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  1. Farmyard Animal or Best Friend? Exploring Predictors of Dog vs. Pig Pet Speciesism

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Sarah Gradidge, Magdalena Zawisza, Annelie J. Harvey, Daragh T. McDermott

    Despite dogs’ and pigs’ shared similarities, previous research indicates people favor dogs over pigs (known as “pet speciesism”). While pet speciesism has been empirically sup-ported, little is known about its predictors. This gap in the literature is problematic as...

  2. Non-Contact Vital Signs Monitoring of Dog and Cat Using a UWB Radar

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Pengfei Wang, Yangyang Ma, Fulai Liang, Yang Zhang, Xiao Yu, Zhao Li, Qiang An, Hao Lv, Jianqi Wang

    As pets are considered members of the family, their health has received widespread attention. Since pets cannot talk and complain when they feel uncomfortable, monitoring vital signs becomes very helpful in disease detection, as well as observing their progression and response to treatment. In...

  3. Uncontrolled Outdoor Access for Cats: An Assessment of Risks and Benefits

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Sarah M.L. Tan, Anastasia C. Stellato, Lee Niel

    Uncontrolled outdoor access is associated with a number of welfare concerns for companion cats, including increased risks of disease and parasites, injury or death due to traffic, predation or ingestion of toxic substances, and getting permanently separated from their owner. In addition, cats...

  4. Effect of Handler Knowledge of the Detection Task on Canine Search Behavior and Performance

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Mallory T. DeChant, Cameron Ford, Nathaniel J. Hall

    Detection dogs are commonly trained and tested under conditions in which the handler or the evaluator knows the true presence or absence of a target odor. Previous research has demonstrated that when handlers are deceived and led to believe that a target odor is present, more false alerts...

  5. "Don't be so Modest, You're a Rat": Anthropomorphism, Social Class, and Renegotiation in Ratatouille and Bee Movie

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Reuben Dylan Fong

    One of the common fantasy stories involving anthropomorphized nonhuman animals in animated children's films is of humans and animals discovering they can communicate as equals. The human-animal relationship in the premise of these films exemplifies the idea of questioning and renegotiating...

  6. Implications for Conservation of Collection of Mediterranean Spur-Thighed Tortoise as Pets in Morocco: Residents' Perceptions, Habits, and Knowledge

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Amalia Segura, Miguel Delibes-Mateos, Pelayo Acevedo

    The trading and collection of wild animals as pets may be cause for concern regarding animal welfare and species conservation. These concerns can be exemplified by Mediterranean spur-thighed tortoise (Testudo graeca), a long-living species whose use as pets is long established. The human...

  7. Effect of Age, Breed, and Sex on the Health-Related Quality of Life of Owner Assessed Healthy Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Susan Rodger, E Marian Scott, Andrea Nolan, Andrea K Wright, Jacqueline Reid

    Using an app, this exploratory study generated information on HRQL in a large cohort of dogs deemed healthy according to the owner. It forms the basis for further studies investigating the natural history of HRQL of dogs to inform the interpretation of interventional studies, but highlights the...

  8. Editorial: Human-Animal Interaction (HAI) Research: A Decade of Progress

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Sandra McCune, Peggy McCardle, James A. Griffin, Layla Esposito, Karyl Hurley, Regina Bures, Katherine A. Kruger

  9. Dogs distinguish human intentional and unintentional action

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Britta Schünemann, Judith Keller, Hannes Rakoczy, Tanya Behne, Juliane Bräuer

    When dogs interact with humans, they often show appropriate reactions to human intentional action. But it is unclear from these everyday observations whether the dogs simply respond to the action outcomes or whether they are able to discriminate between different categories of actions. Are dogs...

  10. No Pets Allowed: Discrimination, Homelessness, and Pet Ownership

    Full-text: Available

    Reports | Contributor(s): Ruby Aliment, Sara Rankin (editor), Kaya Lurie (editor)

    This brief is the first to address the particular challenges faced by pet owners experiencing homelessness, particularly as they relate to treatment by society at large, law enforcement practices, and access to housing and services. Researchers estimate that up to 25 percent of people...

  11. Dogs' Sociability, Owners' Neuroticism and Attachment Style to Pets as Predictors of Dog Aggression

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Elena Gobbo, Manja Zupan

    A dog’s aggressive behavior is influenced by external and internal factors, including its psychological profile. In this study, dogs’ and owners’ personalities and the owners’ attachment style to their dogs were identified and associated with owner-reported dog...

  12. Deadly Predators and Virtuous Buddhists: Dog Population Control and the Politics of Ethics in Ladakh

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Karine Gagné

    The region of Ladakh in the Indian Himalayas has recently seen a rise in attacks by stray dogs, some of which have been fatal. The dogs’ claims on territory have not gone uncontested in an emotional landscape fraught with anxieties over religious identities as tensions prevail between a...

  13. Pain and Problem Behavior in Cats and Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Daniel S. Mills, Isabelle Demontigny-Bédard, Margaret Gruen, Mary P. Klinck, Kevin J. McPeake, Ana Maria Barcelos, Lynn Hewison, Himara Van Haevermaet, Sagi Denenberg, Hagar Hauser, Colleen Koch, Kelly Ballantyne, Colleen Wilson, Chirantana V Mathkari, Julia Pounder, Elena Garcia, Patrícia Darder, Jaume Fatjó, Emily Levine

    We argue that there is currently an under-reporting of the ways in which pain can be associated with problem behavior, which is seriously limiting the recognition of this welfare problem. A review of the caseloads of 100 recent dog cases of several authors indicates that a conservative estimate...

  14. Zooarchaeology of the Modern Era: An Introduction

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Tourigny, E., Gordon, R.

    The last 500 years is characterized by immense socioeconomic and environmental transformations on a global scale. Animals were significantly affected by these processes but were also central to many of the transformations that shaped the modern world. While there has been a growing number...

  15. A Prospective Cohort Study Investigating the Behavioural Development of Bitches in a Guide Dog Training Programme Neutered Prepubertally or Post-Pubertally

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Moxon, R., Freeman, S., Payne, R., Corr, S., England, G. C. W.

    There are few studies that investigate the effect of neutering bitches before or after puberty. The majority of current literature examining the impact of the timing of neutering on health and behaviour has used age rather than the onset of puberty as the key variable. The aim of this...

  16. Dogs and the Good Life: A Cross-Sectional Study of the Association Between the Dog-Owner Relationship and Owner Mental Wellbeing

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Merkouri, A., Graham, T. M., O'Haire, M. E., Purewal, R., Westgarth, C.

    Dog ownership is believed to benefit owner wellbeing but, contrary to popular belief, there is limited evidence to suggest that simply owning a dog is associated with improved mental health. This mixed-methods study investigates whether dog owners with stronger relationships with their dogs...

  17. Integrative Model of Human-Animal Interactions: A One Health-One Welfare Systemic Approach to Studying HAI

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Leconstant, C., Spitz, E.

    The Integrative Model of Human-Animal Interactions (IMHAI) described herewith provides a conceptual framework for the study of interspecies interactions and aims to model the primary emotional processes involved in human-animal interactions. This model was developed from theoretical inputs from...

  18. To pet or to enrich? Increasing dogs' welfare in veterinary clinics/shelters: a pilot study

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Lopes, J. V. S. R., Daud, N. M., Young, R. J., Azevedo, C. S. de

  19. Speciesism in everyday language

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Leach, S., Kitchin, A. P., Sutton, R. M., Dhont, K.

  20. Health comparison between guinea pigs raised in uncontrolled and controlled environments

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Laksmindra, Fitria, Nastiti, Wijayanti, Tuty, Arisuryanti, Salasia, S. I. O.