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  1. Dogs’ Stay in a Pet Hotel – Salivary Cortisol Level and Adaptation to New Conditions

    Contributor(s): Wojtaś, Justyna, Garbiec, Aleksandra, Karpiński, Mirosław, Czyżowski, Piotr

  2. Does the start of flat races influence racehorse race performance?

    Contributor(s): Wells, Isobel, Randle, Hayley, Williams, Jane M.

  3. Diet dilution and feeding frequency have only minor effects on the behaviour of broiler breeder pullets

    Contributor(s): Mens, Annemarie J. W., de Jong, Ingrid C., van Riel, Johan W., Gunnink, Henk, van Hattum, Theo, van Emous, Rick A.

  4. Is there hope beyond fear? Effects of social rehabilitation on unsocialised stray dogs

    Contributor(s): Casaca, Miriam, Morello, Gabriela M., Magalhães, Tatiana, Olsson, I. Anna S., Vieira de Castro, Ana Catarina

  5. Investigation into owner-reported differences between dogs born in versus imported into Canada

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): von Rentzell, K. A., van Haaften, K., Morris, A., Protopopova, A.

    Over 1 million dogs are imported into the United States and roughly 340,000 dogs into the United Kingdom yearly. Although the official number of dogs arriving to Canada is currently unknown, local animal professionals estimate that thousands of dogs are imported into Canada each year. Dog...

  6. Breed group differences in the unsolvable problem task: Herding dogs prefer their owner, while solitary hunting dogs seek stranger proximity

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Van Poucke, Enya, Höglin, Amanda, Jensen, Per, Roth, Lina S. V.

    The communicating skills of dogs are well documented and especially their contact-seeking behaviours towards humans. The aim of this study was to use the unsolvable problem paradigm to investigate differences between breed groups in their contact-seeking behaviours towards their owner and a...

  7. Economic feasibility of interventions targeted at decreasing piglet perinatal and pre-weaning mortality across European countries

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Stygar, A. H., Chantziaras, I., Maes, D., Aarestrup Moustsen, V., De Meyer, D., Quesnel, H., Kyriazakis, I., Niemi, J. K.

    BACKGROUND: Piglet perinatal and pre-weaning mortality is a welfare problem causing economic losses in pig production. In this study, the effects of housing and management interventions on the economic result of sow enterprises representing six European countries (Belgium, Denmark, Finland,...

  8. Can dogs reduce stress levels in school children? effects of dog-assisted interventions on salivary cortisol in children with and without special educational needs using randomized controlled trials

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Meints, K., Brelsford, V. L., Dimolareva, M., Maréchal, L., Pennington, K., Rowan, E., Gee, N. R.

    Prolonged or excessive stress negatively affects learning, behavior and health across the lifespan. To alleviate adverse effects of stress in school children, stressors should be reduced, and support and effective interventions provided. Animal-assisted interventions (AAI) have shown beneficial...

  9. Rats as pets: predictors of adoption and surrender of pet rats (Rattus norvegicus domestica) in British Columbia, Canada

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Hou, ChengYu, Protopopova, A.

    Whereas much research has been conducted on rats in their roles as pests and laboratory animal models, little is known about rats in their role as companion animals. However, rats have become the third most common companion animal admitted to the British Columbia Society for the Prevention of...

  10. Were there royal herds? Understanding herd management and mobility using isotopic characterizations of cattle tooth enamel from Early Dynastic Ur

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Greenfield, T. L., McMahon, A. M., O'Connell, T. C., Reade, H., Holmden, C., Fletcher, A. C., Zettler, R. L., Petrie, C. A.

    During the third millennium BC, Mesopotamia (the land between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers, in modern Iraq-Syria), was dominated by the world's earliest cities and states, which were ruled by powerful elites. Ur, in present-day southern Iraq, was one of the largest and most important of...

  11. Evaluating the Reliability of Non-Specialist Observers in the Behavioural Assessment of Semi-Captive Asian Elephant Welfare

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Jonathan L. Webb, Jennie A. H. Crawley, Martin W. Seltmann, Océane Liehrmann, Nicola Hemmings, U Kyaw Nyein, Htoo Htoo Aung, Win Htut, Virpi Lummaa, Mirkka Lahdenperä

    Recognising stress is an important component in maintaining the welfare of captive animal populations, and behavioural observation provides a rapid and non-invasive method to do this. Despite substantial testing in zoo elephants, there has been relatively little interest in the application of...

  12. Returning a Shelter Dog: The Role of Owner Expectations and Dog Behavior

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Powell, Lauren, Lee, Brittany, Reinhard, Chelsea L., Morris, Margaret, Satriale, Donya, Serpell, James, Watson, Brittany

    Millions of animals are adopted from animal shelters in the United States each year, although some are returned post-adoption, which can decrease both the animals’ chances of future adoptions and the owners’ willingness to adopt again. In this study, we investigated the impact of...

  13. Randomized, placebo-controlled prospective clinical trial evaluating the efficacy of the Assisi anti-anxiety device (calmer canine) for the treatment of canine separation anxiety

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Pankratz, K., Korman, J., Emke, C., Johnson, B., Griffith, E. H., Gruen, M. E.

    Introduction: Separation anxiety (SA) is among the most common canine behavior disorders and affects quality-of-life for dogs and their owners. Dogs with SA show signs of anxiety during absence or perceived absence of their owners. While psychoactive medications are often helpful for...

  14. Attachment towards the Owner Is Associated with Spontaneous Sleep EEG Parameters in Family Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Carreiro, Cecília, Reicher, Vivien, Kis, Anna, Gácsi, Márta

    Affective neuroscience studies have demonstrated the impact of social interactions on sleep quality. In humans, trait-like social behaviors, such as attachment, are related to sleep brain activity patterns. Our aim was to investigate associations between companion dogs’ spontaneous brain...

  15. Effects of physical enrichment and pair housing before weaning on growth, behaviour and cognitive ability of calves after weaning and regrouping

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Zhang, Chenyu, Juniper, Darren T., Meagher, Rebecca K.

    Housing unweaned calves individually in barren environments negatively affects their growth, cognitive ability, and adaptability to environmental changes in later life. Social housing has been shown to improve those aspects, whereas physical environmental enrichment has rarely been studied in...

  16. Evaluation of the time-activity budgets of captive ducks (Anatidae) compared to wild counterparts

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Rose, Paul, Roper, Amelia, Banks, Sophie, Giorgio, Chris, Timms, Milla, Vaughan, Phoebe, Hatch, Steven, Halpin, Samantha, Thomas, Joe, O’Brien, Michelle

    Ducks are commonly housed in captive environments where their abilities for flight are constrained, either temporarily or permanently. The use of flight restraint in modern animal management is contentious and ethically questioned yet any associated impacts on behaviour remain poorly documented...

  17. Limitations and challenges of adapting subjective keeper questionnaires to non-Western sanctuary settings

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Robinson, Lauren M., Crudge, Brian, Lim, Thona, Roth, Vichet, Gartner, Marieke, Naden, Kristina, Officer, Kirsty, Descovich, Kris

    In the past decade, there has been substantial growth in the number of animal personality studies published, however relatively little work has been conducted on different species of bears. Personality structure can provide insight into individual differences in behavioural responses, and in the...

  18. Classifying the posture and activity of ewes and lambs using accelerometers and machine learning on a commercial flock

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Price, Emily, Langford, Joss, Fawcett, Tim W., Wilson, Alastair J., Croft, Darren P.

    Early decision making in commercial livestock systems is key to maximising animal welfare and production. Detailed information on an animal’s phenotype is needed to facilitate this, but can be difficult to obtain in a commercial setting. Research into the use of bio-logging on sheep to...

  19. GPS monitoring reveals circadian rhythmicity in free-grazing sheep

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Plaza, Javier, Palacios, Carlos, Abecia, José Alfonso, Nieto, Jaime, Sánchez-García, Mario, Sánchez, Nilda

    GPS collars are a technology that is used extensively to monitor livestock due to its versatility. In this study, the main objective was to confirm whether they can detect the circadian rhythmicity that modulates the behavior of free-grazing sheep. The Churra-breed flock that was monitored grazed...

  20. Induced Stress and Tactile Stimulation Applied to Primiparous does and their Consequences on Maternal Behavior, Human-Animal Relationships, and Future Offspring's Sexual Disorders

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Oliveira, A. C. F., Bernardi, L. M., Monteiro, A. L. B., Silva, K. G., Weber, S. H., Borges, T. D., Dalmau, A., Costa, L. B.

    The aim of this study was to investigate whether tactile stimulation in rabbits during the gestation phase improve the maternal behavior and human-animal relationships as well as the effects on reproductive behavior of male kits when reached maturity compared to induced stress. A total of 33...