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  1. Assessing Patterns of Human-Wildlife Conflicts and Compensation around a Central Indian Protected Area

    Journal Articles

    Mitigating crop and livestock loss to wildlife and improving compensation distribution are important for conservation efforts in landscapes where people and wildlife co-occur outside protected areas. The lack of rigorously collected spatial data poses a challenge to management efforts to...

  2. Sentinel Animals in a One Health Approach to Harmful Cyanobacterial and Algal Blooms

    Journal Articles

    People, domestic animals, and wildlife are all exposed to numerous environmental threats, including harmful algal blooms (HABs). However, because animals exhibit wide variations in diet, land use and biology, they are often more frequently or heavily exposed to HAB toxins than are people...

  3. Physiological and behavioral effects of animal-assisted interventions for therapy dogs in pediatric oncology settings

    Journal Articles

    Over the past two decades, animal-assisted interventions (AAIs), defined as the purposeful incorporation of specially trained animals in services to improve human health, have become increasingly popular in clinical settings. However, to date, there have been few rigorously-designed studies aimed...

  4. Rabies in Nonhuman Primates and Potential for Transmission to Humans: A Literature Review and Examination of Selected French National Data

    Journal Articles

    Background: The nonhuman primate (NHP)-related injuries in rabies-enzootic countries is a public health problem of increasing importance. The aims of this work are to collect data concerning rabies transmission from NHPs to humans; to collate medical practices regarding rabies postexposure...

  5. Brain regions involved in observing and trying to interpret dog behaviour

    Journal Articles

    Humans and dogs have interacted for millennia. As a result, humans (and especially dog owners) sometimes try to interpret dog behaviour. While there is extensive research on the brain regions that are involved in mentalizing about other peoples’ behaviour, surprisingly little is known of...

  6. Dog attachment and perceived social support in overweight/obese and healthy weight children

    Journal Articles

    The development of effective and sustainable interventions to treat childhood obesity remains both a priority and a challenge. Previous studies support that dogs provide social support in overweight adults in obesity interventions, but the child-dog relationship is not as well understood. The...

  7. Can you catch Ebola from a stork bite? Inductive reasoning influences generalization of perceived zoonosis risk

    Journal Articles

    Emerging zoonoses are a prominent global health threat. Human beliefs are central to drivers of emerging zoonoses, yet little is known about how people make inferences about risk in such scenarios. We present an inductive account of zoonosis risk perception, suggesting that beliefs about the...

  8. The existence of parenting styles in the owner-dog relationship

    Journal Articles

    Parents interact with children following specific styles, known to influence child development. These styles represent variations in the dimensions of demandingness and responsiveness, resulting in authoritarian, authoritative, permissive or uninvolved parenting. Given the similarities in the...

  9. Why Pain Is Still a Welfare Issue for Farm Animals, and How Facial Expression Could Be the Answer

    Journal Articles

    Pain is a sensory and emotional experience that significantly affects animal welfare and has negative impacts on the economics of farming. Pain is often associated with common production diseases such as lameness and mastitis, as well as introduced to the animal through routine husbandry...

  10. Use of behavioural and physiological responses for scoring sound sensitivity in dogs

    Journal Articles

    Sound sensitive dogs have exaggerated responses to sound stimuli that can negatively impact the welfare of the dog. Behavioural reactions combined with the response to sound involve a marked autonomic imbalance towards sympathetic predominance and release of cortisol. The purpose of the present...

  11. Effects of Short-Term Human-Horse Interactions on Human Heart Rate Variability: A Multiple Single Case Study

    Journal Articles

  12. Dog Ownership and Survival After a Major Cardiovascular Event: A Register-Based Prospective Study

    Journal Articles

  13. The Human–Animal Relationship as the Focus of Animal-Assisted Interventions: A One Health Approach

    Journal Articles

  14. Dog Ownership and Survival: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

    Journal Articles

  15. Jaguar and puma captivity and trade among the Maya: Stable isotope data from Copan, Honduras

    Journal Articles

    From Moctezuma’s zoo to animals kept in captivity at Teotihuacan, there is increasing evidence that Mesoamericans managed wild animals for a myriad of purposes. The present study situates ritualized animal management of highly symbolic fauna in the broader context of Classic Mesoamerica...

  16. The Richness of Food: A Zooarchaeological Analysis of Huaca Santa Clara and Huaca Gallinazo, North Coast of Peru

    Theses

    This thesis is a zooarchaeological study examining the entangled nature of human-animal relations within processes of food production, preparation, and consumption at Huaca Santa Clara and Huaca Gallinazo in the Virú Valley, North Coast of Peru. It assesses how the consumption of animal...

  17. The effectiveness of Dutch Cell Dogs in correctional facilities in the Netherlands: a study protocol of a quasi-experimental trial

    Journal Articles

    Background Many former inmates recidivate, resulting in high costs for societies worldwide. Evidence based treatment practices may not work in prisons, due to detainees’ lacking motivation, impaired well-being, and an unsafe group environment. One attempt to improve social group climate...

  18. Nature experience promotes preference for and willingness to coexist with wild animals among urban and suburban residents in Malaysia

    Journal Articles

    Introduction A decline in direct experience with nature can lead to disaffection of natural environments, wildlife, and public indifference towards biodiversity conservation. This study measured on affective attitude towards wildlife (i.e., preferences for and willingness to coexist with 22...

  19. Equine Facilitated Psychotherapy for Veteran Survivors With Full or Partial PTSD

    Theses

    Symptom severity among veteran survivors with partial or full posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) continues to increase, with approximately 40% of U.S. veterans reporting significant symptomology 10 years after initial onset of the condition. Veteran survivors often struggle to find...

  20. Defense and Prosecuting Attorney Perceptions of Facility Dogs in the Courtroom

    Theses

    Attorneys must obtain evidence for purporting their position on a court case. Many factors are considered when working with witness testimony such as age, development, narrative recall, and retraumatization. Research has detailed the hardship of obtaining evidence during witness testimony and...