Impact of wildlife on food crops and approaches to reducing human wildlife conflict in the protected landscapes of Eastern Nepal
Contributor(s):: Dahal, N. K., Harada, K., Adhikari, S., Sapkota, R. P., Kandel, S.
A modeling approach for estimating seasonal dietary preferences of goats in a Mediterranean Quercus frainetto–Juniperus oxycedrus woodland
| Contributor(s):: Manousidis, T., Malesios, C., Kyriazopoulos, A. P., Parissi, Z. M., Abraham, E. M., Abas, Z.
Goats are characterized as selective feeders due to their specific feeding behavior, thus the study of their seasonal preferences in a Mediterranean oak-juniper ecosystem is of great interest. The current research was conducted in an open oak forest in Megalo Dereio region, northeastern Greece...
Detection of Verticillium dahliae in olive groves using canine detection units
| Contributor(s):: Pons Anglad a, L., Calvo Torras, M. dels A.
Verticillium wilt is one of the most significant agricultural diseases in the world, in view of the fact that not only does it affect olive groves but also a wide variety of fruit, vegetable and ornamental plants. Currently, the most efficient and economical method of control involves the use of...
Behavioural response of pure Ankole and crossbred (Ankole * Holstein) cows to seasonal pasture variations in south-western Uganda
| Contributor(s):: Idibu, J., Kabi, F., Mpairwe, D.
This study evaluated the effects of season and pasture species on variations in sward composition, pasture quantity (plant-height and biomass) and quality [crude protein (CP), neutral detergent fibre (NDF) and in vitro organic matter digestibility (IVOMD)]. Behavioural responses of a group of 10...
Animal exploitation during the Old Kingdom in Egypt: contribution from Ayn Asil (Dakhla Oasis)Exploitation animale a l'Ancien Empire en Egypte: les apports d'Ayn Asil (oasis de Dakhla)
| Contributor(s):: Lesur, J.
At the end of the Old Kingdom in Egypt, food production relies on a dense agriculture in the Delta and the Nile valley as well as on livestock herding and fishing. The situation is however different in the Western Desert which undergoes a strong aridification. Archaeozoological remains coming...
Degree of synchrony based on individual observations underlines the importance of concurrent access to enrichment materials in finishing pigs
| Contributor(s):: Zwicker, B., Weber, R., Wechsler, B., Gygax, L.
Pigs are sociable animals with a strong motivation to explore and forage, and it has been stated that they have a strong motivation to do so synchronously. We examined the synchrony of exploration in groups of finishing pigs when enrichment materials were offered. We used a novel measure of...
Hunger in pregnant sows: effects of a fibrous diet and free access to straw
| Contributor(s):: Jensen, M. B., Pedersen, L. J., Theil, P. K., Knudsen, K. E. B.
Fibrous diets and the provision of straw have been suggested to reduce feeding motivation in pregnant sows. The present experiment investigated the separate and interactive effects of a fibrous diet and ad libitum access to straw on feeding motivation, oral behaviour and plasma levels of...
Dietary fatty acid composition significantly influenced the proactive-reactive behaviour of Senegalese sole ( Solea senegalensis) post-larvae
| Contributor(s):: Ibarra-Zatarain, Z., Morais, S., Bonacic, K., Campoverde, C., Duncan, N.
Few studies have examined the influence of diet on larval proactive-reactive behavioural dimension of stress coping style responses. The present study evaluated the influence of using different vegetables oils (Linseed; Soybean; Olive) and fish oil (Cod liver) for Artemia metanauplii nutritional...
Dustbathing, pecking and scratching behaviours of laying hens in furnished cages are enhanced by the presence of rubber mats and litter distribution
| Contributor(s):: Guinebretiere, M., Michel, V., Arnould, C.
Furnished cages for laying hens exist in a wide variety of sizes and designs and should be equipped to allow hens to express some of their behavioural priorities. European Council Directive 1999/74/EC stipulates that litter must be provided for pecking and scratching but the type of litter and...
Stereotypic mice are aggressed by their cage-mates, and tend to be poor demonstrators in social learning tasks
| Contributor(s):: Harper, L., Choleris, E., Ervin, K., Fureix, C., Reynolds, K., Walker, M., Mason, G.
Stereotypic behaviours (SBs) are linked with behavioural inflexibility and resemble symptoms of autism, suggesting that stereotypic animals could have autistic-like social impairments. SBs are also common in caged mice. We therefore hypothesised relationships between stereotypic and social...
Retracting inconclusive research: lessons from the Seralini GM maize feeding study
| Contributor(s):: Resnik, D. B.
In September 2012, Gilles-Eric Seralini and seven coauthors published an article in Food and Chemical Toxicology claiming that rats fed Roundup-resistant genetically modified maize alone, genetically modified maize with Roundup, or Roundup for 2 years had a higher percentage of tumors and...
Effects of stage of gestation at mixing on aggression, injuries and stress in sows
| Contributor(s):: Stevens, B., Karlen, G. M., Morrison, R., Gonyou, H. W., Butler, K. L., Kerswell, K. J., Hemsworth, P. H.
Confinement of breeding sows to stalls is a controversial welfare issue, and there is a worldwide move to house gestating sows in groups. We examined the effects of day of mixing following insemination on aggression, injuries and stress in sows. A total of 800 sows were used in this experiment...
Is dandelion rubber more natural? Naturalness, biotechnology and the transition towards a bio-based society
| Contributor(s):: Zwart, H., Krabbenborg, L., Zwier, J.
In the unfolding debate on the prospects, challenges and viability of the imminent transition towards a 'Bio-Based Society' (BBS) or 'Bio-based Economy' - i.e. the replacement of fossil fuels by biomass as a basic resource for the production of energy, materials and food,...
Moderating the relationship between price and perceived value of ethical products
| Contributor(s):: Araque-Padilla, R. A., Montero-Simo, M. J., Rivera-Torres, P., Aragon-Gutierrez, C.
Interest in ethical aspects associated to product acquisition and consumption is a growing trend among consumers. In this context, the concept of "product with ethical attributes" has arisen to refer to products with explicit social and environmental characteristics. However, one of the factors...
The anthropozoology of domestication for milk productionAnthropozoologie de la domestication laitiere
| Contributor(s):: Poplin, F.
Milk draws its substance from a living being of flesh and blood and from plant matter full of scents, through a two-cycle digestive system and fermentation in vivo, that of ruminants, which are also animals that provide meat ("you drink my milk, you eat my meat"). The pig, the "outlaw" of...
Density-dependent diet selection and body condition of cattle and horses in heterogeneous landscapes
| Contributor(s):: Cornelissen, P., Vulink, J. T.
For some decades, grazing by cattle and horses is used as a management tool to achieve different nature management goals. For managers there are still questions to be answered about the effects of herbivore densities on their performance, vegetation development and biodiversity. This study...
Enriching tortoises: assessing color preference
| Contributor(s):: Passos, L. F., Mello, H. E. S., Young, R. J.
Environmental enrichment is a principle that is used to enhance the quality of care for nonhuman animals in captivity. To achieve this, it is necessary to understand the animal's needs. This study focused on color preference to provide food stimuli as a source of environmental enrichment for the...
Environmental enrichment for dendrobatid frogs
| Contributor(s):: Hurme, K., Gonzalez, K., Halvorsen, M., Foster, B., Moore, D., Chepko-Sade, B. D.
The Central Park Zoo, one of the Wildlife Conservation Society's Living Institutions in New York, recently renovated an exhibit for dart-poison frogs. Staff developed a new hollow coconut insect feeder in conjunction with this project. When the exhibit change, coconut feeder, and other...
Overview of the Brazilian citriculture certification
| Contributor(s):: Turra, C., Vian, C. E. de F., Nielsen, F. A. G., Santos, P. S., Penteado, L. F. de F.
This study aims to characterize the different types of certification in the Brazilian citriculture as well as analyze the major changes in the market. The paper also has the objective to discuss how social and environmental factors influence the demand for food certifications and the...
Behavioural assessment of dental pain in captive Malayan sun bears ( Helarctos malayanus)
| Contributor(s):: Fleming, M., Burn, C. C.
Captive bears are prone to developing dental pathology for reasons including longevity in captivity, inappropriate diet, trauma, and stereotypical bar biting. If not detected, this can cause pain and suffering, with negative welfare consequences. As animals cannot verbally express feelings,...