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  1. Human allergy to cats: a review of the impact on cat ownership and relinquishment

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Sparkes, A. H.

    Practical relevance: Cats have become increasingly common as companion animals, and in many countries their popularity now exceeds that of dogs. At the same time, human allergies (including allergy to cats) have been increasing and it has been estimated that globally up to 10-20% of human...

  2. Hunger in pregnant sows: effects of a fibrous diet and free access to straw

    | Contributor(s):: Jensen, M. B., Pedersen, L. J., Theil, P. K., Knudsen, K. E. B.

    Fibrous diets and the provision of straw have been suggested to reduce feeding motivation in pregnant sows. The present experiment investigated the separate and interactive effects of a fibrous diet and ad libitum access to straw on feeding motivation, oral behaviour and plasma levels of...

  3. Short-term ante-calving handling of dairy heifers in relation to heifers' behaviour and udder health after parturition

    | Contributor(s):: Ivemeyer, S., Pisani, M., Knierim, U.

    The novelty of being handled during milking contributes to peripartum stress in dairy heifers with possibly adverse effects on their well-being and health. The present study investigated (1) heifers' behavioural responses to handling over the course of four standardized handling sessions and...

  4. Tales about tails: is the mutilation of animals justifiable in their best interests or in ours?

    | Contributor(s):: Edwards, S., Bennett, P., Appleby, M. C., Weary, D. M., Sandoe, P.

    Tail docking, involving surgical or non-surgical removal of a portion of the tail, is one of the most widely carried out and contentious mutilations inflicted by humans on animals. To differing extents, this procedure is carried out on farm livestock, draught animals and companion animals. The...

  5. Description and evaluation of a canine volunteer blood donor program

    | Contributor(s):: DeLuca, L. A., Glass, S. G., Johnson, R. E., Burger, M.

    Human volunteer blood donor programs are commonplace, but the concept of nonhuman animal blood banking is relatively new. Few studies exist regarding efficacy, donor screening, and safety for volunteer companion animals. This retrospective study evaluated a nonprofit, community-based canine...

  6. Hydration state of goats transported by road for 12 hours during the hot-dry conditions and the modulating role of ascorbic acid

    | Contributor(s):: Minka, S. N., Ayo, J. O.

    This study investigated the effects of 12 hr of road transportation during the hot-dry conditions and the modulating role of ascorbic acid (AA) on the hydration state of goats. Twenty goats who served as treatment goats received oral administration of 100 mg/kg body weight of AA, whereas another...

  7. The effectiveness of the Anxiety Wrap in the treatment of canine thunderstorm phobia: an open-label trial

    | Contributor(s):: Cottam, N., Dodman, N. H., Ha, J. C.

    The effectiveness of the Anxiety Wrap on canine thunderstorm phobia (ThP) was investigated by comparing owner-reported Thunderstorm Anxiety Scores before and after the use of this product (n=18). The mean Thunderstorm Anxiety Score associated with the fifth use of the Anxiety Wrap was 47% lower...

  8. Shrink and mortality of beef cattle during long distance transportation

    | Contributor(s):: Teke, B.

  9. Emergency procedures in the field: a report of wound treatment and fast healing in the giant ditch frog (Leptodactylus fallax)

    | Contributor(s):: Rosa, G. M., Fernandez-Loras, A.

  10. The effect of investigator disturbance on egg laying, chick survival and fledging mass of short-tailed shearwaters (Puffinus tenuirostris) and little penguins (Eudyptula minor)

    | Contributor(s):: Vertigan, C., McMahon, C. R., Andrews-Goff, V., Hindell, M. A.

  11. ANXITANE® tablets reduce fear of human beings in a laboratory model of anxiety-related behavior

    | Contributor(s):: Araujo, J. A., Rivera, C. de, Ethier, J. L., Landsberg, G. M., Denenberg, S., Arnold, S., Milgram, N. W.

    Anxiety and fear are common underlying factors in many canine behavior problems that impair the human–pet bond and often result in abandonment, relinquishment, or euthanasia. A combination of behavioral and pharmacological interventions is used to ameliorate the behavioral signs...

  12. Space allowances for confined livestock and their determination from allometric principles

    | Contributor(s):: Petherick, J. C., Phillips, C. J. C.

    The amount of space provided to animals governs important elements of their behaviour and, hence, is critical for their health and welfare. We review the use of allometric principles and equations to estimate the static space requirements of animals when standing and lying, and the space required...

  13. Treatment of separation anxiety in dogs with clomipramine: results from a prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, multicenter clinical trial

    | Contributor(s):: King, J. N., Simpson, B. S., Overall, K. L., Appleby, D., Pageat, P., Ross, C., Chaurand, J. P., Heath, S., Beata, C., Weiss, A. B., Muller, G., Paris, T., Bataille, B. G., Parker, J., Petit, S., Wren, J.

    The efficacy and tolerability of clomipramine in the treatment of separation anxiety in dogs was tested in a prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, international multicentre clinical trial. For a diagnosis of separation anxiety, dogs had to exhibit at least one...

  14. Effects of mulesing and alternative procedures to mulesing on the behaviour and physiology of lambs

    | Contributor(s):: Hemsworth, P. H., Barnett, J. L., Karlen, G. M., Fisher, A. D., Butler, K. L., Arnold, N. A.

    Mulesing involves the surgical removal of skin adjacent to the perineum and tail without anaesthesia or analgesia in lambs. This procedure was developed to reduce the risk of flystrike (cutaneous myiasis) around the perineum. Alternative interventions to mulesing have historically been...

  15. Genetics and genomics of animal behaviour and welfare - challenges and possibilities. (Special Issue: Farm animal welfare since the Brambell report.)

    | Contributor(s):: Jensen, P., Buitenhuis, B., Kjaer, J., Zanella, A., Mormede, P., Pizzari, T.

    Traditionally, the contribution of applied ethology to animal welfare science has concentrated on understanding the reactions of animals to their housing conditions. Domestication has had small effects on fundamental aspects of animal behaviour, and therefore, the needs of present day...

  16. An ethicist's commentary on animal welfare versus food safety in collecting antler velvet

    | Contributor(s):: Rollin, B. E.

  17. An ethicist's commentary on balancing conflicting obligations in antibiotic use

    | Contributor(s):: Rollin, B. E.

  18. An ethicist's commentary on over-vaccination

    | Contributor(s):: Rollin, B. E.

  19. An ethicist's commentary on the "raw diet"

    | Contributor(s):: Rollin, B. E.

  20. An ethicist's commentary on the case of the clients who believe a vaccine created problems for their animal

    | Contributor(s):: Rollin, B. E.