Displays of Jealousy in Dogs
| Contributor(s):: Cassandra D. Beck
Wolves (Canis Lupis) were domesticated into the common dog (Canis Familiaris) at least 15 thousand years ago. The domestication process changed wolves both physically and neurologically. Dogs now have a unique connection with humans, and display many of the same personality traits and cognitive...
Effects of Transport Conditions on Behavioural and Physiological Responses of Horses
| Contributor(s):: Barbara Padalino, Sharanne L Raidal
The regulations for minimal space and direction of travel for land transport in horses vary worldwide and there is currently no definitive guidance to promote equine health and welfare. This study evaluated the effects of bay size and direction of travel (forwards/backwards) in horses by...
Human Relationships with Domestic and Other Animals: One Health, One Welfare, One Biology
| Contributor(s):: ArielM Tarazona, Maria C Ceballos, Donald M Broom
Excessive human population growth, uncontrolled use of natural resources, including deforestation, mining, wasteful systems, biodiversity reduction by agriculture, and damaging climate change affect the existence of all animals, including humans. This discussion is now urgent and people are...
The interplay between affect, dog's physical activity and dog-owner relationship
| Contributor(s):: Vaataja, H., Majaranta, P., Cardo, A. V., Isokoski, P., Somppi, S., Vehkaoja, A., Vainio, O., Surakka, V.
Leaving a dog home alone is part of everyday life for most dog owners. Previous research shows that dog–owner relationship has multifarious effects on dog behavior. However, little is known about the interplay between dog–owner relationship, physical activity of the dog, and affective...
Randomized, placebo-controlled prospective clinical trial evaluating the efficacy of the Assisi anti-anxiety device (calmer canine) for the treatment of canine separation anxiety
| Contributor(s):: Pankratz, K., Korman, J., Emke, C., Johnson, B., Griffith, E. H., Gruen, M. E.
Introduction: Separation anxiety (SA) is among the most common canine behavior disorders and affects quality-of-life for dogs and their owners. Dogs with SA show signs of anxiety during absence or perceived absence of their owners. While psychoactive medications are often helpful for...
Is seeing still believing? Leveraging deepfake technology for livestock farming
| Contributor(s):: Neethirajan, S.
Deepfake technologies are known for the creation of forged celebrity pornography, face and voice swaps, and other fake media content. Despite the negative connotations the technology bears, the underlying machine learning algorithms have a huge potential that could be applied to not just digital...
Influencing Elimination Location in the Domestic Cat: A Semiochemical Approach
| Contributor(s):: Kasbaoui, N., Bienboire-Frosini, C., Monneret, P., Leclercq, J., Descout, E., Cozzi, A., Pageat, P.
In the domestic cat, elimination at an inappropriate location is considered by cat owners and non-cat owners as an undesirable behaviour. The aim of the study was to assess the effect of a semiochemical formulation, reconstituted volatile fraction of cat anal gland secretions on the elimination...
Dogs and wolves differ in their response allocation to their owner/caregiver or food in a concurrent choice procedure
| Contributor(s):: Isernia, L., Wynne, C. D. L., House, L., Feuerbacher, E. N.
Dogs and wolves both show attachment-like behaviors to their owners/caregivers, including exploring more in the presence of the owner/caregiver, and greeting the owner/caregiver more effusively after an absence. Concurrent choice studies can elucidate dogs’ and wolves’...
Furred and feathered friends: how attached are zookeepers to the animals in their care?
| Contributor(s):: Melfi, V., Skyner, L., Birke, L., Ward, S. J., Shaw, W. S., Hosey, G.
Keeper-animal relationships (KARs) appear to be important in zoos, since they can enhance the well-being of both the animals and the keepers, can make animal husbandry easier, but conversely might risk inappropriate habituation of animals and possible risks to the safety of keepers. It is,...
An observational evaluation of stress in horses during therapeutic riding sessions
| Contributor(s):: McDuffee, L., Carr, L., Montelpare, W.
Therapeutic riding (TR) provides benefits to participants with cognitive and physical disabilities. Horses participating in TR programs are typically selected because of their calm temperament and may not show obvious signs of stress. However, the welfare of horses in TR programs is an important...
The effects of owner and domestic cat (Felis catus) demographics on cat personality traits
| Contributor(s):: Leech, Laura E., Preziosi, Richard, Stoycheva, Rosica, Pastorino, Giovanni Quintavalle
Personality has been researched in many companion animals and is described as differences in behavioural traits of individuals that often remain consistent over time. In domestic cats many factors have been discovered to influence personality, including breed, coat colour, gender, rearing...
Veterinary history and the development of human relationships with animals
| Contributor(s):: Jones, G. C.
2022Veterinary Record190284-840042-490010.1002/vetr.1420English0WileyChichester, UKtext
Increasing shelter cat welfare through enrichment: A review
| Contributor(s):: Houser, Bridgette, Vitale, Kristyn R.
Research into cat behavior has gained more attention in recent years. As one of the world’s most popular companion animals, work in this field has potential to have wide-reaching benefits. Cats living in shelters are posed with distinct welfare concerns. Shelter cat welfare can be increased...
Dog behaviours in veterinary consultations: part II. The relationship between the behaviours of dogs and their owners
| Contributor(s):: Helsly, M., Priymenko, N., Girault, C., Duranton, C., Gaunet, F.
Dogs synchronise their behaviour with those of their owners when confronted with an unfamiliar situation and interactions with their owners have been shown to decrease the dog's stress levels in some instances. However, whether owners may help manage dog anxiety during veterinary consultations...
Androstenone induces horses to be more compliant with human-horse interactions
| Contributor(s):: Choi, Yeonju, Yoon, MinJung
Olfactory signals play an essential role in communication in animals. Pheromones are volatile or nonvolatile chemicals that trigger social responses among animals. Therefore, pheromone treatment could, in theory, be used to modify horse behavior to improve human-horse relationships. Androstenone...
Effects of the COVID-19 lockdown on the human-animal bond
| Contributor(s):: Beaver, B. V.
2021NAVC Clinician's BriefJanuaryFebruary48-491542-4014EnglishCited Reference Count: 2 ref.0Educational Concepts LLCTulsa, USATexas A&M University, College Station, Texas, USA.text
Discrimination of SARS-CoV-2 infected patient samples by detection dogs: A proof of concept study
| Contributor(s):: Jennifer L. Essler, Sarah A. Kane, Pat Nolan, Elikplim H. Akaho, Amalia Z. Berna, Annemarie DeAngelo, Richard A. Berk, Patricia Kaynaroglu, Victoria L. Plymouth, Ian D. Frank, Susan R. Weiss, Audrey R. Odom John, Cynthia M. Otto
While the world awaits a widely available COVID-19 vaccine, availability of testing is limited in many regions and can be further compounded by shortages of reagents, prolonged processing time and delayed results. One approach to rapid testing is to leverage the volatile organic compound (VOC)...
Forgotten, But Not Lost—Alloparental Behavior and Pup–Adult Interactions in Companion Dogs
| Contributor(s):: Péter Pongrácz, Sára S. Sztruhala
Socialization with humans is known to be a pivotal factor in the development of appropriate adult dog behavior, but the role and extent of dog–dog interactions in the first two months of life is rarely studied. Although various forms of alloparental behaviors are described in the case of...
The Behavioral Effects of Feeding Enrichment on a Zoo-Housed Herd of African Elephants (Loxodonta africana)
| Contributor(s):: Caroline Marie Driscoll
A comprehensive study on the behavioral effects of feeding enrichment was conducted on six African elephants housed at the North Carolina Zoological Park in Asheboro, NC. The herd is comprised of are two adult males, three adult females, and one subadult female. The study was conducted over a...
Are Underweight Shelter Dogs More Likely to Display Food Aggression toward Humans?
| Contributor(s):: Katherine A. Miller, Emily D. Dolan, Victoria A. Cussen, Pamela J. Reid
It is commonly believed that underweight or emaciated dogs are predisposed to food aggression toward humans. Each year, the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) receives hundreds of dogs from criminal cruelty cases. The dogs range from emaciated to overweight. We...