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  1. Does Anthropomorphism of Dogs Affect Pain Perception in Animal-Assisted Interventions? An Exploratory Study

    Contributor(s):: Turner-Collins, Clare, Breitenbecher, Kimberly H.

    The purpose of this exploratory study was to determine the effects of anthropomorphism of a therapy dog on pain perception during an animal-assisted intervention. Participants were 32 college women who were randomly assigned to the anthropomorphism condition or the control condition. All...

  2. Turning the Page for Spot: The Potential of Therapy Dogs to Support Reading Motivation Among Young Children

    Contributor(s):: Rousseau, Camille Xinmei, Tardif-Williams, Christine Yvette

    This study investigated whether dogs might facilitate a context conducive to reading for children when they are faced with a challenging reading passage. A within-subjects design was used to assess children’s motivation to read in two conditions: with a therapy dog and without a therapy dog....

  3. Dogs in Schools: The Impact of Specific Human–Dog Interactions on Reading Ability in Children Aged 6 to 8 Years

    Contributor(s):: Connell, Chantelle G., Tepper, Deanna L., Landry, Oriane, Bennett, Pauleen C.

    Dog-assisted educational programs, including reading programs, are becoming an area of research focus, based on claims of various advantages for children. However, while available findings typically indicate benefits for the children involved, the low quality of evidence makes it difficult to...

  4. Animal-assisted Social Skills Training for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders

    Contributor(s):: Becker, Joanna L., Rogers, Erica C., Burrows, Bethany

    Recent research indicates that youth with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) show increases in prosocial behaviors in the presence of animals, yet few studies have examined the effects of incorporating animals into treatments. The current study evaluated the effectiveness of an animal-assisted social...

  5. A Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials of Animal-Assisted Therapy on Psychosocial Outcomes

    Contributor(s):: Maujean, Annick, Pepping, Christopher A., Kendall, Elizabeth

    The use of animal-assisted interventions (aaIs) to achieve psychological benefits has expanded rapidly over the last few years. However, this is a vastly under-researched area, and the research to date has been largely descriptive, in the form of case studies, or has used only small groups of...

  6. Persistence during Tasks with Horses in Relation to Social Support, General Self-efficacy and Self-esteem in Adolescents

    Contributor(s):: Hauge, Hilde, Kvalem, Ingela L., Enders-Slegers, Marie-José, Berget, Bente, Braastad, Bjarne O.

    In young people, interactions with horses may contribute to the development of social skills and self-efficacy. Our aim was to identify relationships between psychological variables and young people's experience of activities with horses. Participants in this study were 13–15-year-old adolescents...

  7. The effect of dog–human interaction on cortisol and behavior in registered animal-assisted activity dogs

    Contributor(s):: Ng, Zenithson Y., Pierce, Bess J., Otto, Cynthia M., Buechner-Maxwell, Virginia A., Siracusa, Carlo, Werre, Stephen R.

    The effect of animal-assisted activities (AAA) on the animal participants has been minimally investigated, and the welfare of these animals has been questioned. To enhance our understanding of these animals’ welfare, we measured cortisol collected from serial saliva samples of 15 healthy adult...

  8. Adolescents' Affective and Physiological Regulation Shape Negative Behavior During Challenging Equine Assisted Learning Activities

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Patricia Pendry, Alexa M. Carr, Jaymie L. Vandagriff

    This study examined associations between adolescents’ (N = 59; M age = 11.63) diurnal and momentary activity of the Hypothalamic Pituitary Adrenal (HPA) axis as marked by salivary cortisol, and affective and behavioral responses to their first, mounted equine assisted learning (EAL)...

  9. Physiological State of Therapy Dogs during Animal-Assisted Activities in an Outpatient Setting

    | Contributor(s):: Clark, S. D., Martin, F., McGowan, R. T. S., Smidt, J. M., Anderson, R., Wang, L., Turpin, T., Langenfeld-McCoy, N., Bauer, B. A., Mohabbat, A. B.

    Therapy dogs are increasingly being incorporated into numerous clinical settings. However, there are only a handful of studies that have focused on the impact of animal-assisted activity or therapy sessions on the wellbeing of the therapy dogs. Furthermore, these studies show mixed results. The...

  10. Methodological and Terminological Issues in Animal-Assisted Interventions: An Umbrella Review of Systematic Reviews

    | Contributor(s):: Santaniello, A., Dice, F., Claudia Carratu, R., Amato, A., Fioretti, A., Menna, L. F.

    Recently, animal-assisted interventions (AAIs), which are defined as psychological, educational, and rehabilitation support activities, have become widespread in different contexts. For many years, they have been a subject of interest in the international scientific community and are at the...

  11. Effect of Dog Presence on Stress Levels in Students under Psychological Strain: A Pilot Study

    | Contributor(s):: Machova, K., Prochazkova, R., Vadronova, M., Souckova, M., Prouzova, E.

    As university students face many stressful situations, especially during the examination period, this study focused on the use of animal-assisted activities (AAAs) with a dog as a means of relieving students' stress before a final exam. The aim was to determine whether a 10-min interaction with a...

  12. Does attachment security to a human handler influence the behavior of dogs who engage in animal assisted activities?

    | Contributor(s):: Wanser, Shelby H., Udell, Monique A. R.

    Pet and working dogs raised with humans are known to form attachments to their caregivers and other humans with whom they have a stable relationship. Attachment style varies across dog-human dyads, with securely attached dogs exhibiting the secure base effect, an ability to find comfort in the...

  13. The Importance of Comparative Psychology in Equine-Assisted Activities and Therapies

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Emily Kieson

    Practitioners of Equine Assisted Activities and Therapies (EAAT) use it to help individuals suffering from a wide range of physical and psychological disorders as an alternative practice in physical and psychotherapy.  Although there is plenty of research to support the benefits of these...

  14. Die effek van 'n troeteldier-ondersteunde leesprogram op woordherkenningsvaardighede van graad 3-kinders

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Marieanna le Roux, Leslie Swartz, Estelle Swart

    Die doel van die huidige studie was om die effek van ’n troeteldier-ondersteunde leesprogram (TOL) op die woordherkenningsvaardighede van graad 3-kinders te bepaal. Al die kinders wat met behulp van die ESSI Leestoets as nievaardige lesers (N=102) geïdentifiseer is, is ewekansig...

  15. Physiological and behavioral effects of animal-assisted interventions for therapy dogs in pediatric oncology settings

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Amy McCullough, Molly A. Jenkins, Ashleigh Ruehrdanz, Mary Jo Gilmer, Janice Olson, Anjali Pawar, Leslie Holley, Shirley Sierra-Rivera, Deborah E. Linder, Danielle Pinchette, Neil J. Grossman, Cynthia Hellman, Noémie Guérin, Marguerite E. O'Haire

    Over the past two decades, animal-assisted interventions (AAIs), defined as the purposeful incorporation of specially trained animals in services to improve human health, have become increasingly popular in clinical settings. However, to date, there have been few rigorously-designed studies aimed...

  16. Equine Assisted Interventions (EAIs): Methodological Considerations for Stress Assessment in Horses

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Marta De Santis, Laura Contalbrigo, Marta Borgi, Francesca Cirulli, Fabio Luzi, Veronica Redaelli, Annalisa Stefani, Marica Toson, Rosangela Odore, Cristina Vercelli, Emanuela Valle, Luca Farina

    Equine assisted interventions (EAIs) are recently facing an increasing popularity, and are characterized by a wide diversity of practices. However, information on the welfare of animals involved in this kind of activity is often lacking. Horses are highly susceptible to work stressors related...

  17. Effectiveness of a Combined Intervention on Psychological and Physical Capacities of Frail Older Adults: A Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial

    | Contributor(s):: Apostolo, J., Dixe, M. D. A., Bobrowicz-Campos, E., Areosa, T., Santos-Rocha, R., Brauna, M., Ribeiro, J., Marques, I., Freitas, J., Almeida, M. L., Couto, F.

  18. Companion Animals and Health in Older Populations: A Systematic Review

    | Contributor(s):: Hughes, M. J., Verreynne, M. L., Harpur, P., Pachana, N. A.

  19. The benefits of an animal-assisted intervention service to patients and staff at a children's hospital

    | Contributor(s):: Uglow, L. S.

  20. Animal-assisted activity improves social behaviors in psychiatrically hospitalized youth with autism

    | Contributor(s):: Germone, Monique M., Gabriels, Robin L., Guérin, Noémie A., Pan, Zhaoxing, Banks, Tiffany, O'Haire, Marguerite E.