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  1. Defining pacing quantitatively: a comparison of gait characteristics between pacing and non-repetitive locomotion in zoo-housed polar bears

    Contributor(s):: Cless, I. T., Voss-Hoynes, H. A., Ritzmann, R. E., Lukas, K. E.

    Pacing is a commonly investigated behavior in zoo animals, however, little data have been published to support a precise definition of pacing. High speed video of pacing behavior in 11 zoo-housed polar bears ( Ursus maritimus) was compared with goal-oriented locomotion in the same bears....

  2. The effect of four different feeding regimes on rabbit behaviour

    Contributor(s):: Prebble, J. L., Langford, F. M., Shaw, D. J., Meredith, A. L.

    Dietary composition and presentation impacts on the behaviour of animals, and failure to provide a suitable diet can lead to reduced welfare through the development of poor health, the inability to express normal behaviours and the development of abnormal behaviours. This study assessed the...

  3. When love bites: understanding complex human-animal bonds

    Contributor(s):: Shaw, J. K.

  4. Effects of visual contact with zoo visitors on black-capped capuchin welfare

    Contributor(s):: Sherwen, S. L., Harvey, T. J., Magrath, M. J. L., Butler, K. L., Fanson, K. V., Hemsworth, P. H.

    Previous research has suggested that the presence of zoo visitors may be stressful for various primate species, and visual contact with visitors may be the sensory stimuli that mediate visitor effects. We studied a group of black-capped capuchins, Cebus apella, in a controlled experiment,...

  5. Effects of prepartum housing environment on abnormal behaviour, the farrowing process, and interactions with circulating oxytocin in sows

    Contributor(s):: Yun, JinHyeon, Swan, K. M., Oliviero, C., Peltoniemi, O., Valros, A.

    We evaluated the effects on sows of prepartum housing environment on bar-biting (BB) behaviour prior to parturition, farrowing duration from first to tenth piglets, litter size, and circulating oxytocin (OT) concentrations during birth of the first five piglets. A total of 35 sows, approximately...

  6. "Take me under your wing" - love in animal-assisted psychotherapy: a clinical perspective on the unique therapeutic bond between animals and humans [Practice]

    Contributor(s):: Lev-Bendov, S., Barel, I., Parish-Plass, N.

  7. Animal-assisted group psychotherapy for children [Practice]

    Contributor(s):: Harel, O., Parish-Plass, N.

  8. A pilot study on the effects of a change in behavioural management on the behaviour of captive chimpanzees ( Pan troglodytes)

    Contributor(s):: Kranendonk, G., Schippers, E. P.

    The debate on the use of chimpanzees ( Pan troglodytes) in biomedical research has been ongoing for several years now. In 2012, the decision was made to retire a large number of laboratory chimpanzees in the United States of America. Relocation of these animals to sanctuaries, rescue centres, and...

  9. How much is enough? The amount of straw necessary to satisfy pigs' need to perform exploratory behaviour

    Contributor(s):: Pedersen, L. J., Herskin, M. S., Forkman, B., Halekoh, U., Kristensen, K. M., Jensen, M. B.

    Since 10 years, EU-legislation states that 'pigs must have permanent access to sufficient quantity of material to enable proper investigation and manipulation activities'. While much research has focused on which materials 'enable proper investigation and manipulation activities', little has been...

  10. Social housing of non-human primates in a research facility: socialisation across macaque species and sexes

    Contributor(s):: Rehrig, A., DiVincenti, L., Jr., Schery, L. A.

    Refinement of social housing practices is paramount to improving animal welfare in laboratory environments, especially with regard to non-human primates. Even though social housing of the same species should be considered the optimal paradigm, cynomolgus ( Macaca fascicularis) and rhesus macaques...

  11. Abnormal behavior in caged birds kept as pets

    Contributor(s):: Hoek, C. S. van, Cate, C. ten

    There are a limited number of studies dealing with abnormal behavior in caged birds kept as pets. However, these studies demonstrate the presence of abnormal behavior in both songbirds and parrots. Ethological studies on these birds, as well as studies on domestic and zoo birds, indicate that...

  12. Behavioral abnormalities in captive nonhuman primates

    Contributor(s):: Avanti, Mallapur, Choudhury, B. C.

    In this study, we dealt with 11 species of non-human primates across 10 zoos in India. We recorded behaviour as instantaneous scans between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m. In the study, we segregated behaviours for analyses into abnormal, undesirable, active, and resting. The 4 types of abnormal behaviour...

  13. Combination therapy reduces self-injurious behavior in a chimpanzee ( Pan troglodytes troglodytes ): a case report

    Contributor(s):: Bourgeois, S. R., Vazquez, M., Brasky, K.

    Self-injurious behavior (SIB) remains a severe and intractable abnormal behavior for nonhuman primates in diverse settings and is a significant concern for veterinarians and behavioral scientists. To date, no single pharmacological, behavioral, social, or environmental intervention method has...

  14. Comparison of remote versus in-person behavioral consultation for treatment of canine separation anxiety

    Contributor(s):: Cottam, N., Dodman, N. H., Moon-Fanelli, A. A., Patronek, G. J.

    To investigate the validity of remote consultation for treatment of canine separation anxiety, this study compared the efficacy of 2 types of behavioral services offered by Tufts Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine (TCSVM): (a) "PetFax," a remote consultation service in which dog caregivers...

  15. Distressed animal behaviors and some recommendations for improvements at the Kuala Lumpur Zoo, Malaysia

    Contributor(s):: Amber, Haque

    The artificial living conditions of captive animals present numerous challenges for animal caretakers. In this study I explored abnormal behaviors in certain caged animals at the Kuala Lumpur Zoo. Findings obtained from observations of animals and interviews of the zoo staff are followed by...

  16. Frustrated appetitive foraging behavior, stereotypic pacing, and fecal glucocorticoid levels in snow leopards ( Uncia uncia ) in the Zurich Zoo

    Contributor(s):: Burgener, N., Gusset, M., Schmid, H.

    This study hypothesized that permanently frustrated, appetitive-foraging behavior caused the stereotypic pacing regularly observed in captive carnivores. Using 2 adult female snow leopards (U), solitarily housed in the Zurich Zoo, the study tested this hypothesis experimentally with a novel...

  17. Long-term outcome after treatment of feline inappropriate elimination

    Contributor(s):: Marder, A. R., Engel, J. M.

    Urination and defaecation outside the litter box is one of the most common behaviour problems reported by cat caretakers and the most common behavioural reason that results in the relinquishment of cats to shelters. A physical examination, laboratory tests, and a thorough behavioural history are...

  18. Pair housing for female longtailed and rhesus macaques in the laboratory: behavior in protected contact versus full contact

    Contributor(s):: Baker, K. C., Crockett, C. M., Lee, G. H., Oettinger, B. C., Schoof, V., Thom, J. P.

    Pair housing for caged macaques in the laboratory generally allows unrestricted tactile contact but, less commonly, may involve limited contact via grooming-contact bars or perforated panels. The purpose of using this protected contact housing, which prevents entry into pair-mates' cages,...

  19. Pet owners' views of pet behavior problems and willingness to consult experts for assistance

    Contributor(s):: Shore, E. R., Burdsal, C., Douglas, D. K.

    Prior research has found that dog obedience training and the receipt of advice regarding companion animal (pet) behavior reduce the risk of nonhuman animal relinquishment to an animal shelter and increase human-companion animal interactions, but research also finds that only a minority of pet...

  20. Positive reinforcement training moderates only high levels of abnormal behavior in singly housed rhesus macaques

    Contributor(s):: Baker, K. C., Bloomsmith, M., Neu, K., Griffis, C., Maloney, M., Oettinger, B., Schoof, V. A. M., Martinez, M.

    This study evaluated the application of positive reinforcement training (PRT) as an intervention for abnormal behaviors in singly housed laboratory rhesus macaques at 2 large primate facilities. Training involved basic control behaviors and body-part presentation. The study compared baseline...