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  1. Tickling and its effects on the affective states of laying hens

    Contributor(s):: Skalná, Zuzana, Pichová, Katarína, Košťál, Ľubor

  2. Training for a cognitive judgement bias task does not affect fear or telomere shortening in laying hens

    Contributor(s):: Neuhauser, Johanna, Hintze, Sara, Rault, Jean-Loup, Smith, Steve, Sirovnik, Janja

  3. Positive human interaction improves welfare in commercial breeding dogs: Evidence from attention bias and human sociability tests

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Baqueiro-Espinosa, Uri, Lo, Tsz Hin, Hunter, Rachel, Donnelly, Paul, McEvoy, Victoria, Crump, Andrew, Arnott, Gareth

    Intensive breeding practices found in large scale Commercial Breeding Establishments (CBEs) raise significant concerns about breeding dam welfare. Large-scale CBE dams spend most of their reproductive lives confined to kennels, with limited access to enriching experiences including positive human...

  4. Frustration in horses: Investigating expert opinion on behavioural indicators and causes using a delphi consultation

    | Contributor(s):: Pannewitz, Laura, Loftus, Loni

  5. Play and welfare in domestic cats: Current knowledge and future directions

    | Contributor(s):: Henning, J. S. L., Fernandez, E. J., Nielsen, T., Hazel, S.

  6. Limitations of Spatial Judgment Bias Test Application in Horses (Equus ferus caballus)

    | Contributor(s):: Marliani, Giovanna, Vannucchi, Irene, Kiumurgis, Irini, Accorsi, Pier Attilio

    Affective states are of increasing interest in the assessment of animal welfare. This research aimed to evaluate the possible limitations in the application of a spatial judgment bias test (JBT) in horses, considering the influence of stress level, personality traits, and the possible bias due to...

  7. Your happiness or mine: Influence of affective states and level of contact on public perceptions of elephant tourism

    | Contributor(s):: Weston, M. E., Mills, K. E., von Keyserlingk, M. A. G.

  8. Humans can identify cats' affective states from subtle facial expressions

    | Contributor(s):: Dawson, L. C., Cheal, J., Niel, L., Mason, G.

  9. Artificial rearing affects the emotional state and reactivity of pigs post-weaning

    | Contributor(s):: Schmitt, O., O'Driscoll, K., Baxter, E. M., Boyle, L. A.

  10. Applying welfare science to bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus)

    | Contributor(s):: Clegg, I. L. K., Van Elk, C. E., Delfour, F.

  11. What can kinematics tell us about the affective states of animals?

    | Contributor(s):: Guesgen, M. J., Bench, C. J.

  12. Enhanced understanding of horse-human interactions to optimize welfare

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Merkies, K., Franzin, O.

    Horses (Equus caballus) have been domesticated for millennia and are regularly utilized for work, sport, and companionship. Enhanced understanding of human–horse interactions can create avenues to optimize their welfare. This review explores the current research surrounding many aspects of...

  13. Human-Animal Relations in Business and Society: Advancing the Feminist Interpretation of Stakeholder Theory

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Tallberg, L., García-Rosell, J. C., Haanpää, M.

    Stakeholder theory has largely been anthropocentric in its focus on human actors and interests, failing to recognise the impact of nonhumans in business and organisations. This leads to an incomplete understanding of organisational contexts that include key relationships with nonhuman animals....

  14. Talking to Cows: Reactions to Different Auditory Stimuli During Gentle Human-Animal Interactions

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lange, A., Bauer, L., Futschik, A., Waiblinger, S., Lürzel, S.

  15. Operant learning is disrupted when opioid reward pathways are blocked in the domesticated hen

    | Contributor(s):: Fountain, Jade, Hazel, Susan J., Ryan, Terry, Taylor, Peta S.

    There is limited research into mesolimbic function specific to birds and, specifically, how neurobiological reward mechanisms affect learning in domestic laying hens (Gallus gallus domesticus). A more thorough understanding of these mechanisms has implications for the improvement of welfare....

  16. Investigating putative depression-like states in the domestic dog: Does greater time spent displaying waking inactivity in the home kennel co-vary with negative judgment of ambiguity?

    | Contributor(s):: Harvey, Naomi D., Moesta, Alexandra, Wongsaengchan, Chanakarn, Harris, Hannah, Craigon, Peter J., Fureix, Carole

    Exposure to chronic stressors and/or traumatic events can trigger depression-like forms of waking inactivity in non-human species (mice, horses, primates) as well as clinical depression in humans. This study aimed to test the hypothesis that elevated levels of waking inactivity in the home...

  17. Rat Tickling in Pet Stores: Effects on Employees, Customers, and New Owners

    | Contributor(s):: LaFollette, Megan R., Cloutier, Sylvie, Gaskill, Brianna N., O’Haire, Marguerite E.

    Rat tickling is a technique used by humans with rats to mimic rough-and-tumble play, improve welfare, and reduce fear. Anecdotal information suggests that rat tickling is also beneficial for humans, yet this assertion has not been empirically validated. We hypothesized that rat tickling would be...

  18. Performance of sheep in a spatial maze is impeded by negative stimuli

    | Contributor(s):: Doyle, Rebecca E., Freire, Rafael, Cowling, Ann, Knott, Stephanie A., Lee, Caroline

    Exposure to negative stimuli or stress can manifest in general changes in cognitive processing. This study aimed to investigate if a spatial maze task could be used to identify stress-induced differences in the cognitive performance of sheep. Two negative stimuli were used to test the hypothesis....

  19. Generating positive affective states in sheep: The influence of food rewards and opioid administration

    | Contributor(s):: Verbeek, Else, Ferguson, Drewe, Quinquet de Monjour, Patrick, Lee, Caroline

    This study investigated the involvement of the opioid system in modulating the affective state after the consumption of palatable and unpalatable rewards, using judgement bias as an indicator of the affective state. We hypothesised that consuming a palatable food reward would generate a more...

  20. Disrupting motivational sequences in chicks: Are there affective consequences?

    | Contributor(s):: Seehuus, Birgitte, Mendl, Mike, Keeling, Linda J., Blokhuis, Harry

    The ‘reward cycle’ conceptualises reward acquisition as a cyclic phenomenon divided into three motivational stages with related emotional or affective states. For feeding behaviour such a cycle consists of an appetitive stage characterised by foraging and exploration linked to emotions such as...