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  1. Dynamic mutual adaptation: human-animal interaction in reindeer herding pastoralism

    Contributor(s):: Istomin, K. V., Dwyer, M. J.

  2. Healing with horses: fostering recovery from cancer with horses as therapists

    Contributor(s):: Haylock, P. J., Cantril, C. A.

  3. Human-animal bonds I: the relational significance of companion animals

    Contributor(s):: Walsh, F.

  4. Human-animal bonds II: the role of pets in family systems and family therapy

    Contributor(s):: Walsh, F.

  5. Applied animal behaviour science. (Special issue: Suckling)

    Contributor(s):: Lidfors, L., Svennersten-Sjaunja, K., Redbo, I.

    This supplement contains articles that focus on behavioural and physiological aspects of suckling and/or sucking in ruminants. Abnormal sucking behaviour, particularly cross-sucking and non-nutritive sucking, in calves are presented; and the effects of milk flow and milk volume, the presence of a...

  6. Oxytocin facilitates behavioural, metabolic and physiological adaptations during lactation

    | Contributor(s):: Uvnas-Moberg, K., Johansson, B., Lupoli, B., Svennersten-Sjaunja, K.

    This article aims to propose that oxytocin not only stimulates milk letdown, but also adapts behaviour and physiology to facilitate lactation in mammals, including dairy cattle. Circulating oxytocin as well as neurogenic oxytocin participates in these regulatory processes. In short, oxytocin...

  7. Social versus exploration and foraging motivation in young red junglefowl ( Gallus gallus ) and White Leghorn layers

    | Contributor(s):: Vaisanen, J., Jensen, P.

    Social coherence tendency is an important behavioural characteristic in young fowl related to an underlying social motivation that can be modified by breeding. Our aim was to investigate if selection for productive traits in a certain White Leghorn layer strain has influenced different components...

  8. Vocal response of piglets to weaning: effect of piglet age

    | Contributor(s):: Weary, D. M., Fraser, D.

    In 22 litters, each containing a minimum of 9 piglets, 3 piglets were weaned under identical conditions at 3, 4 and 5 weeks of age. Vocalizations and weight gain were monitored for one week after weaning. The number of vocalizations declined from an average of 8.2 vocalizations/min on the day of...

  9. Adaptation to tethering in yearling dairy heifers assessed by the use of lying down behaviour

    | Contributor(s):: Jensen, M. B.

    48 dairy heifers in 4 trials were brought in from pasture and housed individually in straw-bedded pens prior to the experiment. During the experimental period of 24 days, heifers were tethered in stalls with concrete floors for all 24, last 10 or last 3 days, or stayed in the pens for the whole...

  10. Domestication effects on foraging strategies in pigs ( Sus scrofa )

    | Contributor(s):: Gustafsson, M., Jensen, P., Jonge, F. H. de, Schuurman, T.

    Eight domestic pigs and 8 crossbred pigs (Holland Landrace x wild boar) were allowed to forage alone in a maze for 30 min on 4 successive days. The maze contained 6 gradually depleting food patches and corridors between them. Pigs obtained the food by manipulating the bucket with the snouts. On...

  11. Farrowing conditions affect the reactions of piglets towards novel environment and social confrontation at weaning

    | Contributor(s):: Hillmann, E., Hollen, F. von, Bunger, B., Todt, D., Schrader, L.

    At weaning piglets are confronted with a variety of challenges. In this study, we tested the effect of two rearing conditions on the behavioural responses of piglets towards social and non-social challenges at the time of weaning. A total of 81 piglets were reared either in an individual...

  12. Possible factors influencing vertebrate sex ratios: an introductory overview

    | Contributor(s):: Hardy, I. C. W.

    This review considers factors that may influence sex ratio in mammals and birds: firstly, Fisher's theory of equal investment and subsequent theories (i.e. the adaptive value of the control of offspring sex ratio to parents); and secondly, sex determination mechanisms and constraints to sex...

  13. How do guide dogs of blind owners and pet dogs of sighted owners (Canis familiaris) ask their owners for food?

    | Contributor(s):: Gaunet, F.

  14. The adaptive value of tool-aided defense against wild animal attacks

    | Contributor(s):: Crabb, Peter B., Elizaga, Andrew

  15. The response of guide dogs and pet dogs (Canis familiaris) to cues of human referential communication (pointing and gaze)

    | Contributor(s):: Ittyerah, M., Gaunet, F.

  16. Wheelchair Britney

    | Contributor(s):: Scott, S.

  17. Body, mind, and spirit medicine. A woman called horse

    | Contributor(s):: Hammerschlag, C. A.

  18. Promoting positive aging through the therapeutic use of animals: theoretical underpinnings and practical possibilities

    | Contributor(s):: Reel, H. A., Kleiber, D. A.

  19. General principles of stress and well-being

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Temple Grandin (editor), P B Siegel, W B Gross

    At every level of biological organization, be it molecular, cellular, organismic, population or interspecies, equilibrium patterns emerge. The concept of evolutionary stable strategies in natural populations is well accepted in biological circles. Artificial selection, the foundation of livestock...

  20. Pet keeping: A case study in maladaptive behavior

    | Contributor(s):: Archer, John