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All Categories (1-20 of 63)

  1. Impact of inhalation anaesthesia, surgery and analgesic treatment on home cage behaviour in laboratory mice

    Contributor(s):: Cesarovic, Nikola, Arras, Margarete, Jirkof, Paulin

    Anaesthesia and analgesia are used frequently in laboratory routine to ensure animal welfare and good scientific outcomes in experiments that may elicit pain or require immobilisation of the animal. However, there is concern regarding the effect of these procedures on animal behaviour in...

  2. Identifying and preventing pain during and after surgery in farm animals

    Contributor(s):: Walker, Kristen A., Duffield, Todd F., Weary, Daniel M.

    Pain research in farm animals has focused on routine husbandry procedures such as dehorning; much less known about the pain associated with the other surgeries such as those required for displaced abomasum and caesarean delivery. We review the literature on pain in farm animals due to non-routine...

  3. Prolonged Recovery From General Anesthesia Possibly Related to Persistent Hypoxemia in a Draft Horse

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Julien Dupont, Didier Serteyn, Charlotte Sandersen

    Horses are susceptible to developing large areas of pulmonary atelectasis during recumbency and anesthesia. The subsequent pulmonary shunt is responsible for significant impairment of oxygenation. Since ventilation perfusion mismatch persists into the post-operative period, hypoxemia remains an...

  4. Mice aversion to sevoflurane, isoflurane and carbon dioxide using an approach-avoidance task

    | Contributor(s):: Guedes, Silvana R., Valentim, Ana M., Antunes, Luis M.

    Euthanasia of laboratory animals is one of the main concerns for animal welfare, especially the use of carbon dioxide (CO2) which has been described to induce aversive-like behaviours. In order to refine mass euthanasia in rodents, this study aims to determine which gas, sevoflurane, isoflurane...

  5. Physiological and behavioural evaluation of common anaesthesia practices in the rainbow trout

    | Contributor(s):: Pounder, Kieran C., Mitchell, Jennifer L., Thomson, Jack S., Pottinger, Tom G., Sneddon, Lynne U.

    Anaesthetic drugs are commonly administered to fish in aquaculture, research and veterinary contexts. Anaesthesia causes temporary absence of consciousness and may reduce the stress and/or pain associated with handling and certain invasive procedures. The rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) is a...

  6. Evaluation of pharmacokinetics and efficacy of ivermectin following oral administration in dogs against experimental infection of Ctenocephalides felis felis and Rhipicephalus sanguineus

    | Contributor(s):: Magalhaes, V. S., Cid, Y. P., Ferreira, T. P., Medeiros, D. M. V., Batista, L. C. de S. O., Correia, T. R., Albert, A. L. M., Scott, F. B.

    With the increasing number of pets in home the human-animal relationship is increasingly close and care about control disease growing. Ivermectin (IVM) is frequently used because its proven safety. IVM is recommended for the treatment of demodectic scabies and prevention of heartworm in dogs, but...

  7. Anesthesia in some categories of patients and clinical conditionsAnestesia in alcune categorie di pazienti e condizioni cliniche

    | Contributor(s):: Grazioli, O.

    The author analyses anesthesia in the most frequent and risky clinical conditions, for which greater knowledge and attention in anesthetic management are required. In the final part, euthanasia is taken into account, because of its strategic importance, with emotional and psychological aspects...

  8. Assessment of acute pain in cats: signs, tools and limitations

    | Contributor(s):: White, K. L.

    Recent advances in pain assessment in companion animals represent a tenacious, painstaking and time-consuming dedication to improving animal welfare. Attitudes and knowledge about pain assessment, particularly in cats, have changed dramatically in the past few decades, representing a very obvious...

  9. A dermatologist's viewpoint on the significance of the human-animal bond in practice

    | Contributor(s):: Liska, D. A.

  10. Feline aggression directed toward people: causes and treatment

    | Contributor(s):: Horwitz, D. F.

  11. Determination of residue levels of alpha-chloralose in duck tissues

    | Contributor(s):: Goldade, David A., Stahl, Randal S., Johnston, John J.

  12. The effect of isoflurane anaesthesia and buprenorphine on the mouse grimace scale and behaviour in CBA and DBA/2 mice

    | Contributor(s):: Miller, A., Kitson, G., Skalkoyannis, B., Leach, M.

    Prevention or alleviation of pain in laboratory mice is a fundamental requirement of in vivo research. The mouse grimace scale (MGS) has the potential to be an effective and rapid means of assessing pain and analgesic efficacy in laboratory mice. Preliminary studies have demonstrated its...

  13. Sep 28 2015

    2015 Animal Ethics Seminar

    A seminar for members of Animal Ethics Committees and their Executive Officers, and animal researchers, is to be held at the Australian Catholic University, North Sydney, on 29 September 2015. The...

    https://habricentral.org/events/details/353

  14. Sep 01 2015

    12th World Congress of Veterinary Anaesthesiology

    Dear Friends and Colleagues,It is with great pleasure that we invite you to attend the 12th World Congress of Veterinary Anaesthesiology (WCVA 2015) to be held at the Kyoto International Convention...

    https://habricentral.org/events/details/186

  15. Rat aversion to sevoflurane and isoflurane

    | Contributor(s):: Bertolus, J. B., Nemeth, G., Makowska, I. J., Weary, D. M.

    Virtually all rodents used in research are eventually euthanized. Best practice is to anaesthetize these animals before euthanasia using a halogenated anaesthetic such as isoflurane. Exposure to isoflurane is aversive, but less so than exposure to the commonly used carbon dioxide. Sevoflurane is...

  16. Testing three measures of mouse insensibility following induction with isoflurane or carbon dioxide gas for a more humane euthanasia

    | Contributor(s):: Moody, C. M., Makowska, I. J., Weary, D. M.

    Laboratory mice are commonly killed via exposure to gradually increasing concentrations of isoflurane and carbon dioxide (CO 2) gas. Once rendered insensible using isoflurane or CO 2, a high concentration of CO 2 is used to decrease time to death. When the switch from isoflurane to a high flow...

  17. Tales about tails: is the mutilation of animals justifiable in their best interests or in ours?

    | Contributor(s):: Edwards, S., Bennett, P., Appleby, M. C., Weary, D. M., Sandoe, P.

    Tail docking, involving surgical or non-surgical removal of a portion of the tail, is one of the most widely carried out and contentious mutilations inflicted by humans on animals. To differing extents, this procedure is carried out on farm livestock, draught animals and companion animals. The...

  18. Evaluation of microwave energy as a humane stunning technique based on electroencephalography (EEG) of anaesthetised cattle

    | Contributor(s):: Rault, J. L., Hemsworth, P. H., Cakebread, P. L., Mellor, D. J., Johnson, C. B.

    Humane slaughter implies that an animal experiences minimal pain and distress before it is killed. Stunning is commonly used to induce insensibility but can lead to variable results or be considered unsatisfactory by some religious groups. Microwave energy can induce insensibility in rats, and...

  19. Humane killing of nonhuman animals for disease control purposes

    | Contributor(s):: Raj, M.

    Reports and guidelines produced by international institutions such as the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE, 2005) describe various methods of killing nonhuman animals. Selection and implementation of a killing method may involve several factors. Preventing or minimizing risk to human...

  20. Training large macaws for artificial insemination procedures

    | Contributor(s):: Leblanc, F., Pothet, G., Jalme, M. S., Dorval, M., Bovet, D.

    For some endangered parrot species, captive breeding may be the only insurance for their survival. However, many individuals in captivity do not reproduce. Artificial insemination (AI) may help overcome reproductive failures or geographic distance. For semen collection in birds, massage is the...