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  1. Street Outreach Animal Response (S.O.A.R.) Initiative

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    Street Outreach Animal Response (S.O.A.R.) Initiative serves our Indianapolis community by working with people experiencing homelessness or crisis who also have pets. Our primary focus is on securing the human-animal bond and improving access to veterinary care & human services for...

  2. Human–Animal Interactions with Bos taurus Cattle and Their Impacts on On-Farm Safety: A Systematic Review

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Titterington, Frances Margaret, Knox, Rachel, Buijs, Stephanie, Lowe, Denise Elizabeth, Morrison, Steven James, Lively, Francis Owen, Shirali, Masoud

    Cattle production necessitates potentially dangerous human–animal interactions. Cattle are physically strong, large animals that can inflict injuries on humans accidentally or through aggressive behaviour. This study provides a systematic review of literature relating to farm management...

  3. Environmental Complexity: Additional Human Visual Contact Reduced Meat Chickens' Fear of Humans and Physical Items Altered Pecking Behavior

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Taylor, P. S., Hemsworth, P. H., Rault, J. L.

    Increased environmental complexity can improve animal welfare, depending on the resources provided and use by the animal. We provided chickens either with physical items that posed no biosecurity risk and were inexpensive (balls, chains, perches and rope) (P; n = 36) or additional visual human...

  4. Psycho-Behavioural Changes in Dogs Treated with Corticosteroids: A Clinical Behaviour Perspective

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Notari, Lorella, Kirton, Roxane, Mills, Daniel S.

    Arousal and distress are often important factors in problematic behaviours, and endogenous corticosteroids are important mediators in the associated stress responses. Exogenous corticosteroid treatments have been reported to change behaviour in human patients and laboratory animals, with...

  5. A Friend in Prison: Human-Animal Bond, Stress and Self-Esteem of Detained Juveniles in Dutch Cell Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Karkdijk, Esther M., Duindam, Hanne M., Deković, Maja, Creemers, Hanneke E., Asscher, Jessica J.

    This study examined to what extent the human–animal bond (HAB) had a positive impact on stress and self-esteem among detained juveniles participating in the prison-based dog training program Dutch Cell Dogs (DCD). Participants were 75 detained juveniles (mean age = 19.5, 86.7% male)....

  6. Impact of Changes in Time Left Alone on Separation-Related Behaviour in UK Pet Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Harvey, Naomi D., Christley, Robert M., Giragosian, Kassandra, Mead, Rebecca, Murray, Jane K., Samet, Lauren, Upjohn, Melissa M., Casey, Rachel A.

    Separation-related behaviours (SRBs), including but not limited to vocalisation, pacing, destruction and toileting, occur in the absence of human company. As well as being problematic for the dogs’ owners, such behaviours indicate that the dogs’ emotional state is compromised. As part...

  7. Associations between dairy herds' qualitative behavior and aspects of herd health, stockperson and farm factors-a cross-sectional exploration

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Ebinghaus, A., Matull, K., Knierim, U., Ivemeyer, S.

    The affective state is an integrated aspect of farm animal welfare, which is understood as the animals' perception of their living environment and of their internal biological functioning. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to explore animal-internal and external factors potentially...

  8. Serum Oxytocin in Cows Is Positively Correlated with Caregiver Interactions in the Impossible Task Paradigm

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): D'Aniello, B., Mastellone, V., Pinelli, C., Scandurra, A., Musco, N., Tudisco, R., Pero, M. E., Infascelli, F., Di Lucrezia, A., Lombardi, P.

    This study explored a possible relationship between the circulating oxytocin, cortisol, and the willingness of dairy cows to engage in social behaviors with humans in an experimental context. The behaviors of twenty-nine cows were recorded during the impossible task paradigm, a procedure aimed...

  9. Humans and Goats: Improving Knowledge for a Better Relationship

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Celozzi, Stefania, Battini, Monica, Prato-Previde, Emanuela, Mattiello, Silvana

    There is consensus that the quality of the human–animal relationship (HAR) is relevant to guarantee appropriate levels of animal welfare. Given the impact that HAR may have on both goats and human beings, the aim of the present review is to elucidate: (1) how humans and goats communicate;...

  10. Selection for reduced fear of humans changes intra-specific social behavior in red junglefowl - implications for chicken domestication

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Gjoen, J., Jensen, P.

  11. Impact of the Sound of Magnetic Resonance Imaging Pulse Sequences in Awake Mice

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Almeida, Joana, Severo, Frederico, Nunes, Daniel

  12. The Implications of Policies on the Welfare of Free-Roaming Cats in New Zealand

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Sumner, Christine L., Walker, Jessica K., Dale, Arnja R.

    A lack of national legislation for cat management in New Zealand poses challenges for ensuring that practices are consistently humane and effective. In this paper, we review the current cat management policies in New Zealand and the implications they have on the welfare of free-roaming cats...

  13. A Measurement Equivalence Study of the Family Bondedness Scale: Measurement Equivalence Between Cat and Dog Owners

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Nugent, W. R., Daugherty, L.

    About 38.4% of U.S. households include a dog, and 25.4% a cat, as pets, and a recent poll suggested over 90% of pet owners feel their companion animal is a family member. Numerous studies have suggested pet ownership has physical, mental, and social health benefits, though much of this research...

  14. Attention towards a handler in behavioural tests contributes to low ‘Distraction’ in guide dogs

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Murata-Kobayashi, Natsuko, Kuze-Arata, Sayaka, Kiyokawa, Yasushi, Takeuchi, Yukari

    2022Applied Animal Behaviour Science2471055640168-159110.1016/j.applanim.2022.105564text

  15. Pigs' skin lesions at weaning are primarily caused by standoff and being bullied instead of unilateral active attack at the individual level

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Liu, Mingzheng, Xu, Qinglei, Zhao, Jing, Guo, Yanli, Zhang, Chunlei, Cheng, Meng, Zhao, Xianle, Schinckel, Allan P., Zhou, Bo

    2022Applied Animal Behaviour Science2471055560168-159110.1016/j.applanim.2022.105556text

  16. Accelerometer derived rumination monitoring detects changes in behaviour around parturition

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Chang, Anita Z., Fogarty, Eloise S., Swain, David L., García-Guerra, Alvaro, Trotter, Mark G.

    2022Applied Animal Behaviour Science2471055660168-159110.1016/j.applanim.2022.105566text

  17. Pet Ownership and Quality of Life: A Systematic Review of the Literature

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Scoresby, K. J., Strand, E. B., Ng, Z., Brown, K. C., Stilz, C. R., Strobel, K., Barroso, C. S., Souza, M.

    Pet ownership is the most common form of human-animal interaction, and anecdotally, pet ownership can lead to improved physical and mental health for owners. However, scant research is available validating these claims. This study aimed to review the recent peer reviewed literature to better...

  18. Family Member, Best Friend, Child or 'Just' a Pet, Owners' Relationship Perceptions and Consequences for Their Cats

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Bouma, E. M. C., Reijgwart, M. L., Dijkstra, A.

    Describing the relationship with one's cat in human terms might reflect an underlying anthropomorphic view of the relationship which might be associated with an owner's behavior towards their cat and the cat's living environment. Owners self-categorized the relationship with their cat...

  19. Effects of Environmental Enrichment on Dog Behaviour: Pilot Study

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Hunt, R. L., Whiteside, H., Prankel, S.

    Environmental enrichment (EE) can be used to enhance the environment of various animals. The aim of this pilot study was to determine the effects of seven EE activities (Bonding, Bubble machine, Conspecific play, Interactive toy, Playhouse, Stuffed food toy and Tug play) on dog behaviour, pre-...

  20. Development of the dog attachment insecurity screening inventory (D-AISI): a pilot study on a sample of female owners

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Riggio, G., Noom, M., Gazzano, A., Mariti, C.

    To date, the Strange Situation Procedure is the only tool available to investigate the quality of the dog's attachment bond towards the owner. This study aimed to adapt a parent-report scale, named the Attachment Insecurity Screening Inventory (AISI) 6-12, originally designed to assess 6-...