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  1. Angeles en Cuatro Patas (Angels on Four Legs)

    Contributor(s): Diane Lefebvre, Claire Diederich, Madeleine Delcourt, Jean-Marie Giffroy

    We are a rehabilitation center and nonprofit dedicated to children and adolescents with special physical and mental needs.Angels on four legs began its activity over twenty-three years ago as an idea of ​​social work aimed at children with mild and chronic disabilities. This institution...

  2. Angeles en Cuatro Patas (Angels on Four Legs)

    Full-text: Available

    Contributor(s): R.Lee Zasloff

    We are a rehabilitation center and nonprofit dedicated to children and adolescents with special physical and mental needs.Angels on four legs began its activity over twenty-three years ago as an idea of ​​social work aimed at children with mild and chronic disabilities. This institution...

  3. The welfare of ferrets (Mustela putorius furo T): A review on the housing and management of pet ferrets

    Ferrets are very agile and lively animals, and their behavioural needs are not easily met in housing conditions like our living rooms. Nevertheless, ferrets are increasingly popular as pets. The present paper aims to review and discuss the available knowledge on our pet ferret. Topics are...

  4. Visitor effects on zoo orangutans in two novel, naturalistic enclosures

    Visitors are known to affect zoo animals, and such effects may be stressful, neutral, or enriching. The majority of research has focused on visitor number or visitor presence–absence, yet few studies have examined effects of other variables such as sound volume, visitor activity, and whether...

  5. Variation in stress reactivity affects cage-induced stereotypies in female CD-1 (ICR) mice

    Stereotypies in captive animals typically occur under conditions that are stressful for the animals, and there is some anecdotal evidence that stress levels during early stereotypy development predict later stereotypy levels. Based on this and on the involvement of stress in the behavioural...

  6. Validity of model devices used to assess canine temperament in behavioral tests

    Temperament tests are widely accepted as instruments for profiling behavioral variability in dogs, and they are applied in numerous areas of investigation (e.g. suitability for adoption or for breeding). During testing, to elicit a dog's reaction toward novel stimuli and predict its behavior in...

  7. Validity of model devices used to assess canine temperament in behavioral tests

    Contributor(s): Diane Lefebvre, Claire Diederich, Madeleine Delcourt, Jean-Marie Giffroy

    Temperament tests are widely accepted as instruments for profiling behavioral variability in dogs, and they are applied in numerous areas of investigation (e.g. suitability for adoption or for breeding). During testing, to elicit a dog's reaction toward novel stimuli and predict its behavior in...

  8. Using judgement bias to measure positive affective state in dogs

    Contributor(s): Diane Lefebvre, Claire Diederich, Madeleine Delcourt, Jean-Marie Giffroy

    Interest in the induction and measurement of positive affective states in non-human animals is increasing. Here, we used a test of cognitive (judgement) bias, based on the finding that individuals experiencing different affective states judge ambiguous stimuli differently, to measure whether a...

  9. Trainability and boldness traits differ between dog breed clusters based on conventional breed categories and genetic relatedness

    Contributor(s): Diane Lefebvre, Claire Diederich, Madeleine Delcourt, Jean-Marie Giffroy

    Modern dog breeding has given rise to more than 400 breeds differing both in morphology and behaviour. Traditionally, kennel clubs have utilized an artificial category system based on the morphological similarity and historical function of each dog breed. Behavioural comparisons at the...

  10. Towards a more objective assessment of equine personality using behavioural and physiological observations from performance test training

    Current definitions of horse personality traits are rather vague, lacking clear, universally accepted guidelines for evaluation in performance tests. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to screen behavioural and physiological measurements taken during riding for potential links with...

  11. Stress and stress reduction in common marmosets

    Surprisingly few studies have measured cortisol levels in captive primates using samples collected during everyday life to gauge which activities and circumstances might induce or reduce stress. Much of what is behaviourally identifiable as stress may not to be reflected in physiological stress,...

  12. Social transmission of physiological and behavioural responses to castration in suckling Merino lambs

    In social species like sheep, social context can modify both physiological and behavioural responses to stressors and normal behavioural patterns. Presence of conspecifics can ameliorate responses to noxious stimuli, an effect termed social buffering, whereas the presence of a distressed...

  13. Salivary cortisol concentrations and behavior in a population of healthy dogs hospitalized for elective procedures

    Contributor(s): Diane Lefebvre, Claire Diederich, Madeleine Delcourt, Jean-Marie Giffroy

    Identification of severe stress in hospitalized veterinary patients may improve treatment outcomes and welfare. To assess stress levels, in Study 1, we collected salivary cortisol samples and behavioral parameters in 28 healthy dogs hospitalized prior to elective procedures. Dogs were categorized...

  14. Roosting behaviour in laying hens on perches of different temperatures: Trade-offs between thermoregulation, energy budget, vigilance and resting

    Laying hens usually select an elevated position for resting at night-time. A previous study showed that the position a hen takes during resting was affected by perch material, most probably due to its thermal conductivity. The aim of the present study was to analyse the effect of perch surface...

  15. Risk factors for the development of behavior problems in a population of Iranian domestic dogs: Results of a pilot survey

    Contributor(s): Diane Lefebvre, Claire Diederich, Madeleine Delcourt, Jean-Marie Giffroy

    Prevalence and risk factors of behavior problems observed in dogs presented to the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran, were evaluated using a survey of canine behavior problems. Information was collected from 368 successfully completed questionnaires on...

  16. Relationships between scores of the feline temperament profile and behavioural and adrenocortical responses to a mild stressor in cats

    There is a growing need for an easy assessment of stress levels in cats in order to more effectively diagnose, distinguish and treat stress-related disorders or behavioural problems. Therefore, we investigated which behavioural changes might be associated with an adrenocortical response to an...

  17. Preliminary analysis of an adjective-based dog personality questionnaire developed to measure some aspects of personality in the domestic dog (Canis familiaris)

    Contributor(s): Diane Lefebvre, Claire Diederich, Madeleine Delcourt, Jean-Marie Giffroy

    In this paper we present a novel adjective-based dog personality questionnaire, which was successfully implemented to characterise the behaviour of individual dogs. The scales obtained by Principal Component Analysis (Stranger-directed Sociability, Activity, Aggressiveness and Trainability)...

  18. Predictive validity of a method for evaluating temperament in young guide and service dogs

    As part of a collaborative project involving five guide and service dog organizations in the USA (Canine Companions for Independence, Guide Dogs for the Blind, Guiding Eyes for the Blind, Leader Dogs for the Blind and The Seeing Eye), volunteer puppy raisers provided information about the...

  19. Predictive validity of a method for evaluating temperament in young guide and service dogs

    Contributor(s): Diane Lefebvre, Claire Diederich, Madeleine Delcourt, Jean-Marie Giffroy

    As part of a collaborative project involving five guide and service dog organizations in the USA (Canine Companions for Independence, Guide Dogs for the Blind, Guiding Eyes for the Blind, Leader Dogs for the Blind and The Seeing Eye), volunteer puppy raisers provided information about the...

  20. Peat as environmental enrichment for piglets: The effect on behaviour, skin lesions and production results

    The aim of this study was to examine whether the provision of small amounts of peat to piglets would influence behaviour and production. At approximately 5 days of age, nine litters received a tray of peat as enrichment, while nine others did not. All piglets had access to solid feed, which was...