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  1. Environmentally enriching American mink ( Neovison vison) increases lymphoid organ weight and skeletal symmetry, and reveals differences between two sub-types of stereotypic behaviour

    Contributor(s):: Diez-Leon, M., Bursian, S., Galicia, D., Napolitano, A., Palme, R., Mason, G.

    Enrichment studies for wild carnivores (e.g., in zoos) are often short-term, use enrichments of unknown motivational significance, and focus on glucocorticoids and stereotypic behaviour (SB), ignoring other stress-relevant variables. Our study assessed the broad behavioural and physiological...

  2. Preliminary investigation of morphological differences between ten breeds of horses suggests selection for paedomorphosis. (Special Issue: Equitation science.)

    Contributor(s):: Goodwin, D., Levine, M., McGreevy, P. D.

    Paedomorphosis is the retention of juvenile morphology at maturity and is important in generating evolutionary change in domestic species and species in the wild. When comparing dogs with the wolf, this preliminary study saw paedomorphosis in their physical and behavioural traits (Goodwin,...

  3. Producer or purchaser: different expectations may lead to equine wastage and welfare concerns. (Special Issue: Equitation science.)

    Contributor(s):: Hennessy, K. D., Quinn, K. M., Murphy, J.

    Horses are individual, each having differential characteristics such as height, colour, breeding, conformation, and temperament. These bio-characteristics often influence potential purchasers when buying horses. This study sought to investigate if producers and potential purchasers placed similar...

  4. The effect of physiotherapy intervention to the pelvic region of experienced riders on seated postural stability and the symmetry of pressure distribution to the saddle: a preliminary study

    Contributor(s):: Nevison, C. M., Timmis, M. A.

    It is commonplace for trainers and judges to comment that riders are "crooked" or "collapsed in the hip." This asymmetrical posture will likely have a significant effect on stability/balance and may subsequently have a detrimental effect on performance. Although the effects of asymmetry on...

  5. A pilot study of sexual dimorphism in the head morphology of domestic dogs

    Contributor(s):: Carrasco, J. J., Georgevsky, D., Valenzuela, M., McGreevy, P. D.

    The dog ( Canis lupus familiaris) displays more morphological diversity than any other species. It is a direct descendant of the gray wolf ( Canis lupus), but shows remarkable behavioral and morphological differences. It has been suggested that differences in skull shape that relate to brain...

  6. The characteristic of horses used in hippotherapy in selected horse therapy centres in Poland

    Contributor(s):: Ciesla, A.

  7. The use of quantitative risk assessment to assess lifetime welfare outcomes for breech strike and mulesing management options in Merino sheep

    Contributor(s):: Fisher, A. D., Giraudo, A., Martin, P. A. J., Paton, M. W.

  8. Stress measures in tail biters and bitten pigs in a matched case-control study

    Contributor(s):: Munsterhjelm, C., Brunberg, E., Heinonen, M., Keeling, L., Valros, A.

  9. Hipporehabilitation at the Felin Experimental Farm of the Agricultural University in 2000-2006

    Contributor(s):: Pluta, M.

  10. The influence of walking speed on equine back motion in relation to hippotherapy. (Special Issue: Motion analysis in animals.)

    Contributor(s):: Janura, M., Dvorakova, T., Peham, C., Svoboda, Z., Elfmark, M.

  11. Research progress on morphology and anatomy of the canine olfactory system

    Contributor(s):: Sun, Ning

  12. Chronic neurophysiological and anatomical changes associated with infrared beak treatment and their implications for laying hen welfare

    Contributor(s):: McKeegan, D. E. F., Philbey, A. W.

  13. Do dog owners perceive the clinical signs related to conformational inherited disorders as 'normal' for the breed? A potential constraint to improving canine welfare

    Contributor(s):: Packer, R. M. A., Hendricks, A., Burn, C. C.

  14. Olfactory neuron biopsies in dogs: a feasibility pilot study

    Contributor(s):: Overall, K. L., Arnold, S. E.

    Olfactory neurons obtained through nasal biopsy were characterized. Using standard immunohistochemical techniques, nascent, developing, and mature neurons were identified in the tissues obtained. This technique shows that aspects of canine olfactory function may be potentially assessed using a...

  15. A note on hair whorl position and cattle temperament in the auction ring

    Contributor(s):: Lanier, J. L., Grandin, T., Green, R., Avery, D., McGee, K.

    The objective of this study was to further describe the relationships between facial hair whorls and temperament in cattle. Cattle (n=1636) from 6 commercial cattle auctions in Colorado and Texas, USA [date not given] were observed. Whorl location was classified according to lateral position...

  16. A cross-cultural comparison of reports by German Shepherd owners in Hungary and the United States of America

    Contributor(s):: Wan, M., Kubinyi, E., Miklosi, A., Champagne, F.

    Cross-cultural comparisons of dog behavior and dog-keeping practices are limited. The current study compared the questionnaire responses of German Shepherd owners in Hungary and the United States of America (USA). Owners provided information about their dog-keeping practices, as well as reports...

  17. The presence of mind: on reunifying the animal mind and body

    Contributor(s):: McMillan, F. D., Rollin, B. E.

  18. Height to withers and abdominal circumference effects on diets of grazing goats

    Contributor(s):: Mellado, M., Rodriguez, A., Villarreal, J. A., Lopez, R.

    Diet selection in an arid rangeland of northern Mexico by short (height to withers 77 cm) multiparous non-pregnant, non-lactating does and the diets of multiparous non-pregnant, non-lactating does with reduced (101 cm) abdominal circumference is described from microhistological analysis of fecal...

  19. Time spent in shade and its relationship with physiological factors of thermoregulation in three breeds of cattle

    Contributor(s):: Bennett, I. L., Finch, V. A., Holmes, C. R.

    Six Brahman, 6 Shorthorn and 6 Brahman X Hereford X Shorthorn steers were kept in a yard which consisted of 4 areas exposed to direct sunlight and 3 shaded areas covered by canopies which reduced the transmission of direct solar radiation by 50, 70 and 80% (low-, medium- and high-shade areas...

  20. Early detection of lameness in heifers with hairy heel warts using a pressure plate

    Contributor(s):: Almeida, P. E., Mullineaux, D. R., Raphael, W., Wickens, C., Zanella, A. J.

    Lameness is an indicator of pain and suffering, which has substantial animal welfare and economic impact on the dairy industry. Subjective locomotion scoring is unreliable for detecting mild cases of lameness in dairy herds. Undetected lameness can progress to a more serious and painful state...