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  1. Flooring and driving conditions during road transport influence the behavioural expression of cattle

    Contributor(s):: Stockman, Catherine A., Collins, Teresa, Barnes, Anne L., Miller, David, Wickham, Sarah L., Beatty, David T., Blache, Dominique, Wemelsfelder, Francoise, Fleming, Patricia A.

    This study examined whether observers could distinguish between cattle that were exposed to various road transport conditions: Experiment 1 compared a manipulated flooring treatment (non-grip flooring, NG) with a control transport event (grip flooring, G) and Experiment 2 compared a manipulated...

  2. Qualitative Behavioural Assessment of Angus steers during pre-slaughter handling and relationship with temperament and physiological responses

    Contributor(s):: Stockman, Catherine A., McGilchrist, Peter, Collins, Teresa, Barnes, Anne L., Miller, David, Wickham, Sarah L., Greenwood, Paul L., Cafe, Linda M., Blache, Dominique, Wemelsfelder, Francoise, Fleming, Patricia A.

    This study examined the behavioural expression of cattle immediately prior to slaughter through the process of Qualitative Behavioural Assessment (QBA), and compared these results to measurements of physiology and temperament. Twenty-eight Angus steers were filmed while in a funnel chute as they...

  3. Companion Dog Foster Caregiver Program for Older Veterans at the VA Maryland Health Care System: A Feasibility Study

    Contributor(s):: Ortmeyer, H. K., Robey, L. C.

    Veterans experience mental health conditions at a disproportionate rate compared to their civilian counterparts, and approximately 60% of older veterans who receive their care through the United States Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) do not meet physical activity (PA) recommendations. We...

  4. Influence of age and experience rider on differentiate the behaviour of recreational horses being prepared for use

    Contributor(s):: Jastrzebska, E., Wilk, I.

  5. Qualitative Behavioural Assessment of Bos indicus cattle after surgical castration

    Contributor(s):: Vindevoghel, Thinza V., Fleming, Patricia A., Hyndman, Timothy H., Musk, Gabrielle C., Laurence, Michael, Collins, Teresa

    There are various methods to perform castration of cattle, but surgical castration is the most common. Although it is well documented that surgical procedures inflict pain, analgesic use is usually omitted for surgical castration of production animals in Australia. This study compares the...

  6. Application of Free Choice Profiling to assess the emotional state of dogs housed in shelter environments

    Contributor(s):: Arena, Laura, Wemelsfelder, Franҫoise, Messori, Stefano, Ferri, Nicola, Barnard, Shanis

    Dogs housed in shelters may experience poor welfare. To ensure these dogs a good quality of life, welfare assessment tools should be sensitive not only to the animals’ physical health but also to their mental state, including the assessment of positive and negative emotions. In this study, we...

  7. Wildlife tourism: Underwater behavioral responses of South American sea lions to swimmers

    Contributor(s):: Dans, S. L., Crespo, E. A., Coscarella, M. A.

    The aim of the present study was to describe the type of interaction between swimmers and sea lions, during tourist trips, at a small colony in Northern Patagonia, Argentina. Particularly we explored if sea lions would show agonistic behaviors towards people, or behaviors that potentially poses a...

  8. Fractal measures in activity patterns: Do gastrointestinal parasites affect the complexity of sheep behaviour?

    Contributor(s):: Burgunder, Jade, Petrželková, Klára J., Modrý, David, Kato, Akiko, MacIntosh, Andrew J. J.

    Gastrointestinal nematodes are known to be one of the most economically important parasites in livestock production. In order to test whether fractal analysis of behaviour can be used as a diagnostic tool for detection of infected animals, we investigated fractal patterns in the behavioural...

  9. Process Evaluation of Animal-Assisted Therapy: Feasibility and Relevance of a Dog-Assisted Therapy Program in Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder

    Contributor(s):: Wijker, C., Leontjevas, R., Spek, A., Enders-Slegers, M. J.

  10. Changes in behavioural synchrony during dog-assisted therapy for children with autism spectrum disorder and children with Down syndrome

    Contributor(s):: Griffioen, R. E., van der Steen, S., Verheggen, T., Enders-Slegers, M. J., Cox, R.

  11. Help-Seeking Among Abused Women With Pets: Evidence From a Canadian Sample

    Contributor(s):: Barrett, B. J., Fitzgerald, A., Peirone, A., Stevenson, R., Cheung, C. H.

  12. Avoidance Distance in Sheltered Cows and Its Association with Other Welfare Parameters

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Sharma, A., Phillips, C. J. C.

  13. Jaguar and puma captivity and trade among the Maya: Stable isotope data from Copan, Honduras

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Nawa Sugiyama, William L. Fash, Christine A.M. France

    From Moctezuma’s zoo to animals kept in captivity at Teotihuacan, there is increasing evidence that Mesoamericans managed wild animals for a myriad of purposes. The present study situates ritualized animal management of highly symbolic fauna in the broader context of Classic Mesoamerica...

  14. Asian Livestock Industry Leaders' Perceptions of the Importance of, and Solutions for, Animal Welfare Issues

    | Contributor(s):: Sinclair, M., Phillips, C. J. C.

  15. Validation of a Commercially Available Enzyme ImmunoAssay for the Determination of Oxytocin in Plasma Samples from Seven Domestic Animal Species

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Cecile Bienboire-Frosini, Camille Chabaud, Alessandro Cozzi, Elisa Codecasa, Patrick Pageat

    The neurohormone oxytocin (OT) has a broad range of behavioral effects in mammals. It modulates a multitude of social behaviors, e.g., affiliative and sexual interactions. Consequently, the OT role in various animal species is increasingly explored. However, several issues have been raised...

  16. Positive Thinking as a Moral and Existential Virtue

    | Contributor(s):: Sandu, Frunza

  17. More than 50% of Clostridium difficile Isolates from Pet Dogs in Flagstaff, USA, Carry Toxigenic Genotypes

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Nathan E. Stone, Lindsay C. Sidak-Loftis, Jason W. Sahl, Adam J. Vazquez, Kristin B. Wiggins, John D. Gillece, Nathan D. Hicks, James M. Schupp, Joseph D. Busch, Paul Keim, David M. Wagner

    Nosocomial acquisition of Clostridium difficile is well documented, yet recent studies have highlighted the importance of community acquired infections and identified community associated reservoirs for this pathogen. Multiple studies have implicated companion pets and farm animals as...

  18. A survey of the impact of owning a service dog on quality of life for individuals with physical and hearing disability: a pilot study

    | Contributor(s):: Hall, S. S., Turner, A., MacMichael, J., Mills, D. S.

  19. Pet dogs' behavior when the owner and an unfamiliar person attend to a faux rival

    | Contributor(s):: Prato-Previde, E., Nicotra, V., Pelosi, A., Valsecchi, P.

  20. Danger! Danger! Danger!, or When Animals Might Attack: The Adventure Activist Genre

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Mark. L Berrettini

    An analysis of the current state of the adventure activist genre in film, centering on The Crocodile Hunter and Project Grizzly.