A cross-cultural comparison of reports by German Shepherd owners in Hungary and the United States of America
Contributor(s):: Wan, M., Kubinyi, E., Miklosi, A., Champagne, F.
Cross-cultural comparisons of dog behavior and dog-keeping practices are limited. The current study compared the questionnaire responses of German Shepherd owners in Hungary and the United States of America (USA). Owners provided information about their dog-keeping practices, as well as reports...
A note on hair whorl position and cattle temperament in the auction ring
Contributor(s):: Lanier, J. L., Grandin, T., Green, R., Avery, D., McGee, K.
The objective of this study was to further describe the relationships between facial hair whorls and temperament in cattle. Cattle (n=1636) from 6 commercial cattle auctions in Colorado and Texas, USA [date not given] were observed. Whorl location was classified according to lateral position...
A pilot study of sexual dimorphism in the head morphology of domestic dogs
Contributor(s):: Carrasco, J. J., Georgevsky, D., Valenzuela, M., McGreevy, P. D.
The dog ( Canis lupus familiaris) displays more morphological diversity than any other species. It is a direct descendant of the gray wolf ( Canis lupus), but shows remarkable behavioral and morphological differences. It has been suggested that differences in skull shape that relate to brain...
Assessment of sheep welfare using on-farm registrations and performance data
Contributor(s):: Stubsjoen, S. M., Hektoen, L., Valle, P. S., Janczak, A. M., Zanella, A. J.
Farm animal welfare is a societal concern, and the need exists for scientific protocols to assess welfare. This paper describes the development of a protocol to assess the welfare of sheep (Ovis aries) and its application in 36 farms in Norway. There were two parts to the protocol; the animal-...
Breeding for quality of life
Contributor(s):: McGreevy, P. D.
Many breeds of companion animal have inherited disorders that may impair quality of life (QoL) to the extent that it is unkind to keep them alive. If we struggle to discern when this point is reached, why do we breed compromised, short-lived animals in the first place? If we struggle to judge...
Canine olfactory genetics
Contributor(s):: Quignon, P., Robin, S., Galibert, F.
Challenges and paradoxes in the companion-animal niche
Contributor(s):: McGreevy, P. D., Bennett, P. C.
By definition, the companion-animal niche demands merely that animals must provide companionship. At first glance, this may seem easy enough, but the forces that contribute to success in this niche are complex. Indeed, success as a companion is rarely measured in terms of biological fitness, and...
Chronic neurophysiological and anatomical changes associated with infrared beak treatment and their implications for laying hen welfare
Contributor(s):: McKeegan, D. E. F., Philbey, A. W.
Do dog owners perceive the clinical signs related to conformational inherited disorders as 'normal' for the breed? A potential constraint to improving canine welfare
Contributor(s):: Packer, R. M. A., Hendricks, A., Burn, C. C.
Does rubber flooring improve welfare and production in growing bulls in fully slatted floor pens?
Contributor(s):: Graunke, K. L., Telezhenko, E., Hessle, A., Bergsten, C., Loberg, J. M.
This study compared the effects of concrete slats (CS), synthetic rubber slats on aluminium profiles (RS) and slotted rubber mats on concrete slats (RM) in fully slatted floor pens on behaviour, claw and leg disorders, claw horn growth, cleanliness and production parameters of growing dairy bulls...
Early detection of lameness in heifers with hairy heel warts using a pressure plate
Contributor(s):: Almeida, P. E., Mullineaux, D. R., Raphael, W., Wickens, C., Zanella, A. J.
Lameness is an indicator of pain and suffering, which has substantial animal welfare and economic impact on the dairy industry. Subjective locomotion scoring is unreliable for detecting mild cases of lameness in dairy herds. Undetected lameness can progress to a more serious and painful state...
Environmentally enriching American mink ( Neovison vison) increases lymphoid organ weight and skeletal symmetry, and reveals differences between two sub-types of stereotypic behaviour
Contributor(s):: Diez-Leon, M., Bursian, S., Galicia, D., Napolitano, A., Palme, R., Mason, G.
Enrichment studies for wild carnivores (e.g., in zoos) are often short-term, use enrichments of unknown motivational significance, and focus on glucocorticoids and stereotypic behaviour (SB), ignoring other stress-relevant variables. Our study assessed the broad behavioural and physiological...
Height to withers and abdominal circumference effects on diets of grazing goats
Contributor(s):: Mellado, M., Rodriguez, A., Villarreal, J. A., Lopez, R.
Diet selection in an arid rangeland of northern Mexico by short (height to withers 77 cm) multiparous non-pregnant, non-lactating does and the diets of multiparous non-pregnant, non-lactating does with reduced (101 cm) abdominal circumference is described from microhistological analysis of fecal...
Hipporehabilitation at the Felin Experimental Farm of the Agricultural University in 2000-2006
Contributor(s):: Pluta, M.
Horse breeds and their uses
Contributor(s):: Hanin G. Alghamdi
Horses are important animals to human beings. For a long time, horses have been companions for humans. They have been a symbol of power, affluence, authority, and might. It has been reported that humans began the process of domesticating horses around the year 4000 BCE. Since then, humans have...
Long-term detrimental effects of tooth clipping or grinding in piglets: a histological approach
Contributor(s):: Hay, M., Rue, J., Sansac, C., Brunel, G., Prunier, A.
The needle teeth of piglets are often cut shortly after birth to prevent damage to littermates and the sow's udder. This practise is, however, contested because the pain it inflicts to piglets may counterbalance its benefits. The purpose of this experiment was to assess the consequences of tooth...
Olfactory neuron biopsies in dogs: a feasibility pilot study
Contributor(s):: Overall, K. L., Arnold, S. E.
Olfactory neurons obtained through nasal biopsy were characterized. Using standard immunohistochemical techniques, nascent, developing, and mature neurons were identified in the tissues obtained. This technique shows that aspects of canine olfactory function may be potentially assessed using a...
Pet chicken medicine and surgery
Contributor(s):: Speer, B. L.
In this author's practice, pet chickens represent an increasing number of avian patients presented per year, as well as a growing percentage of the overall pet bird species seen and treated each year. In 2006, pet chickens represented 1.6% of overall patient accessions in this authors...
Preliminary investigation of morphological differences between ten breeds of horses suggests selection for paedomorphosis. (Special Issue: Equitation science.)
Contributor(s):: Goodwin, D., Levine, M., McGreevy, P. D.
Paedomorphosis is the retention of juvenile morphology at maturity and is important in generating evolutionary change in domestic species and species in the wild. When comparing dogs with the wolf, this preliminary study saw paedomorphosis in their physical and behavioural traits (Goodwin,...
Producer or purchaser: different expectations may lead to equine wastage and welfare concerns. (Special Issue: Equitation science.)
Contributor(s):: Hennessy, K. D., Quinn, K. M., Murphy, J.
Horses are individual, each having differential characteristics such as height, colour, breeding, conformation, and temperament. These bio-characteristics often influence potential purchasers when buying horses. This study sought to investigate if producers and potential purchasers placed similar...