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Tags: Animal behavior + Animal nutrition

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  1. Effects of guest feeding programs on captive giraffe behavior

    Contributor(s):: Orban, D. A., Siegford, J. M., Snider, R. J.

    Zoological institutions develop human-animal interaction opportunities for visitors to advance missions of conservation, education, and recreation; however, the animal welfare implications largely have yet to be evaluated. This behavioral study was the first to quantify impacts of guest feeding...

  2. Communicating with pet owners about obesity: roles of the veterinary health care team

    Contributor(s):: Churchill, J., Ward, E.

    Obesity continues to be the most prevalent nutritional problem of dogs and cats as well as one of the most frustrating conditions to treat successfully. Educating and assigning roles to all members of the health care team will improve staff engagement and the consistency and effectiveness of...

  3. Humanization of the companion animal - human relationship

    Contributor(s):: Fox, R., Gee, N. R.

    This paper explores the changing nature of companion animal-human relationships in Britain over the past 30 years. This period has seen rapid change in attitudes and practices towards companion animals, with notable advances in medical treatment, nutrition, and understanding of non-human animal...

  4. "Who's been a good dog?" - Owner perceptions and motivations for treat giving

    Contributor(s):: White, G. A., Ward, L., Pink, C., Craigon, J., Millar, K. M.

    Complex relationships commonly exist between owners and their companion animals, particularly around feeding behaviour with an owner's affection or love for their animal most pronounced through the provision of food. It is notable that the pet food market is experiencing strong year-on-year...

  5. Pet dog management practices among a representative sample of owners in Victoria, Australia

    Contributor(s):: Howell, T. J., Mornement, K., Bennett, P. C.

    It is often assumed that pet dogs experience better welfare than livestock production animals because many owners consider them to be members of the family and, collectively, spend billions of dollars on them annually. However, this assumption is not based on scientific evidence, and a...

  6. Food puzzles for cats: feeding for physical and emotional wellbeing

    Contributor(s):: Dantas, L. M. S., Delgado, M. M., Johnson, I., Buffington, C. A. T.

    Practical relevance: Many pet cats are kept indoors for a variety of reasons (eg, safety, health, avoidance of wildlife predation) in conditions that are perhaps the least natural to them. Indoor housing has been associated with health issues, such as chronic lower urinary tract signs, and...

  7. Identification and development of measures suitable as potential breeding traits regarding dairy cows' reactivity towards humans

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ebinghaus, A., Ivemeyer, S., Rupp, J., Knierim, U.

    Behavioural indicators of the human-animal relationship (HAR) are predominantly used in animal welfare science. However, the reactivity of dairy cows - as part of the HAR - is also of interest in the context of dairy breeding, due to its estimated moderate heritability. The avoidance distance...

  8. Influences on the avoidance and approach behaviour of dairy goats towards an unfamiliar human - an on-farm study

    | Contributor(s):: Mersmann, D., Schmied-Wagner, C., Nordmann, E., Graml, C., Waiblinger, S.

    The human-animal relationship (HAR) is an important factor for successful animal husbandry and animal welfare. Thus, the HAR is included in on-farm assessments to evaluate overall welfare. For dairy goats, validated tests to assess the HAR are lacking. The aim of the present study was to evaluate...

  9. Does group size have an impact on welfare indicators in fattening pigs?

    | Contributor(s):: Meyer-Hamme, S. E. K., Lambertz, C., Gauly, M.

    Production systems for fattening pigs have been characterized over the last 2 decades by rising farm sizes coupled with increasing group sizes. These developments resulted in a serious public discussion regarding animal welfare and health in these intensive production systems. Even though large...

  10. A modeling approach for estimating seasonal dietary preferences of goats in a Mediterranean Quercus frainetto-Juniperus oxycedrus woodland

    | Contributor(s):: Manousidis, T., Malesios, C., Kyriazopoulos, A. P., Parissi, Z. M., Abraham, E. M., Abas, Z.

    Goats are characterized as selective feeders due to their specific feeding behavior, thus the study of their seasonal preferences in a Mediterranean oak-juniper ecosystem is of great interest. The current research was conducted in an open oak forest in Megalo Dereio region, northeastern Greece...

  11. Prevalence of stereotypies and its possible causes among captive Asian elephants ( Elephas maximus) in Tamil Nadu, India

    | Contributor(s):: Vanitha, Varadharajan, Thiyagesan, Krishnamoorthy, Baskaran, Nagarajan

    Animals in captivity are often confined in small barren enclosures, preventing adequate exercise, and socialization with conspecifics. Captivity is also known for depriving young individuals' association with maternal relatives by weaning away from their mothers' earlier than what their peers...

  12. Behavioural response of pure Ankole and crossbred (Ankole * Holstein) cows to seasonal pasture variations in south-western Uganda

    | Contributor(s):: Idibu, J., Kabi, F., Mpairwe, D.

    This study evaluated the effects of season and pasture species on variations in sward composition, pasture quantity (plant-height and biomass) and quality [crude protein (CP), neutral detergent fibre (NDF) and in vitro organic matter digestibility (IVOMD)]. Behavioural responses of a group of 10...

  13. The relationship between individual behavioural styles, dominance rank and cortisol levels of cats living in urban social groups

    | Contributor(s):: Finkler, H., Terkel, J.

    Individual animals show differences in temperament, often correlated with ecologically important behavioural patterns such as dominance, and with physiological responses to environmental perturbations, such as cortisol levels. Identifying these temperaments in animals may reveal adaptive patterns...

  14. The long-term impact of infant rearing background on the affective state of adult common marmosets ( Callithrix jacchus)

    | Contributor(s):: Ash, H., Buchanan-Smith, H. M.

    Early life environment, including temporary family separation, can have a major influence on affective state. Using a battery of tests, the current study compared the performance of adult common marmosets ( Callithrix jacchus), reared as infants under 3 different conditions: family-reared twins,...

  15. Shared Responsibility in a Multi-Species Playground

    | Contributor(s):: Baynes-Rock, Marcus

  16. The contribution of broiler chicken welfare certification at farm level to enhancing overall animal welfare: the case of Brazil

    | Contributor(s):: Souza, A. P. O., Molento, C. F. M.

    The intensification of farm animal welfare debate has led to an increasing number of certification schemes covering this issue; however, there are concerns about the contribution of these schemes in improving welfare. The aims of this study were to identify certification schemes for broiler...

  17. Degree of synchrony based on individual observations underlines the importance of concurrent access to enrichment materials in finishing pigs

    | Contributor(s):: Zwicker, B., Weber, R., Wechsler, B., Gygax, L.

    Pigs are sociable animals with a strong motivation to explore and forage, and it has been stated that they have a strong motivation to do so synchronously. We examined the synchrony of exploration in groups of finishing pigs when enrichment materials were offered. We used a novel measure of...

  18. The progress in nutrition research of musk deer: implication for conservation

    | Contributor(s):: Wang, WenXia, Zhou, Ran, He, Lan, Liu, ShuQiang, Zhou, JunTong, Qi, Lei, Li, LinHai, Hu, DeFu

    Musk deer ( Moschus spp.) are small forest ungulates that are unique to Asia and are mainly distributed in China. In the last 30 years, because of indiscriminate trapping, hunting, and killing of the musk deer for musk and the loss of suitable habitat due to deforestation, the distribution and...

  19. Feeding behavior and the effect of photoperiod on the performance and hematological parameters of the pacama catfish ( Lophiosilurus alexandri)

    | Contributor(s):: Kitagawa, A. T., Costa, L. S., Paulino, R. R., Luz, R. K., Rosa, P. V., Guerra-Santos, B., Fortes-Silva, R.

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the rhythms of feeding and locomotor activity, the ability to synchronize to a fixed feeding time, and the influence of photoperiod on the growth parameters, feed intake and hematological parameters of a recently introduced fish in freshwater Brazilian...

  20. Hunger in pregnant sows: effects of a fibrous diet and free access to straw

    | Contributor(s):: Jensen, M. B., Pedersen, L. J., Theil, P. K., Knudsen, K. E. B.

    Fibrous diets and the provision of straw have been suggested to reduce feeding motivation in pregnant sows. The present experiment investigated the separate and interactive effects of a fibrous diet and ad libitum access to straw on feeding motivation, oral behaviour and plasma levels of...