Zoo visitor effect on mammal behaviour: Does noise matter?
Contributor(s):: Quadros, Sandra, Goulart, Vinicius D. L., Passos, Luiza, Vecci, Marco A. M., Young, Robert J.
The zoo visitor effect is the change in animal behaviour and physiology in response to the presence of a viewing public. It is thought to result from, amongst other things, visitor generated sound (i.e., noise), but this hypothesis has never been explicitly tested. We tested this hypothesis...
Measuring fear in dogs by questionnaires: An exploratory study toward a standardized inventory
Contributor(s):: Temesi, Andrea, Turcsán, Borbála, Miklósi, Ádám
Several types of questionnaires are in use to measure fear-related behaviour in family dogs. Our aim was to develop a general questionnaire based on relevant previous studies in order to facilitate the standardization of measurements of fear-related behaviour in dogs (social fear, non-social...
Lack of mirror use by pigs to locate food
Contributor(s):: Gieling, Elise T., Mijdam, Elco, van der Staay, F. Josef, Nordquist, Rebecca E.
Many mammalian species, as well as birds, are able to use a mirror either in the context of self-recognition, or instrumentally for discovering and manipulating objects that cannot be perceived directly. A noteworthy study by Broom et al. (2009) investigated the ability of pigs (Sus scrofa) to...
Fear responses to noises in domestic dogs: Prevalence, risk factors and co-occurrence with other fear related behaviour
Contributor(s):: Blackwell, Emily J., Bradshaw, John W. S., Casey, Rachel A.
Behavioural signs of fear or anxiety on exposure to noises in owned domestic dogs have been suggested in clinical studies to be common and a significant welfare concern. In this study two approaches were taken to investigate the occurrence of, and risk factors for, these behaviours: a postal...
Extensive human presence at an early age of ostriches improves the docility of birds at a later stage of life
Contributor(s):: Bonato, Maud, Malecki, Irek A., Wang, Magretha D., Cloete, Schalk W. P.
While ostriches are relatively wild birds with a short period of domestication, some birds demonstrate a strong interest in humans. Human imprinting of chicks could therefore facilitate the cooperation of birds for assisted reproduction technology purposes, improving the quality of human–bird...
Automatic registration of grazing behaviour in dairy cows using 3D activity loggers
Contributor(s):: Nielsen, Per Peetz
Automated systems for monitoring behaviour of cows within dairy production are increasing and developments in technology provide new opportunities in this area. This study aimed to validate the use of a 3D activity logger (HOBO® Pendant G Data Logger), that registers the cow's head positions...
Animal handling and stress-related behaviour at mobile slaughter of cattle
Contributor(s):: Hultgren, J., Arvidsson Segerkvist, K., Berg, C., Karlsson, A. H., Algers, B.
By avoiding animal transportation, mobile slaughter may have the potential to reduce animal stress. In a cross-sectional study with elements of cohort design, we investigated relationships between animal handling and stress-related animal behaviours in connection with slaughter at two Swedish...
Cyrus street dog providing emotional support in UK schools
07 May 2020 |
Posted by Adam Dunn
August 2018 at Gatwick airport was the beginning of a very special journey for our first rescue dog from Cyprus. This image is the moment that we first met Angus at the airport on that very special...
Training the guide dog: An untapped opportunity for the behavior analyst
Contributor(s):: Funk, Janie A., Williams, W. Larry
Farm Animal Cognition-Linking Behavior, Welfare and Ethics
Contributor(s):: Nawroth, C., Langbein, J., Coulon, M., Gabor, V., Oesterwind, S., Benz-Schwarzburg, J., von Borell, E.
Visitor effects on zoo-housed Sulawesi crested macaque (Macaca nigra) behaviour: Can signs with ‘watching eyes’ requesting quietness help?
Contributor(s):: Dancer, Alice M. M., Burn, Charlotte C.
Visiting public can cause changes in the behaviour of zoo-housed primates. These effects, if indicative of stress, can be of welfare concern. However, few options to mitigate visitor effects through modulating visitor behaviour have been explored. Here we evaluated the effects of visitor number...
The effects of past training, experience, and human behaviour on a dog’s persistence at an independent task
Contributor(s):: Brubaker, Lauren, Udell, Monique A. R.
Past research has shown that many factors, including training history, informal experience and genetics, play a role in how certain populations of dogs behave during a problem-solving task. Less understood is how a dog’s relationship with an attending human, as well as the actions of the human...
Does positive reinforcement training affect the behaviour and welfare of zoo animals? The case of the ring-tailed lemur (Lemur catta)
Contributor(s):: Spiezio, Caterina, Vaglio, Stefano, Scala, Consuelo, Regaiolli, Barbara
Positive reinforcement training (PRT) is an established tool to facilitate animal husbandry, care and research in modern zoos, with potential positive implications for captive animal welfare. The study explored the role of an isolation PRT training programme on the well-being of ring-tailed...
Response to novelty as an indicator of reptile welfare
Contributor(s):: Moszuti, Sophie A., Wilkinson, Anna, Burman, Oliver H. P.
Whilst a great deal of research has been focused on identifying ways to assess the welfare of captive mammals and birds, there is comparatively little knowledge on how reptilian species are affected by captivity, and the ways in which their welfare can be accurately assessed. The present study...
How tall should a mink cage be? Using animals’ preferences for different ceiling heights to improve cage design
Contributor(s):: Díez-León, María, Quinton, Margaret, Mason, Georgia
Regulations and guidelines assume that taller cages are better for mink, because they permit more diverse postures (e.g. standing upright) and freedom to move. New Canadian Codes of Practice therefore stipulate cage ceiling heights of at least 38cm, while in Europe cages must be 46cm or taller....
Dogs’ coping styles and dog-handler relationships influence avalanche search team performance
Contributor(s):: Diverio, Silvana, Menchetti, Laura, Riggio, Giacomo, Azzari, Costanza, Iaboni, Martina, Zasso, Renato, Di Mari, Walter, Santoro, Michele Matteo
Avalanche search dogs are valuable resources in the event of environmental disasters. The aim of this study was to determine whether dog search strategies and dynamics of interaction with his handler influence team performance during a simulated avalanche search trial. This consisted in...
The effect of temporary confinement of hyperprolific sows in Sow Welfare and Piglet protection pens on sow behaviour and salivary cortisol concentrations
Contributor(s):: Hales, J., Moustsen, V. A., Nielsen, M. B. F., Hansen, C. F.
The aim of this study was to investigate effects of confinement in Sow Welfare and Piglet protection pens (SWAP pen) for four days after farrowing on sow behaviour and salivary cortisol levels. Sows were randomly allocated to three treatments: loose-loose (LL), loose-confined (LC) or...
Opinion of applied ethologists on expectation bias, blinding observers and other debiasing techniques
Contributor(s):: Tuyttens, Frank A. M., Stadig, Lisanne, Heerkens, Jasper L. T., Van laer, Eva, Buijs, Stephanie, Ampe, Bart
There is increasing evidence that the field of applied ethology is prone to expectation biases invalidating research outcomes. Nevertheless, outcome assessors are rarely blinded. We surveyed delegates of the International Society for Applied Ethology (ISAE) 2014 congress shortly before (n=39...
Quality of life and animal behaviour
Contributor(s):: Yeates, James
QOL is an intrinsically evaluative concept of how valuable (positive or negative) each animal’s life is for that animal from the animal’s point of view. QOL relates to animals’ experiences and their causes; is a “broad” concept in terms of content; extends over time; and relates to the particular...
Plains zebra (Equus quagga) behaviour in a restored population reveals seasonal resource limitations
Contributor(s):: de Vos, Charli, Leslie, Alison J., Ransom, Jason I.
A once abundant species, plains zebra (Equus quagga), is declining across much of sub-Saharan Africa. Reintroduction efforts at Majete Wildlife Reserve, Malawi, have resulted in rapid population increases, but little is known about how such populations resemble natural populations socially or...