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  1. Oxytocin and Cortisol Levels in Dog Owners and Their Dogs Are Associated with Behavioral Patterns: An Exploratory Study

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Alison E. Ries, Catherine Marrs Fuchsel (adviser)

    We have previously shown that dog–owner interaction results in increasing oxytocin levels in owners and dogs, decreasing cortisol levels in owners but increasing cortisol levels in dogs. The present study aimed to further investigate whether oxytocin and cortisol levels in the previously...

  2. Oxytocin and Cortisol Levels in Dog Owners and Their Dogs Are Associated with Behavioral Patterns: An Exploratory Study

    Journal Articles

    We have previously shown that dog–owner interaction results in increasing oxytocin levels in owners and dogs, decreasing cortisol levels in owners but increasing cortisol levels in dogs. The present study aimed to further investigate whether oxytocin and cortisol levels in the previously...

  3. Oxytocin Receptor Gene Polymorphisms Are Associated with Human Directed Social Behavior in Dogs (Canis familiaris)

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Alison E. Ries, Catherine Marrs Fuchsel (adviser)

    The oxytocin system has a crucial role in human sociality; several results prove that polymorphisms of the oxytocin receptor gene are related to complex social behaviors in humans. Dogs' parallel evolution with humans and their adaptation to the human environment has made them a useful...

  4. Prevalence, Risk Factors, and Genetic Diversity of Bartonella henselae Infections in Pet Cats in Four Regions of the United States

    Journal Articles

    Blood was collected from a convenience sample of 271 pet cats aged 3 months to 2 years (mean age, 8 months, median and mode, 6 months) between May 1997 and September 1998 in four areas of the United States (southern California, Florida, metropolitan Chicago, and metropolitan Washington, D.C.)....

  5. A Multivariate Model of Stakeholder Preference for Lethal Cat Management

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Alison E. Ries, Catherine Marrs Fuchsel (adviser)

    Identifying stakeholder beliefs and attitudes is critical for resolving management conflicts. Debate over outdoor cat management is often described as a conflict between two groups, environmental advocates and animal welfare advocates, but little is known about the variables predicting...

  6. Cortisol and Secretory Immunoglobulin A Response to Stress in German Shepherd Dogs

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Alison E. Ries, Catherine Marrs Fuchsel (adviser)

    The aim of the study was to determine whether cortisol and secretory Immunoglobulin A (sIgA) could be used as an indicator of acute stress in both young and adult dogs. Seventeen German shepherd puppies were exposed to the Puppy test (challenge test) at the age of seven weeks. This test has...

  7. Training Reduces Stress in Human-Socialised Wolves to the Same Degree as in Dogs

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Alison E. Ries, Catherine Marrs Fuchsel (adviser)

    The welfare of animals in captivity is of considerable societal concern. A major source of stress, especially for wild animals, is the lack of control over their environment, which includes not being able to avoid contact with human beings. Paradoxically, some studies have shown that...

  8. An Owner-Independent Investigation of Diabetes Alert Dog Performance

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Alison E. Ries, Catherine Marrs Fuchsel (adviser)

    Objective: To quantify Diabetes Alert Dog (DAD) performance by using owner-independent measures. Research Design and Methods: Eight owners of accredited DADs used a FreeStyle Libre Flash Glucose Monitoring System (FGMS). Concurrent Closed Circuit Television (CCTV) footage was...

  9. Online videos indicate human and dog behaviour preceding dog bites and the context in which bites occur

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Alison E. Ries, Catherine Marrs Fuchsel (adviser)

    YouTube videos of dog bites present an unexplored opportunity to observe dog bites directly. We recorded the context of bites, bite severity, victim and dog characteristics for 143 videos and for 56 videos we coded human and dog behaviour before the bite. Perceived bite severity was derived...

  10. Zoo Animal Welfare: The Human Dimension

    Journal Articles

  11. Advances in Applied Zoo Animal Welfare Science

    Journal Articles

  12. Human-animal emotional contagion and client communication

    Journal Articles

    2017Can Vet J58121329-13300008-5286 (Print)0008-5286engDr. Milani is a behavior and bond practitioner, teacher, and author of several books on the interaction of animal behavior, health, and the human-animal relationship.text

  13. The impact of atypical early histories on pet or performer chimpanzees

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Alison E. Ries, Catherine Marrs Fuchsel (adviser)

      It is widely accepted that an animal’s early history, including but not limited to its rearing history, can have a profound impact on later behavior. In the case of captive animals, many studies have used categorical measures such as mother reared or human reared that do not...

  14. The influence of dog ownership on objective measures of free-living physical activity and sedentary behaviour in community-dwelling older adults: a longitudinal case-controlled study

    Journal Articles

    Background There is some evidence to suggest that dog ownership may improve physical activity (PA) among older adults, but to date, studies examining this, have either depended on self-report or incomplete datasets due to the type of activity monitor used to record physical activity....

  15. Judgement bias in goats (Capra hircus): investigating the effects of human grooming

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Alison E. Ries, Catherine Marrs Fuchsel (adviser)

      Animal emotional states can be investigated by evaluating their impact on cognitive processes. In this study, we used a judgement bias paradigm to determine if short-term positive human-animal interaction (grooming) induced a positive affective state in goats. We tested two groups of...

  16. An unexpected acoustic indicator of positive emotions in horses

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Alison E. Ries, Catherine Marrs Fuchsel (adviser)

    Indicators of positive emotions are still scarce and many proposed behavioural markers have proven ambiguous. Studies established a link between acoustic signals and emitter’s internal state, but few related to positive emotions and still fewer considered non-vocal sounds. One of them,...

  17. An unexpected acoustic indicator of positive emotions in horses

    Journal Articles

    Indicators of positive emotions are still scarce and many proposed behavioural markers have proven ambiguous. Studies established a link between acoustic signals and emitter’s internal state, but few related to positive emotions and still fewer considered non-vocal sounds. One of them,...

  18. The Days and Nights of Zoo Elephants: Using Epidemiology to Better Understand Stereotypic Behavior of African Elephants (Loxodonta africana) and Asian Elephants (Elephas maximus) in North American Zoos

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Alison E. Ries, Catherine Marrs Fuchsel (adviser)

    Stereotypic behavior is an important indicator of compromised welfare. Zoo elephants are documented to perform stereotypic behavior, but the factors that contribute to performance have not been systematically assessed. We collected behavioral data on 89 elephants (47 African [Loxodonta...

  19. The Days and Nights of Zoo Elephants: Using Epidemiology to Better Understand Stereotypic Behavior of African Elephants (Loxodonta africana) and Asian Elephants (Elephas maximus) in North American Zoos

    Journal Articles

    Stereotypic behavior is an important indicator of compromised welfare. Zoo elephants are documented to perform stereotypic behavior, but the factors that contribute to performance have not been systematically assessed. We collected behavioral data on 89 elephants (47 African [Loxodonta...

  20. The effect of human interaction on guinea pig behavior in animal-assisted therapy

    Journal Articles

    Guinea pigs are included in various animal-assisted interventions (AAIs), but no research has been published to date on behavioral changes in guinea pigs interacting with humans. The goal of this study was to evaluate the behavior in guinea pigs during animal-assisted therapy (AAT) and to...