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High rates of aggression do not predict rates of trauma in captive groups of macaques
Contributor(s):: Beisner, Brianne A., Wooddell, Lauren J., Hannibal, Darcy L., Nathman, Amy, McCowan, Brenda
Socially inflicted traumas are a major concern for the management of captive groups of rhesus macaques. Rhesus macaques are the most commonly used nonhuman primate in biomedical research, and social housing is optimal for promoting psychological well-being. However, trauma is frequent due to a...
Effects of size distribution on social interactions and growth of juvenile black rockfish (Sebastes schlegelii)
Contributor(s):: Guo, Haoyu, Zhang, Xiumei, Johnsson, Jörgen I.
Growth heterogeneity in rearing groups may complicate feeding operations and inducing cannibalism in cultured fish. To reduce these problems size grading has become a common rearing practice. To better understand the relationship between size grading and growth variation in cultured juvenile...
Effect of environmental enrichment and composition of the social group on the behavior, welfare, and relative brain weight of growing rabbits
Contributor(s):: Bozicovich, Thais F. M., Moura, Ana Silvia A. M. T., Fernandes, Simone, Oliveira, Aline A., Siqueira, Edson R. Siqueira
The objective of the study was to investigate if environmental enrichment and the composition of the social group would affect the behavior and relative brain weight of growing rabbits. Rabbits (72 males and 72 females) were assigned to cages with or without enrichment and one of three social...
Identifying blood-based biomarkers associated with aggression in weaned pigs after mixing
Contributor(s):: Shen, Chunyan, Tong, Xian, Chen, Ruonan, Gao, Siyuan, Liu, Xinpeng, Schinckel, Allan P., Li, Yuan, Xu, Feilong, Zhou, Bo
Animal behavior, including agonistic behavior, is regulated by various neurotransmitters and hormones in the blood. To Identify blood-based biomarkers associated with aggression in weaned pigs after mixing, a total of 500 weaned pigs from 65 litters were selected and mixed into 51 pens with...
Dogs recognize dog and human emotions
Contributor(s):: Albuquerque, N., Guo, Kun, Wilkinson, A., Savalli, C., Otta, E., Mills, D.
The perception of emotional expressions allows animals to evaluate the social intentions and motivations of each other. This usually takes place within species; however, in the case of domestic dogs, it might be advantageous to recognize the emotions of humans as well as other dogs. In this...
Bites dog people: general characteristics
Contributor(s):: Marat T. Makenov, Olga A. Mihaylova
The analysis of appeals for medical help concerned with dog bites made by dwellers of the Omsk City in 2006-2010 has been performed, using the materials of the "Omsk Regional Center for Hygiene and Epidemiology". In total, 11 849 cases of human biting by dogs were registered in this...
Relationship Between Scarring and Dog Aggression in Pit Bull-Type Dogs Involved in Organized Dogfighting
Contributor(s):: Katherine A. Miller, Rachel Touroo, C. Victor Spain, Kelly Jones, Pamela Reid, Randall Lockwood
When pit bull-type dogs are seized in an investigation of organized dogfighting, heavily scarred dogs are often assumed to be highly dog aggressive due to a history of fighting. These dogs may be deemed dangerous and euthanized based on scarring alone. We analyzed our existing data on dogs seized...
Orca Behavior and Subsequent Aggression Associated with Oceanarium Confinement
| Contributor(s):: Robert Anderson, Robyn Waayers, Andrew Knight
Based on neuroanatomical indices such as brain size and encephalization quotient, orcas are among the most intelligent animals on Earth. They display a range of complex behaviors indicative of social intelligence, but these are difficult to study in the open ocean where protective laws may...
Reproductive endocrinology and musth indicators in a captive Asian elephant (Elephas maximus)
| Contributor(s):: Duer, Connie, Tomasi, Tom, Abramson, Charles I.
Factors governing risk of cougar attacks on humans
| Contributor(s):: Mattson, D., Logan, K., Sweanor, L.
Dos and don'ts of canine interaction: importance of responsible ownership
| Contributor(s):: Green, E.
Childhood cruelty toward animals among criminals and noncriminals
| Contributor(s):: Kellert, Stephen R, Felthous, Alan R
The slaughterhouse, social disorganization, and violent crime in rural communities
| Contributor(s):: Jacques, J. R.
Scholars in nonhuman animal studies and criminology have argued that more attention should be paid to the violence sanctioned by society, that of animal slaughter for industrial food production. Slaughterhouses and the communities surrounding these facilities present ideal sites for investigating...
Behaviour of pre-pubertal gilts and its relationship to farrowing behaviour in conventional farrowing crates and loose-housed pens
| Contributor(s):: Ison, S. H., Wood, C. M., Baxter, E. M.
Individual variation in the reproductive performance of sows has the potential for greater negative impacts in loose-farrowing systems. Therefore, the ability to select gilts that will perform well would be a major advantage. This study investigated the behaviour of gilts during pre-pubertal...
Childhood experiences with family pets and internalizing symptoms in early adulthood
| Contributor(s):: Girardi, A., Pozzulo, J. D.
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether childhood experiences with family pets are associated with symptoms of depression and anxiety in early adulthood. Undergraduate students ( n=318) responded to an online survey that included questions about bonding with childhood pets, exposure...
Mandated reporting of suspected animal harm by Australian veterinarians: community attitudes
| Contributor(s):: Acutt, D., Signal, T., Taylor, N.
Research demonstrates that animal abuse is linked with various forms of interpersonal violence and that veterinarians themselves are concerned about this link. However, Australian veterinarians are not currently mandated to report cases of suspected animal abuse (AA), a position outlined by the...
"Before, he fought every day with the horse and with me": reducing violence in a Guatemalan community through a horse-handling program
| Contributor(s):: Gibbons, J. L., Cunningham, C. A., Paiz, L., Poelker, K. E., Cardenas, M. A. M.
Community and family violence are endemic in Guatemala. We evaluated the effectiveness of a horse-handling program to reduce violent attitudes and aggressive behavior. Eighteen community members who worked with horses in their daily lives (16 men, 2 women, ages 15 to 58) participated in four...
His bark is worse than his bite: perceptions and rationalization of canine aggressive behavior
| Contributor(s):: Orritt, R., Gross, H., Hogue, T.
Qualitative methods are increasingly used to investigate the complexities of the dog-human relationship. In order to inform a larger study of human dog interaction, a focus group study was carried out to address the question 'How is aggressive behavior in dogs perceived and rationalized by people...
Pet relinquishment: preventing the biggest problems resulting in pets losing their homes
| Contributor(s):: Feyrecilde, M.
Considering companion animals an examination of companion animal policies in California domestic violence shelters
| Contributor(s):: Komorosky, D., Woods, D. R., Empie, K.
A growing body of literature has shown the link between domestic violence and animal cruelty, resulting in a shift in the way family violence and those who are victims of abuse are considered. There are approximately 700 shelters across the nation protecting women and their children from domestic...