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"Before, he fought every day with the horse and with me": reducing violence in a Guatemalan community through a horse-handling program
Contributor(s):: Gibbons, J. L., Cunningham, C. A., Paiz, L., Poelker, K. E., Cardenas, M. A. M.
Community and family violence are endemic in Guatemala. We evaluated the effectiveness of a horse-handling program to reduce violent attitudes and aggressive behavior. Eighteen community members who worked with horses in their daily lives (16 men, 2 women, ages 15 to 58) participated in four...
"Take me under your wing" - love in animal-assisted psychotherapy: a clinical perspective on the unique therapeutic bond between animals and humans [Practice]
Contributor(s):: Lev-Bendov, S., Barel, I., Parish-Plass, N.
#SaveBenjy: sexuality, queer animals, and Ireland
Contributor(s):: McLoughlin, E.
This paper explores the #SaveBenjy Crowdfunder campaign to save a Charolais bull in the Republic of Ireland who expressed sexual interest only in weanling bulls and not the heifers he was expected to impregnate. The prominence and popularity of #SaveBenjy is anything but coincidental. In May...
A behavioural comparison of New Zealand White rabbits ( Oryctolagus cuniculus ) housed individually or in pairs in conventional laboratory cages
Contributor(s):: Chu, L. R., Garner, J. P., Mench, J. A.
Despite their gregarious nature, rabbits used for research are often housed individually due to concerns about aggression and disease transmission. However, conventional laboratory cages restrict movement, and rabbits housed singly in these cages often perform abnormal behaviours, an indication...
A behavioural study of scrapie-affected sheep
Contributor(s):: Healy, A. M., Hanlon, A. J., Weavers, E., Collins, J. D., Doherty, M. L.
The behaviour of 12 sheep, suspected of having scrapie, and 12 clinically normal animals from the Irish Republic was observed over a 6-day period [date not given]. Confirmation of the true disease status of the animals was made at postmortem using both histopathological and immunocytochemical...
A case control study of on-farm risk factors for tail biting in pigs
Contributor(s):: Moinard, C., Mendl, M., Nicol, C. J., Green, L. E.
A descriptive account of the pre-laying behaviour of hens housed individually in modified cages
Contributor(s):: Sherwin, C. M., Nicol, C. J.
Because incorporating nests into modified cages for laying hens might overcome some of the welfare concerns about conventional cages, the pre-laying behaviour of 24 hens housed singly in modified cages, each containing 2 nests was studied and compared with pre-laying behaviour reported previously...
A descriptive survey of the range of injuries sustained and farmers' attitudes to vulva biting in breeding sows in south-west England
Contributor(s):: Rizvi, S., Nicol, C. J., Green, L. E.
The within-farm prevalence of vulva biting in breeding sows in south-west England was investigated using a postal survey sent to 410 pig farmers in January 1997. The response rate was 65% and there were 83 usable replies. The majority of farms where vulva biting was reported indicated a low...
A method for measuring the aversiveness of sounds to domestic hens
Contributor(s):: McAdie, T. M., Foster, T. M., Temple, W., Matthews, L. R.
Six hens' key-pecking at each of 2 simultaneously available perspex discs (keys) was maintained by intermittent access to wheat. Over a series of conditions one of 4 sounds (music, water-hose, poultry and train), at a range of decibel levels (90-100 dB(A)) was relayed to the experimental chamber...
A note on aggression and cannibalism in laying hens following re-housing and re-grouping
Contributor(s):: Cloutier, S., Newberry, R. C.
The effects of being moved and mixed with strangers on the incidence of aggression and cannibalism in caged White Leghorn hens with intact beaks were examined. It was predicted that mixing of strangers would increase rates of aggression and cannibalism. Hens were reared in 16 stable groups of...
A note on enrichment for captive lion-tailed macaques ( Macaca silenus )
Contributor(s):: Mallapur, A., Waran, N., Anindya, Sinha
Two enrichment techniques were devised with the aim of reducing stress and improving welfare for captive lion-tailed macaques in an Indian zoo. In Study A, a log, cotton ropes and a feeding basket were added to the enclosures in different combinations to provide structural and feeding enrichment...
A note on the behaviour of the chicken that receives feather pecks
Contributor(s):: Riber, A. B., Forkman, B.
Basic knowledge of feather pecking on the individual level is still limited. The aim of this study was to investigate whether active and inactive individuals preferentially attract feather pecking. Female layer hen chicks were housed in six pens with each 15 chicks. Each occurrence of gentle and...
A pilot study on the effects of a change in behavioural management on the behaviour of captive chimpanzees ( Pan troglodytes)
Contributor(s):: Kranendonk, G., Schippers, E. P.
The debate on the use of chimpanzees ( Pan troglodytes) in biomedical research has been ongoing for several years now. In 2012, the decision was made to retire a large number of laboratory chimpanzees in the United States of America. Relocation of these animals to sanctuaries, rescue centres, and...
A pilot study to assess whether high expansion CO2;-enriched foam is acceptable for on-farm emergency killing of poultry
Contributor(s):: Gerritzen, M. A., Sparrey, J.
This pilot experiment was conducted to ascertain whether CO2-enriched high expansion foam could be an acceptable and efficient alternative in emergency killing of poultry. This method could have wide-ranging applications but with particular emphasis on small (backyard) flocks, free-range sheds or...
A population-based on-farm evaluation protocol for comparing the welfare of pigs between farms
Contributor(s):: Goossens, X., Sobry, L., Odberg, F., Tuyttens, F., Maes, D., Smet, S. de, Nevens, F., Opsomer, G., Lommelen, F., Geers, R.
The variability of animal-based parameters was studied within a population of 41 farrow-to-finish farms. Data were collected during three visits, each corresponding to a different season within a two-year period. The largest between-farm variability was observed for Stereotypic behaviour by...
A review of the problem of milk-sucking in dairy cows
Contributor(s):: Grommers, F. J.
A sequential analysis of eliminative behaviour in domestic pigs
Contributor(s):: Wechsler, B., Bachmann, I.
Knowledge of eliminative behaviour in pigs is of much importance for the design of housing systems in order to minimise soiling of the lying area. 53 piglets, 136 fatteners, 272 finishers and 277 sows were observed as focal animals at regularly used dunging areas in a highly structured housing...
A study of aggression when group housed sows are mixed
Contributor(s):: Mount, N. C., Seabrook, M. F.
Twenty-six previously unacquainted sows were allocated into 5 dry sow yards. For the 26 sows the levels of aggression expressed and received were observed for the first hour following mixing at each of 2 mixings: the first, Mix 1, when the 26 sows were first allocated into the empty dry sow...
A study of cortisol and beta-endorphin levels in stereotypic and normal Thoroughbreds
Contributor(s):: Pell, S. M., McGreevy, P. D.
Plasma and salivary cortisol levels were measured in stereotypic (n=46) and normal horses (n=46). No significant differences were found between the 2 groups of horses. The correlation between plasma and salivary cortisol concentrations of individual horses (n=66) was also examined. A significant...
A survey of dog ownership in suburban Australia - conditions and behaviour problems
Contributor(s):: Kobelt, A. J., Hemsworth, P. H., Barnett, J. L., Coleman, G. J.
There has been an increasing emphasis in Australia on confining dogs to owner's properties (household backyards) as a solution to problems of dog aggression. Therefore, there is a need to determine the social and physical conditions that make up the dog's backyard environment and how these...