Why do pets misbehave and what can be done about it?
Contributor(s):: Mills, G.
What makes a crime?: the perceived harmfulness, wrongfulness, and seriousness of offenses against nonhuman animals
Contributor(s):: Wagner, K., Owen, S., Burke, T. W.
The purpose of this research was to explore the perceived seriousness of crimes, such as abuse and neglect, committed against nonhuman animals. Drawing upon the methods of previous work on crime seriousness, it was hypothesized that perceptions of the harmfulness and wrongfulness of animal...
Behavioural consequences of visual deprivation occurring at hatch or in the early life of chickens
Contributor(s):: Hocking, P. M., Haldane, K. A., Davidson, E. M., Sandoe, P., Kristensen, H. H.
The development of behaviour in a line of chickens that are born sighted ( rdd) but turn blind after hatching was compared with a line that is blind at hatch ( beg) and with sighted White Leghorn controls (WL) to test the hypothesis that birds that become blind later in their life will show...
Evaluation of environmental and intrinsic factors that contribute to stereotypic behavior in captive rhesus macaques ( Macaca mulatta)
Contributor(s):: Gottlieb, D. H., Maier, A., Coleman, K.
Full body repetitive behaviors, known as motor stereotypic behaviors (MSBs), are one of the most commonly seen abnormal behaviors in captive non-human primates, and are frequently used as a behavioral measure of well-being. The main goal of this paper was to examine the role of environmental...
Gender and power in narratives of "Natural Horsemanship": the production of "prey-identified masculinity"
Contributor(s):: Tom, E.
It is widely recognized by equestrians that Natural Horsemanship has helped to create better lives for horses, but what are the effects of the discipline among humans? The narratives of the leading exponents of Natural Horsemanship, Monty Roberts and Buck Brannaman, use ethological language to...
#SaveBenjy: sexuality, queer animals, and Ireland
Contributor(s):: McLoughlin, E.
This paper explores the #SaveBenjy Crowdfunder campaign to save a Charolais bull in the Republic of Ireland who expressed sexual interest only in weanling bulls and not the heifers he was expected to impregnate. The prominence and popularity of #SaveBenjy is anything but coincidental. In May...
"Before, he fought every day with the horse and with me": reducing violence in a Guatemalan community through a horse-handling program
Contributor(s):: Gibbons, J. L., Cunningham, C. A., Paiz, L., Poelker, K. E., Cardenas, M. A. M.
Community and family violence are endemic in Guatemala. We evaluated the effectiveness of a horse-handling program to reduce violent attitudes and aggressive behavior. Eighteen community members who worked with horses in their daily lives (16 men, 2 women, ages 15 to 58) participated in four...
Defining pacing quantitatively: a comparison of gait characteristics between pacing and non-repetitive locomotion in zoo-housed polar bears
Contributor(s):: Cless, I. T., Voss-Hoynes, H. A., Ritzmann, R. E., Lukas, K. E.
Pacing is a commonly investigated behavior in zoo animals, however, little data have been published to support a precise definition of pacing. High speed video of pacing behavior in 11 zoo-housed polar bears ( Ursus maritimus) was compared with goal-oriented locomotion in the same bears....
The effect of four different feeding regimes on rabbit behaviour
Contributor(s):: Prebble, J. L., Langford, F. M., Shaw, D. J., Meredith, A. L.
Dietary composition and presentation impacts on the behaviour of animals, and failure to provide a suitable diet can lead to reduced welfare through the development of poor health, the inability to express normal behaviours and the development of abnormal behaviours. This study assessed the...
When love bites: understanding complex human-animal bonds
Contributor(s):: Shaw, J. K.
Effects of visual contact with zoo visitors on black-capped capuchin welfare
Contributor(s):: Sherwen, S. L., Harvey, T. J., Magrath, M. J. L., Butler, K. L., Fanson, K. V., Hemsworth, P. H.
Previous research has suggested that the presence of zoo visitors may be stressful for various primate species, and visual contact with visitors may be the sensory stimuli that mediate visitor effects. We studied a group of black-capped capuchins, Cebus apella, in a controlled experiment,...
Effects of prepartum housing environment on abnormal behaviour, the farrowing process, and interactions with circulating oxytocin in sows
Contributor(s):: Yun, JinHyeon, Swan, K. M., Oliviero, C., Peltoniemi, O., Valros, A.
We evaluated the effects on sows of prepartum housing environment on bar-biting (BB) behaviour prior to parturition, farrowing duration from first to tenth piglets, litter size, and circulating oxytocin (OT) concentrations during birth of the first five piglets. A total of 35 sows, approximately...
"Take me under your wing" - love in animal-assisted psychotherapy: a clinical perspective on the unique therapeutic bond between animals and humans [Practice]
Contributor(s):: Lev-Bendov, S., Barel, I., Parish-Plass, N.
Animal-assisted group psychotherapy for children [Practice]
Contributor(s):: Harel, O., Parish-Plass, N.
How much is enough? The amount of straw necessary to satisfy pigs' need to perform exploratory behaviour
Contributor(s):: Pedersen, L. J., Herskin, M. S., Forkman, B., Halekoh, U., Kristensen, K. M., Jensen, M. B.
Since 10 years, EU-legislation states that 'pigs must have permanent access to sufficient quantity of material to enable proper investigation and manipulation activities'. While much research has focused on which materials 'enable proper investigation and manipulation activities',...
Social housing of non-human primates in a research facility: socialisation across macaque species and sexes
Contributor(s):: Rehrig, A., DiVincenti, L., Jr., Schery, L. A.
Refinement of social housing practices is paramount to improving animal welfare in laboratory environments, especially with regard to non-human primates. Even though social housing of the same species should be considered the optimal paradigm, cynomolgus ( Macaca fascicularis) and rhesus macaques...
Abnormal behavior in caged birds kept as pets
Contributor(s):: Hoek, C. S. van, Cate, C. ten
There are a limited number of studies dealing with abnormal behavior in caged birds kept as pets. However, these studies demonstrate the presence of abnormal behavior in both songbirds and parrots. Ethological studies on these birds, as well as studies on domestic and zoo birds, indicate that...
Behavioral abnormalities in captive nonhuman primates
Contributor(s):: Avanti, Mallapur, Choudhury, B. C.
In this study, we dealt with 11 species of non-human primates across 10 zoos in India. We recorded behaviour as instantaneous scans between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m. In the study, we segregated behaviours for analyses into abnormal, undesirable, active, and resting. The 4 types of abnormal behaviour...
Combination therapy reduces self-injurious behavior in a chimpanzee ( Pan troglodytes troglodytes ): a case report
Contributor(s):: Bourgeois, S. R., Vazquez, M., Brasky, K.
Self-injurious behavior (SIB) remains a severe and intractable abnormal behavior for nonhuman primates in diverse settings and is a significant concern for veterinarians and behavioral scientists. To date, no single pharmacological, behavioral, social, or environmental intervention method has...