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Tags: Abnormal behavior

All Categories (41-60 of 352)

  1. Comparison of remote versus in-person behavioral consultation for treatment of canine separation anxiety

    Contributor(s):: Cottam, N., Dodman, N. H., Moon-Fanelli, A. A., Patronek, G. J.

    To investigate the validity of remote consultation for treatment of canine separation anxiety, this study compared the efficacy of 2 types of behavioral services offered by Tufts Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine (TCSVM): (a) "PetFax," a remote consultation service in which dog caregivers...

  2. Distressed animal behaviors and some recommendations for improvements at the Kuala Lumpur Zoo, Malaysia

    Contributor(s):: Amber, Haque

    The artificial living conditions of captive animals present numerous challenges for animal caretakers. In this study I explored abnormal behaviors in certain caged animals at the Kuala Lumpur Zoo. Findings obtained from observations of animals and interviews of the zoo staff are followed by...

  3. Frustrated appetitive foraging behavior, stereotypic pacing, and fecal glucocorticoid levels in snow leopards ( Uncia uncia ) in the Zurich Zoo

    Contributor(s):: Burgener, N., Gusset, M., Schmid, H.

    This study hypothesized that permanently frustrated, appetitive-foraging behavior caused the stereotypic pacing regularly observed in captive carnivores. Using 2 adult female snow leopards (U), solitarily housed in the Zurich Zoo, the study tested this hypothesis experimentally with a novel...

  4. Long-term outcome after treatment of feline inappropriate elimination

    Contributor(s):: Marder, A. R., Engel, J. M.

    Urination and defaecation outside the litter box is one of the most common behaviour problems reported by cat caretakers and the most common behavioural reason that results in the relinquishment of cats to shelters. A physical examination, laboratory tests, and a thorough behavioural history are...

  5. Pair housing for female longtailed and rhesus macaques in the laboratory: behavior in protected contact versus full contact

    Contributor(s):: Baker, K. C., Crockett, C. M., Lee, G. H., Oettinger, B. C., Schoof, V., Thom, J. P.

    Pair housing for caged macaques in the laboratory generally allows unrestricted tactile contact but, less commonly, may involve limited contact via grooming-contact bars or perforated panels. The purpose of using this protected contact housing, which prevents entry into pair-mates' cages,...

  6. Pet owners' views of pet behavior problems and willingness to consult experts for assistance

    Contributor(s):: Shore, E. R., Burdsal, C., Douglas, D. K.

    Prior research has found that dog obedience training and the receipt of advice regarding companion animal (pet) behavior reduce the risk of nonhuman animal relinquishment to an animal shelter and increase human-companion animal interactions, but research also finds that only a minority of pet...

  7. Positive reinforcement training moderates only high levels of abnormal behavior in singly housed rhesus macaques

    Contributor(s):: Baker, K. C., Bloomsmith, M., Neu, K., Griffis, C., Maloney, M., Oettinger, B., Schoof, V. A. M., Martinez, M.

    This study evaluated the application of positive reinforcement training (PRT) as an intervention for abnormal behaviors in singly housed laboratory rhesus macaques at 2 large primate facilities. Training involved basic control behaviors and body-part presentation. The study compared baseline...

  8. Self-biting in caged macaques: cause, effect, and treatment

    Contributor(s):: Reinhardt, V., Rossell, M.

    Injurious self-biting is one of the most serious problems in primate colonies (Niemeyer, Gray, & Stephen, 1996). "Approximately 10% of captive, individually-housed monkeys engage in the disturbing phenomenon of self-injurious behavior (SIB). To date, no adequate explanation or effective therapy...

  9. The effect of environmental manipulation on behavior, salivary cortisol, and growth of piglets weaned at 14 days of age

    Contributor(s):: Rodarte, L. F., Ducoing, A., Galindo, F., Romano, M. C., Valdez, R. A.

    Environmental enrichment can be a useful tool to reduce belly nosing behaviors in early weaned piglets. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of environmental enrichment on behavior, salivary cortisol, and productivity of piglets weaned at 14 days of age. The study assigned 112 piglets...

  10. Abnormal behaviour in captive sooty mangabeys

    Contributor(s):: Crast, J., Bloomsmith, M. A., Perlman, J. E., Meeker, T. L., Remillard, C. M.

    The influence of several factors on abnormal behaviour was investigated in 46 singly housed sooty mangabeys ( Cercocebus atys) (eight nursery-reared, 38 mother-reared), including self-injurious, self-directed, stereotypic locomotion, and faeces/urine-related behaviours (SIB, SDB, SL, FUR,...

  11. An evaluative review of theories: related to animal cruelty

    Contributor(s):: Gullone, E.

    The two dominant theories relating to animal cruelty are critically reviewed. These are the violence graduation hypothesis and the deviance generalization hypothesis. The outcomes indicate very high consistency with the broader antisocial behavior and aggression literature, which is large and...

  12. Equine assisted social work as a mean for authentic relations between clients and staff

    Contributor(s):: Carlsson, C., Ranta, D. N., Traeen, B.

    The purpose of this study was to explore, by qualitative methods, the meaning of equine-assisted social work (EASW) both to young women with self-harm problems and their staff in residential treatment. Data were collected by in-depth interviews with eight staff members and nine clients....

  13. Equine stereotypic behaviors: causation, occurrence, and prevention

    Contributor(s):: Sarrafchi, A., Blokhuis, H. J.

    There are strong suggestions that equine stereotypies are connected to poor welfare and a suboptimal management and/or stabling environment. Different forms of equine stereotypic behaviors have been described. Crib biting, weaving, and box walking are considered the most prevalent. Several...

  14. Inside behavior: puppy socialization: more than just exposure

    Contributor(s):: Martin, D., Martin, K. M.

    This article discusses the importance and benefits of socialization of puppies to prevent future behaviour problems and as additional income for veterinary hospitals that offer puppy socialization classes.

  15. Management, health, and abnormal behaviors of horses: a survey in small equestrian centers in Brazil

    Contributor(s):: Leme, D. P., Parsekian, A. B. H., Kanaan, V., Hotzel, M. J.

    Care conditions of horses housed in small equestrian establishments and the occurrence of health and behavioral problems were assessed in 197 animals. Based on questionnaires and direct observations of the animals, it was noted that 8% of all animals were fed exclusively on pasture, whereas 92%...

  16. Puppy socialisation and the prevention of behavioural problems

    Dog owners are increasingly aware of the importance of socialisation in ensuring a puppy is friendly and well-adjusted. Socialisation involves meeting and having pleasant experiences and encounters with as many adults, children and animals as possible. It is important to stare socialisation...

  17. Small animal behavioral triage: a guide for practitioners

    Contributor(s):: Martin, K. M., Martin, D., Shaw, J. K.

    Behavioral concerns are the principal cause of a weakened human-animal bond and pet relinquishment. Triaging behavioral concerns and providing early intervention may be the difference between a patient remaining in its current home or relinquishment. Prevention and intervention behavior services...

  18. Animal Welfare Information Center Newsletter

    Contributor(s):: Gail Laule, Jacob Casper, Sebastian Heath, Robert Linnabary, Andrej Romanovsky

    The Animal Welfare Information Center Newsletter for Oct-Dec 1993. Contains "The Use of Behavioral Management Techniques to Reduce or Eliminate Abnormal Behavior" by Gail Laule, "Preparing the Farm and Farm Animals for Disasters by Jacob Casper, Sebastian E. Heath, and Robert D. Linnabary, and...

  19. Assessing the prevalence and characteristics of hair-plucking behaviour in captive western lowland gorillas ( Gorilla gorilla gorilla)

    Contributor(s):: Less, E. H., Kuhar, C. W., Lukas, K. E.

  20. Behavioural problems in dogs: handling and aggression

    Contributor(s):: Heath, S.