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  1. Discrimination of SARS-CoV-2 infected patient samples by detection dogs: A proof of concept study

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Jennifer L. Essler, Sarah A. Kane, Pat Nolan, Elikplim H. Akaho, Amalia Z. Berna, Annemarie DeAngelo, Richard A. Berk, Patricia Kaynaroglu, Victoria L. Plymouth, Ian D. Frank, Susan R. Weiss, Audrey R. Odom John, Cynthia M. Otto

    While the world awaits a widely available COVID-19 vaccine, availability of testing is limited in many regions and can be further compounded by shortages of reagents, prolonged processing time and delayed results. One approach to rapid testing is to leverage the volatile organic compound (VOC)...

  2. Forgotten, But Not Lost—Alloparental Behavior and Pup–Adult Interactions in Companion Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Péter Pongrácz, Sára S. Sztruhala

    Socialization with humans is known to be a pivotal factor in the development of appropriate adult dog behavior, but the role and extent of dog–dog interactions in the first two months of life is rarely studied. Although various forms of alloparental behaviors are described in the case of...

  3. The Behavioral Effects of Feeding Enrichment on a Zoo-Housed Herd of African Elephants (Loxodonta africana)

    Full-text: Available

    Theses | Contributor(s): Caroline Marie Driscoll

    A comprehensive study on the behavioral effects of feeding enrichment was conducted on six African elephants housed at the North Carolina Zoological Park in Asheboro, NC. The herd is comprised of are two adult males, three adult females, and one subadult female. The study was conducted over a...

  4. Are Underweight Shelter Dogs More Likely to Display Food Aggression toward Humans?

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Katherine A. Miller, Emily D. Dolan, Victoria A. Cussen, Pamela J. Reid

    It is commonly believed that underweight or emaciated dogs are predisposed to food aggression toward humans. Each year, the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) receives hundreds of dogs from criminal cruelty cases. The dogs range from emaciated to overweight. We...

  5. Effects of Gender, Sterilization, and Environment on the Spatial Distribution of Free-Roaming Dogs: An Intervention Study in an Urban Setting

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Saulo Nascimento de Melo, Eduardo Sergio da Silva, David Soeiro Barbosa, Rafael Gonçalves Teixeira-Neto, Gustavo Augusto Lacorte, Marco Aurélio Pereira Horta, Diogo Tavares Cardoso, Guilherme Loureiro Werneck, Claudio José Struchiner, Vinícius Silva Belo

    Information concerning the factors affecting the circulation and distribution of free-roaming dogs is crucial in developing control actions and limiting the spread of zoonoses. The present study analyzes the influence of gender, sterilization, and environment on the spatial distribution of...

  6. Human–Animal Interactions with Bos taurus Cattle and Their Impacts on On-Farm Safety: A Systematic Review

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Titterington, Frances Margaret, Knox, Rachel, Buijs, Stephanie, Lowe, Denise Elizabeth, Morrison, Steven James, Lively, Francis Owen, Shirali, Masoud

    Cattle production necessitates potentially dangerous human–animal interactions. Cattle are physically strong, large animals that can inflict injuries on humans accidentally or through aggressive behaviour. This study provides a systematic review of literature relating to farm management...

  7. Environmental Complexity: Additional Human Visual Contact Reduced Meat Chickens' Fear of Humans and Physical Items Altered Pecking Behavior

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Taylor, P. S., Hemsworth, P. H., Rault, J. L.

    Increased environmental complexity can improve animal welfare, depending on the resources provided and use by the animal. We provided chickens either with physical items that posed no biosecurity risk and were inexpensive (balls, chains, perches and rope) (P; n = 36) or additional visual human...

  8. Psycho-Behavioural Changes in Dogs Treated with Corticosteroids: A Clinical Behaviour Perspective

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Notari, Lorella, Kirton, Roxane, Mills, Daniel S.

    Arousal and distress are often important factors in problematic behaviours, and endogenous corticosteroids are important mediators in the associated stress responses. Exogenous corticosteroid treatments have been reported to change behaviour in human patients and laboratory animals, with...

  9. Reliability of internet information on bite behavior of domestic dogs

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Ito, K., Shiga, Y., Tanaka, M., Matsuura, A., Irimajiri, M.

    Many dog owners who are dealing with behavioral problems in their dog look for solutions on the internet. However, the quality of the information available online has not yet been assessed. Therefore, in this study, we comprehensively collected information available online on behavior...

  10. Overimitation in dogs: is there a link to the quality of the relationship with the caregiver?

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Huber, L., Kubala, D., Cimarelli, G.

    Overimitation, the copying of causally irrelevant or non-functional actions, is well-known from humans but completely absent in other primates. Recent studies from our lab have provided evidence for overimitation in canines. Previously, we found that half of tested pet dogs copied their human...

  11. Impact of Changes in Time Left Alone on Separation-Related Behaviour in UK Pet Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Harvey, Naomi D., Christley, Robert M., Giragosian, Kassandra, Mead, Rebecca, Murray, Jane K., Samet, Lauren, Upjohn, Melissa M., Casey, Rachel A.

    Separation-related behaviours (SRBs), including but not limited to vocalisation, pacing, destruction and toileting, occur in the absence of human company. As well as being problematic for the dogs’ owners, such behaviours indicate that the dogs’ emotional state is compromised. As part...

  12. Associations between dairy herds' qualitative behavior and aspects of herd health, stockperson and farm factors-a cross-sectional exploration

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Ebinghaus, A., Matull, K., Knierim, U., Ivemeyer, S.

    The affective state is an integrated aspect of farm animal welfare, which is understood as the animals' perception of their living environment and of their internal biological functioning. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to explore animal-internal and external factors potentially...

  13. Associations between dairy herds' qualitative behavior and aspects of herd health, stockperson and farm factors-a cross-sectional exploration

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Ebinghaus, A., Matull, K., Knierim, U., Ivemeyer, S.

    The affective state is an integrated aspect of farm animal welfare, which is understood as the animals' perception of their living environment and of their internal biological functioning. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to explore animal-internal and external factors potentially...

  14. Serum Oxytocin in Cows Is Positively Correlated with Caregiver Interactions in the Impossible Task Paradigm

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): D'Aniello, B., Mastellone, V., Pinelli, C., Scandurra, A., Musco, N., Tudisco, R., Pero, M. E., Infascelli, F., Di Lucrezia, A., Lombardi, P.

    This study explored a possible relationship between the circulating oxytocin, cortisol, and the willingness of dairy cows to engage in social behaviors with humans in an experimental context. The behaviors of twenty-nine cows were recorded during the impossible task paradigm, a procedure aimed...

  15. Humans and Goats: Improving Knowledge for a Better Relationship

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Celozzi, Stefania, Battini, Monica, Prato-Previde, Emanuela, Mattiello, Silvana

    There is consensus that the quality of the human–animal relationship (HAR) is relevant to guarantee appropriate levels of animal welfare. Given the impact that HAR may have on both goats and human beings, the aim of the present review is to elucidate: (1) how humans and goats communicate;...

  16. Humans and Goats: Improving Knowledge for a Better Relationship

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Celozzi, Stefania, Battini, Monica, Prato-Previde, Emanuela, Mattiello, Silvana

    There is consensus that the quality of the human–animal relationship (HAR) is relevant to guarantee appropriate levels of animal welfare. Given the impact that HAR may have on both goats and human beings, the aim of the present review is to elucidate: (1) how humans and goats communicate;...

  17. Bigotry and the human–animal divide: (Dis)belief in human evolution and bigoted attitudes across different cultures

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Syropoulos, Stylianos, Lifshin, Uri, Greenberg, Jeff, Horner, Dylan E., Leidner, Bernhard

  18. Selection for reduced fear of humans changes intra-specific social behavior in red junglefowl - implications for chicken domestication

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Gjoen, J., Jensen, P.

  19. Selection for reduced fear of humans changes intra-specific social behavior in red junglefowl - implications for chicken domestication

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Gjoen, J., Jensen, P.

  20. Are multi-cat homes more stressful? A critical review of the evidence associated with cat group size and wellbeing

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Finka, L. R., Foreman-Worsley, R.