The HABRI Central Team continues to monitor emerging research and information about the COVID-19 pandemic. Visit our collection of resources, https://habricentral.org/features/covid-19
Characterizing changes in activity and feeding behaviour of lactating dairy cows during behavioural and silent oestrus
Contributor(s):: Zebari, Hawar M., Rutter, S. Mark, Bleach, Emma C. L.
The normal time budgets of dairy cows are influenced by oestrus, with cows spending less time resting and eating but more time walking. Previous studies have shown that cows spend approximately 21% less time feeding where the day of oestrus is assumed to be the day of successful artificial...
Early indicators of tail biting outbreaks in pigs
Contributor(s):: Wedin, Maya, Baxter, Emma M., Jack, Mhairi, Futro, Agnieszka, D’Eath, Richard B.
Tail biting outbreaks in pig farming cause suffering through pain and stress, and producers lose revenue due to carcass condemnation. Reliable behavioural indications of when an outbreak is imminent would provide farmers with tools for mitigating the outbreak in advance. This study investigated...
Feather pecking genotype and phenotype affect behavioural responses of laying hens
Contributor(s):: van der Eijk, Jerine A. J., Lammers, Aart, Li, Peiyun, Kjaer, Joergen B., Rodenburg, T. Bas
Feather pecking (FP) is a major welfare and economic issue in the egg production industry. Behavioural characteristics, such as fearfulness, have been related to FP. However, it is unknown how divergent selection on FP affects fearfulness in comparison to no selection on FP. Therefore, we...
Dairy goats use outdoor runs of high quality more regardless of the quality of indoor housing
Contributor(s):: Stachowicz, Joanna, Gygax, Lorenz, Hillmann, Edna, Wechsler, Beat, Keil, Nina Maria
For dairy goats in loose housing, access to an outdoor run has potential welfare benefits as it provides additional space, enables spatial separation and may offer items representing behavioural enrichment for the goats (e.g. brush, climbing possibilities). However, these benefits will only apply...
Promoting mealtime function in people with dementia: A systematic review of studies undertaken in residential aged care
Contributor(s):: Fetherstonhaugh, D., Haesler, E., Bauer, M.
Stepping out of the shadows of Alzheimer's disease: a phenomenological hermeneutic study of older people with Alzheimer's disease caring for a therapy dog
Contributor(s):: Swall, A., Ebbeskog, B., Lundh Hagelin, C., Fagerberg, I.
Integrative commentary II: Shared neurobiological mechanisms and social interactions in human-animal interaction
Contributor(s):: Freund, Lisa S., McCune, Sandra, Esposito, Layla, Gee, Nancy R., McCardle, Peggy
Of feral cats and pet cats
Contributor(s):: Bruce A. Vojak
Early last summer an article in our local newspaper caught my eye. Some well-deserved visibility was given to my friend, Dick Warner (Professor Emeritus of Natural Resources and Environmental Sciences), for the findings arising from his study of ferali and pet cats. Dick and his colleagues...
Associations between milk intake and activity in the first days of a calf's life and later growth and health
Contributor(s):: de Passillé, Anne Marie, Rabeyrin, Marine, Rushen, Jeffrey
We examined whether calves' milk intake and activity in the days after birth predict later growth and the risk of illness. Female Holstein calves ( n=130) were housed in individual pens where they were allowed ad libitum milk from birth to 5 days of age. Daily milk intakes were recorded and...
Development of personality tests to use in the field, stable over time and across situations, and linked to horses' show jumping performance
Contributor(s):: Lansade, Léa, Philippon, Pascaline, Hervé, Lucile, Vidament, Marianne
This study aimed to identify tests that include all the criteria necessary to characterise reliably the personality of horses on a large scale: stability of measures across situations and over time, evaluation of independent dimensions, links with use and easy to organise for a large number of...
Effects of horse-riding exercise on balance, gait, and activities of daily living in stroke patients
Contributor(s):: Yong-Nam, Kim, Dong-Kyu, Lee
Brown bear and human recreational use of trails in Anchorage, Alaska
Contributor(s):: Coltrane, Jessica A., Sinnott, Rick
Characterization of assistance dogs (guide dogs, hearing dogs and service dogs) in PortugalCaraterizacao dos caes de assistencia (caes-guia, caes para surdos e caes de servico) em Portugal
Contributor(s):: Carmo, S. A. P. do, Fonseca, I. M. S. P. da, Rosa, I. M. N. G.
Today's society increasingly tries to provide a way to ease and improve the quality of the human being life with disabilities, like the use of assistance dogs. Guide dogs help blind people, hearing dogs assist people with severe hearing difficulties and service dogs help people with mobility,...
Effects of therapeutic horse riding on gait cycle parameters and some aspects of behavior of children with autism
Contributor(s):: Steiner, H., Kertesz, Z.
How feasible is it to compare effects of companion dogs and service dogs on quality of life in people with movement disorders?
Contributor(s):: Spence, Helen Ruth
Physical activity and welfare of guide dogs and walking activity of their partners
Contributor(s):: Yamamoto, M., Yamamoto, M. M., Hart, L. A.
Appropriate physical activity is beneficial for physical and psychosocial wellbeing, and it is recommended for people to have 30 minutes of activity on most days of the week, to yield 150 minutes per week. Getting sufficient physical activity particularly challenges people with visual...
Meaningful Activities in the Nursing Home
Contributor(s):: Morley, J. E., Philpot, C. D., Gill, D., Berg-Weger, M.
Evaluation of a Pet-Assisted Living Intervention for Improving Functional Status in Assisted Living Residents With Mild to Moderate Cognitive Impairment: A Pilot Study
Contributor(s):: Friedmann, Erika, Galik, Elizabeth, Thomas, Sue A., Hall, P. Sue, Chung, Seon Yoon, McCune, Sandra
Evaluation of a novel canine activity monitor for at-home physical activity analysis
Contributor(s):: Jonathan M. Yashari, Colleen G. Duncan, Felix M. Duerr
Background: Accelerometers are motion-sensing devices that have been used to assess physical activity in dogs. However, the lack of a user-friendly, inexpensive accelerometer has hindered the widespread use of this objective outcome measure in veterinary research. Recently, a smartphone-based,...
Is that fear? Domestic dogs' use of social referencing signals from an unfamiliar person
Contributor(s):: Yong, MinHooi, Ruffman, T.
The aim of this study was to investigate whether dogs could successfully interpret a 'social referencing' cue (either happiness or fear) toward an object after viewing a human emotional expression. Fearful expressions are more likely to be unfamiliar to dogs, and thus they may not understand the...