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  1. The effect of feeding a high fibre diet on the welfare of sows housed in large dynamic groups

    Contributor(s):: Stewart, C. L., Boyle, L. A., McCann, M. E. E., O'Connell, N. E.

    This study assessed the effect of increasing fibre levels in the concentrate ration on the welfare of sows housed in a large dynamic group. One hundred and twelve Large White x Landrace sows were allocated to one of two treatments over six replicates. Treatments were as follows: (i) High Fibre...

  2. The effect of substrate availability on behavioural and physiological indicators of welfare in the African cichlid ( Oreochromis mossambicus )

    Contributor(s):: Galhardo, L., Correia, J., Oliveira, R. F.

    Male African cichlids (Oreochromis mossambicus) establish territories on the substrate upon which spawning pits are dug, thus attracting females. The substrate, therefore, plays a very significant role in its lifecycle. The effects of substrate access on behaviour and physiology in captivity were...

  3. The effect of the kennel environment on canine welfare: a critical review of experimental studies

    Contributor(s):: Taylor, K. D., Mills, D. S.

    Dogs can be held temporarily or permanently in kennels for a number of reasons, not necessarily for their own benefit. Although restrictive environments have been associated with poor welfare, priorities for research and change cannot be understood unless the various aspects of the kennel...

  4. The effects of education programmes on Atlantic bottlenose dolphin ( Tursiops truncatus ) behaviour

    Contributor(s):: Miller, L. J., Mellen, J., Greer, T., Kuczaj, S. A., II

    Atlantic bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) are found in zoos and aquaria throughout the world. As the number of facilities with dolphin shows and interaction programmes increases, it becomes more important to understand the effects of such programmes on dolphin behaviour. The present study...

  5. The effects of intrusion on the behaviour of caged laboratory rats ( Rattus norvegicus ): consequences for welfare

    Contributor(s):: Barclay, R.

    This experiment examines the consequences and welfare implications of the introduction of new rats to established (resident) caged laboratory rat groups. The effects on investigatory and aggressive behaviours of the established and the newly introduced rats were measured. The aggressive status...

  6. The influence of a camouflage net barrier on the behaviour, welfare and public perceptions of zoo-housed gorillas

    Contributor(s):: Blaney, E. C., Wells, D. L.

    Visitors to zoos can be a potential source of stress to captive-housed primates, resulting in increased abnormal behaviour and intra-group aggression. Finding a way to screen primates from human visitors may be one method of decreasing stress and enhancing animal welfare. For this study, the...

  7. The response of untamed (unbroken) ponies to conditions of road transport

    Contributor(s):: Knowles, T. G., Brown, S. N., Pope, S. J., Nicol, C. J., Warriss, P. D., Weeks, C. A.

    The response to a one-hour road journey was observed in 145 semi-feral ponies unused to handling. Ponies were transported singly or in groups of four or eight at a typical commercial 'high' stocking density or at a slightly reduced 'low' density (range 139 to 316 kg m-2). Blood samples were...

  8. Conceptualising animal abuse with an antisocial behaviour framework. (Special issue: Minding animals: Emerging issues concerning our relationships with other animals.)

    Contributor(s):: Gullone, E.

    This paper reviews current findings in the human aggression and antisocial behaviour literature and those in the animal abuse literature with the aim of highlighting the overlap in conceptualisation. The major aim of this review is to highlight that the co-occurrence between animal abuse...

  9. Sur le caractère ardent du sanglier selon Aristote : éthique et physiologie du thumos = Artistotle on the boar's impetuosity : ethics and physiology of thumos

    Contributor(s):: Viano, Cristina

  10. The introductory study concerning human-animal relations in Warsaw Zoological Garden - the case of chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes)

    Contributor(s):: Kaleta, T., Tumialis, D., Malodobra, M.

    The behaviour of chimpanzees and zoo visitors directed at each other were observed in Warsaw Zoo, Poland, during September 1999-April 2000 and July-September 2003. The aggressive displays and non-aggressive begging were the main types of behaviour performed by apes. When imitating humans,...

  11. Behaviour to the human as a individuality of the milking cows

    Contributor(s):: Shuji, Y.

    The importance of dairy cattle behaviour towards humans was examined. 17 milking cows of Niigata University Muramatsu Station were investigated. The behaviours to one human inside of cowshed and in the pasture were examined. Responses to the behaviour which the human did to the cows, the...

  12. Children who are cruel to animals: a revisit

    Contributor(s):: Luk, E. S., Staiger, P. K., Wong, L., Mathai, J.

  13. Companion animal behavior: a review of dog and cat behavior in the field, the laboratory and the clinic

    Contributor(s):: Houpt, K. A.

  14. Domestication and behaviour

    Contributor(s):: Goldberg, J.

    The domestication of animal species has led to complex relations with humans entailing profound transformations, especially at the behavioural level. It is a rather difficult task to answer the question of whether the wild ancestors of a given domestic form were in some way preadapted to...

  15. Human and animal inter-relationships. Review Series: 3. Normal behaviour patterns of dogs: part I. 4. Behavioural problems of dogs: part II

    Contributor(s):: Blackshaw, J. K.

    Most problems arise when the owner fails to realize that the dog must be part of a defined hierarchy. The treatment of aggression, attention seeking, and elimination, feeding and sexual problems is reviewed.

  16. Human and animal inter-relationships. Review Series: 6. Behavioural problems of cats: II

    Contributor(s):: Blackshaw, J. K.

  17. Human feet are not mice: how to treat human-directed feline aggression

    Contributor(s):: Crowell-Davis, S. L.

  18. Risk factors of relinquishment regarding canine behavior problems in South Korea

    Contributor(s):: Kim, Y. M., Abd El-Aty, A. M., Hwang, S. H., Lee, J. H., Lee, S. M.

  19. Studies on the phenogenetics of behaviour in dogs

    Contributor(s):: Krusinskii, L. V.

    THE 3 characters studied are (a) "passive defence reaction, " or shyness, T, as shown by tendency to run away at the approach of a stranger, hiding in a corner, dilation of pupils, muscular tetanus; (b) "active defence reaction " or aggressiveness, A [N.B. author uses no symbol] shown by attempt...

  20. Cruelty toward cats: a different kind of abuse

    Contributor(s):: Lockwood, R.