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  1. Horse vision and obstacle visibility in horseracing

    Visual information is key to how many animals interact with their environment, and much research has investigated how animals respond to colour and brightness information in the natural world. Understanding the visibility of features in anthropogenic environments, and how animals respond to...

  2. Consistency of temperament traits and their relationships with milk yield in lactating primiparous F1 Holstein - Gyr cows

    The objectives of the present study were: a) to evaluate the consistency of temperament traits of primiparous F1 Holstein - Gyr cows throughout time and across distinct handling situations (milking temperament and handling temperament in the corral), and b) to assess the relationships between...

  3. Zoonosis : prospects and challenges for medical anthropology

    Journal Articles

    In recent years anthropologists have shown an increasing interest in ‘zoonoses’: diseases naturally transmitted from nonhuman animals to humans, such as anthrax, brucellosis, influenza, hantavirus syndromes, Middle East respiratory syndrome, plague, and rabies. Animal-derived...

  4. Application of the hands on donkey tool for assessing the welfare of working equids at Tuliman, Mexico

    Journal Articles

    Equids are still used for diverse chores in Mexico and are essential for the livelihoods of numerous families. Appropriate health and behavior are prerequisites for performing work without affecting welfare. This study aimed to assess the welfare of working equids in Tuliman, applying the...

  5. The link between domestic violence and abuse and animal cruelty in the intimate relationship of people of diverse genders and/or sexualities: a bi-national study

    Journal Articles

    Over the past three decades, a growing body of research has focused on experiences of domestic violence and abuse (DVA) among people of diverse genders and/or sexualities. Missing, however, has been a focus on what is known as “the link” between DVA and animal cruelty with regard to...

  6. Human, animal and environmental contributors to antibiotic resistance in low resource settings: integrating behavioural, epidemiological and One Health approaches

    Journal Articles

    Antibiotic resistance (ABR) is recognised as a One Health challenge because of the rapid emergence and dissemination of resistant bacteria and genes among humans, animals and the environment on a global scale. However, there is a paucity of research assessing ABR contemporaneously in humans,...

  7. Domestic violence and companion animals in the context of LGBT people's relationships

    Journal Articles

    The link between domestic violence and animal abuse has now been well established, indicating that where there is one form of abuse, there is often the other. Research on this link, however, has almost exclusively focused on heterosexual cisgender people’s relationships. Lacking, then, is...

  8. Animal-assisted activities for adolescents with autism spectrum disorder: Teachers' and parents' perceptions

    Theses

    Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a developmental disorder which currently affects an estimated one percent of the international population and that percentage appears to be growing. There is currently no single intervention that has been found to improve all the symptoms of ASD, and the most...

  9. People of Diverse Genders and/or Sexualities and Their Animal Companions: Experiences of Family Violence in a Binational Sample.

    Journal Articles

    A significant body of research in the field of human-animal studies has focused on animals who live alongside humans within the home, with such animals often considered family members. To date, however, this research has focused almost exclusively on the experiences of heterosexual cisgender...

  10. Urban Animal Management: a naturalistic perspective

    Theses

    The thesis uses a naturalistic perspective derived from Darwin’s theory of the origin of species by natural selection to propose that human beings and dogs co-evolved in an interdependent relationship which needs to be taken into account by makers of public policies about urban dogs. An...

  11. Epidemiology of Leptospirosis in Africa: A Systematic Review of a Neglected Zoonosis and a Paradigm for 'One Health' in Africa

    Journal Articles

    Background Leptospirosis is an important but neglected bacterial zoonosis that has been largely overlooked in Africa. In this systematic review, we aimed to summarise and compare current knowledge of: (1) the geographic distribution, prevalence, incidence and diversity of acute human...

  12. Teaching Children and Parents to Understand Dog Signaling

    Journal Articles

    Safe human-dog relationships require understanding of dogs' signaling. As children are at particularly high risk of dog bites, we investigated longitudinally how children from 3 to 5 years and parents perceive and interpret dogs' distress signaling gestures. All participants were then...

  13. Integrating Trap-Neuter-Return Campaigns Into a Social Framework: Developing Long-Term Positive Behavior Change Toward Unowned Cats in Urban Areas

    Journal Articles

    Cat management is often discussed in terms of population reduction, with trap-neuter-return (TNR) campaigns commonly organized to manage unowned urban cat populations. However, long-term effectiveness is only possible if positive neutering practices are continued by local residents. Here we...

  14. Pressure Mat Analysis of Walk and Trot Gait Characteristics in 66 Normal Small, Medium, Large, and Giant Breed Dogs

    Journal Articles

    Objectives: To document temporospatial variables and gait symmetry measured by the GAITRite® system for normal, healthy dogs at the walk and trot with the leash side recorded. Study Design: Observational, prospective, cohort study. Sample Population: 66 healthy dogs of various common breeds...

  15. Behaviour and physiology of sheep exposed to ammonia at a similar concentration to those experienced by sheep during export by sea

    Journal Articles

    Ammonia accumulates in livestock accommodation, which inflames mucosal tissue to cause coughing, sneezing and lacrimation and adversely affects feed intake. We aimed to find out why feed intake is reduced for sheep in ammonia conditions typical of live export by measuring nutritional behaviour...

  16. Behavioural and physiological responses to pest flies in pastured dairy cows treated with a natural repellent

    Journal Articles

    The effects of reducing fly attack intensity, using an essential oil fly repellent, on fly avoidance behaviour, grazing, milk production and stress was evaluated. Twenty Holstein dairy cows on pasture were divided into two groups of 10, which were alternatively treated with the repellent, or left...

  17. Risk factors of separation-related behaviours in Australian retrievers

    Journal Articles

    Separation-related behaviours are reported in an estimated 14-29% of companion dogs. To investigate risk factors for these behaviours, owners were asked to complete a questionnaire, largely based on the Canine Behavioural Assessment and Research Questionnaire (C-BARQ), to report the behaviour of...

  18. Effect of environmental color on learning of Nile tilapia

    Journal Articles

    This study investigates the effects of environmental color on learning capacity of Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus. Eighty-four tilapia (12.81 +/- 0.38 cm; 35.98 +/- 8.33 g), were separated into six groups of fourteen and housed in blue, green and black tanks. The fish were acclimatized to...

  19. Cage size affects comfort, safety and the experienced security of working dogs in cars

    Journal Articles

    Working dogs often spend a large amount of their time in cars. It has been hypothesized that a larger compartment in the car would be more comfortable for the dog, but that a smaller space could be safer, especially while driving. This presents a potential conflict. In this study, working dogs of...

  20. Feeder space affects access to the feeder, aggression, and feed conversion in laying hens in an aviary system

    Journal Articles

    In laying hens, minimal requirements for feeder space (cm per bird) are based primarily on data from small groups of hens (n < 10) housed in battery cages. The aim of the present study was to determine the effects of feeder space on agonistic behaviour, access to the feeder, and production in...