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  1. A cross-cultural comparison of reports by German Shepherd owners in Hungary and the United States of America

    Contributor(s):: Wan, M., Kubinyi, E., Miklosi, A., Champagne, F.

    Cross-cultural comparisons of dog behavior and dog-keeping practices are limited. The current study compared the questionnaire responses of German Shepherd owners in Hungary and the United States of America (USA). Owners provided information about their dog-keeping practices, as well as reports...

  2. A note on hair whorl position and cattle temperament in the auction ring

    Contributor(s):: Lanier, J. L., Grandin, T., Green, R., Avery, D., McGee, K.

    The objective of this study was to further describe the relationships between facial hair whorls and temperament in cattle. Cattle (n=1636) from 6 commercial cattle auctions in Colorado and Texas, USA [date not given] were observed. Whorl location was classified according to lateral position...

  3. A pilot study of sexual dimorphism in the head morphology of domestic dogs

    Contributor(s):: Carrasco, J. J., Georgevsky, D., Valenzuela, M., McGreevy, P. D.

    The dog ( Canis lupus familiaris) displays more morphological diversity than any other species. It is a direct descendant of the gray wolf ( Canis lupus), but shows remarkable behavioral and morphological differences. It has been suggested that differences in skull shape that relate to brain...

  4. Addressing pain caused by mulesing in sheep. (Special Issue: Pain in farm animals.)

    Contributor(s):: Fisher, A. D.

    The surgical operation of mulesing cuts wool-bearing and wrinkled skin from the perineal region and adjoining hindquarters of Australian Merino sheep, and has been shown in combination with tail docking to provide significantly enhanced protection against flystrike for the remainder of the...

  5. Adopter-dog interactions at the shelter: behavioral and contextual predictors of adoption

    Contributor(s):: Protopopova, A., Wynne, C. D. L.

    Millions of unwanted pets enter animal shelters each year in the USA, but only a portion leave alive. Previous research has found that morphology and in-kennel behavior influence adoption. The current study evaluated whether any behaviors exhibited by dogs during an out-of-kennel interaction with...

  6. Assessing walking posture with geometric morphometrics: effects of rearing environment in pigs

    Contributor(s):: Tallet, C., Seneque, E., Megnin, C., Morisset, S., Val-Laillet, D., Meunier-Salaun, M. C., Fureix, C., Hausberger, M.

    Rearing social animals like pigs in isolation from conspecifics can have consequences on behaviour and physiology. The aim of this experiment was to determine whether rearing conditions affect body posture. We adapted a method for quantitative evaluation of posture based on geometric...

  7. Assessment of sheep welfare using on-farm registrations and performance data

    Contributor(s):: Stubsjoen, S. M., Hektoen, L., Valle, P. S., Janczak, A. M., Zanella, A. J.

    Farm animal welfare is a societal concern, and the need exists for scientific protocols to assess welfare. This paper describes the development of a protocol to assess the welfare of sheep (Ovis aries) and its application in 36 farms in Norway. There were two parts to the protocol; the animal-...

  8. Breeding for quality of life

    Contributor(s):: McGreevy, P. D.

    Many breeds of companion animal have inherited disorders that may impair quality of life (QoL) to the extent that it is unkind to keep them alive. If we struggle to discern when this point is reached, why do we breed compromised, short-lived animals in the first place? If we struggle to judge...

  9. Canine olfactory genetics

    Contributor(s):: Quignon, P., Robin, S., Galibert, F.

  10. Challenges and paradoxes in the companion-animal niche

    Contributor(s):: McGreevy, P. D., Bennett, P. C.

    By definition, the companion-animal niche demands merely that animals must provide companionship. At first glance, this may seem easy enough, but the forces that contribute to success in this niche are complex. Indeed, success as a companion is rarely measured in terms of biological fitness, and...

  11. Chronic neurophysiological and anatomical changes associated with infrared beak treatment and their implications for laying hen welfare

    Contributor(s):: McKeegan, D. E. F., Philbey, A. W.

  12. Do dog owners perceive the clinical signs related to conformational inherited disorders as 'normal' for the breed? A potential constraint to improving canine welfare

    Contributor(s):: Packer, R. M. A., Hendricks, A., Burn, C. C.

  13. Does rubber flooring improve welfare and production in growing bulls in fully slatted floor pens?

    Contributor(s):: Graunke, K. L., Telezhenko, E., Hessle, A., Bergsten, C., Loberg, J. M.

    This study compared the effects of concrete slats (CS), synthetic rubber slats on aluminium profiles (RS) and slotted rubber mats on concrete slats (RM) in fully slatted floor pens on behaviour, claw and leg disorders, claw horn growth, cleanliness and production parameters of growing dairy bulls...

  14. Early detection of lameness in heifers with hairy heel warts using a pressure plate

    Contributor(s):: Almeida, P. E., Mullineaux, D. R., Raphael, W., Wickens, C., Zanella, A. J.

    Lameness is an indicator of pain and suffering, which has substantial animal welfare and economic impact on the dairy industry. Subjective locomotion scoring is unreliable for detecting mild cases of lameness in dairy herds. Undetected lameness can progress to a more serious and painful state...

  15. Environmentally enriching American mink ( Neovison vison) increases lymphoid organ weight and skeletal symmetry, and reveals differences between two sub-types of stereotypic behaviour

    Contributor(s):: Diez-Leon, M., Bursian, S., Galicia, D., Napolitano, A., Palme, R., Mason, G.

    Enrichment studies for wild carnivores (e.g., in zoos) are often short-term, use enrichments of unknown motivational significance, and focus on glucocorticoids and stereotypic behaviour (SB), ignoring other stress-relevant variables. Our study assessed the broad behavioural and physiological...

  16. Height to withers and abdominal circumference effects on diets of grazing goats

    Contributor(s):: Mellado, M., Rodriguez, A., Villarreal, J. A., Lopez, R.

    Diet selection in an arid rangeland of northern Mexico by short (height to withers 77 cm) multiparous non-pregnant, non-lactating does and the diets of multiparous non-pregnant, non-lactating does with reduced (101 cm) abdominal circumference is described from microhistological analysis of fecal...

  17. Hipporehabilitation at the Felin Experimental Farm of the Agricultural University in 2000-2006

    Contributor(s):: Pluta, M.

  18. Horse breeds and their uses

    Contributor(s):: Hanin G. Alghamdi

    Horses are important animals to human beings. For a long time, horses have been companions for humans. They have been a symbol of power, affluence, authority, and might. It has been reported that humans began the process of domesticating horses around the year 4000 BCE. Since then, humans have...

  19. Long-term detrimental effects of tooth clipping or grinding in piglets: a histological approach

    Contributor(s):: Hay, M., Rue, J., Sansac, C., Brunel, G., Prunier, A.

    The needle teeth of piglets are often cut shortly after birth to prevent damage to littermates and the sow's udder. This practise is, however, contested because the pain it inflicts to piglets may counterbalance its benefits. The purpose of this experiment was to assess the consequences of tooth...

  20. Olfactory neuron biopsies in dogs: a feasibility pilot study

    Contributor(s):: Overall, K. L., Arnold, S. E.

    Olfactory neurons obtained through nasal biopsy were characterized. Using standard immunohistochemical techniques, nascent, developing, and mature neurons were identified in the tissues obtained. This technique shows that aspects of canine olfactory function may be potentially assessed using a...