, such behaviours indicate that the dogs’ emotional state is compromised. As part...

  20. Associations between dairy herds' qualitative behavior and aspects of herd health, stockperson and farm factors-a cross-sectional exploration

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Ebinghaus, A., Matull, K., Knierim, U., Ivemeyer, S.

    The affective state is an integrated aspect of farm animal welfare, which is understood as the animals' perception of their living environment and of their internal biological functioning. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to explore animal-internal and external factors potentially...