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  1. Water-site selection and behaviour of red-legged partridge Alectoris rufa evaluated using camera trapping

    Contributor(s):: Sánchez-García, Carlos, Armenteros, José A., Alonso, Marta E., Larsen, Randy T., Lomillos, Juan M., Gaudioso, Vicente R.

    This paper explores watering patterns of wild red-legged partridges at water troughs (WT) during three consecutive summers on a farm-land area of Spain where drought periods are frequent. Camera trapping was used in order to assess climatic effects on weekly and daily watering patterns,...

  2. Validation of an algorithm for real-time measurement of sheep activity in confinement by recording movement within a commercial weighing crate

    Contributor(s):: Horton, Brian J., Miller, Dale R.

    This study reports a method of measuring sheep activity in confinement based on recording movement of sheep during weighing. The aim was to show that an algorithm to analyse continuous weight records could be used to measure activity quickly and efficiently using commercial weighing equipment and...

  3. Sex influences rat personality more than geographical origin

    Contributor(s):: Korpela, Katri

    The Norway rat is an indispensable model organism. Behavioral studies on rats usually concentrate on a single trait without considering how different behaviors are linked to each other and whether there are differences in this respect between rat strains or sexes. This study aims to describe the...

  4. Effects of enrichment items on activity and social interactions in domestic horses (Equus caballus)

    Contributor(s):: Jørgensen, Grete Helen Meisfjord, Liestøl, Silje Hanche-Olsen, Bøe, Knut Egil

    The aim of this study was to investigate the use of items intended to provide enrichment during turnout, both for individual and group kept horses in an attempt to reduce the amount of passive behaviours. The study was divided into two parts, where study 1 involved eight horses rotated through...

  5. Behaviour around the time of calving in dairy cows

    Contributor(s):: Jensen, Margit Bak

    The aim of this study was to investigate behavioural changes before and after calving in dairy cows in order to describe behavioural signs of imminent calving and of cows’ recovery after calving. Thirty-two multiparous Danish Holstein Frisian cows with an unassisted calving were studied from 96h...

  6. Assessing inactivity in zoo gorillas using keeper ratings and behavioral data

    Contributor(s):: Less, Elena Hoellein, Kuhar, Christopher W., Dennis, Patricia M., Lukas, Kristen E.

    One way to address the problem of small sample size in zoo research is to conduct a study involving multiple institutions. However, when conducting behavioral research, it can be difficult for one investigator to travel to each institution or for staff at individual institutions to find time to...

  7. Animal-Assisted Therapy in the Residential Treatment of Dual Pathology

    Contributor(s):: Monfort Montolio, M., Sancho-Pelluz, J.

    Animal-assisted therapy (AAT) is a complementary intervention of therapy that has shown positive results in the treatment of various pathologies. This study assesses the viability of the implementation and the effectiveness of an AAT program in patients diagnosed with substance abuse disorder and...

  8. Animal-assisted therapy for dementia

    Contributor(s):: Lai, N. M., Chang, S. M. W., Ng, S. S., Tan, S. L., Chaiyakunapruk, N., Stanaway, F.

    BACKGROUND: Dementia is a chronic condition which progressively affects memory and other cognitive functions, social behaviour, and ability to carry out daily activities. To date, no treatment is clearly effective in preventing progression of the disease, and most treatments are symptomatic,...

  9. Assistance Dogs for Persons with Hearing Impairment: A Review

    Contributor(s):: Martellucci, S., Belvisi, V., Ralli, M., Stadio, A. D., Musacchio, A., Greco, A., Gallo, A., Vincentiis, M., Attanasio, G.

  10. Behavioural syndromes in stereotypic striped mice

    Contributor(s):: Silber, Sarah, Joshi, Sneha, Pillay, Neville

    Stereotypical behaviours (SBs) are abnormal, repetitive behaviours often observed in captivity. SBs are linked to impoverished captive conditions, and stereotypic individuals show a particular set of behaviours (e.g. bolder personality, greater activity) indicating proactive coping. Yet, we do...

  11. Relationships between feeding behaviour, activity, dominance and feed efficiency in finishing beef steers

    Contributor(s):: Haskell, Marie J., Rooke, John A., Roehe, Rainer, Turner, Simon P., Hyslop, James J., Waterhouse, Anthony, Duthie, Carol-Anne

    To increase the profitability and sustainability of beef production systems, the use of animals with high feed efficiency is preferred. Efficient animals eat less than their peers for the same or better growth. This efficiency can be measured using feed conversion ratios (FCR) and residual feed...

  12. A comparison of nocturnal primate behavior in exhibits illuminated with red and blue light

    Contributor(s):: Fuller, Grace, Raghanti, Mary Ann, Dennis, Patricia M., Kuhar, Christopher W., Willis, Mark A., Schook, Mandi Wilder, Lukas, Kristen E.

    Over evolutionary time, light from the sun, moon, and stars has provided organisms with reliable information about the passage of time; but modern artificial lighting has drastically altered these cues. Evidence is accumulating that exposure to light at night—particularly blue wavelengths—from...

  13. Effect of housing density on growth, agonistic behaviour, and activity in hatchling saltwater crocodiles (Crocodylus porosus)

    Contributor(s):: Brien, Matthew L., Webb, Grahame J., McGuinness, Keith A., Christian, Keith A.

    The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of density on growth rate, agonistic behaviour, activity and use of space by hatchling C. porosus in captivity. Hatchling C. porosus were raised in identical enclosures (1.5m2) at different densities (3.3, 6.7, 13.3 and 20.0hatchlings/m2; or...

  14. The use of perches and platforms by broiler chickens

    Contributor(s):: Norring, Marianna, Kaukonen, Eija, Valros, Anna

    Perching is considered an integral part of chicken behaviour, and is suggested to alleviate leg problems and enhance mobility in broilers, as it stimulates diversification of locomotion. The use of perches is, however, low in broilers. There is a need for investigation of elevated structures that...

  15. Is behavioural enrichment always a success? Comparing food presentation strategies in an insectivorous lizard (Plica plica)

    Contributor(s):: Januszczak, Inez Sukuna, Bryant, Zoe, Tapley, Benjamin, Gill, Iri, Harding, Luke, Michaels, Christopher John

    Staggering food availability through a delivery device is a common way of providing behavioural enrichment as it is usually thought to increase the amount of natural behaviour due to the unpredictability of the food source. Tree-runner lizards (Plica plica) are a Neotropical, scansorial,...

  16. The effect of space on behaviour in large groups of domestic cats kept indoors

    Contributor(s):: Loberg, Jenny M., Lundmark, Frida

    The domestic cat (Felis silvestris catus) originates from the solitary living African wildcat (Felis silvestris lybica). However, through domestication, the domestic cat has become more social towards conspecifics and group housing of cats is common, for example in cat shelters in some countries....

  17. Using a three-axis accelerometer to identify and classify sheep behaviour at pasture

    Contributor(s):: Alvarenga, F. A. P., Borges, I., Palkovič, L., Rodina, J., Oddy, V. H., Dobos, R. C.

    Identifying and classifying feeding behaviour in free-ranging ruminants will help improve efficiency of animal production. Another potential benefit would be in understanding the role behaviour has in determining heritability of methane measurement. The aim of this study was to determine the...

  18. Automated behavioural response assessment to a feeding event in two heritage chicken breeds

    Contributor(s):: Fraess, Garrett A., Bench, Clover J., Tierney, Keith B.

    Video was recorded for three consecutive days for two pens each of two breeds of heritage chickens, Rhode Island Red (RIR) and Barred Plymouth Rock (BPR) (34 birds/pen), before and following a feeding event. The feeding event occurred when a technician entered the pen to refill the food trough at...

  19. Validation of HOBO Pendant® data loggers for automated step detection in two age classes of male turkeys: growers and finishers

    Contributor(s):: Dalton, Hillary A., Wood, Benjamin J., Dickey, James P., Torrey, Stephanie

    Activity levels can be used as a predictor of health status, physical condition, feed efficiency, and coping style in animals. Small, portable data loggers have been validated as an inexpensive and effective alternative to video or live observation for automated activity detection in several...

  20. Reactions of sheep towards three sets of emotional stimuli: (In)Consistency in respect to stimulus valence and sheep identity

    Contributor(s):: Gygax, Lorenz, Vögeli, Sabine

    There is an increasing interest in affective states in applied animal behaviour science, because these states are thought to reflect welfare from the perspective of the animals. Also, it can be expected that individuals differ in how they consistently react to emotional challenges. Recently, we...