Creating a therapeutic and healing environment with a pet therapy program
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Ellen Mahoney, Amanda Bulette Coakley
Background—Hospitalized patients encounter stressors that impact their experience and recovery. There is a need for theoretically based, empirically supported nursing interventions to create a therapeutic and healing environment that decrease stress and improve patients' experiences. Purpose—To...
Does pet arrival trigger prosocial behaviors in individuals with autism?
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Marine Grandgeorge, Sylvie Tordjman, Alain Lazartigues, Eric Lemonnier, Michel Deleau, Martine Hausberger
Alteration of social interactions especially prosocial behaviors – an important aspect of development – is one of thecharacteristics of autistic disorders. Numerous strategies or therapies are used to improve communication skills or at least toreduce social impairments. Animal-assisted therapies...
An examination of changes in oxytocin levels in men and women before and after interaction with a bonded dog
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Miller, S. C., Kennedy, C., DeVoe, D., Hickey, M., Nelson, T., Kogan, L.
Oxytocin (OT) is a neuropeptide increasingly recognized for its role in bonding, socialization, and stress relief. Previous research has demonstrated participants' OT levels increased after interacting with or petting a dog, suggesting OT is at least partially responsible for the calm, relaxing...
Association between Responsible Pet Ownership and Glycemic Control in Youths with Type 1 Diabetes
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Louise Maranda, Olga T. Gupta
Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) a chronic characterized by an absolute insulin deficiency requires conscientious patient self-management to maintain glucose control within a normal range. Family cohesion and adaptability, positive coping strategies, social support and adequate self-regulatory...
The quality of the relation between handler and military dogs influences efficiency and welfare of dogs
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Diane Lefebvre, Claire Diederich, Madeleine Delcourt, Jean-Marie Giffroy
Over the last 10 years, the influence of the dog–owner relationship on dog behaviour has received growing attention, unlike the working dog handler's relationship. Using a questionnaire addressed to the 430 dog handlers of the Belgian army in 2001 (303 respondents), this study...
Quality of life of the pet dog: Influence of owner and dog's characteristics
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Lieta Marinelli, Serena Adamelli, Simona Normando, Gabriele Bono
The present study investigates how characteristics of both the dog, Canis familiaris, and their owner influence the quality of life (QoL) of the pet dog. The investigation was carried out using a multiple approach: (1) three questionnaires which investigated characteristics of the dog and their...
The changing concept of animal sentience
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Ian J.H. Duncan
A brief history of the concept of sentience is given. It is pointed out that the idea of sentience, at least in the mammals and birds, was accepted by lay people by the time of the Renaissance and before it was acknowledged by philosophers. It was not until the Enlightenment of the 18th century...
Companion animals and the elderly
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Roberta Erickson
One important "significant other" that often goes unrecognized in professional circles is the companion animal with whom many elders share their daily lives. Yet, more than a century ago, Florence Nightingale wrote that pets were excellent companions for patients confined by long-term illness....
Tails of animal attraction: Incorporating the feline into the family
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Hilary Downey, Sarah Ellis
Increased urbanization and female employment have led to the cat overtaking the dog as the companion animal of preference. However, this article looks beyond lifestyle changes as reasons for the popularity of the cat. The article explores the emotional consumer-socialization process involving...
Relationship between attachment to owners and separation anxiety in pet dogs ( Canis lupus familiaris )
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Valli Parthasarathy, Sharon L. Crowell-Davis
Dogs’ dysfunctional attachment relationships with their owners are assumed to be the underlying cause of separation anxiety. Thirty-two dogs with and 43 dogs without owner-reported separation anxiety (SA) participated in a formal attachment test (AT). After the AT, the dogs were videotaped for...