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  1. Socialization and problem-solving in domestic cats (Felis catus)

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Mary Howard

    There is evidence that an animal’s socialization towards humans and rearing environment can enhance their problem-solving ability. According to the social intelligence hypothesis, which states that intelligence evolved due to complex social environments, an animal’s social life...

  2. Effects of Multi-Day Music Enrichment on Salivary Cortisol and Cage Behavior in Shelter Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Stacy D. Engerbretson

    Rehoming shelters provide their animals with environmental enrichment with the expectation that modifying the physical space will improve kennel-related stress and subsequently abate undesirable behaviors. Although enrichment has shown moderate success at improving in-kennel behavior, increased...

  3. The Effect of Boat Type on Bottlenose Dolphin (Tursiops trucatus) Behavior in the Mississippi Sound

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Maria Zapetis

    Increases in oceanic shipping are a global phenomenon, and a leading cause of concern for marine animal welfare. While it may be difficult to assess the effect of boat traffic on all species in all contexts, it is vital to report anthropogenic impacts where longitudinal data is available, and...

  4. Intra-rater and Inter-rater Reliability of the ASPCA's Behavior Evaluation of Fearful Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Sara Matters

    Intra-rater and inter-rater reliability of the ASPCA Behavioral Evaluation of fearful dogs was measured. Raters watched recordings of 12 dogs and rated their behaviors. Ratings were analyzed for reliability within and between all raters. Results indicated that frequency of use of the evaluation...

  5. Displays of Jealousy in Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Cassandra D. Beck

    Wolves (Canis Lupis) were domesticated into the common dog (Canis Familiaris) at least 15 thousand years ago. The domestication process changed wolves both physically and neurologically. Dogs now have a unique connection with humans, and display many of the same personality traits and cognitive...

  6. The Behavioral Effects of Feeding Enrichment on a Zoo-Housed Herd of African Elephants (Loxodonta africana)

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Caroline Marie Driscoll

    A comprehensive study on the behavioral effects of feeding enrichment was conducted on six African elephants housed at the North Carolina Zoological Park in Asheboro, NC. The herd is comprised of are two adult males, three adult females, and one subadult female. The study was conducted over a...

  7. The Effect of Play Group on the Behavior of Shelter Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Stephanie Flower

    This study looked at two groups of dogs, one which attended play group prior to receiving their behavior evaluation and one that did not. The group that attended play group showed significantly lower scores when looking at the dog to dog portion of the behavior evaluation.

  8. The Effects of Reward-Based Training on the Behavioral Assessment of the Domestic Dog

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Shelby Vandergraff

    Contrary to popular belief, pet overpopulation is caused more by owners failing to keep their dog than with accidental or intentional breeding (Moulton et al., 1991). Factors related to relinquishment have been researched, and concluded that behavioral problems are the most reoccurring reasons...

  9. A Comparison of Chimpanzee (Pan Troglodytes) Responses to Caregiver Use of Positive Reinforcement Training (PRT) and Species-Specific Behaviors (SSB)

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Whitney D. Emge

    The present study compared the effects of positive reinforcement training (PRT) and unstructured interactions (UI) on chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) behavior. In the PRT condition, a caregiver interacted with a chimpanzee to condition behaviors for 10 min. In the UI condition, a caregiver...

  10. Stabilitet i atferd og emosjoner hos hund fra 3 måneder og frem til 15 måneders alder

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Charlotte S. Mikkelsen, Anne Marit Rød, Katrine H. Støkken

    Del 1: Hunden blir ofte sett på som menneskets beste venn. For å få en bedre forståelse av hundens atferd, har vi sett nærmere på: hundens domestisering, hva atferd er, samt atferdsutvikling og atferdsproblemer. Domestiseringen er en viktig del av hundens...

  11. Serum Cortisol Concentrations and Behavior Assessment as Tools for Evaluating Stress in Horses Used in Therapeutic or University Riding Programs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Shikun Chen

    Stress is known to have a negative impact on the health and well-being of animals. Physiological and behavioral changes offer objective and easy to use methods of evaluating stress in horses. However, there are limited studies showing a relationship between changes in stress-related behavior...

  12. Understanding Therapy Dogs: The Underlying Components of Their Relationship with Owners, Their Physiology, and How They Compare to Pet and Service Dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Cunningham, Kristen M.

  13. A Longitudinal Study Of Maternal Style, Young Adult Temperament And Cognition, And Program Outcome In Guide Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Emily Elizabeth Bray Cohen

    How does maternal style, experienced over the first few weeks of life, affect later outcomes? Equally important, what is the role of an adolescent’s temperament and cognitive skills? The quest to understand which factors early in development lead to positive life outcomes is an endeavor...

  14. Effects of Visitors and Enrichments on Behavior of Captive Red Wolves' (Canis rufus) at the Great Plains Zoo, Sioux Falls, South Dakota

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kylee S. Shotkoski

    Red wolves (Canis rufus) are the first animals to maintain a wild population from captive, released individuals. A captive breeding program for red wolves was started before complete extirpation, and 4 breeding pairs were released in Alligator River National Wildlife Refuge (North Carolina) in...

  15. Human-Animal Relationship in Dairy Farming: Evaluation of measures for on-farm application and investigation of influences on cows´ behaviour towards humans

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Asja Ebinghaus

    The objective of the present thesis was (1) to evaluate measures of the human-animal relationship (HAR) in dairy cows regarding their reliability, validity and practical applicability in animal welfare science and breeding. (2) Moreover, important human and farm influences on the cows´...

  16. Ocitocina sérica e comportamento afetivo de cães na interação com crianças e adultos

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Luelyn Jockyman

    A ocitocina tem sido usada como parâmetro para medir os laços sociais em animais. Recentemente foi demonstrado que a concentração de ocitocina aumenta em cães e donos quando interagem positivamente e, possivelmente, que na interação com...

  17. Bem-estar e comportamento de cães comunitários e percepção da comunidade

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Larissa Helena Ersching Rüncos

    Resumo: A manutenção de cães comunitários surge como uma alternativa compassiva de manejo que contribui para o controle populacional e para a melhoria de vida dos cães, colaborando para diminuição de riscos para a saúde humana. É...

  18. Effects of Rider Experience Level on Horse Kinematics and Behavior

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Rebekah Strunk

    Large riding lesson programs are an essential part of the horse industry. To meet demand and remain profitable, lesson barns sometimes require horses to work multiple times a day with different rider levels. There is little guidance as to the behavioral and physical effects of such protocols,...

  19. Programas de socialização para cachorros: uma só saúde

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Inês Isabel Nunes Coelho

    A medicina comportamental de animais de companhia tem vindo a sofrer uma enorme evolução ao longo dos últimos anos, nomeadamente no que concerne o desenvolvimento comportamental do cachorro e os seus programas de socialização. Paralelamente, também a...

  20. Urban Animal Management: a naturalistic perspective

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: David William Paxton

    The thesis uses a naturalistic perspective derived from Darwin’s theory of the origin of species by natural selection to propose that human beings and dogs co-evolved in an interdependent relationship which needs to be taken into account by makers of public policies about urban dogs. An...