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  1. Tourists' perceptions of the free-roaming dog population in Samoa

    Contributor(s):: Beckman, M., Hill, K. E., Farnworth, M. J., Bolwell, C. F., Bridges, J., Acke, E.

    A study was undertaken to establish how visiting tourists to Samoa perceived free-roaming dogs ( Canis familiaris) and their management, additionally some factors that influence their perceptions were assessed. Questionnaires were administered to 281 tourists across Samoa over 5 weeks....

  2. Behavioural response of pure Ankole and crossbred (Ankole * Holstein) cows to seasonal pasture variations in south-western Uganda

    Contributor(s):: Idibu, J., Kabi, F., Mpairwe, D.

    This study evaluated the effects of season and pasture species on variations in sward composition, pasture quantity (plant-height and biomass) and quality [crude protein (CP), neutral detergent fibre (NDF) and in vitro organic matter digestibility (IVOMD)]. Behavioural responses of a group of 10...

  3. A multi-institutional assessment of factors influencing locomotion and pacing in captive okapis ( Okapia johnstoni)

    Contributor(s):: Bennett, C., Torgerson-White, L., Fripp, D., Watters, J., Petric, A.

    The okapi ( Okapia johnstoni), native to the Democratic Republic of Congo, is a large, solitary, and diurnal forest-dwelling ungulate highly sensitive to captive conditions. The captive population demonstrates persistent health problems, reproductive abnormalities, and several potentially...

  4. A survey of canine heartworm awareness in Grenada, West Indies

    Contributor(s):: Lohmann, S., Sage, S., Stone, D., Gibson, K.

    Heartworm is a common parasite of dogs in Grenada, West Indies, due to the tropical climate and large number of mosquitoes. Because Grenada is a developing country and a small island, resources and education on heartworm are limited. In an effort to raise awareness of canine heartworm and the...

  5. Pet owners' perception and satisfaction of surgery services and outcomes at the Ashanti Regional Veterinary Clinic, Kumasi, Ghana

    Contributor(s):: Eyarefe, O., Emikpe, B., Dei, D.

    Aim: To study pet owners' perception of surgery services and client satisfaction in Ghana in order to improve the quality of surgery services. Method: Self-administered questionnaires were administered to owners of pets that were presented for surgery at the Ashanti Region Veterinary Clinic...

  6. Characteristics of owned dogs on the island of New Providence, The Bahamas

    Contributor(s):: Fielding, W. J., Plumridge, S. J.

    This study reports the findings from street interviews on owned dogs (N=442) in New Providence, The Bahamas. Many households kept dogs outside, and roughly 43% of households allowed at least 1 dog to roam. Dogs kept inside most likely were considered a companion, whereas dogs used for security...

  7. Dog breeding in New Providence, the Bahamas, and its potential impact on the roaming dog population I: planned and accidental

    Contributor(s):: Fielding, W. J.

    This article reports the first known study on dog breeding in an Afro-Caribbean community. The study obtained the information on 517 matings through interviews with dog caregivers. Few litters (6.8%) from mongrels (potcakes) resulted from planned matings, whereas 66.5% of matings between purebred...

  8. Dog breeding in New Providence, The Bahamas, and its potential impact on the roaming dog population II: The fate of puppies

    Contributor(s):: Fielding, W. J.

    This article reports the first known study on the disposal of puppies in an Afro-Caribbean community. The study reported the fate of 2,427 puppies through 517 interviews with dog caregivers. The study reported that surviving puppies from "pure-bred" females were typically sold (60.1% of surviving...

  9. Hunting restraint by Creoles at the Community Baboon Sanctuary, Belize: a preliminary survey

    Contributor(s):: Jones, C. B., Young, J.

    This study surveyed 33 male hunters between the ages of 17 and 54 years at the Community Baboon Sanctuary (CBS), Belize, to evaluate attitudes and behaviours in relation to hunting black howler monkeys (Alouatta pigra). The study defined hunting restraint as a learned predisposition not to hunt 1...

  10. Knowledge of the welfare of nonhuman animals and prevalence of dog care practices in New Providence, The Bahamas

    Contributor(s):: Fielding, W. J.

    Interviews with 509 adults in New Providence, The Bahamas, indicated that people have limited knowledge of dog care and the laws pertaining to nonhuman animal welfare. Interviews also indicated that many dogs received care limited only to food and water and - to a lesser extent - shelter....

  11. Preliminary observations on the characteristics of the owned dog population in Roseau, Dominica

    Contributor(s):: Davis, B. W., Alie, K., Fielding, W. J., Morters, M., Galindo, F.

    This article reports findings from interviews with 93 heads of households (38.6% of all households) who owned 148 dogs in Roseau, the capital of The Commonwealth of Dominica. Mixed dogs, of no definable cross, were most common, followed by Rottweiler crosses. The median age of the dogs was 3...

  12. Stray dogs in an island community: a case study from new providence, The Bahamas

    Contributor(s):: Fielding, W. J., Mather, J.

    The "stray dog problem" in New Providence, The Bahamas, has been a recurring social complaint throughout the 20th century. This article looks at some aspects of the problem's background and reports the findings of a resident perception study. The results suggest that it is unlikely that...

  13. Human rights against land grabbing? A reflection on norms, policies, and power

    Contributor(s):: Wisborg, P.

    Large-scale transnational land acquisition of agricultural land in the global south by rich corporations or countries raises challenging normative questions. In this article, the author critically examines and advocates a human rights approach to these questions. Mutually reinforcing, policies,...

  14. Land acquisitions in Tanzania: strong sustainability, weak sustainability and the importance of comparative methods

    Contributor(s):: Purdon, M.

    This paper distinguished different analytical approaches to the evaluation of the sustainability of large-scale land acquisitions - at both the conceptual and methodological levels. First, at the conceptual level, evaluation of the sustainability of land acquisitions depends on what definition of...

  15. Special Issue: Ethical aspects of large-scale land acquisition in developing countries

    Contributor(s):: Voget-Kleschin, L., Ott, K.

    This special issue aims at investigating large-scale land acquisitions (LaSLA) from an ethical perspective. It encompasses four case studies, namely the case of Limphasa Sugar Corporation in Malawi, financed by a Malawian and some British Investors; Chinese-based land-acquisitions in Cambodia; a...

  16. Stakeholders' perceptions of GM technology in West Africa: assessing the responses of policymakers and scientists in Ghana and Nigeria

    Contributor(s):: Adenle, A. A.

    The perception of two key stakeholders such as policymakers and scientists on genetic modification (GM) technology was examined in Ghana and Nigeria using semi-structured interviews. A total sample of 20 policymakers (16 at ministries and 4 at parliament/cabinet) and 58 scientists (43 at research...

  17. The political economy of land grabs in Malawi: investigating the contribution of limphasa sugar corporation to rural development

    Contributor(s):: Chinsinga, B., Chasukwa, M., Zuka, S. P.

    Though a recent phenomenon, land grabs have generated considerable debate that remains highly polarized. In this debate, one view presents land deals as a path to sustainable and transformative rural development through capital accumulation, infrastructural development, technology transfer, and...

  18. Local tolerance of hyena attacks in east Hararge Region, Ethiopia

    Contributor(s):: Baynes-Rock, M.

  19. Artificial colour treatment mediates aggression among unfamiliar vervet monkeys (Cercopithecus aethiops): a model for introducing primates with colourful sexual skin

    Contributor(s):: Gerald, M. S., Weiss, A., Ayala, J. E.

  20. Incidence of dog bites and public attitudes towards dog care and management in Samoa

    Contributor(s):: Farnworth, M. J., Blaszak, K. A., Hiby, E. F., Waran, N. K.