What Enables Size-Selective Trophy Hunting of Wildlife?
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Chris T. Darimont, K. Rosie Child
Although rarely considered predators, wildlife hunters can function as important ecological and evolutionary agents. In part, their influence relates to targeting of large reproductive adults within prey populations. Despite known impacts of size-selective harvests, however, we know little...
Welfare-Adjusted Life Years (WALY): A novel metric of animal welfare that combines the impacts of impaired welfare and abbreviated lifespan
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Kendy Tzu-Yun Teng, Brecht Devleesschauwer, Charline Maertens De Noordhout, Peter Bennett, Paul D. McGreevy, Po-Yu Chiu, Jenny-Ann L. M. L. Toribio, Navneet K. Dhand
Currently, separate measures are used to estimate the impact of animal diseases on mortality and animal welfare. This article introduces a novel metric, the Welfare-Adjusted Life Year (WALY), to estimate disease impact by combining welfare compromise and premature death components. Adapting the...
Investigation into owner-reported differences between dogs born in versus imported into Canada
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): von Rentzell, K. A., van Haaften, K., Morris, A., Protopopova, A.
Over 1 million dogs are imported into the United States and roughly 340,000 dogs into the United Kingdom yearly. Although the official number of dogs arriving to Canada is currently unknown, local animal professionals estimate that thousands of dogs are imported into Canada each year. Dog...
Can dogs reduce stress levels in school children? effects of dog-assisted interventions on salivary cortisol in children with and without special educational needs using randomized controlled trials
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Meints, K., Brelsford, V. L., Dimolareva, M., Maréchal, L., Pennington, K., Rowan, E., Gee, N. R.
Prolonged or excessive stress negatively affects learning, behavior and health across the lifespan. To alleviate adverse effects of stress in school children, stressors should be reduced, and support and effective interventions provided. Animal-assisted interventions (AAI) have shown beneficial...
Rats as pets: predictors of adoption and surrender of pet rats (Rattus norvegicus domestica) in British Columbia, Canada
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Hou, ChengYu, Protopopova, A.
Whereas much research has been conducted on rats in their roles as pests and laboratory animal models, little is known about rats in their role as companion animals. However, rats have become the third most common companion animal admitted to the British Columbia Society for the Prevention of...
Were there royal herds? Understanding herd management and mobility using isotopic characterizations of cattle tooth enamel from Early Dynastic Ur
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Greenfield, T. L., McMahon, A. M., O'Connell, T. C., Reade, H., Holmden, C., Fletcher, A. C., Zettler, R. L., Petrie, C. A.
During the third millennium BC, Mesopotamia (the land between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers, in modern Iraq-Syria), was dominated by the world's earliest cities and states, which were ruled by powerful elites. Ur, in present-day southern Iraq, was one of the largest and most important of...
Social Interaction during Dog and Robot Group Sessions for Nursing Home Residents with Dementia: the Handler Effect
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Lonneke GJA Schuurmans, Inge Noback, Jos MGA Schols, Marie-José Enders-Slegers
As part of an 8-week intervention study in Dutch nursing homes, we used video-analysis to observe the interaction of psychogeriatric participants with either the handler, the stimulus (dog or robot) or other clients during weekly dog, robot (RAI, robot assisted interventions) and control (human...
Dogs fail to reciprocate the receipt of food from a human in a food-giving task
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Jim McGetrick, Lisa Poncet, Marietta Amann, Johannes Schullern- Schrattenhofen, Leona Fux, Mayte Martinez, Friederike Range
Domestic dogs have been shown to reciprocate help received from conspecifics in food-giving tasks. However, it is not yet known whether dogs also reciprocate help received from humans. Here, we investigated whether dogs reciprocate the receipt of food from humans. In an experience phase,...
Non-invasive Assessment of Fecal Stress Biomarkers in Hunting Dogs During Exercise and at Rest
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Augusta Zannoni, Marco Pietra, Alba Gaspardo, Pier Attilio Accorsi, Monica Barone, Silvia Turroni, Luca Laghi, Chenglin Zhu, Patrizia Brigidi, Monica Forni
Intense exercise causes to organisms to have oxidative stress and inflammation at the gastrointestinal (GI) level. The reduction in intestinal blood flow and the exercise-linked thermal damage to the intestinal mucosa can cause intestinal barrier disruption, followed by an inflammatory...
How do primary pre-service teachers assess circus with animals and its educational value? A study with Portuguese, Spanish and Greek students
Conference Papers | Contributor(s): António Almeida, Beatriz García Fernández, Penelope Papadopoulou
This study aimed to check the opinion of primary pre-service teachers about circus with animals, including if they recognize any educational value in this type of show and how they assess the animals’ treatment in this place. For that, a questionnaire with open and closed questions was...
Pokušaj validacije adaptirane lexington skale privrženosti kućnim ljubimcima
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Jelena Levačić
Dosadašnja, uglavnom strana istraživanja, pokazala su kako ljudi sa svojim kućnim ljubimcima stvaraju čvrstu emocionalnu vezu iz koje, čini se, proizlaze brojne prednosti za čovjeka, kako na fizičkom tako i na psihološkom planu. U Hrvatskoj je privrženost kućnim ljubimcima...
More Than "Just" Walking: An Observational Study of Dog-Related Physical Activities
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Benedikt Hielscher, Udo Ganslosser, Ingo Froboese
Dog ownership has been shown to correlate with physical activity (PA). However, knowledge about the intensities of dog-related PA (drPA) is still lacking. To investigate the duration and intensity of drPA in consideration of PA guidelines, an observational study of dog owners (DO) was...
Dog ownership, the natural outdoor environment and health: a cross-sectional study
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Wilma L Zijlema, Hayley Christian, Margarita Triguero-Mas, Marta Cirach, Magdalena van den Berg, Jolanda Maas, Christopher J Gidlow, Hanneke Kruize, Wanda Wendel-Vos, Sandra Andrušaitytė, Regina Grazuleviciene, Jill Litt, Mark J Nieuwenhuijsen
Understanding the Relationship Between Pet Ownership and Physical Activity Among Older Community-Dwelling Adults—A Mixed Methods Study
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Mandy Peacock, Julie Netto, Polly Yeung, Joanne McVeigh, Anne-Marie Hill
Effects of Proximity between Companion Dogs and Their Caregivers on Heart Rate Variability Measures in Older Adults: A Pilot Study
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Heidi K. Ortmeyer, Leslie I. Katzel
Heart rate variability (HRV) is a noninvasive tool used to evaluate autonomic nervous system function and is affected by age, stress, postural changes, and physical activity. Dog ownership has been associated with higher 24-hr HRV and increased physical activity compared to nonowners. The current...
Associations between Pet Ownership and Frailty: A Systematic Review
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Gotaro Kojima, Reijiro Aoyama, Yu Taniguchi
Therapy Dog Ownership as Serious Leisure for Members of a Therapy Dog Volunteer Group
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Jonathan R. Hicks, Mary Kramer
Therapy dogs are used in a variety of settings, including prisons, hospitals, and schools, for the purposes of providing emotional and psychological support to humans. They are trained to be well behaved and to be perceived as supportive of humans. This study sought to explore the benefits to...
Animal-Assisted Interventions: Relationship Between Standards and Qualifications
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Greta Kerulo, Niko Kargas, Daniel S. Mills, Graham Law, Rise VanFleet, Tracie Faa-Thompson, Melissa Y. Winkle
Ethical practice of animal- assisted interventions (AAI) requires appropriate qualifications and experience for all parties involved. Recently introduced and updated Standards of Practice emphasize the importance of AAI- specific training and qualification for different types of AAI, which...
Are Nurses Joining the Ride? Equine-Assisted Activities and Therapies Review
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Khalid Bandar Almasloukh, Pamela Stewart Fahs
Background: Equine-assisted activities and therapies (EAAT) is a rapidly growing practice that is described as therapeutic and entertaining. Complementary therapies such as EAAT are gaining acceptance as the health care needs of the population are changing. Method: This systematic review draws...
A Transdisciplinary Perspective on Dog-Handler-Client Interactions in Animal Assisted Activities for Children, Youth and Young Adults
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Renata P. S. Roma, Christine Yvette Tardif-Williams, Shannon A. Moore, Sandra L. Bosacki
A growing body of research has linked the inclusion of dogs in Animal-Assisted Activities (AAA) for children and young adults to a diverse range of positive social emotional and cognitive outcomes. However, many studies have focused exclusively on aspects directly related to dog-client...