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  1. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

    About the organizationThe National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) is one of the 27 institutes and centers that make up the National Institutes of Health (NIH), an agency of the United States Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). Their mission is to conduct basic and...

  2. Pet ownership is associated with increased risk of non-atopic asthma and reduced risk of atopy in childhood: findings from a UK birth cohort

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Collin, S. M., Granell, R., Westgarth, C., Murray, J., Paul, E., Sterne, J. A., John Henderson, A.

    Background Studies have shown an inverse association of pet ownership with allergy but inconclusive findings for asthma. Objective To investigate whether pet ownership during pregnancy and childhood was associated with asthma and atopy at the age of 7 in a UK population-based birth...

  3. Correcting myths and misconceptions about allergies to pets

    | Contributor(s):: Schatz, M., Schatz, C.

    "Allergy to animals is a familiar problem in this country; aside from the widespread occurrence of allergy in general, exposure to animals is common. ... The purpose of this commentary is to correct some widely held myths and misconceptions regarding the common and important problem of allergies...

  4. Owning a dog and working: a telephone survey of dog owners and employers in Sweden

    | Contributor(s):: Norling, A. Y., Keeling, L.

    Many dog owners are faced with the problem of what to do with their dog when they go to work. Different solutions to the problem may affect dogs, owners, and employers. In this study, 204 working, Swedish dog owners and 90 employers were interviewed by telephone regarding practical issues and...

  5. Reasons for relinquishment and return of domestic cats ( Felis silvestris catus ) to rescue shelters in the UK

    | Contributor(s):: Casey, R. A., Vandenbussche, S., Bradshaw, J. W. S., Roberts, M. A.

    Significant numbers of cats enter rescue and re-homing facilities each year, over half of which are relinquished directly by owners. Identifying the reasons why owners decide to give up their pet is an important step in the development of education strategies to encourage retention of cats by...

  6. Dog Therapy 101. (cover story)

    | Contributor(s):: Inklebarger, Timothy

  7. Animal Exposure, Asthma and Allergies

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Felicia Trembath

    An estimated 62% of all United States households have one or more pet and more than 38% of households with pets have children under the age of 18 (Beck, 2010). Although the total number of pets in the United States does not seem to be increasing (AVMA, 2012), the relationship between people and...

  8. Washing the dog reduces dog allergen levels, but the dog needs to be washed twice a week

    | Contributor(s):: Tessa Hodson, Adnan Custovic, Angela Simpson, Martin Chapman, Ashley Woodcock, Rosalind Green

    Background: Many asthmatic patients allergic to dogs refuse to part with their dog, and it is essential to develop techniques for lowering exposure with a dog in the home. Objective: This study investigated the effect of dog washing on the subsequent recovery of Can f 1 from...

  9. Do hypoallergenic cats and dogs exist?

    | Contributor(s):: Butt, Ahmed, Rashid, Daanish, Lockey, Richard F.

  10. Does exposure to cats or dogs in early life alter a child's risk of atopic dermatitis?

    | Contributor(s):: Ownby, D. R., Johnson, C. C.

  11. Dog characteristics and allergen levels in the home

    | Contributor(s):: Nicholas, Charlotte, Wegienka, Ganesa, Havstad, Suzanne, Zoratti, Edward, Ownby, Dennis, Johnson, Christine Cole

  12. Exposure to dog allergens and subsequent allergic sensitization: an updated review

    | Contributor(s):: Smallwood, J., Ownby, D.

  13. Exposure to secondhand tobacco smoke enhances respiratory symptoms and responses to animals in 8,819 children in kindergarten: results from 25 districts in northeast China.

    | Contributor(s):: Dong, Guang-Hui, Ren, Wan-Hui, Wang, Da, Yang, Zong-Hua, Zhang, Peng-Fei, Zhao, Ya-Dong, He, Qin-Cheng

  14. Indoor pet exposure and the outcomes of total IgE and sensitization at age 18 years

    | Contributor(s):: Wegienka, G., Johnson, C. C., Havstad, S., Ownby, D. R., Zoratti, E. M.

  15. Pet dander and difficult-to-control asthma: Therapeutic options

    | Contributor(s):: Ling, M., Long, A. A.

  16. Pets at birth do not increase allergic disease in at-risk children

    | Contributor(s):: Lodge, C. J., Lowe, A. J., Gurrin, L. C., Matheson, M. C., Balloch, A., Axelrad, C., Hill, D. J., Hosking, C. S., Rodrigues, S., Svanes, C., Abramson, M. J., Allen, K. J., Dharmage, S. C.

  17. Second-hand tobacco smoke and allergens—Double jeopardy for childhood asthma exacerbations

    | Contributor(s):: Kabir, Z. , Clancy, L.

  18. Animal-assisted interventions in children's hospitals: a critical review of the literature

    | Contributor(s):: Chur-Hansen, A., McArthur, M., Winefield, H., Hanieh, E., Hazel, S.

    There is a perception in the scientific and general communities that hospitalized children benefit from visits by animals. Animal-assisted interventions (AAI), including animal-assisted therapy and animal-assisted activities, usually involving dogs, are thus employed in pediatric hospitals....

  19. Cat, dog and house dust mite allergen levels on children's soft toys

    | Contributor(s):: Wu, FuSheng, Wu, MeiWen, Ting, MingHui, Crane, J., Siebers, R.

    Objective: Children's soft toys are known to harbour house dust mite (HDM) allergens, but little is known whether they harbour cat or dog allergens. The objective of the study was to measure cat (Fel d 1), dog (Can f 1) and HDM allergens on children's soft toys. Methods: Dust was collected from...

  20. Does Pet Ownership in Infancy Lead to Asthma or Allergy at School Age? Pooled Analysis of Individual Participant Data from 11 European Birth Cohorts

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: K. Lødrup Carlsen, S. Roll, K.H. Carlsen, P. Mowinchel, A. Wijga, B. Brunekreef, M. Torrent, G. Roberts, S.H. Arshad, I. Kull, U. Krämer, A. von Berg, E. Eller, A. Høst, C. Kuehni, B. Spycher, J. Sunyer, C. Chen, A. Reich, A. Asarnoj, C. Puig, O. Herbarth, J. Mahachie John, K. Van Steen, S. Willich, U. Wahn, S. Lau, T. Keil

    Objective To examine the associations between pet keeping in early childhood and asthma and allergies in children aged 6–10 years. Design Pooled analysis of individual participant data of 11 prospective European birth cohorts that recruited a total of over 22,000 children in the...