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  1. Ponies Proliferate Positive Affect: The Effectiveness of Equine Therapy on Positive Affect in Adolescents with Serious Emotional Disturbances

    Full-text: Available

    Theses | Contributor(s): Leslie Irvine

    Adolescents with serious emotional disturbances (SED) are a particularly difficult population to treat due to high comorbidity rates of anxiety, depression, post-traumatic stress, and behavioral conduct disorders. The current study compared the effectiveness of equine-facilitated psychotherapy...

  2. Serum Cortisol Concentrations and Behavior Assessment as Tools for Evaluating Stress in Horses Used in Therapeutic or University Riding Programs

    Full-text: Available

    Theses | Contributor(s): Leslie Irvine

    Stress is known to have a negative impact on the health and well-being of animals. Physiological and behavioral changes offer objective and easy to use methods of evaluating stress in horses. However, there are limited studies showing a relationship between changes in stress-related behavior...

  3. Prevalence of bacterial zoonoses in selected trophy hunted species, and the potential of human health risk in Bwabwata National park, Namibia

    Theses | Contributor(s): Mahmoud Khaled Masa\'deh, Sheila E. Purdum (adviser)

    Zoonotic diseases are infections acquired from vertebrate animals (wild or domesticated) animals to humans through direct or indirect contact with live animals, their derivatives or contaminated surroundings. The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of potential bacterial zoonoses...

  4. Humanely Ending the Life of Animals: Research Priorities to Identify Alternatives to Carbon Dioxide

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Mahmoud Khaled Masa\'deh, Sheila E. Purdum (adviser)

    The use of carbon dioxide (CO2) for stunning and killing animals is considered to compromise welfare due to air hunger, anxiety, fear, and pain. Despite decades of research, no alternatives have so far been found that provide a safe and reliable way to induce unconsciousness in groups of...

  5. Equine Facilitated Mental Health Services and Social Adjustment in Adolescents on Probation

    Full-text: Available

    Theses | Contributor(s): Leslie Irvine

    Little quantitative research has been done to verify claims that the use of horses in Equine Facilitated Mental Health and Education Services has an impact on the clients’ emotional and mental wellbeing. This study was created to determine if participation in six months of weekly...

  6. The Architecture of Keeping Animals: Preservation Responses to Changing Animal Welfare Ideals in Mid-sized American Zoos

    Theses | Contributor(s): Mahmoud Khaled Masa\'deh, Sheila E. Purdum (adviser)

    Beginning in the mid-20th century, most of America’s Zoos began to re-evaluate the spaces which housed their living creatures. As advances in science and technology brought forward new information on animal welfare and care, zoos were soon faced with choices on the treatment of their...

  7. Alternative Therapies for People with Special Needs: An Emphasis on Animal-Assisted Therapies

    Full-text: Available

    Theses | Contributor(s): Leslie Irvine

    This paper contains research examining the effectiveness of alternative therapies - play therapy, art therapy, music therapy, horticulture therapy, and animal-assisted therapies – in helping various special needs populations. The focus of this research was on animal-assisted therapies...

  8. Alternative Therapies for People with Special Needs: An Emphasis on Animal-Assisted Therapies

    Theses | Contributor(s): Diane Lefebvre, Claire Diederich, Madeleine Delcourt, Jean-Marie Giffroy

    This paper contains research examining the effectiveness of alternative therapies - play therapy, art therapy, music therapy, horticulture therapy, and animal-assisted therapies – in helping various special needs populations. The focus of this research was on animal-assisted therapies...

  9. The State of Animal- Assisted Interventions in France: Is the IAHAIO Model Relevant?

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Mahmoud Khaled Masa\'deh, Sheila E. Purdum (adviser)

    Animal- assisted interventions (AAI) became more generalized in health care settings and their development in Europe is increasing. In France, the practice has grown in the absence of official recognition and regulation. In this context, we aim to identify the main characteristics of the French...

  10. Dogs and blood pressure in non-dog owners

    Theses | Contributor(s): Diane Lefebvre, Claire Diederich, Madeleine Delcourt, Jean-Marie Giffroy

    Several studies have shown that the presence of a dog can reduce blood pressure during a stressful situation. A study done in 2001 demonstrated that for blood pressure to be reduced during a stressor the subjects must be dog owners. The purpose of this experiment was to determine if four, one...

  11. Short Communication: Open Access Ectoparasitic infestations of cats and dogs in Izzi Local Government Area of Ebonyi State, Nigeria: brief communication for 'One Health' approach to control of potential zoonoses

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Mahmoud Khaled Masa\'deh, Sheila E. Purdum (adviser)

    Background: Cats and dogs are important companion animals that paradoxically pose risks of zoonotic infections to their owners. This study determined the ectoparasitic infestations of cats and dogs in a semi-rural setting of Ebonyi State, so as to establish the prevalence of the ectoparasites...

  12. Short Communication: Open Access Ectoparasitic infestations of cats and dogs in Izzi Local Government Area of Ebonyi State, Nigeria: brief communication for 'One Health' approach to control of potential zoonoses

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Diane Lefebvre, Claire Diederich, Madeleine Delcourt, Jean-Marie Giffroy

    Background: Cats and dogs are important companion animals that paradoxically pose risks of zoonotic infections to their owners. This study determined the ectoparasitic infestations of cats and dogs in a semi-rural setting of Ebonyi State, so as to establish the prevalence of the ectoparasites...

  13. Novel Diagnostic Tools for Identifying Cognitive Impairment in Dogs: Behavior, Biomarkers, and Pathology

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Diane Lefebvre, Claire Diederich, Madeleine Delcourt, Jean-Marie Giffroy

    Canine cognitive dysfunction syndrome (CCDS) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder in senior dogs that is mainly associated with decreased ability to learn and respond to stimuli. It is commonly under-diagnosed because behavioral changes are often attributed to the natural process of...

  14. Equine Therapy From A Dance/Movement Therapy Perspective

    Full-text: Available

    Theses | Contributor(s): Leslie Irvine

    Equine Facilitated Psychotherapy (EFP) is a form of therapy that utilizes a team approach of a psychotherapist, an equine specialist and a horse or horses, all working together to aid individuals in experiencing personal emotional healing and growth. It can be particularly effective when there...

  15. Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on the Welfare of Animals in Australia

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Mahmoud Khaled Masa\'deh, Sheila E. Purdum (adviser)

    We report on the various responses in Australia during 2020 tominimize negative impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on the welfare of animals. Most organizations and individuals with animals under their care had emergency preparedness plans in place for various scenarios; however, the restrictions...

  16. Evaluating Cognitive and Behavioral Outcomes in Conjunction with the Secure Base Effect for Dogs in Shelter and Foster Environments

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Diane Lefebvre, Claire Diederich, Madeleine Delcourt, Jean-Marie Giffroy

    Although it is widely accepted that dogs and humans form attachment relationships, characterizing attachment styles in dogs has only recently received attention in the literature. Previous research has shown that pet dogs display patterns of behavior in an attachment test that can be classified...

  17. Perspectives From the Science-Policy Interface in Animal Health and Welfare

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Mahmoud Khaled Masa\'deh, Sheila E. Purdum (adviser)

    The aim of this paper is to present scientific perspectives from the science-policy interface in animal health and welfare, with an emphasis on factors critical to scientific effectiveness. While there is broad acceptance of the value of scientific information to inform policy-making,...

  18. The Animal Welfare Act at Fifty: Problems and Possibilities in Animal Testing Regulation

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Mahmoud Khaled Masa\'deh, Sheila E. Purdum (adviser)

  19. Anxiety-Reducing Effect: Dog, Fish and Plant in Direct Comparison

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Diane Lefebvre, Claire Diederich, Madeleine Delcourt, Jean-Marie Giffroy

  20. Animal Assisted Therapy: An Effective Solution for Symptoms of Dementia in Institutionalized Elderly Patients

    Full-text: Available

    Presentations | Contributor(s): Leslie Irvine

    Background: Dementia is a term that describes a wide range of symptoms associated with a severe decline in core mental abilities that are not part of the normal ageing process. Memory, communication and language, attention, reasoning and judgement, and visual perception may be significantly...