HABRI Central - Tags: Africa

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  1. Pillars for successful operationalization of one health as an ecosystem approach: experience from a human-animal interface in the Maasai steppe in Tanzania

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Gwakisa, P., George, J., Sindato, C., Ngonyoka, A., Nnko, H., Assenga, J., Kimera, S., Nessele, M. O.

    Background: Solving complex public health challenges requires integrated approaches to health, such as One Health. A key element of the One Health approach is the interrelationship between human, animal and environmental health and the associated multistakeholder collaboration across many...

  2. A Nuanced Examination of Primate Capture and Consumption and Human Socio-Economic Well-Being in Kirindy Mitea National Park, Madagascar

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Romanello, Domenic, Thompson, Katharine E. T., Borgerson, Cortni, Randriamanetsy, Jeanne Mathilde, Andriamavosoloarisoa, Niaina Nirina Mahefa, Andrianantenaina, Mamy Yves, Razafindrahasy, Théofrico Alexander, Surkis, Claire, Wright, Patricia C., Twiss, Katheryn C., Lewis, Rebecca J.

    The futures of human and nonhuman primates are closely tied in protected areas. Understanding this interconnectedness is especially urgent in Madagascar, one of the world’s most impoverished biodiversity hotspots. Yet, no study has evaluated the relationship between poverty and lemur...

  3. A mixed methods approach for measuring topic sensitivity in conservation

    | Contributor(s):: Ibbett, H., Jones, J. P. G., Dorward, L., Kohi, E. M., Dwiyahreni, A. A., Prayitno, K., Sankeni, S., Kaduma, J., McHomvu, J., Saputra, A. W., Sabiladiyni, H., Supriatna, J., St John, F. A. V.

  4. Do Spiders Ride on the Fear of Scorpions? A Cross-Cultural Eye Tracking Study

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Rudolfová, Veronika, Štolhoferová, Iveta, Elmi, Hassan S. A., Rádlová, Silvie, Rexová, Kateřina, Berti, Daniel A., Král, David, Sommer, David, Landová, Eva, Frýdlová, Petra, Frynta, Daniel

    Deep fear of spiders is common in many countries, yet its origin remains unexplained. In this study, we tested a hypothesis based on recent studies suggesting that fear of spiders might stem from a generalized fear of chelicerates or fear of scorpions. To this end, we conducted an eye tracking...

  5. A Measurement Equivalence Study of the Family Bondedness Scale: Comparison Between Black/African American and White Pet Owners

    | Contributor(s):: Nugent, William R., Daugherty, Linda

  6. Spatio temporal patterns of human-elephant conflict and its economic costs in and around Chebra Churchura National Park, Southwestern Ethiopia

    | Contributor(s):: Adane, Tsegaye, Afework, Bekele, Anagaw, Atikem

  7. What is a lion worth to local people - quantifying of the costs of living alongside a top predator

    | Contributor(s):: Jacobsen, K. S., Sandorf, E. D., Loveridge, A. J., Dickman, A. J., Johnson, P. J., Mourato, S., Contu, D., Macdonald, D. W.

  8. Bat-borne viruses in Africa: a critical review

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: W. Markotter, J. Coertse, L. De Vries, M. Geldenhuys, M. Mortlock

    In Africa, bat-borne zoonoses emerged in the past few decades resulting in large outbreaks or just sporadic spillovers. In addition, hundreds of more viruses are described without any information on zoonotic potential. We discuss important characteristics of bats including bat biology,...

  9. What conservation can look like for an African | Luwi Nguluka | TEDxLusaka

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Luwi Nguluka

    In this talk, conservationist Luwi Nguluka challenges the audience to consider some not so little known facts about wildlife and conservation in Africa.

  10. Awareness concerning optimal pig production management and animal welfare among smallholder farmers in Tanzania

    | Contributor(s):: Braae, U. C., Penrith, M. L., Ngowi, H. A., Lekule, F., Johansen, M. V.

  11. Distributed skills in camel herding cooperation in a human-animal relationship in Somaliland

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Schwere, R.

    This article examines interspecies cooperation in camel herding in Somaliland. It presents the case of a particular joint activity in this task-scape: moving a camel herd, by leading and driving it, from the night-camp to the daytime grazing area and back. The analytical aim is to...

  12. Assessment of meat-type sheep welfare using animal-based measures

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: M'Hamdi, N., Darej, C., Attia, K., Guesmi, H., Znaidi, I. E. A., Bouraoui, R., M'Hamdi, H., Marzouki, L., Ayadi, M.

    This study aimed to assess the welfare of Tunisian sheep in extensive sheep production systems using animal-based measures of ewe welfare. This study encompasses the first national survey of sheep welfare in which animal-based outcomes were tested. Animal-based welfare measures were derived from...

  13. Preventing an Africa without the African Lion

    Full-text: Available

    The African lion (Panthera leo) population is diminishing rapidly, approximately 43 percent since 1993. The species is currently listed as vulnerable by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). With numerous threats to current populations including human conflict, prey...

  14. Compassionate Conservation: Exploring the Lives of African Wild Dogs (Lycaon pictus) in Botswana

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Valli-Laurente Fraser-Celin, Alice J. Hovorka

    This paper argues for a more compassionate conservation by positioning animals as subjects in research and scholarship. Compassionate conservation is a multidisciplinary field of study that broadly attends to the ethical dimensions of conservation by merging conservation biology and animal...

  15. The impact of poverty on dog ownership and access to canine rabies vaccination: results from a knowledge, attitudes and practices survey, Uganda 2013

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ryan MacLaren Wallace, Jason Mehal, Yoshinori Nakazawa, Sergio Recuenco, Barnabas Bakamutumaho, Modupe Osinubi, Victor Tugumizemu, Jesse D. Blanton, Amy Gilbert, Joseph Wamala

    Background: Rabies is a neglected disease despite being responsible for more human deaths than any other zoonosis. A lack of adequate human and dog surveillance, resulting in low prioritization, is often blamed for this paradox. Estimation methods are often employed to describe the rabies...

  16. Consumption of Domestic Cat in Madagascar: Frequency, Purpose, and Health Implications

    | Contributor(s):: Czaja, Raymond, Wills, Abigail, Hanitriniaina, Sahondra, Reuter, Kim E., Sewall, Brent J.

    The domestic cat Felis catus has a long history of interaction with humans, and is found throughout the world as a household pet and a feral animal. Despite people's often sentimental association with cats, cat meat is sometimes consumed by them; this practice can have important implications for...

  17. A welfare assessment scoring system for working equids—A method for identifying at risk populations and for monitoring progress of welfare enhancement strategies (trialed in Egypt)

    | Contributor(s):: Ali, Ahmed B. A., El Sayed, Mohammed A., Matoock, Mohamed Y., Fouad, Manal A., Heleski, Camie R.

    There are an estimated 112 million horses, donkeys and mules (i.e., working equids) in developing regions of the world. Though their roles are often fundamental to the well-being of the families they work for, their welfare is often severely compromised due to the limited resources and/or...

  18. Where are the wild elephants supposed to go? | Paola Branco | TEDxUIdaho

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Paola Branco

    As amazing as it would be if they did, animals don’t help save animals. People do…or don’t. African elephants are one of many animals that need to be saved. However, human-elephant conflicts are known to have occurred for many, many years, all over the African...

  19. Epidemiology of Leptospirosis in Africa: A Systematic Review of a Neglected Zoonosis and a Paradigm for 'One Health' in Africa

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kathryn J. Allan, Holly M. Biggs, Jo E.B. Halliday, Rudovick R. Kazwala, Venance P. Maro, Sarah Cleaveland, John A. Crump

    Background Leptospirosis is an important but neglected bacterial zoonosis that has been largely overlooked in Africa. In this systematic review, we aimed to summarise and compare current knowledge of: (1) the geographic distribution, prevalence, incidence and diversity of acute human...

  20. Ethnozoology in Brazil: current status and perspectives

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Rômulo RN Alves, Wedson MS Souto

    Ancient connections between animals and human are seen in cultures throughout the world in multiple forms of interaction with the local fauna that form the core of Ethnozoology. Historically, ethnozoological publications grew out of studies undertaken in academic areas such as zoology, human...