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  1. Zinc Nanoparticles Enhance Brain Connectivity in the Canine Olfactory Network: Evidence From an fMRI Study in Unrestrained Awake Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): R.Lee Zasloff

    Prior functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) studies have indicated increased neural activation when zinc nanoparticles are added to odorants in canines. Here we demonstrate that zinc nanoparticles up-regulate directional brain connectivity in parts of the canine olfactory network. This...

  2. Defining and Clarifying the Terms Canine Possessive Aggression and Resource Guarding: A Study of Expert Opinion

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): R.Lee Zasloff

    The terms possessive aggression and resource guarding are often used interchangeably to describe behavior patterns used by a dog to control primary access to a perceived valuable item. The use of inconsistent terminology may impact the effectiveness of communication between...

  3. Behavior Differences Between Search-and-Rescue and Pet Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): R.Lee Zasloff

    Behavioral traits such as trainability, fearlessness, and energy are required for dogs to succeed as search-and-rescue (SAR) dogs. Certification by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) ensures that dogs and handlers have extensive training and have demonstrated specific skills in the...

  4. Common Risk Factors for Urinary House Soiling (Periuria) in Cats and Its Differentiation: The Sensitivity and Specificity of Common Diagnostic Signs

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): R.Lee Zasloff

    Urinary house soiling (periuria) in the home is a common but serious behaviour problem in cats. Although many specific risk factors and triggers have been postulated, their importance is largely unknown. This study assessed: (1) the significance of purported risk factors for periuria as well as...

  5. Better Lives for Dogs: Incorporating Human Behaviour Change Into a Theory of Change to Improve Canine Welfare Worldwide

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): R.Lee Zasloff

    The world’s estimated 600 million dogs face a range of welfare issues which vary according to local context and locally accepted norms regarding attitudes towards dogs. Dogs Trust Worldwide, an international Non-Governmental Organisation which works to improve canine welfare, is...

  6. A Systematic Review of the Reliability and Validity of Behavioural Tests Used to Assess Behavioural Characteristics Important in Working Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): R.Lee Zasloff

    Background: Working dogs are selected based on predictions from tests that they will be able to perform specific tasks in often challenging environments. However, withdrawal from service in working dogs is still a big problem, bringing into question the reliability of the selection tests...

  7. A Comparative Study of Enumeration Techniques for Free-Roaming Dogs in Rural Baramati, District Pune, India

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): R.Lee Zasloff

    The presence of unvaccinated free-roaming dogs (FRD) amidst human settlements is a major contributor to the high incidence of rabies in countries such as India, where the disease is endemic. Estimating FRD population size is crucial to the planning and evaluation of interventions,...

  8. Factors Associated With Bites to a Child From a Dog Living in the Same Home: A Bi-National Comparison

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): R.Lee Zasloff

    We conducted a veterinary clinic-based retrospective cohort study aimed at identifying child-, dog-, and home-environment factors associated with dog bites to children aged 5–15 years old living in the same home as a dog in Kingston, Jamaica (236) and San Francisco, USA (61). Secondarily,...

  9. What Extension Personnel Should Know About Midwestern Goat Producers

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): R.Lee Zasloff

    The growth of the goat industry has created opportunities for producers looking for a profitable alternative enterprise. Little is known about goat production or educational needs of producers in Missouri and Arkansas. A survey of goat producers in Missouri and Arkansas addressed farm...

  10. Hooves Marching for Mercy

    Full-text: Available

    Organizations | Contributor(s): R.Lee Zasloff

    The first part of our mission is...Rescuing and providing sanctuary to abandoned, sick/injured, and abused potbelly pigs and other animal friends, as we have room.The second part of our mission is...Providing sanctuary and a peaceful and healing environment for military, military...

  11. Cost of Owning a Dog

    Full-text: Available

    Websites | Contributor(s): R.Lee Zasloff

    This resource guide walks through a detailed outline of the financial commitment necessary to plan for a beneficial outcome for both dog and the owner(s).

  12. Responsible Pet Ownership: Dog Parks and Demographic Change in Portland, Oregon

    Full-text: Available

    Theses | Contributor(s): R.Lee Zasloff

    Dog parks are the fastest growing type of park in U.S. cities; however, their increasing popularity has been met with increasing criticism of pets in public space. Dogs have shown to be a deep source of neighborhood conflict, and the provision of dog parks, or off-leash areas, is a seemingly...

  13. Strategies to Reduce the Euthanasia of Impounded Dogs and Cats Used by Councils in Victoria, Australia

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): R.Lee Zasloff

    Euthanasia is used in developed countries as a method of population control for dogs and cats entering shelters and council pounds. This study analyzed all available dog and cat population, registration, intake and outcome data for the 79 Victorian councils. The majority (74%) of councils...

  14. Heart Rate and Heart Rate Variability during Sleep in Family Dogs (Canis familiaris). Moderate Effect of Pre-Sleep Emotions

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): R.Lee Zasloff

    It is common knowledge that negative emotions in humans are accompanied by both impaired subjective experience as well as maladaptive changes in behavior and physiology. The present paper investigates heart rate—one of the most commonly used emotion-related physiology measures—in...

  15. Gastrointestinal Parasites in Shelter Dogs: Occurrence, Pathology, Treatment and Risk to Shelter Workers

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): R.Lee Zasloff

    Despite evidence of a minor role of gastrointestinal parasites in causing disease in owned pet populations prophylactically treated with anthelmintics, gastrointestinal parasitism remains an important consideration in the care of animals in shelters, and in owned pet populations in developing...

  16. Dog Ecology and Rabies Knowledge of Owners and Non-Owners in Sanur, A Sub-District of the Indonesian Island Province of Bali

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): R.Lee Zasloff

    That rabies can be managed humanely using vaccination is well accepted. However, making sure enough dogs in the population are vaccinated and therefore able to fight off the virus can be challenging. Getting owners to be more responsible for their dogs should help keep the proportion of...

  17. Could the Visual Differential Attention Be a Referential Gesture? A Study on Horses (Equus caballus) on the Impossible Task Paradigm

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): R.Lee Zasloff

    We tested horses on the impossible task paradigm, a drawback affecting the decision-making process in animals. We used the direction of the horse’s ear cup as an indicator of its visual attention in terms of visual selective attention when both ears were directed at the same target and...

  18. Welfare Problems in Cattle, Pigs, and Sheep that Persist Even Though Scientific Research Clearly Shows How to Prevent Them

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): R.Lee Zasloff

    Great strides have been made to improve animal welfare. Unfortunately, there are certain problems that continue to persist. The causes of these problems range from a lack of financial accountability for losses, failure to measure them, or repeating old mistakes. Some examples of persistent...

  19. Infectious Disease Prevalence and Factors Associated with Upper Respiratory Infection in Cats Following Relocation

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): R.Lee Zasloff

    Relocation of cats and kittens is a relatively new practice in animal welfare. It is one of the many tools used by animal welfare agencies to decrease shelter euthanasia rates across the country. However, there are few and sometimes conflicting guidelines for either minimum standards or best...

  20. Changes Associated with Improved Outcomes for Cats Entering RSPCA Queensland Shelters from 2011 to 2016

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): R.Lee Zasloff

    The aim of this study was to identify changes that contributed to the markedly improved live release of cats in Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (RSPCA) Queensland shelters by comparing data from 2011 and 2016. Admission numbers were similar in these two years. The number...