The HABRI Central Team continues to monitor emerging research and information about the COVID-19 pandemic. Visit our collection of resources, https://habricentral.org/features/covid-19
When love bites: understanding complex human-animal bonds
Contributor(s):: Shaw, J. K.
Effects of visual contact with zoo visitors on black-capped capuchin welfare
Contributor(s):: Sherwen, S. L., Harvey, T. J., Magrath, M. J. L., Butler, K. L., Fanson, K. V., Hemsworth, P. H.
Previous research has suggested that the presence of zoo visitors may be stressful for various primate species, and visual contact with visitors may be the sensory stimuli that mediate visitor effects. We studied a group of black-capped capuchins, Cebus apella, in a controlled experiment,...
Effects of prepartum housing environment on abnormal behaviour, the farrowing process, and interactions with circulating oxytocin in sows
Contributor(s):: Yun, JinHyeon, Swan, K. M., Oliviero, C., Peltoniemi, O., Valros, A.
We evaluated the effects on sows of prepartum housing environment on bar-biting (BB) behaviour prior to parturition, farrowing duration from first to tenth piglets, litter size, and circulating oxytocin (OT) concentrations during birth of the first five piglets. A total of 35 sows, approximately...
Social housing of non-human primates in a research facility: socialisation across macaque species and sexes
Contributor(s):: Rehrig, A., DiVincenti, L., Jr., Schery, L. A.
Refinement of social housing practices is paramount to improving animal welfare in laboratory environments, especially with regard to non-human primates. Even though social housing of the same species should be considered the optimal paradigm, cynomolgus ( Macaca fascicularis) and rhesus macaques...
A pilot study on the effects of a change in behavioural management on the behaviour of captive chimpanzees ( Pan troglodytes)
Contributor(s):: Kranendonk, G., Schippers, E. P.
The debate on the use of chimpanzees ( Pan troglodytes) in biomedical research has been ongoing for several years now. In 2012, the decision was made to retire a large number of laboratory chimpanzees in the United States of America. Relocation of these animals to sanctuaries, rescue centres, and...
How much is enough? The amount of straw necessary to satisfy pigs' need to perform exploratory behaviour
Contributor(s):: Pedersen, L. J., Herskin, M. S., Forkman, B., Halekoh, U., Kristensen, K. M., Jensen, M. B.
Since 10 years, EU-legislation states that 'pigs must have permanent access to sufficient quantity of material to enable proper investigation and manipulation activities'. While much research has focused on which materials 'enable proper investigation and manipulation activities', little has been...
Distressed animal behaviors and some recommendations for improvements at the Kuala Lumpur Zoo, Malaysia
Contributor(s):: Amber, Haque
The artificial living conditions of captive animals present numerous challenges for animal caretakers. In this study I explored abnormal behaviors in certain caged animals at the Kuala Lumpur Zoo. Findings obtained from observations of animals and interviews of the zoo staff are followed by...
Positive reinforcement training moderates only high levels of abnormal behavior in singly housed rhesus macaques
Contributor(s):: Baker, K. C., Bloomsmith, M., Neu, K., Griffis, C., Maloney, M., Oettinger, B., Schoof, V. A. M., Martinez, M.
This study evaluated the application of positive reinforcement training (PRT) as an intervention for abnormal behaviors in singly housed laboratory rhesus macaques at 2 large primate facilities. Training involved basic control behaviors and body-part presentation. The study compared baseline...
Behavioral abnormalities in captive nonhuman primates
Contributor(s):: Avanti, Mallapur, Choudhury, B. C.
In this study, we dealt with 11 species of non-human primates across 10 zoos in India. We recorded behaviour as instantaneous scans between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m. In the study, we segregated behaviours for analyses into abnormal, undesirable, active, and resting. The 4 types of abnormal behaviour...
Combination therapy reduces self-injurious behavior in a chimpanzee ( Pan troglodytes troglodytes ): a case report
Contributor(s):: Bourgeois, S. R., Vazquez, M., Brasky, K.
Self-injurious behavior (SIB) remains a severe and intractable abnormal behavior for nonhuman primates in diverse settings and is a significant concern for veterinarians and behavioral scientists. To date, no single pharmacological, behavioral, social, or environmental intervention method has...
Frustrated appetitive foraging behavior, stereotypic pacing, and fecal glucocorticoid levels in snow leopards ( Uncia uncia ) in the Zurich Zoo
Contributor(s):: Burgener, N., Gusset, M., Schmid, H.
This study hypothesized that permanently frustrated, appetitive-foraging behavior caused the stereotypic pacing regularly observed in captive carnivores. Using 2 adult female snow leopards (U), solitarily housed in the Zurich Zoo, the study tested this hypothesis experimentally with a novel...
Self-biting in caged macaques: cause, effect, and treatment
Contributor(s):: Reinhardt, V., Rossell, M.
Injurious self-biting is one of the most serious problems in primate colonies (Niemeyer, Gray, & Stephen, 1996). "Approximately 10% of captive, individually-housed monkeys engage in the disturbing phenomenon of self-injurious behavior (SIB). To date, no adequate explanation or effective therapy...
Comparison of remote versus in-person behavioral consultation for treatment of canine separation anxiety
Contributor(s):: Cottam, N., Dodman, N. H., Moon-Fanelli, A. A., Patronek, G. J.
To investigate the validity of remote consultation for treatment of canine separation anxiety, this study compared the efficacy of 2 types of behavioral services offered by Tufts Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine (TCSVM): (a) "PetFax," a remote consultation service in which dog caregivers...
The effect of environmental manipulation on behavior, salivary cortisol, and growth of piglets weaned at 14 days of age
Contributor(s):: Rodarte, L. F., Ducoing, A., Galindo, F., Romano, M. C., Valdez, R. A.
Environmental enrichment can be a useful tool to reduce belly nosing behaviors in early weaned piglets. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of environmental enrichment on behavior, salivary cortisol, and productivity of piglets weaned at 14 days of age. The study assigned 112 piglets...
Long-term outcome after treatment of feline inappropriate elimination
Contributor(s):: Marder, A. R., Engel, J. M.
Urination and defaecation outside the litter box is one of the most common behaviour problems reported by cat caretakers and the most common behavioural reason that results in the relinquishment of cats to shelters. A physical examination, laboratory tests, and a thorough behavioural history are...
Pet owners' views of pet behavior problems and willingness to consult experts for assistance
Contributor(s):: Shore, E. R., Burdsal, C., Douglas, D. K.
Prior research has found that dog obedience training and the receipt of advice regarding companion animal (pet) behavior reduce the risk of nonhuman animal relinquishment to an animal shelter and increase human-companion animal interactions, but research also finds that only a minority of pet...
Pair housing for female longtailed and rhesus macaques in the laboratory: behavior in protected contact versus full contact
Contributor(s):: Baker, K. C., Crockett, C. M., Lee, G. H., Oettinger, B. C., Schoof, V., Thom, J. P.
Pair housing for caged macaques in the laboratory generally allows unrestricted tactile contact but, less commonly, may involve limited contact via grooming-contact bars or perforated panels. The purpose of using this protected contact housing, which prevents entry into pair-mates' cages,...
Abnormal behavior in caged birds kept as pets
Contributor(s):: Hoek, C. S. van, Cate, C. ten
There are a limited number of studies dealing with abnormal behavior in caged birds kept as pets. However, these studies demonstrate the presence of abnormal behavior in both songbirds and parrots. Ethological studies on these birds, as well as studies on domestic and zoo birds, indicate that...
Influence of enclosure size on the distances covered and paced by captive tigers ( Panthera tigris)
Contributor(s):: Breton, G., Barrot, S.
In the wild, tigers live in large individual territories ranging from 7 to 1000 km 2 depending on the region and prey abundance. However, in captivity, the animal's environment is strongly reduced, and the size of the enclosure provided varies between zoos. It has been shown that animals...
Inside behavior: puppy socialization: more than just exposure
Contributor(s):: Martin, D., Martin, K. M.
This article discusses the importance and benefits of socialization of puppies to prevent future behaviour problems and as additional income for veterinary hospitals that offer puppy socialization classes.